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Precautions

the sick home.

How the sick

home.

(2) He shall be careful to see that the sanitary instructions issued by the Department are strictly observed.

325. When sick and disabled officers and men are about to be sent home in a supply or chartered ship, the commander in chief when sending shall order a board of officers, one of whom shall be an experienced medical officer, to examine the ship and report to him in writing if she is suitable for the purpose and if everything necessary has been provided for health and comfort, and if not, what deficiencies exist. He shall not permit such a ship to depart until every possible provision necessary for the sick has been made. He shall detail from his command any extra medical officers that may be necessary to accompany such ships.

326. (1) He shall endeavor to send home all sick and disabled officers and men by public ships, and only charter vessels for the are to be sent purpose on occasions of urgent necessity.

(2) He may, at his discretion, send home by other conveyance patients condemned by medical survey whose physical condition renders it necessary to avoid the climatic influences, delay, or other conditions affecting health to which they would be subjected in a public ship. Under these circumstances officers are entitled to a first-class passage, and others as their physical condition may require, but not above second-class.

327. (1) He shall, when in command of a foreign station, in the Ships on forabsence of instructions on the subject, transfer to ships about to eign stations sail for home all men whose terms of enlistment are about to expire, home. unless for some urgent reason connected with the public service it should be necessary to retain them. Men in such ships who have a long time to serve may be transferred to ships remaining on the station, to fill their complements; but this shall be done only when urgently necessary.

(2) He shall endeavor to arrange the detail of officers for ships about to sail for home so that those who shall have been on continuous sea service for three years may reach the United States at the expiration of that time.

(3) He shall take advantage of every public conveyance to send home all prisoners and such other persons as may be necessary.

328. Reports shall be made to the Bureau of Navigation when Officers transofficers are transferred to hospitals for treatment, and when they ferred to or from return for duty.

hospitals. 329. He has, when upon the high seas, the authority of a consul The authority in relation to mariners of the United States.

of consul on the

high seas. 330. He shall hold the same relation to the flagship in regard to Administration its internal administration and discipline as to any other ship

of his of ships of his command. His importance is lessened by engaging in the details of duty of this particular ship, and the respect which ought to attach to her captain is weakened by any int ference with him in the proper exercise of his authority.

CHAPTER VI.

A FLAG OFFICER NOT IN CHIEF COMMAND.

in

chief.

Duties of com

of

331. Flag officers and others, not in chief command, shall obey To obey the without delay or modification all orders of the commander in chief. commander Unless otherwise ordered, signals made by the commander in chief shall be answered by the officers commanding squadrons and divisions; these officers shall repeat the signals to the ships of their commands.

332. (1) When a fleet is formed in accordance with article 288, the commanders of squadrons and divisions shall perform such of maanders the duties laid down in Chapter V as the commander in chief may divisions. direct.

(2) When directed by the commander in chief, commanders of squadrons and divisions shall inspect the ships under their command and report the result to him.

(3) Commanders of squadrons and divisions shall make to the commander in chief such written suggestions and reports concerning the efficiency, discipline, and condition of the ships under their command as they may deem important.

(4) When an officer not in chief command is separated from his senior, and is in command of a squadron or division of ships on detached service, he shall, under the commander in chief and subject to his orders, routine, and instructions, be governed by the articles of Chapter V. Such officer shall assume the title of - commander of detached squadron (or division),” and, if not a flag officer, shall be governed by articles 147 and 151 in regard to the display of the insignia of seniority. 333. (1) If from any cause the commander of a squadron or divi

Separated from sion becomes separated from the

commander in chief, he shall assume command of the ships, if any, within signal distance, not in sight of the commander in chief, including those of other squadron or division commanders his juniors, and then proceed to join the commander in chief with the utmost dispatch.

(2) When the commander of a squadron or division becomes separated from the commander in chief, he shall, upon rejoining him, submit a report of all the facts and circumstances that caused the separation, and direct similar reports to be made by the captains of the ships under him, and forward them with his own. 334. A commander of a squadron or division may shift his flag

May shift his or pennant to another ship should his own become disabled during flag or pennant. an action; under no other circumstances, however, shall he do so without the authority of the commander in chief.

335. During an action commanders of squadrons and divisions shall do their utmost to aid the commander in chief.

336. Commanders of squadrons and divisions shall, after an Reports of an action or any important service, forward to the commander in chief action their reports; also those of the captains under their command, pre- ice?

important servpared as laid down in article 295.

the commander in chief.

To aid the commander in chief.

or

any

12326_-6

CHAPTER VII.

THE SENIOR OFFICER PRESENT.

meet.

Junior to show

337. (1) When two or more ships meet in port or at sea, the Command when chief command during the time the ships are within signal distance two or more slıips of each other shall be exercised as laid down in article 18.

(2) Upon meeting, the ships shall hoist their ensigns and official numbers.

(3) When ships meet, and there is doubt as to which has the senior captain, the fact shall be ascertained by signal.

338. When ships meet in port, the junior commanding officer of one or more ships shall, if circumstances permit, call upon the orders. senior commanding officer of one or more ships, show all the orders not secret under which he is acting, and inform him of the condition of his command. For the time being he shall consider himself subject to the authority of such senior.

339. When the commanding officer of one or more ships arrives Duty of an offiat a port within the limits of a foreign station, he shall, if the junior, cer in command immediately communicate with the commander in chief of that when passing station, either by mail or telegraph, as expedient. He shall report cruising limits of to him the tenor of his orders, if not secret; the condition of his a senior. command; his proposed movements, and how communications may reach him. These reports will be continued from time to time, as necessary, or as required by a change of circumstances, until he has left the limits of his senior's command.

340. A junior in command must, when meeting a senior, either at sea or in port, obtain permission by signal or otherwise to con- mission of the tinue on his course, to anchor or get under way, to haul fires or get evolution, etc. up steam, to communicate with the shore, or to perform any evolution or act of importance which would require the permission of his commander in chief, if the latter were present.

341. (1) The senior officer shall not, in the absence of special When the seninstructions, take advantage of his superior rank to detain or divert ior officer may from their destination the whole or any part of any forces which he forces not under may fall in with. His authority to do so, however, must be recog- his immediate nized without question, and, should the public interests imperatively command. demand it, he may employ temporarily the ships which he meets. If the captains of these ships have special instructions which forbid their being diverted from their course, they must inform the senior officer in order that he may give such instructions due consideration.

(2) As soon as the coöperation of these ships ceases to be imperative, he shall order them to continue the service on which they were engaged when he met them, unless circumstances in the meantime render this inexpedient.

(3) He shall limit the exercise of command over training ships to such general matters of naval routine, discipline, and official intercourse as shall not interfere with the special service upon which they are employed.

To obtain per

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