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APPENDIX.

REGULATIONS FOR PREVENTING COLLISIONS.

The act of Congress entitled "An act to adopt regulations for preventing collisions at sea, as amended, and the act of Congress entitled "An act to adopt regulations for preventing collisions upon certain harbors, rivers, ana inland waters of the United States.'

EXPLANATORY NOTE.

On the left-hand pages are printed the revised international rules that went into effect July 1, 1897, and on the right-hand pages the rules for the navigation of rivers, harbors, and inland waters of the United States, navigable by seagoing vessels, that went into effect on October 7, 1897.

Such portions of these two sets of rules as are not identical are printed in italics.

Special rules governing the navigation of the Red River of the North and the rivers entering the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries are published in Sailing Directions.

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INTERNATIONAL RULES.

I.-ENACTING CLAUSE, ETC.

ACT OF AUGUST 19, 1890, TO ADOPT REGULATIONS FOR PREVENTING COLLISIONS

AT SEA, AS AMENDED BY THE ACT OF MAY 28, 1894, AND THE ACT OF JUNE 10, 1896, AND PROCLAIMED BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO TAKE EFFECT JULY 1, 1897, AND ARTICLE 10 OF THE ACT OF MARCH 3, 1885, AS FAR AS IT RELATES TO FISHING VESSELS. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and

private vessels of the United States

upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by seagoing vessels.

PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS.

In the following rules every steam-vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing-vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steam-vessel. The word “steam-vessel” shall include any vessel propelled

by machinery: A vessel is "under way” within the meaning of these rules when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.

II. - LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH. The word "visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere. from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights

which may be misARTICLE 1. The rule concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers taken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited.

STEAM-VESSELSMASTHEAD LIGHT.

ART. 2. A steam-vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the forepart of the vessel

, So, however, that the light need not

be carried at a greater

height above the hull vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth; light over an are of the horizon of twenty

points of the compass, so fixed as ta than forty feet, a bright white light, so constructed as to show an unbroken throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points

abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be

visible at a distance of at least five miles.

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INLAND RULES.

1.-ENACTING CLAUSE, ETC.

AN ACT TO ADOPT REGULATIONS FOR PREVENTING COLLISIONS UPON CERTAIN

HARBORS, RIVERS, AND INLAND WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES. APPROVED JUNE, 7, 1897.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collision shall be followed by all vessels navigating all harbors, rivers, and inland waters of the United States, except the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal and the Red River of the North and rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico and their tributaries, and are hereby declared special rules duly made by local authority:

PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS.

In the following rules every steam-vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing-vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steam-vessel.

The word “steam-vessel ” shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.

A vessel is “under way,” within the meaning of these rules, when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.

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The word "visible" in these rules, when applied to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.

ARTICLE 1. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited.

STEAM-VESSELS—MASTHEAD LIGHT.

ART. 2. A steam-vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On or in front of the foremast, or, if a vessel without a foremast, then in the forepart of the vessel, a bright white light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.

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STEAM-VESSELS—SIDE-LIGHTS.

(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(d) The said green and red side-lights shall be fitted with inboard screens, projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

STEAM-VESSELS-RANGE LIGHTS.

(e) A steam-vessel when under way may carry an additional white light similar in construction to the light mentioned in subdivision (a). These two lights shall be so placed in line with the keel that one shall be at least fifteen feet higher than the other, and in such a position with reference to each other that the lower light shall be forward of the upper one.

The vertical distance between these lights shall be less than the horizontal distance.

STEAM-VESSELS—WHEN TOWING.

ART. 3. A steam-vessel when towing another vessel shall, in addition to her side-lights, carry two bright white lights

in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, and when towing more than one vessel shall carry an additional bright white light six feet above or below such light, if the length of the tow, measuring from the stern of the towing vessel to the stern of the last vessel towed, exceeds six hundred feet. Each of these lights shall be of the same construction and character, and

shall be carried in the same position as the white light mentioned in article two (a), excepting

the additional light, which may be carried at a height of not less than fourteen feet above the hull

. Such steam vessel may carry a sınall white light abaft the funnel or aftermast for the vessel towed to steer by, but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.

SPECIAL LIGHTS.

Art. 4. (a) A vessel which from any accident is not under command shall carry at the same height as a white light mentioned in article two (a), where they can best be seen, and if a steam-vessel in lieu of that'light, two

red lights, in a vertical be visible all around the

horizon at a distance of at least two miles; and shall by day carry in a vertical line one over the other, not less than six feet apart, where they can best be seen, two black balls or shapes, each two feet in diameter,

(0) A vessel employed in laying or in picking up a telegraph cable shall carry not less than six feet apart. The highest and the lowest of these lights shall be steam-vessel

, in lieu of that light, three lights in a vertical line, one over the other,

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