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Parts of bat

turns.

stores.

small stores.

stores.

(13) The breech mechanisms of the main battery, the secondary tery to be.landed. battery guns, all spare parts of guns and mounts, all small arms,

fixed ammunition, powder charges, and loaded shell, suitably protected by a coating of tallow, vaseline, or white lead where neces

sary, and duly labeled, shall be stored on shore. Torpedoes. (14) All torpedoes with their accessories and spare parts shall

be kept at the Torpedo Station at Newport. Inspections, (15) All departments shall be kept in first-class condition and all reports , and re- inspections, reports, and returns shall be made as required by reg;

ulátions for vessels in commission for sea service, except as modified

in this section. Equipage and .(16) The regular allowance of equipage and stores shall be main

tained on board and stowed where the conditions are most favorable

for preservation, and where they can be frequently examined. Payma ster's (17) All contingent stores of the pay department shall be kept on stores and stores board in suitable and secure places, and be invoiced to the general ments on board. storekeeper. Stores of other departments remaining in the ship

shall be placed in charge of the officers attached, who shall render quarterly balance sheets to the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. The quantity of stores on board shall be in accordance with the

allowance list. Provisions,

(18) All provisions, clothing, and small stores shall be kept in clothing, and the storehouses on shore. Consumable (19) The allowance of consumable stores shall be replenished

regularly once a year, when circumstances permit, and the use of these stores shall be limited to such quantities as are actually required for cleanliness and a proper preservation of the ship and fittings.

(20) A sufficient quantity of coal shall be taken on board at one time to last three months, and shall be stowed in the bunkers above the protective deck.

(21) Whenever a bunker is emptied it shall be cleaned, and sary, painted, and its water-tight doors put in good condition before being again used.

(22) Steam shall be kept in one of the auxiliary boilers at all times for the purpose of turning the main engines and turrets; for pumping bilges; for precaution against fire; for power for the

workshop; and for heating and drying out the ship. Engines, etc., (23) All steam engines throughout the vessel shall be turned each

day by the engineer's force, under the personal supervision of the engineer officer, in the same manner as in vessels in commission for sea service.

(24) After a boiler has been under steam for one month, the fires under it shall be allowed to burn out, and steam shall be raised on another auxiliary boiler, care being taken to use these boilers in

rotation. Permanent (25) A board chosen from such officers as are attached to the ship,

including a chief carpenter or carpenter, shall be appointed to carry out, as nearly as may be, the inspections required by article 1636,

except as to point of time, which is modified as follows: Inspections of (a) The hold, storerooms, etc., shall be inspected monthly, and a hull, etc.

special inspection shall be made once in six months with every thing

out. Water-tight (b) Water-tight doors and other mechanical devices, pumps, etc., doors, pumps, etc. shall be tested once each quarter; steering gear, anchor engines,

winches, etc., shall be carefully protected and tried once a month.

Coal.

neces

Coal bunkers.

Steam.

to be turned.

Boilers in use.

hull board.

bot

toms.

(c) The double bottom compartments shall be kept closed and dry Double and carefully inspected once every six months.

(d) The above inspections shall be made a subject of report once Report of inevery six months, and shall include a statement of such repairs as spections. are considered absolutely necessary. A special report shall be made whenever deterioration such as can not be controlled is discovered; or in case of accident or break down in important mechanical devices and machinery.

(26) (a) The vessel should be docked for examination and paint Docking. ing once a year as nearly as may be.

(b) The ship's bottom, sea valves, and other fittings shall be examined when docked, and their condition noted in the deck and steam logs.

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CHAPTER XXXVIII.

APPOINTMENTS AND PROMOTIONS.

SECTION 1.-APPOINTMENTS.

the Marine

1731. (1) No person shall be appointed to any office in the Navy Appointments unless he is a citizen of the United States, or until he shall have made subject to

examination. passed a physical, a mental, and a professional examination.

(2) The physical examination shall precede the mental and professional, and if a candidate should be physically unfit he shall not be examined otherwise.

1732. All vacancies in the lowest grade of the line of the Navy Appointments shall be filled by appointment from those naval cadets who success to the line. fully complete the six years' course at the Naval Academy.

