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country, where it has always been confounded with the still more abundant Poterium Sanguisorba. I am not competent to decide on its specific distinctness from that familiar plant, but am willing to put faith in the opinion of those who have thus decreed.

Teucrium Botrys has again been found at Boxhill, and Messrs. Borrer and G. S. Gibson pronounce it a true native (Phytol. iii. 707).

Bromus arvensis, for which other species have been so often mistaken, has been found introduced in corji-fields in the same locality, and by the same energetic botanists.

New localities have been reported for the following rare, or perhaps, more correctly speaking, little-known species.

Filago spatulata has been found by Mr. Varenne (iii. 385) at Inworth, in Essex.

Udora canadensis has occurred in a number of localities almost sufficient to induce the conclusion that this plant has been hitherto most negligently overlooked. The first of these localities, in the Lene, near Nottingham, is recorded by Miss Kirby (iii. 387), who remarks that Mr. Mitchell's attention was attracted to the circumstance from seeing pieces of the plant scattered about the meadows after a flood. Mr. Kirk (iii. 389) has found it in great abundance at Watford Locks, in Northamptonshire. Dr. Johnston found it (iii. 541) at the lake at Dunge Castle, so far back as 1842, and again in abundance in 1848, in the Whitadder or its tributaries: 1 believe these localities are in Berwickshire. And last, Mr. Brown (iii. 647) informs us that it forms large submerged masses in the Trent. Fashion, and perhaps the love of novelty, have changed the name of this plant from Udora canadensis to Anacharis Alsinastrum. Is there sufficient botanical ground for the change? Dr. Johnston says (1. c.) "I have specimens of Udora canadensis from Dr. P. W. Maclagan, gathered in Detroit River, July, 1848, and they exactly resemble our Whitadder plant, as found at the Newmills station:" other excellent botanists express the same opinion.

Woodsia Ilvensis. Mr. Stevens says of this species (iii. 392) "This rare and handsome little fern I found in considerable abundance on very steep, crumbling rocks, amongst the hills dividing the counties of Dumfries and Peebles, in July last; it is growing in dense tufts in the crevices of the rocks, and very luxuriant, many of the fronds measuring nearly six inches in length." It is interesting to know (iii. 739) that as many as a hundred plants of this rarity still exist at the old Caernarvonshire station, Llyn-y-cwn.

Woodsia alpina has reappeared at Ray's old Caernarvonshire station, Glogwyn-y-Garnedd (iii. 739).

Simethis bicolor "has been found (iii. 453) by Mr. Thaddeus O'Mahony, growing in a perfectly wild situation on hills near Derrynane Abbey, the seat of the O'Connells. The hills where this plant grows have probably never been turned up, and the plant has certainly never been cultivated in a neighbouring garden."— Dr. Harvey in the 'London Journal of Botany.''

Linaria supina. In a report of the ordinary meeting of the Botanical Society (iii. 536) it is recorded that a station has been found for this plant by Mr. G. Maw, at St. Blazey's Bay, in Cornwall.

Hypericum linarii folium. Mr. Goulding announces (iii. 643) that he has found this species by the side of a hedge, ascending a hill from Blakstone to Maristowe, near the river Tavy, Devon; and adds that it is now to be found plentifully about the Morwell Rocks, by the Tamar. Mr. Goulding kindly transmitted a specimen, which Mr. Watson pronounces to be correctly named.

Leersia oryzoides. Dr. Bromfield has a detailed account of this very local grass (iii. 681) as found by himself in the New Forest, in Hampshire: the paper contains some useful remarks on characters by which it may be readily distinguished from Phragmitis communis, a plant with which, in the English stations, it is commonly associated.

Melilotus arvensis is reported by Mr. G. S. Gibson (iii. 707) to occur in the parishes of Heydon and Stratford, both in Essex.

Carex Persoonii. Mr. Baker (iii. 738) has found this mountain Carex at Snailsworth, the most western of the dales which intersect the group of hills situated in the north-east of Yorkshire.

