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Reports on the 514. He shall carry out the instructions in regard to the reports fitness of officers. on the fitness of officers, as laid down in articles 254 and 255. When

acting independently, these reports will be forwarded directly to

the Secretary of the Navy. Special reports

515. He shall make to the Department a special report of any on petty officers. petty officer who may show marked ability for the position of chief

petty officer.

516. He shall not withhold any orders or other communications ders and com- received from a senior for any person under his command, except munications.

for good and sufficient reasons which he shall at once report to said senior.

517. He has, when in a foreign port where there is no United cise the power of States consul, or upon the high seas when senior officer, the author

ity of law to exercise the powers of a consul in regard to mariners of the United States.

518. (1) In the absence or during the disability of the captain, command in case the command shall devolve upon the officer designated in article 43, disability of the who has all the responsibility and all the authority of the captain, captain. except as stated below.

(2) When in command for a period of less than twenty-four hours, he may, if in his judgment necessary in order to preserve discipline, suspend or arrest an officer, or confine an enlisted man, subject to the approval of the captain upon his return to duty. If in command for a period greater than twenty-four hours, he may award punishments for infractions of discipline in the same manner as the captain.

(3) When in command for any period during a temporary absence of the captain, he shall not change the general orders, routine, or other permanent dispositions of the captain.

Succession to

CHAPTER X.

THE EXECUTIVE OFFICER.

SECTION 1.-GENERAL POWERS.

519. (1) The executive will be detailed as such by the Secretary Personality. of the Navy from among the officers of the line exclusive of those restricted by law to the performance of engineering duties. He shall, when not impracticable, be the line officer next in rank to the captain.

(2) If detached, absent, disabled, placed under arrest, or suspended from duty, his duties shall devolve upon the line officer next in rank below him, attached to the ship, and exclusive of any line officer who is at the time detailed in the ship for the performance of engineering duties. 520. (1) He has no authority independent of the captain.

Authority. (2) His orders shall be considered as proceeding from the captain, and the details of duty hereinafter laid down shall be regarded as in execution of the captain's orders.

(3) While executing the orders of the captain he takes precedence over all other officers.

521. (1) When on board ship, he shall regard himself as always General duty. on duty.

(2) He shall receive all orders relating to the general duties of the ship directly from the captain, and shall transmit them to other officers as may be necessary. He is responsible for their execution. (See art. 386.)

(3) He shall carry out all details of duty in connection with the organization, police, inspection, discipline, exercise, and efficient condition of the crew, and the cleanliness, good order, efficiency, and neat and trim appearance of the ship:

(4) He shall keep himself constantly informed of the policy of the captain in regard to the official administration of all matters of duty, in order that he may carry out the captain's wishes. (See art. 386.)

(5) So far as his power extends, he shall correct all abuses, prevent infractions of discipline, and suppress disorder. He shall report to the captain anyone who may disobey or disregard any law, naval regulation, or order.

SECTION 2.-DUTIES.

Fitting out.

522. (1) The executive officer shall aid the captain in every way possible in performing the duties enumerated in Chapter IX, section 1.

(2) He shall be constant in his attendance on board both before and after commissioning, and shall make himself familiar with every part of the ship and with all her appurtenances.

crew.

(3) He shall report to the captain any defects, or other matters of

importance connected with the ship, that he may discover. Capacity of the 523. He shall inform himself, so far as possible, of the physical

capacity, service, record, and experience of each man detailed for the crew, in order that he may station him to the best advantage. Should he have any doubt of a man's physical ability to perform the

duty required of him, he shall report the fact to the captain. Organization. 524. (1) He shall carry out, under the direction of the captain,

the details of duty enumerated in Chapter IX, section 2.

(2) He shall prepare a berthing plan and have the berthing numbers put up before the crew goes on board, if possible.

(3) He shall prepare the billets to be delivered to the members of the crew when they go on board.

(4) He shall prepare the watch, quarter, station, fire, and boat bills as soon as possible, and, after their approval by the captain, have copies framed and hung in a conspicuous position.

(5) He shall keep these bills corrected as changes occur during the cruise.

(6) He shall require the junior line officers to keep correct watch, quarter, station, fire, and boat bills.

(7) He shall cause a copy of the Articles for the Government of the United States Navy, the daily routine, and all police regulations and routine orders concerning the ship's company, to be exhibited in a conspicuous position.

(8) He shall prepare, for the guidance of the officer of the deck, a routine book which shall contain the daily routine at sea and in port, and such orders and instructions as may be necessary concerning the manner of performing the duties of the ship over which he has supervision. This book shall be kept in a place where it is accessible to all.

(9) He shall keep a morning order book, in which he shall enter the instructions for the officer of the deck during the morning watch.

525. (1) He shall arrange the petty officers and crew in messes, according to the customs of the service, having in view the space available for accommodating each mess, and shall assign to each a cook.

(2) The petty officers and men of the crew shall be divided into messes in the following manner: Petty officers of the chief, first and second classes shall be messed separately from the remainder of the

The petty officers of the third class and the men shall be divided into messes of equal size, in accordance with their arrangement in divisions, as nearly as may be.

(3) He shall detail mess cooks from the lower ratings, and shall not detail apprentices for that duty except in case of necessity, and then only temporarily. In no case shall he detail a petty officer to perform the duty of mess cook.

(4) The caterer of each mess shall be responsible for the safe-keeping and proper expenditure of mess money confided to his care by the members of the mess.

(5) The pay officer, or, on board a ship having no pay officer, an officer designated by the captain, shall act as caterer of the general mess, and he shall be informed whenever any changes are made in the number of men in a mess, in order that the proper allowances of food may be served out.

