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shame, and unutterable loathing, from that malignant and blood-stained phantom, on which they have been wont to look with such calm and complacent tolerance, and which some of them have even permitted to “grin horribly its ghastly smile," from the very sanctuary consecrated to incarnate love, “ fast by the oracle of God."*

Some of the sentiments and expressions, contained in this article, may be already familiar to a portion of our readers; but we trust they will pardon the repetition, for the sake of the large number of new readers, who will see it for the first time.

EXCLUSION OF WEAPONS OF WAR FROM THE

GREAT EXHIBITION OF 1851.

The Memorial of the Members of the London Peace Society, at their Annual Meeting held in London, May, 1850,

sentiments and views on the subject have acquired general ascendancy in the world, we beg to ask how Christian views and sentiments are to acquire ascendancy in the world? Is it by. Christians themselves sneering at them as impracticable and visionary? We know of no method by which Christian truth of any kind is to win universal acceptance, except by its becoming first embodied in the earnest convictions of Christian men, who shall boldly bear their testimony for it before the world, and proclaim, trumpet-tongued, its beauty and universal obligation, as a God-inspired and immortal principle! This is in accordance, also, with the theory usually received by religious men, namely, that the world is to be converted to Christianity by the instrumentality of the Church. But the Church can only convert the world to that Christianity the spirit of which it has itself comprehended, believed, and earnestly espoused. It will never convert a single human soul to that part of the system which it sneers at as impracticable and Utopian, or which it represents not as a present truth, but as one which is only contingently and prospectively incumbent upon them. If it be affirmed, that the mere " preaching of the Gospel," in the ordinary sense of that much-abused and misunderstood phrase, that is, the exhibition of the theological doctrines of Christianity, will of necessity, when they are received by the world, effect the subversion of all wrong and wickedness, without any special application of its spirit and precepts to particular social evils, in the way attempted by the Peace Society; we can only say, that the whole history of the world contradicts the assertion. It is a fact too notorious to be denied or overlooked, that practices of enormous atrocity have lived unsuspected and unmolested for ages, side by side, with a most orthodox and even zealous doctrinal Christianity. Was it not thus with religious persecution ? Was it not thus with slavery ? Is it not thus now with slavery in the Southern States of America ?

Are there not men of unimpeachable orthodoxy, eloquent evangelical preachers, fervid revivalists, who not only connive at, but are the most unscrupulous defenders and eulogists of that “venerable institution?!' It cannot be doubted that Christianity condemned these evils as emphatically, three or four centuries ago, as it does now, and that its lessons are the same in the United States as in Great Britain. Neither can it be doubted that there were men who felt not the smallest suspicion of the criminality attaching to these iniquities, who preached and believed the Gospel, in the sense already defined, as sincerely as we can do now. Does not this prove that the maintenance and earnest promulgation of an orthodox Christian creed, is not enough to insure reprehension and infamy for even gross forms of practical unrighteousness, which utterly contradict the whole spirit of the Gospel, only the minds of men have grown familiar with them by long use and habit, until their criminality is unobserved, though in the open daylight of Christian truth? Before this traditionary torpor of conscience can be disturbed, even in the heart of Christian communities, it has been found necessary to do something more than proclaim the general doctrines of the Gospel, however faithfully and fervently. It has been found necessary to turn, and concentrate as in a focus, the burning blaze of Christian principle, directly and specially, in the full face of that particular abomination, and to keep it there steadily, until all men have seen and recognised, and abhorred its hideous and infernal features. And this is just what the advocates of Peace are now doing in regard to the custom of War, and this they are resolved not to cease doing, until Chris. tians shall learn to “ shrink back dismayed,” in wonder,

Sheweth, That your Memorialists regard, with unfeigned satisfaction, the proposed Exhibition of the Industry of all Nations, which is to take place in London in the year 1851, at the suggestion and under the auspices of His Royal Highness Prince Albert.

That your Memorialists, as the Members of a Society whose sole object is the promotion of permanent and universal peace, rejoice in the assurance that the projected enterprise is eminently adapted to subserve this great end, by furthering and extending the friendly intercourse of nations, by helping to elevate the various and wonderful achievements of industry to that place of honour and distinction in the estimation of mankind hitherto assigned to deeds of violence and blood, by teaching the inhabitants of all countries, how much their true greatness and prosperity, as well as their mutual safety, depend upon cultivating the arts of peace, and those amicable international relations to which they lead, and by stimulating the peoples of the earth to put forth their energies and resources in the friendly and honourable emulation of commerce, rather than in the ferocious and brutalising conflicts of war.

