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(2) They shall

and crew.

with the prescrib their appurtenance

637. They shal the fire bill, and ca

638. (1) The pc watch and division torpedo division wh deck.

(2) He shall, dur cise of military cor below it, exclusive fire occur during ac take charge of all h it, and close the mag from them and the must be prepared to and gates as will ter ship afloat should he

(3) He shall bear position, and that, w possible, the safety of upon his acting imme

639. (1) The divis may be designated in

sme

(d) The chief carpenter or carpenter, or one of his mates, to sound the well in each compartment, and examine all ports that should be barred, reporting the result at least twice during each watch. When water ballast is admitted, the chief carpenter or carpenter shall himself examine the state of the water and report at 8 a. m. and 8 p. m.

(e) The chief gunner or gunner, or one of his mates, to examine the guns and see if they are properly secured, reporting the result at

least twice during each watch. To instruct 630. He shall carefully and patiently instruct the junior officers junior officers and crew in their respective duties, pointing out any mistakes made

and how they may be avoided. Manner of per

631. (1) He must bear in mind that his manner of performing forming duty. duty has a great influence upon the discipline of the crew and the

efficiency of the ship; that he should be dignified, discreet, zealous,
energetic, and subordinate, displaying a feeling of deference to
superiors and a spirit of kindness to inferiors. He shall himself
scrupulously obey all orders and regulations, and require the same
of his subordinates. He shall avoid the use of harsh language, and,
while never permitting any duty to be performed in a careless, indif-
ferent, or dilatory manner, he shall protect the crew from all
unnecessary annoyances.

(2) He shall, when giving orders, use only the phraseology custom-
ary in the service, without any unnecessary repetition; he shall use
a decided and authoritative tone, sufficiently loud only for the occa-
sion. He shall, when giving orders that are to be repeated or passed,
use the exact words proper to pass them, and not permit any
changes or additions by his subordinates. The crew must be taught
to obey a simple and plain order, thereby avoiding much noise, con-
fusion, repetition, and unseamanlike singing out.
SECTION 2.-OFFICERS COMMANDING GUN, TORPEDO, AND POWDER

DIVISIONS.
Responsibility 632. (1) Officers in command of gun, torpedo, and powder divi-
for ordnance ma- sions shall be responsible for the care and preservation of all ordnance

material, stores, supplies, and articles of outfit issued to their divi

sions. To keep fully (2) They shall keep themselves fully informed of all regulations, informed con- instructions, and technical details concerning the care, preservacerning the ar

tion, and manipulation of the armament of the ship and its appurte

nances, and the training of enlisted men.
Duty as in 633. They shall personally instruct and exercise their divisions

with great guns, rapid-fire and machine guns, artillery, small arms,
boats, torpedoes, swords, signals, in setting-up exercises, and in all
other exercises and instructions prescribed for enlisted men. They
shall also, under their immediate supervision, afford every opportu.
nity to the junior officers and petty officers to become proficient in
exercising and handling men.

634. They shall, so far as applicable to them, observe the requirespections. ments of articles 272, 391, 392, and 528.

Fighting effi 635. They shall endeavor to bring the divisions under their comciency of divi- mand to the highest possible state of fighting efficiency. sions.

Instructions, 636. (1) They shall, during exercise, follow the directions laid and supervision down in the official instructions, and take the necessary precautions over guns and

to prevent accidents.

tions for clothing, of their division.

(2) They shall, at clothing that is absol member of the divisio

(3) These requisitio form, the value of the and all columns not re through them. 640. They shall be ing and small stores to saint as each issue is m cate of delivery. Wht duts

, it may be done b 641. (1) They shall report of the men oft

divisions.

mament.

structors.

Drills and in

They shall encou spécially desirous of im mancing in rating.

642. (1) They shall, already laid down for in under clothing, pea-jack in respect to quality, I prescribed uniform.

They shall see that tepuired; that all cloth pherand that none of 200 clothing, and provi ai that underclothing i

arms.

The fire bill.

(2) They shall see that the men of their divisions, in accordance with the prescribed duties of each, keep the guns, arms, and all their appurtenances clean and in order.

637. They shall make themselves thoroughly conversant with the fire bill, and carefully carry out its requirements.

638. (1) The powder division shall be commanded by the senior The officer watch and division officer of the ship, who shall also command the commanding the torpedo division when that division is stationed on or below the berth powder division. deck.