1733. (1) Vacancies in the Marine Corps shall be filled by the Appointments President from time to time, whenever the actual needs of the to naval service require it:

Corps. First, From naval cadets who successfully complete the six years' course at the Naval Academy;

Second, From those who served as second lieutenants in the Marine
Corps during the war with Spain;

Third, From meritorious noncommissioned officers of the Marine
Corps;
Fourth, From civil life.

(2) After the full complement of officers allowed by law shall have been once filled, there shall be no appointments made from civil life.

(3) No person shall be appointed a commissioned officer in the Marine Corps who is under twenty or over thirty years of age, except such as served as second lieutenants in the corps during the war with Spain or former graduates of the Naval Academy who served in said war; and no person, except such former graduates of the Naval Academy, shall be appointed a commissioned

officer until he shall have passed such examination as may be prescribed by the President of the United States.

1734. (1) The assignment of naval cadets to the line of the Assignment of Navy and to the Marine Corps at the conclusion of their six years' naval cadets. course will be made by the Secretary of the Navy, upon the recommendation of the Academic Board, from the graduates of the year. They take rank in the line of the Navy and in the Marine Corps in the order of merit as determined at the Naval Academy.

(2) Naval cadets who show a peculiar aptitude for the profession of naval construction may be selected by the Secretary of the Navy for such a scientific mechanical education as will fit them for said profession and for appointment as assistant naval constructors.

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Candidates for assistant geon.

of age.

master.

Candidates for

Candidates for assistant constructor from

1735. A candidate for the office of assistant surgeon must be sur- not less than twenty-one nor more than thirty years of age. His

physical, moral, mental, and professional qualifications shall be

decided upon by a board of medical officers. Candidates for 1736. (1) A candidate for the office of assistant paymaster must assistant pay- be not less than twenty-one nor more than twenty-six year

His physical, mental, and moral qualifications shall be decided upon by a board of pay officers.

(2) The physical examination of the candidate shall be conducted by a board of three medical officers, who shall report the result thereof to the board of pay officers, certifying as to the physical qualifications of the candidate for appointment as assistant paymaster, and such report shall form a part of the record of said board of pay officers.

1737. A candidate for the office of chaplain must be not less chaplain. than twenty-one nor more than thirty-five years of age. He will be

required to pass a physical examination only, but must be a regularly ordained minister of good standing in his denomination.

1738. A candidate from civil life for the office of assistant naval naval constructor must be not less than twenty-four nor more than thirty civil life.

years of age; he must furnish evidence of good moral character, and that he is a skilled naval architect, and has been engaged in the practice of that profession; and must present favorable testimonials or certificates from the persons from whom he learned his profession, or from naval constructors under whom he may have served. He will be required to pass a physical examination and such mental

and professional examinations as the Navy Department may direct. Appointment of 1739. In the appointment of boatswains, gunners, carpenters, warrant officers, and sailmakers, preference shall be given to men who have been

honorably discharged upon an expiration of an enlistment as a naval apprentice, and have reenlisted within four months after such discharge to serve during a term of four years.

1740. After the required examinations of candidates for warrant cers to receive at officers have been passed, acting appointments shall be given, except posttmeting ap- to pharmacists. An acting boatswain, gunner, carpenter, sailmaker,

or warrant machinist is eligible for a warrant bearing the same date as his acting appointment, after having served one year at sea; provided the captains under whom he has served shall certify favorably to the Secretary of the Navy as to his merits.

1741. (1) A candidate for the appointment of acting boatswain, boatswain. other than such as are provided for in article 915, paragraph 1, must

be under thirty-five years of age. He must have served not less than seven years on board of cruising vessels of the Navy, and at least one year of that time as a chief petty officer or petty officer, first class, of the seaman branch, and must be serving as such and under continuous service at the time of his examination. The average of his marks taken from all enlistment records must be not less than eighty-five per cent, and there must be on file, in the Bureau of Navigation, letters of recommendation from his commanding officers. In the selection of candidates for examination from among applicants, preference shall be given to ex-apprentices, and to men who have completed the course of instruction in training ships for landsmen.

(2) He must be a thorough practical seaman; must understand cutting and fitting rigging according to regulations, the weighing,

Warrant offi

Candidates for

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