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PREFATORY NOTE

This is a compilation of legislation administered by the Agricultural Marketing Service and related legislation. The language of the legislation appearing in this compilation is as it appears in the U.S. Statutes at Large, but, for the convenience of the reader, citations are made at the end of sections and subsections to the United States Code, 1976 edition and supplements thereto. The subject headings used herein are generally those as enacted; some of them, however, have been changed and other headings have also been added by the editors of this compilation for explanatory purposes.

The statutes contained in this compilation are subject to the provisions of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 (18 F.R. 3219, 67 Stat. 633) prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and House of Representatives on March 25, 1953, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949 (5 U.S.C. 901-913 (Supp. II. 1965–66)). The plan transfers to the Secretary of Agriculture all functions not then vested in him of all other officers and of all agencies and employees of the Department of Agriculture, except functions vested by the Administrative Procedure Act in hearing examiners employed by the Department and functions of the corporations of the Department, the Boards of Directors and officers of such corporations, the Advisory Board of the Commodity Credit Corporation, and the Farm Credit Administration.

NOTE.—This Handbook supersedes Agricultural Handbook No. 492, issued September, 1975.

CONTENTS

Page

Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946

Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937

Agricultural Fair Practices Act

Capper-Volstead Act

Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act of 1976

Agricultural Marketing Act (of 1929)

Cotton Futures Provisions of Internal Revenue Code of 1954

U.S. Cotton Futures Act

Cotton Research and Promotion Act

Cotton Statistics and Estimates Act of 1927

United States Cotton Standards Act

Export Apple and Pear Act

Export Grape and Plum Act

Peanut Statistics

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, 1930

Produce Agency Act

Potato Research and Promotion Act

Federal Seed Act

Wheat and Wheat Foods Research and Nutrition Education Act

Plant Variety Protection Act

Egg Research and Consumer Information Act

Beef Research and Information Act

National Wool Act of 1954

Wool Standards Act

Packers and Stockyards Act, 1921

The Tobacco Inspection Act

Tobacco Seed and Plant Exportation Act

Tobacco Statistics

The Naval Stores Act

43

49

79

83

85

89

89

91

97

107

111

117

121

125

127

143

145

153

177

189

209

219

229

233

235

255

261

261

265

The Organic Act of the Department of Agriculture

(7 U.S.C. 2201)

Established the Department of Agriculture to acquire and diffuse useful

information on subjects connected with agriculture.

Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1944

(7 U.S.C. 396, 415e, 2259, 2256)

Authorizes the inspection and examination of livestock, hides, skins,

meat, or other products at places other than the headquarters of inspector

upon request of the owner and charges for the expenses of travel and sub-

sistence (7 U.S.C. 396).

Authorizes sale of samples, illustrations, practical forms or sets of grades

under rules and regulations to be prescribed (7 U.S.C. 415e).

Directs that authorized market inspection certificates be received in U.S.

courts as prima facie evidence of statements therein contained (7 U.S.C.

2259).

Authorizes other agencies of the Government requiring inspections, anal-

yses, and tests to be made for them to transfer funds to this Department

for direct expenditure (7 U.S.C. 2256).

Department of Agriculture Organic Act of 1956_Section 12

(7 U.S.C. 2229)

Authorizes use of funds for payment of transportation expenses and per

diem of persons appointed for temporary or seasonal services in inspec-

tion, etc., of agricultural commodities.

Cooperation—General

(7 U.S.C. 450, 4500, 2220, 2249)

Provides for the Secretary of Agriculture to cooperate with State agen-

cies in the administration and enforcement of Federal laws and regulations

relating to the marketing of agricultural products and to the control or

eradication of plant and animal diseases and pests. This statute is com-
monly referred to as the “Talmadge-Aiken” authority (7 U.S.C. 450).

Requires that moneys contributed from outside sources involved in co-
operative activities, except in the case of the Forest Service, shall be paid
only through the Secretary or through State, county, or municipal agen-
cies, or local farm bureaus or like organizations, cooperating for the pur-
pose with the Secretary (7 U.S.C. 450b).

Exempts officials and employees of the Department engaged in coopera-
tive activities from criminal provisions prohibiting payment or receipt of
salaries of Government employees from any source other than the Govern-
ment (18 U.S.C. 1914) under certain circumstances (7 U.S.C. 2220).

Authorizes the Secretary to prescribe the measure and character of co-
operation on the part of the Government unless otherwise provided by

law (7 U.S.C. 2249).

Fees and Charges for Services Rendered

(31 U.S.C. 483a)

Authorizes heads of agencies of Government to prescribe fees, charges

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