Polypodium Phegopteris. This fern, hitherto supposed to be confined to the northern and western counties and a solitary locality in Sussex, has been found (iii. 741) by Mr. Edward T. Bennett, in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire.

I cannot allow the opportunity which this annual address affords me of noticing Dr. Bromfleld's admirable papers on the Plants of Hampshire. That contribution has indeed extended to an unprecedented length, but it contains such a mass of new and useful matter and of interesting observations incidental to the leading subject, that it assumes a peculiar botanical value, quite independent of its utility as a county list and guide to localities. The comments on each species would have formed excellent contributions to these pages even if printed as separate articles.

Mr. Watson's admirable paper, entitled "Who knows Viola canina?" clears up and corrects much that was previously obscure and erroneous: I much wish he would favour this Journal with brief diagnostics by which the three species of Smith, Viola canina or sylvatica, V. flavicornis and V. lactea might be readily distinguished from each other.

Among the books noticed during the year, I may mention the completion of the 'Flora Hertfordiensis' and the second volume of 'Cybele Britannica,' as real contributions to the science of Botany, more especially in connexion with the British Islands. Dr. Balfour's 'Manual of Botany ' is a good educational work.

My readers will, I doubt not, be pleased with the notice (iii. 717) of Mr. Miller's new work, entitled 'Foot-prints of the Creator,' a work the object of which would appear to be to act as an antidote to the

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once celebrated 'Vestiges of the Natural History of the Creation.' My own opinion respecting the poetical hypothesis of Lamarck, as revived by the author of the 'Vestiges' is very decided: I consider that the said author argues throughout on facts which he either assumes or takes for granted, and that such a proceeding can by no possibility lead to just conclusions. In fact, the book is a pleasing poem, and like other poems, it mixes a mass of fiction with a modicum of truth. Still I fear Mr. Miller is hardly the man to answer the author of the 'Vestiges:' he may be called the poet of geology as his fellow-labourer is the poet of philosophy: both possess a fatal facility of writing, and an elegant, fascinating style, that appeals strongly to the feelings but weakly to the judgment.

EDWARD NEWMAN.

9, Devonshire Street, Bishopsgate, December 12, 1849.

CONTENTS.

Anderson, William

List of Plants naturalized near Bre-

chin, Forfarshire, observed in 1848,

477

Babington, Charles C, M.A., F.L.S.
Beply to the Editorial Observations
on the Bobertsonian Saxifrages, at
page 541, &c., 473; Remarks upon
Mr. Watson's Case between Mr.
Andrews and Mr. Babington, 542

Backhouse, James, Jun.

A few days in CanlochenGlen,&c.,441;

AdiantumCapillus-Veneris not found

in Derbyshire, 449; A few Bemarks

on the Proof of C. C. Babington's

Error respecting the Specific Dis-

tinctness of Saxifraga Geum, ele-

gans, hirsuta, &c., 475; A few

Words in explanation of ray " Odd

Mistake," as mentioned by "C",

544

Baker, John 6.

Occurrence of Carex Persoonii in an

unrecorded Locality in Yorkshire,

738
Bennett, Edward T.

Occurrence of Polypodium Phegopte-
ris in Gloucestershire, 741

Bartlett, George M.

Inquiry respecting the Class and Or-

der to which certain Genera of

Plants belong, 554

Bennett, William

Notes on the Barer Ferns observed in

a fortnight's Pedestrian Tour in

North Wales; with several new

Localities for Asplenium lanceola-

tum, 709; Note on the Discovery

of Teucrium Botrys, 737

Berry, Elihu

List of Barer Plants growing near
Doncaster and Huddersfield, 386
Boyer, Henry

On the Flowering of Plants, 489
Bree, Bev. W. T.,M.A.

Blight on Oak Trees, 706

Bromfield, Wm. Arnold, M.D., F.L.S.

Catalogue of the Plants growing wild

in Hampshire, with occasional Notes

and Observotions on some of the

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