(2) He shall, during quarters, in all matters requiring the exercise of military command, have charge of the berth deck and all below it, exclusive of the engine and fire-room -spaces. Should a fire occur during action within the limits of his command, he shall take charge of all hose and other means at hand for extinguishing it, and close the magazines and shell rooms, unless the fire is remote from them and the urgency for a supply of ammunition great. He must be prepared to close instantly such water-tight doors, valves, and gates as will tend to check the spreading of fire or to keep the ship afloat should her hull be pierced.

(3). He shall bear in mind that he occupies a most responsible position, and that, while he should make to the captain all reports possible, the safety of the ship may, in times of emergency, depend upon his acting immediately, before any instructions can reach him.

639. (1) The division officers shall, at such times each month as Requisitions by may be designated in the routine book, prepare the regular requisi- division officers. tions for clothing, small stores, or other articles required by the men of their division.

(2). They shall, at any time, make out a special requisition for clothing that is absolutely necessary to preserve the health of any member of the division under their command.

(3) These requisitions shall be made out in ink on the prescribed form, the value of the articles being entered in the proper column, and all columns not required for use shall have a red-ink line ruled through them.

640, They shall be present at and witness the issue of all clothing and small stores to the members of their division, and attest the issue of all clothsame as each issue is made by affixing their signature to the certifi- ing and stores. cate of delivery. When not practicable for them to attend to this duty, it may be done by a junior officer.

641. (1) They shall make quarterly to the captain a conduct Conduct report. report of the men of their division in accordance with prescribed forms.

(2) They shall encourage and endeavor to assist those who are specially desirous of improving themselves in knowledge or of advancing in rating.

642. (1) They shall, in addition to carrying out the instructions Inspections. already laid down for inspection, take special care that all outer and under clothing, pea-jackets, caps, hats, and bedding of the men are, in respect to quality, pattern, and color, in accordance with the prescribed uniform.

(2) They shall see that all materials drawn are used for the purpose required, that all clothing is neatly made, marked, and kept in order, and that none of it is sold; that the men are neat in person and clothing, and provided with regulation knives and lanyards; and that underclothing is worn at all times unless dispensed with

To witness the

by order of the captain. All work done by the ship's tailor shall be submitted to the division officer for inspection and approval before it is accepted.

SECTION 3.-GENERAL DUTIES OF WATCH AND DIVISION OFFICERS.

Definition.

643. A watch and division officer, within the meaning of these regulations, is one assigned permanently to the charge of a watch

and the command of a division. General duties. 644. Watch and division officers shall punctually and zealously

execute all orders received from the captain, executive officer, and other superior set over them; see that their subordinates on board perform with diligence the duties assigned them; be attentive to the conduct of the ship's company; check all profane, abusive, obscene, and improper language; suppress any unseemly noise, confusion, or disturbance; and report to the executive Officer those who are guilty of any infraction of the laws, regulations, or orders

by which they are governed. Manner of per 645. They shall, in the performance of their duty, conform to forming duty. the manner adopted and prescribed by the executive office

To keep copy 646. They shall keep a book containing a correct copy of the of station bills watch, quarter, station, fire, and boat bills, of all internal orders,

.

of the routine book, and of other written instructions concerning

the duty of the ship. To take their 647. They shall at once repair to their stations whenever the stations at all call for all hands is sounded, unless otherwise directed.

648. They shall exercise a careful supervision over the cleanliover battery and ness and efficient condition of the battery, ordnance, equipments,

and boats assigned to them, and shall report immediately to the executive officer any repairs or extra cleaning which may be necessary, and furnish the officer of the deck with a memorandum of

any article lost or injured while under their charge. Information 649. They shall keep themselves thoroughly familiar with the they are re

instructions for keeping the log, and with the regulations for prequired to possess. venting collisions at sea. (See appendix.)

hands.

Supervision

boats.

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Definition.

650. The engineering duties of a ship shall be performed by officers of the line, below the grade of commander, detailed therefor; and, during such detail, they shall be known as the engineer officers of the ship.

SECTION 1.—THE SENIOR ENGINEER OFFICER.

