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JUNIOR OFFICERS OF THE LINE.
682. (1) The junior officers of the line are defined as being those of a rank below that of lieutenant junior grade, not assigned permanently to duty as watch and division officers.
(2) They will not be ordered to other than sea duty until they shall have made one cruise in a cruising vessel of war after the completion of the prescribed six years' course.
683. They shall, when attached tn a cruising ship, keep on hand an approved treatise on navigation, one on marine surveying, one to a cruising on seamanship, one on the marine steam engine, copies of the ship. Ordnance Instructions, Infantry and Artillery Instructions, and Navy Regulations; also blank books for journals and navigation notebooks.
684. (1) They shall perform such duty as may be assigned them. Duty. (2), When practicable, an ensign shall not be required to perform the duties of a clerk more than six out of twelve successive months.
(3) Ensigns and naval cadets shall conform to the requirements of article 646, and shall submit to the executive officer the books referred to therein for inspection on the last day of each month.
(4) Naval cadets shall, in addition, keep a journal and navigation notebook in accordance with article 513, paragraph 7.
(5) In case there are no junior officers of the line attached to a vessel, the junior watch and division officer, if an ensign, shall perform the duties of captain's clerk, in addition to his other duties.
685. Ensigns and naval cadets shall perform such navigation Navigation du. duties as may be assigned them, and they shall make every effort toʻties. become skilled practical navigators.
686. Should an ensign be assigned permanently to duty as a Watch duty for watch and division officer, he shall mess in the wardroom and be ensigns. assigned quarters as a wardroom officer.
687. Naval cadets shall not be granted leave to go on shore unless
Leave of naval
SECTION 1.-THE SENIOR MEDICAL OFFICER.
688. When fitting out, and as soon as possible after reporting for When fitting duty, the senior medical officer shall examine the sick bay, dispen- out. sary, medical storeroom, and other accommodations for the sick and wounded. Should he discover any defects or deficiencies in these accommodations he shall make a detailed written report of the facts to the captain.
689. As soon as practicable after going into commission, he shall To examine examine the crew in order to verify the descriptive lists and to ascer- the crew. tain if all of the members are physically qualified to perform the duties which will probably be required of them. If any are found disqualified he shall, with the approval of the captain, request that a survey be held upon them.
690. During the examination required in article 689 he shall make a list of all who seem to require vaccination, which shall be performed as soon as the duties of the ship will permit, and repeated in case of failure until there is a reasonable assurance that the person is protected. The time to vaccinate, and the number to be vaccinated at any one time, shall be decided by the captain upon recommendation of the senior medical officer. All members of the crew received on board from time to time during the cruise, who are not known to be protected, shall be vaccinated as speedily as possible.
691. He shall take charge of the sick bay, bathroom, and water To take charge closets for the sick, the dispensary, and the medical storeroom, and of sick bay. see that they are kept dry, clean, sufficiently warm, and in good order; and that they are prepared for inspection at the same time as the other parts of the ship.
692. (1) He shall, in addition to bestowing the most careful pro Attention paid fessional treatment possible upon the patients under his care, be to sick. attentive to their comfort and the cleanliness of their clothing, bed
(2) He shall take care that the attendants of the sick understand when it is necessary to summon the aid of the medical officer.
693. In difficult cases, he shall consult with the junior medical officers of the ship, or other medical officers of the Navy present, treatment of the concerning the professional treatment of the patients.
694. He shall report to the captain daily by 10 a. m., in writing, Daily report of the names and condition of the sick.
695. He shall prepare a binnacle list containing the names of those he recommends to be excused from duty, either wholly or in part, and submit it to the captain daily before 9.30 a. m. Necessary
ding, and persons.
Health of the port.
additions and changes during the day shall be made in the manner
provided in article 440. Contagious or 696. He shall report to the captain immediately upon becoming infectious dise aware of danger from any contagious or infectious disease, or of its
appearance amongst the personnel of the ship. He shall, subject to the direction of the captain, use every means in his power to prevent the introduction of such a disease on board, or, if existing on board, to prevent it from spreading.
697. He shall keep himself informed of the health of the port in which the ship is lying, and immediately report to the captain any facts that may influence the sanitary condition of the personnel of
the ship. Suggestions. 698. Whenever he deems it necessary, it shall be his duty to
make to the captain written suggestions or reports concerning the sanitary condition of the personnel of the ship, the prevention or checking of disease, and the care and comfort of the sick and wounded. (See art. 372, par. 6.)
699. He shall carefully observe the general appearance of the personnel of the ship, and should he suspect the presence of disease in any person, he shall report the fact to the captain and make such
recommendations as he may deem proper. Malingering.
700. Whenever he discovers that any person has willfully produced, concealed, aggravated, or feigned any disease, he shall report the fact to the commanding officer, and enter it upon the report book of the ship, if so directed.
701. He shall, when directed, examine any of the crew to ascertain if they have concealed diseases requiring treatment. This
duty may be delegated to junior medical officers only. Additional at 702. When attendants for the sick, in addition to the regular tendants for the established complement, are necessary, he shall report the fact to
the captain, representing the degree of necessity existing, and the
extent of additional service required. To be ready
703. He shall at all times have in readiness everything necessary for relief of for the relief of the wounded. wounded. Tourniquets. 704. He shall, at general and special exercises, when directed,
distribute a sufficient number of tourniquets for all requirements,
and instruct officers and men how to use them. Reports of 705. As soon as possible after a battle he shall make out careful killed a nd duplicate reports of the killed and wounded, sending one copy to wounded.
the captain, and the other through him to the surgeon of the fleet.
706. He shall not give an unofficial certificate of ill health or of tificates of
ill inability to perform any duty. To inspect the 707. He shall, when required, inspect the provisions of the crew, provisions for the and report any that are unsound or liable to cause illness. (See
art. 392, par. 6.) Preparation of 708. He shall report to the captain any want of care or cleanlifood.
ness in the preparation of food for the crew, or any instance that may come to his knowledge of neglect in regard to it, which may be injurious to health.
709. He shall have the food for the sick frequently inspected by a medical officer, and shall report if it is not prepared properly or in accordance with his directions.
Food for the sick.