That as one main design of the contemplated plan, as eloquently expounded by its illustrious projector, is to produce a conviction in the mind of all beholders, that the blessings which the Almighty has bestowed upon man, can only be realised in proportion to the help we are prepared to render each other,—therefore only by peace, love, and ready assistance, not only between individuals, but between the nations of the earth. Your Memorialists respectfully submit that to admit into the exhibition such inventions and implements as are designed only for the destruction of human life, and especially to offer prizes, as incitements and rewards for the production of such works, would be utterly at variance with this laudable and lofty design, as well as opposed to the whole spirit and tendency of the enterprise, as it would tend to awaken warlike associations—to foment national jealousies, and help to turn the ingenuity and labour of mankind towards the support of a system which has proved in all ages eminently unfriendly to those great interests of industry and commerce, which it is the avowed object of the exbibition to promote.

Your Memorialists therefore venture respectfully to express their hope that the Honourable Commissioners will feel it right to exclude all warlike weapons from the exhibition, and especially to abstain from bestowing such prizes as may apply a stimulus to the production of works adapted only to enable and incite the nations of the world to inflict upon each other mutual injury and destruction. Signed on behalf of the Meeting,

J. T. PRICE, Chairman.

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This Memorial having been forwarded to His Royal High- adage, Si vis pacem, para bellum, is more renowned for its antiness Prince Albert, by the Secretary, the following reply has quity than for its political sapiency. just been received :

Earnestly desiring that these convictions may more and more

prevail on the earth, and that the nations professing Christianity Osborne, June 5, 1850. may, in the exercise of peace, love, and ready assistance to each

other,' give evidence of their faith by their works, and thus hasten Sir, I am commanded by His Royal Highness Prince

forward the sure progress of that blissful era, when, in the anticiAlbert to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, with the patory language of the poetaccompanying Memorial from the Members of the Peace

• The warrior's name would be a name abhorrèd ; Society, praying that "warlike weapons" may be excluded

And every nation that should lift again from the Exhibition of 1851, and to inform you that by

Its hand against a brother, on its forehead His Royal Highness's orders, I have this day forwarded it

Would bear for evermore the curse of Cain;' to the Chairman of the Executive Committee, to be by him

"I am thy sincere friend, brought under the consideration of the Commissioners at their

“ M. C. J." first sitting

" Sixth Month, 1850." I have the honour to be, Sir,

Your most obedient Servant, Henry Richard, Esq.

GREY.

THE PEACE CONGRESS AT FRANCFORT.
Many of our readers are aware that, by the concurrent

opinion of the Congress Committees of England, France, To the Editor of the HERALD OF Peace.

and Belgium, in consultation also with our American friends, ESTEEMED FRIEND-It will be a pleasure to some of the readers

it was determined, after the great demonstration of Paris of the Herald to know, that the editor of the Art Journal last year, that the next assembly of the friends of peace should has admitted into this month's number of that widely-circulated be convened in Germany; and that the city which seemed periodical an argumentative letter, advocating the exclusion of in all respects most suitable for the purpose was Francfortweapons of war from the coming Exhibition of the Industry of all

on-the-Maine. It is central, and easily accessible from all Nations. The writer considered that a letter in the Art Journal,

directions, while various historical associations have given which has a sale, probably, of fifteen thousand and upwards monthly, might meet the eyes of some but little acquainted with,

a prestige to the name beyond that of almost any other

German town. It was there that two years ago the repreor cognisant of, the “ Peace Movement,” and who could not be reached through any other channel; and he felt glad that the

sentatives of all the German states met in a kind of central editor kindly gave him the opportunity of thus agitating a parliament, with a view to realise the grand idea of national question more important, perhaps, than may at first sight appear; unity. It has frequently been the seat of political and diploand in quarters where he felt it might be very desirable that matic congresses, one of which, called by the Court of Vienna, such a hint should be given, if haply the saying of the wise man is, we believe, gathered there at this very time. And it is not of old might be applicable—"A word in due season, how good

a little remarkable that Talleyrand, the eminent French is it!" The writer's argument is briefly this. After showing that, “ in

statesman and diplomatist, bad formed the idea of a great

international fact, all parties-prince, peer, prelate, and peasant-point to this

congress, for the establishment of European industrial jubilee as a great practical Peace Congress;” and