651. (1) The senior engineer officer shall be detailed as such Duty when by the Department.

fitting out. (2) He shall, upon joining a ship fitting out, make a careful examination of all parts of the steam machinery used for motive power of the ship and of her boats; of the steering, hydraulic accumulator, and turret-turning engines, when these are worked by steam; of the ash, anchor, and other hoisting engines, dynamo engines, pumps, fan blowers and ventilating engines, which are worked by steam; of the steam heaters, evaporators, and distilling apparatus; of the refrigerating machinery and all other machinery of whatever description operated by steam wherever found in the ship; of all steam connections; of the boilers and coal bunkers; of all tanks, cisterns, and storerooms, for engineer's supplies.

(3) He shall satisfy himself that the spare gear belonging to his department is on board, tried in place where necessary, stowed in convenient location, and that every precaution is taken to preserve it in good condition.

(4) Should he discover any defects or deficiencies, he shall immediately make a detailed written report of the facts to the captain.

652. (1) He shall be responsible for the preservation and efficient Responsibility working of all machinery under cognizance of the Bureau of Steam Engineering; the motive engines and their dependencies, both of the ship and of her boats; the steam machinery necessary in actuating the apparatus by which turrets are turned; the steam and hydraulic turret-turning engines; the steam pumps, steam heaters, steam connections and pipes, distilling apparatus, refrigerating engines, forced-draft blowers, and steam fire pumps.

(2) He shall also be responsible for the cleanliness and good condition of all bulkheads, doors, valves, pipes, and machinery within the engine rooms; of the boiler rooms, shaft alleys, coal bunkers, firemen's wash rooms, engineer storerooms and workshops; of all compartments and double bottoms within the line of such bulkheads, together with those compartments and double bottoms accessible only through the engineer compartments.

(3) He shall also be responsible for the efficiency and good condition of all valves, cocks, and pipes within the engineer compartments connected with hand pumps; and he shall see that the suction and bilge wells are kept free from ashes, dirt, and grease.

reaus.

to stores.

account.

Machinery un 653. (1) He shall make frequent inspections of the steam mader other bu- chinery under the cognizance of other bureaus, and report to the

captain any repairs or adjustments which, in his judgment, are necessary to keep them in an efficient and good working condition. He shalĩ have immediate charge of all such repairs, but shall not, for such purpose, disable the machinery even temporarily, except by order of the commanding officer. He shall submit separate quarterly reports of the condition of said machinery to be forwarded for the information of each bureau concerned.

(2) He shall perform such other duties as may be assigned him by

the captain. Duty in regard 654. (1) He shall perform the same duties in connection with the

examination, invoice, receipts, accounts, issue, expenditures, preservation, care, survey, and preparation of requisitions, reports, and returns of engineer's stores and supplies, as are assigned to the equipment officer in connection with equipment stores and supplies. He shall be allowed a yeoman.

(2) After making the proper substitution of names, the regulations for the performance of these duties will be found in articles

564, 565, 566, 567, 570, 571, 572, and 573. To keep a coal 655. He shall keep an account of the expenditure of coal for vari

ous purposes, and shall furnish the executive officer with such infor

mation as he may desire for making the required coal report. The engineer 656. (1) He shall, at quarters, command the engineer division. division.

He shall make the usual report in regard to absentees, and perform such of the duties laid down in articles 642, 644, and 645 as may be required.

(2) The engineer division shall consist of all engineer officers of the ship, of all warrant machinists, and of the enlisted men of the engineer force, except such of the latter, not to exceed one-third, as may be stationed in the powder division.

(3) It shall be mustered at quarters at such place or places as may

be designated by the captain. Station bills. 657. (1) He shall make out watch, quarter, station, fire, and

cleaning bills. They shall, after approval by the captain, be hung up in a conspicuous place in the engine rooms.

(2) These bills shall clearly show the duty and station of every officer and man of his force under all conditions of service.

(3) For ordinary steaming the force shall be divided into three "steaming sections."

658. (1). He shall personally supervise the operation of the machinery in getting under way or coming to anchor, and also, as far as practicable, at all times when unusual care is required to be given to the working of the engines.

(2) He shall frequently visit the engine rooms during the day, and at any time during the day or night when his presence or services there may be necessary:

(3) When in the engine rooms, he shall be responsible for all duty

performed there. Evening in (4) He shall, every evening, carefully inspect his department and spection.

see that everything is in a satisfactory condition for the night; that there is no probability of accident from fire, from the introduction of sea water, or from other causes; and that all of the rules and routine orders of the ship relating to his department are being obeyed. He shall, at 8 p. m., make a report of the result of his inspection to the executive officer if the latter is the senior; otherwise to the captain.

Station.

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