(6) A board of officers is to be appointed on board each ship to audit monthly the mess accounts of petty officers and enlisted men.

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526. He shall see that the officers of the ship are vigilant in the To supervise performance of their duties; that they perform them in a uniform the

performing manner; and that they conform strictly to all orders.

duty 527. He shall direct the officer of the deck in all matters concerning the general duties of the ship. When the captain is not on officer of the

deck. deck, he may direct the officer of the deck how to proceed in time of danger or during an emergency; or he may assume charge of the deck himself, and shall do so should it in his judgment be necessary, but he shall at once report to the captain the fact and his reasons for so doing.

528. He shall see that officers commanding divisions perform their Supervision duties carefully, thoroughly, uniformly, and in accordance with over division offithese regulations; that they thoroughly inspect and keep in order the ordnance and boats under their charge; that they keep correct clothing lists and make out necessary requisitions; that the issue of clothing and small stores is made by divisions, and that an officer in each division shall witness the issue to his division; that officers are careful in their inspections of their divisions, their clothing and bedding; and that they are present and personally instruct the junior officers and men at all exercises. He shall endeavor to inculcaté a spirit of emulation among the officers in respect to the efficiency, drill, bearing, and behavior of the men under their command.

529. He shall, under the captain, exercise particular supervision Supervision of over the instruction of naval cadets.

530. In his administration of the police of the ship, he shall give such orders to the marine officer as may be necessary. He shall satisfy himself that the sentries are properly placed and that they are attentive to their duties. He shall endeavor to cultivate among the marines a feeling of pride in the strict performance of all their duties.

531. He shall take the deck whenever all hands are called for any particular duty, exercise, or evolution, except at quarters; and deck at all hands. unless otherwise directed by the commanding officer, shall see that every officer of the ship fit for duty is at his station.

532. He shall require the chief boatswain or boatswain, chief Reports from gunner or gunner, chief carpenter or carpenter, and chief sailmaker warrant officers. or sailmaker, or, in their absence, their mates, to report twice daily, at 8 a. m. and 8 p. m., the condition of the ship and her appurtenances, so far as their respective departments are concerned.

533. He shall require all officers of the ship to exact a silent To prevent unperformance of duty, and the avoidance of all unnecessary noise, necessary noise. confusion, and singing out.

534. He shall see that all dispositions ordered for safety at night, Evening including the securing of storerooms, holds orlops, water-tight spection. doors, etc., that are closed for the night, are completed by 7.30 p. m., or before.

535. (1) He shall make frequent inspections of all the mess gear Inspection of and stores of the crew, and of all cooking utensils, galleys, chests, mess gear and

(?). Whenever requisite for the cleanliness or preservation of the health of the ship, insect powder or other necessary material for such purposes may be purchased.

536. All parts of the ship shall be open to his inspection, and he Inspection of shall make such inspections as the captain may direct.

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To report con 537. He shall report to the captain the condition of the ship at dition of ship. 8 p. m. Anchor watch, 538. He shall detail a suitable anchor watch in accordance with

the orders of the captain. Keeping watch. 539. He shall not be required to keep a watch, but he may relieve

the officer of the deck for short periods as a matter of accommoda

tion. The custodian 540. (1) He shall be the custodian of all the keys of the ship,

ship’s except those that are kept by the captain and those of storerooms keys.

belonging to other departments than his own, and of receptacles for personal effects.

(2) Heads of departments shall have charge of all keys of their respective storerooms.

(3) None of the ship's keys shall be taken out of the ship. Supervision 541. He shall be responsible for the cleanliness and good condi

compart- tion of all compartments and double bottoms, and of all the bulkmedts, double bottoms, water

heads, doors, valves, and pipes within them, excepting those specitight doors, and fied as coming under the supervision of the senior engineer officer. valves.

He shall also be responsible for the cleanliness of the casings, and of the bulkheads around all machinery outside the engineer compartments, and all pipes (including the smoke pipes), hatches, ventilators, and bulkheads on the berth deck and upper decks, with

such exceptions as may be directed by the captain. Care of powder 542. (1) He shall take stringent precautions to guard against and explosives. accidents whenever the magazines or shell rooms are opened. (See

art. 399.)

(2) He shall cause to be posted such sentries as may be necessary to guard against the danger of igniting any explosive or dangerous compound.

(3) He shall be vigilant in the care of gun cotton, fulminate fuzes,

and other compounds of like nature. (See art. 399.) Munitions of 543. He shall at all times keep himself informed of the condition

and quantity of munitions of war on board.

544. (1) At quarters he shall receive, and transmit as a whole to ties at quarters. the captain, the reports from officers in charge of divisions.

(2) He shall make such disposition of officers and men as may be

necessary in order to prepare for the inspections of the captain. Clearing ship 545. When the ship is cleared for action and officers command

ing divisions have reported ready, he shall report to the captain. He shall then, if circumstances permit, inspect the ship and personally see that all proper and necessary dispositions for battle have been made, and report the result of this inspection to the captain.

546. (1) In battle he shall look after the general working of the armament, and from time to time repair to any part of the ship where this duty may be performed to the best advantage.

(2) If boarders are called away he shall lead them.

547. He shall, after battle, make out a detailed report comprising all noteworthy incidents that have come to his notice, including a statement of the conduct of his subordinates, with particular men

tion of individual instances deserving praise or censure. Preparations 548. He shall superintend funeral preparations. In time of dan 549. In case of fire, or of any occurrence that may place the ship

in danger, he shall exert himself to maintain order, and should it become necessary to abandon the ship, he shall, under the direction of the captain, see that the sick and wounded are first cared for.

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