peace, and that he also had fixed on Francfort as the seat of quoting portions of the admirable speech of the Prince Albert as this modern Amphyctionic council. to "the realization of the unity of mankind,” with some of the Our information in reference to the contemplated meeting comments which appeared in a late number of the Herald, in August, is at present necessarily incomplete. Long he says:

before this article is in the hands of our readers, the Secre" It will, doubtless, be universally admitted, that, in a temple taries of the Peace Congress Committee, Mr. Burritt and expressly dedicated to the demon of discord, the sword and the Mr. Richard, will have commenced their preparatory mission tomahawk, the spear, the musket, and the bayonet, bombshells, to the continent. They propose to pass, on their way to cannons, and scalping knives, would hold a meet companionship. Germany, through France and Belgium, that they may confer The presiding genius of the temple would shed over them bis

and co-operate with the Committees at Paris and Brussels selectest influence.' And, were the end and aim of this coming Exhibition, not the unity, but the disunity of mankind, the admis

in the promotion of their common object. Meanwhile comsion of implements of war would be specially appropriate. Now,

munications have been already received from some gentlemen to some minds (would that they were more in number!) it is equally of respectability and influence at Francfort, which lead us to apparent that in an exhibition, the design of which is the peace, expect our welcome in that city will be no less earnest and and amity, and unity of nations, the admission of weapons of war

enthusiastic than that with which we were greeted last year will be singularly inappropriate; as incongruous, as in the sup- in Paris. The following are extracts from a most kind and posititious Disunity Exhibition, would be the display of the calumet,

encouraging letter recently received by Mr. Richard, in or the flag of truce, or the dove and its olive leaf, or other similar

answer to certain inquiries he had made, at the request of emblem; or those implements of peace, the ploughshare and the pruninghook, into which the word of prophecy has declared that

the Committee, on various matters connected with the conthe sword and the spear shall one day be transmuted.

templated Congress. “ I therefore venture to suggest, with a solemnity due to the “SIR, -I begin with begging your pardon for not having occasion, and in words, I hope, of befitting deference, but with answered your letter earlier than to-day; but a slight indisthe emphasis of a full conviction of the propriety and congruity position, an absence of several days from this town, and urgent of the proposal, that no weapon of international warfare shall be business, together with some investigations I wished to make admitted into the coming Exhibition, one great aim of which is before writing to you, prevented me from accomplishing my duty allowed to be the promotion of international union, brotherhood, at an earlier period. " I shall try to answer your questions as and peace. Such an exclusion would indeed gladden the hearts sincerely and as completely as possible. of thousands, who rejoice in believing that the number does “ 1st. “Is our visit likely to be welcome to the inhabitants of increase of those who have a growing faith in the power of moral Francfort?' There cannot be the least doubt that the intelligent force; and in the subduing efficacy of Christian principle. It has and well-intentioned part of the inhabitants must be fully aware recently been declared, by no mean political authority, that of the honour bestowed upon them by the mere fact of the Conopinions are stronger than armies: and statesmen, men of renown, gress at Paris having convened the next assembly in this town; have not concealed their conviction that the venerable classic as we likewise feel, in a very lively manner, the honour of seeing

several hundreds of the most respectable men, from all parts of our globe, assembled here.

“ 2nd. 'Are the authorities likely to grant us their permission to meet in your city?' There is not the least doubt of such a permission. A few years ago, such a permission would scarcely have been expected to be asked, or it would have been more than sufficient if any person of this town had asked that permission. But now our authorities would, I think, desire to have a special request addressed to them by you or your Committee. Owing to the political excitement which prevails, the Government must be somewhat more scrupulous in the forms. You may address your letter either directly to the senate, or send it to me, in order that I might transmit it to the senate.

“ 3rd. Would it be possible to associate a number of gentlemen at Frankfort, and its vicinity, into a Committee of organisation, to take the initiative in preparing for the Congress ?' I do not think it likely that any intelligent inhabitant of this town, being requested by you or your Committee, would refuse to participate in such a Committee, charged to prepare whatever you would indicate to us, as necessary for your Congress. I have spoken to several learned men, generally and highly esteemed here, and they are all ready to be at your service."

our friends full and accurate information, derived from the correspondence of our friends, who will be then on the spot. We will only add at present, that so far as we can foresee, the Congress will be held about the third week in August. A large delegation of eminent and influential men is expected from America, who will probably come over in a vessel, specially lent for the purpose, by the Government of the United States. Meanwhile, we trust that England will be preparing to send forth a body of men, not unworthy, in numbers and character, to represent her high, social, and political pre-eminence, in this august international assembly.

raptures of poetry have enkindled and fed. From Homer to Scott there has radiated forth on society a most baleful influence, corrupting the minds of youth, and concealing beneath the flowing and magnificent drapery of song that execrable and portentous shape

“Fierce as ten furies, terrible as hell,” which has so long trodden and trampled beneath its feet the virtne and happiness of the race.

