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aggregate animals Annular Brooch antiquities appears association barbarous Barvas beehive-houses belief bismar bronze age Burghead button cairn Caithness called capacity Captain Thomas cave celt chambered cairns character cist clavie Cloth co-operation Collessie contrivance craggans culture degradation described diameter division of labor fact feet Fetlar high civilization houses human Implements from Shetland inches long individual inferior instance Inverness-shire iron age island knowledge known law of natural lecture Lerwick less Lewis living manufacture nation natural selection Norse mill object organic Orkney Outer Hebrides perhaps persons pottery practice prehistoric probably Proc progress purpose quern races regarded round rude savage scarcely Scot Scotland seen shaped Shetland shown in Fig sinkers social society South Uist speak specimen spindle and whorl spinning stone age Stone Implements structure superstition things tion tribes true uncultured weapons weighs whorl woodcut
318 페이지 - I cordially subscribe to the remark of one of the greatest thinkers of our time, who says of the supposed differences of race, "of all vulgar modes of escaping from the consideration of the effect of social and moral influences on the human mind, the most vulgar is that of attributing the diversities of conduct and character to inherent natural differences.
300 페이지 - natural selection' himself, but he actually is able to take away some of that power from nature which, before his appearance, she universally exercised. We can anticipate the time "when the earth will produce only cultivated plants and domestic animals; when man's selection shall have supplanted 'natural selection...
231 페이지 - If to this realm of desolation we add the now wasted and solitary soils of Persia and the remoter East that once fed their millions with milk and honey, we shall see that a territory larger than all Europe, the abundance of which sustained in bygone centuries a population scarcely inferior to that of the whole Christian world at the present day, has been entirely withdrawn from human use, or, at best, is thinly inhabited...
292 페이지 - ... poor house of clay, or in a cabin made of the boughs of trees, and covered with turf, for such are the dwellings of the very lords among them. And in such places they make a fire in the midst of the room, and round about it they sleep upon the ground, without straw or other thing under them, lying all in a circle about the fire with their feet towards it. And their bodies being naked, they cover their heads and upper parts with their mantles...
296 페이지 - Capacity for acting in concert for protection, and for the acquisition of food and shelter ; sympathy, which leads all in turn to assist each other ; the sense of right, which checks depredations upon our fellows...
297 페이지 - ... enable them to live and maintain their numbers. But man does this by means of his intellect alone, the variations of which enable him, with an unchanged body, still to keep in harmony with the changing universe.
297 페이지 - He domesticates animals which serve him either to capture food or for food itself, and thus changes of any great extent in his teeth or digestive organs are rendered unnecessary. Man, too, has everywhere the use of fire, and by its means can render palatable a variety of animal and vegetable substances, which he could hardly otherwise make use of, and thus obtains for himself a supply of food far more varied and abundant than that which any animal can command. Thus man, by the mere capacity of clothing...