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SECTION 1.-ORGANIZATION; DETAIL OF DUTIES OF BUREAUS.
1. There shall be at the seat of the Government an Executive Secretary of Department, to be known as the Department of the Navy, and a the Navy. Secretary of the Navy, who shall be the head thereof. (R. S., sec. 415.)
2. (1) An Assistant Secretary of the Navy is authorized by law, and he will perform such duties as may be prescribed by the Secre- retary of tary. All orders issued by the Assistant
Secretary in the discharge Navy. of such duties will be considered as orders of the Secretary, and will be obeyed and respected accordingly. (Act of March 3, 1891.)
(2) The Assistant Secretary of the Navy has had assigned to him by the Secretary cognizance and general supervision of all matters pertaining to the following: The islands of Guam and Tutuila and the United States naval stations in island possessions and elsewhere beyond the continental limits of the United States; vessels in building at navy yards; repairs to vessels; ships fitting for sea; tugs and other boats for service at navy yards; the Marine Corps, and applications of enlisted men thereof for discharge; the Naval Militia ; the Naval War College; the Library and War Records Office; reports of boards of survey; surveys and appraisals afloat and ashore; the loaning of flags belonging to the Navy.
3. (1) The business of the Department of the Navy shall be distributed in such manner as the Secretary of the Navy shall judge Department. to be expedient and proper among the following bureaus:
First, a Bureau of Yards and Docks; Second, a Bureau of Equipment; Third, a Bureau of Navigation; Fourth, a Bureau of Ordnance; Fifth, a Bureau of Construction and Repair; Sixth, a Bureau of Steam Engineering; Seventh, a Bureau of Supplies and Accounts; Eighth, a Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. (R. Ş., sec. 419.). (2) The several bureaus shall retain the charge and custody of the books of records and accounts pertaining to their respective duties; and all of the duties of the bureaus shall be performed under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy, and their orders shall be considered as emanating from him, and shall have full force and effect as such. (R. S., sec. 420.),
(3) A Judge-Advocate General of the Navy is authorized by law. His office shall be in the Navy Department, and he shall
, under the cate General. direction of the Secretary of the Navy, receive, revise, and have recorded the proceedings of all courts-martial, courts of inquiry,
Business of the
and boards for the examination of officers for retirement and promotion in the naval service, and perform such other duties as have heretofore been performed by the Solicitor and Naval JudgeAdvocate General. (Act of June 8, 1880.)
4. (1) The duties of the Bureau of Yards and Docks shall comYards and Docks. prise all that relates to the construction and maintenance of all
docks (including dry docks), slips, wharves, piers, quay walls, and buildings of all kinds, for whatever purpose needed, within the limits of navy yards and naval stations, except the Naval Proving Ground, the Naval Torpedo Station, the Naval Training Stations, the Naval War College, and the Naval Academy, but not of hospitals and magazines outside of navy yards, nor of buildings for which it does not estimate. It shall supervise and control the construction and repair of buildings appertaining to the Naval Home at Philadelphia, Pa. It shall prepare the plans and make the estimates for the above structures, after consulting with the chief of the bureau for whose use they are designed as to their internal arrangement and location in yard.
(2) It shall repair and require for furniture for all buildings in navy yards.
(3) It shall be charged, under the special instructions of the Secretary, with the purchase, sale, and transfer of all land and buildings connected with navy yards, and shall also be charged with the care and preservation of all muniments of title to lands acquired for naval uses.
(4) It shall provide light and water for all buildings, or for whatever other purposes they may be needed in navy yards; and shall require for all the fuel, except that which is used by other bureaus.
(5) It shall have charge of the installation and maintenance of telephones within the limits of navy yards and naval stations.
(6) It shall have charge of all landings, derricks, shears, cranes, sewers, dredging, railway tracks, cars, wheels, trucks, grading, paving, walks, shade trees, inclosure walls and fences, ditching, reservoirs, cisterns, fire engines and apparatus, and shall require for all material and articles necessary therefor. It shall provide watchmen, labor for cleaning navy yards and naval stations, except the Naval Proving Ground, the Powder Factory, Magazines, the Ordnance Dock at New York Navy Yard, the Naval Torpedo Station, the Naval Training Stations, the Naval War College, and the Naval Academy, and for the protection of public property therein.
(7) It shall require for the furniture, stationery, blank books, and forms, and provide the clerical force, messengers, and laborers necessary for the offices of the commandant, captain, and civil engineer of navy yards, and defray the cost of the same.
(8) It shall provide the oxen, horses, and teams required for all purposes at navy yards, the subsistence and care of the same, and the necessary teamsters.
(9) It shall determine upon and require for all the tools, stores, materials, means, and appliances of every kind required for its own purposes, and erect and repair the same.
(10) It shall superintend all work done under it.
(11) It shall have control of the organization and muster of the employees used entirely for its own purposes.
(12) It shall estimate for and defray from its own funds the cost necessary to carry out its duties as above defined.
(13) Orders relating to navy-yard business connected with the Bureau shall be given by the Chief of Bureau to the commandants, who shall be responsible for their execution.
5. (1) The duties of the Bureau of Equipment shall comprise all that relates to the equipment of ships according to the allowance Equipment. lists from time to time in force. It shall require for all coal for steamers' and ship's use, including expenses of transportation, stor, age, and handling the same; and water for all purposes on board naval vessels, including the expense of transportation and storage of the same.
(2) It shall have charge of the manufacture of rope, anchors, cables, rigging, sails, galleys, and cooking utensils; also of the Naval Observatory, Nautical Almanac and Compass Offices, and naval coal depots and naval coaling stations within the continental limits of the United States, outside of navy yards and naval stations; the apartments and rooms assigned for its purposes or for the use of the equipment officers in the yards and stations; and it shall require for the instruments and provide for clerks, writers, draftsmen, messengers, and laborers for the same.
(3) It shall have entire charge and cognizance of the installation, maintenance, and repair of interior and exterior signal communications, and of all electrical appliances of whatsoever nature on board naval vessels, except the following: Range finders; battle order and range transmitters and indicators; motors and their controlling apparatus used to operate the machinery belonging to other bureaus.
(4) It shall have control of the Hydrographic Office, the collection of foreign surveys, publication and supply of charts, sailing directions and nautical works, and the dissemination of nautical and hydrographic information to the Navy and mercantile marine.
(5). It shall defray the expenses of pilotage of all ships in commission.
(6) It shall design the various shops and buildings at navy yards where its work is executed, so far as their internal arrangements are concerned.
(7) It shall design, erect, and maintain all the buildings at the Observatory and elsewhere, except in navy yards, that may be needed for its purposes; and it shall be charged, under the special instructions of the Secretary, with the purchase, sale, and transfer of all land and buildings in connection therewith.
(8) It shall determine upon and require for or manufacture all the tools, stores, stationery, blank books, forms, and appliances of every kind used for its own purposes.
(9) It shall superintend all work done under it. (10) It shall have control of the organization and muster of the employees used entirely for its own purposes.
(11) It shall estimate for and defray from its own funds the cost necessary to carry out its duties as above defined.
(12) Orders relating to navy-yard business connected with the Bureau shall be given by the Chief of the Bureau to the commandants, who shall be responsible for their execution.
6. (1) The duties of the Bureau of Navigation shall comprise the promulgation, record, and enforcement of the orders of the Secre- igation. tary to the fleet and to the officers of the Navy, except such orders as pertain to the office of the Secretary; all that relates to the education of officers and men, including the Naval Academy and technical schools for officers (except the war college), the apprentice
Bureau of Nav