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the fundament and bearing are torn in foaling, so that both openings are united. Some good may be done, in such a case, by stitching up the wound with a fine, curved, surgeon's needle and fine surgeon's silk, then keeping the patient's bowels loose. The prospects are not very favorable to a cure.
Never go to bed with cold or damp feet; but always toast them by a fire for some ten or fifteen minutes before going to bed.
Be very careful never to sleep with the head or chest exposed to the draft of an open window or door.
Have enough covering on the bed to feel comfortably warm, with rather more over the feet and lower part of the legs. It is also a good rule to have some extra covering on hand, where it can be easily reached, in case of a sudden change to colder weather during the night.
When going from a warm atmosphere into a colder one, keep the mouth closed, so that the air may be warmed by its passage through the nose, ere it reaches the lungs. A neglect of this matter, by suddenly chilling the air vessels, has caused pleurisy, inflammation of the lungs, etc.
Never stand still in cold weather, especially after having taken even a slight degree of exercise. And always avoid standing upon ice or snow, or where the person is exposed to a cold wind. Keep moving all the time.
After exercise of any kind, and however slight it may be, never ride in an open carriage, nor near the open window of a car or other vehicle for a moment; it is dangerous to health and even life.
On commencing a journey, always wear an old boot or shoe at first.
India rubbers should never be worn, only to protect the feet from wet. When worn too much they dispose to colds, coughs, rheumatism, etc.
When traveling in the face of an extremely cold wind, wear a handkerchief over the nose and mouth, so as to avoid the chilling influence of the cold upon the lungs.
Merely warm the back by a fire or stove, and never continue keeping the back exposed to the heat, after it has been comfortably warmed. To do otherwise is debilitating.
Never begin a journey until the breakfast has been eaten.
When hoarse, speak as little as possible until it is recovered from, else the voice may be permanently lost, or difficulties of the throat be produced.
I pint linseed oil, i drachm oil organum, i drachm oil cedar, I drachm oil sassafras, i drachm oil hemlock, i drachm oil peppermint, i drachm tincture laudanum, 4 drachms gum camphor.
MUTTON BROTH. Take three pounds of the scrag-end of a fresh neck of mutton, cut it into several pieces, wash them in cold water, and put them into a stew-pan with two quarts of cold spring-water ; place the stew.pan on the fire to boil ; skim well and add a couple of turnips cut into slices, a few branches of parsley, a sprig of green thyme, and a little salt. When it has boiled gently by the side of the stove for an hour and a half, skim off the fat from the surface, and then let it be strained through a lawn sieve into a basin and kept for use.
Take two pounds of the lean part of the gravy piece of beef, and carefully pare away every particle of fat, skin or sinew; cut this into small square pieces the size of a nut; put the beef into a stew-pan capable of containing two quarts, and pour three pints of boiling water upon it. Add a little salt, put it on the stove fire, and as soon as it boils skim it and then remove it to the side of the stove to continue boiling gently for an hour, after which it should be strained through a napkin for use.
PECTORAL CHICKEN BROTH.
Cut up a young fowl into several pieces; put it into a stewpan with three pints of spring water; set it on the stove fire to boil; skim well, and add a little salt. Take two tablespoonsful of pearl barley, wash it in several waters, and add to it the broth, together with one ounce of marsh-mallow roots cut into shreds for the purpose of better extracting its healing properties. The broth should then boil one hour, and be passed through a napkin into a basin, to be kept ready for use.
TO CURE GAPES IN CHICKENS.
1. Rub up some black pepper and butter, and make the fowls swallow it; for a hen a teaspoon half full is a dose; chickens in proportion. Repeat the dose every day or two.
Give small crumbs of dough well saturated with soft soap; once or twice is enough.
3. Gapes may be prevented as well as cured, if it has not gone too far, by mixing assafoetida with the food of chickens. Four ounces, costing about thirty cents, will do for four hundred chickens per day.
FOR HORSE DISTEMPER.
Take of flour of sulphur two parts, saltpetre one part; mix. Give two table spoonsful twice a day until the symptoms are better. Also put a lump of lard in each ear, about the size of a hickory nut.
Mr. Edward F. Morgan, Elgin county, C. W., a very prominent farmer, has repeatedly tried this remedy, and says that it is the best thing he ever tried to relieve horses attacked with this troublesome disease.