There are signs, however, of a more auspicious day being about to dawn. There are poets who are not ashamed to tune their lyres to other themes, and to select for poetic apotheosis other characters than the hero and conqueror, Among these we have pleasure in introducing to our readers Mr. Adams, the author of the small and unpretending volume before us. He has long laboured ably and earnestly in the cause of Peace. Some of the “ lyrics," which are now presented to the world in this collected form, have already doue good service through the pages of various periodicals in which they have appeared. Mr. Adams, though a man of the from tionable poetic merits. The very first piece in the volume, containing an impersonation of war, after the manner of Spenser, indicates power both of conception and description not unworthy of that great master. But we own ourselves more delighted with the homely verses entitled “The Countryman's Reply to the Invitation of a Recruiting Sergeant,” than with anything else in this little book, It is every way excellent, sound in argument, and rich in humour. This is a vein which we really counsel our poet to cultivate, by which he may do no little service to the cause of Peace among the labouring population. The piece, we have no doubt, is already familiar to many of our readers, but we cannot resist the temptation of citing two or three verses. The idea is that a countryman, having listened to the syren eloquence of a recruiting sergeant tempting him to enlist, thus replies

'So, ye want to catch me, do ye !

Nae! I doan't much think ye wool,
Though your scarlet coat and feathers

Look so bright and butiful;
Though ye tell sich famous stories

Of the fortuns to be won,
Fighting in the distant Ingies,

Underneath the burnin' sun.
"S'pose I am a tight young feller,

Sound o'limb, and all that 'ere,
I can't see that that's a reason

Why the scarlet I should wear.
Fustian coat and corded trowsers,

Seem to suit me quite as well ;
"Think I don't look badly in 'em-

Ax my Meary-she can tell !
“Satinly I'd rather keep 'em-

These same limbs you talk about-
Covered up in cord and fustian,

Than I'd try to do without;
There's Bill Muggins left our village

Jest as sound a man as I;
Now he goes about on crutches,

With a single arm and eye.

REVIEWS.

Peace Lyrics. By H. G. Adams. It may be safely said that no one influence has done so much to pervert the taste, and to deprave the moral sentiments of mankind, as the pitiful prostitution, wbich has taken place in all ages, of the glorious genius of poetry, to the service of the war-demon. Had the hideous apparition been permitted to appear before the world in its own true aspect, monstrous and misshapen in form, grim and ghastly in features, gashed with wounds, clotted with human gore, reeking with pollution and blood, there might have been some hope that, when the nations had awakened from the drunken frenzy of passion in which actual warfare involves them, they would have shrunk back in unutterable dismay from the sight, and united to drive "the grisly terror" far away from their hearts and habitations. But, unhappily, when the moral delirium of mankind would have partially subsided, in the lucid intervals of peace, the poets have gathered round the chariot of the war-god, and have glorified and garlanded its blood-stained brow with the choicest flowers of fancy; and clothed in the gorgeous decorations which their sinister enthusiasm has produced, the world, instead of being repelled, has been fascinated by the horrible phantom, and has rushed in crowds to attend its march, shouting and chantingAnd is not War a youthful king,

A stately hero, clad in mail ?
Beneath his footsteps laurels spring,

Him earth's majestic monarchs hail
Their friend, their playmate! and his bold, bright eye,

Compels the maiden's love-confessing sigh." No language can describe, no imagination can conceive the disastrous results of this infatuated admiration, which the

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one.

“Strut away, then, Master Sergeant;

of sentiment and expression, which for the most part pervades Tell your lies as on ye go;

their writings, that interferes to an extent of which we believe Make your drummers rattle louder,

they are themselves quite unconscious, with their adaptation And your

fifers harder blow; I shan't be a son o' glory,'

to interest and impress the general reader, in spite of the real But an honest workin' man;

and substantial value of the materials frequently concealed With the strength that God has guv me,

beneath this quaint and antiquated garb. We hardly know of Doin' all the good I can."

a greater service that could be rendered to the cause of truth, There is a truer philosophy and a sounder gospel here than

than by taking the old Quaker worthies out of the obscure we have heard from the lips of some Doctors of Divinity on

and mystic region in which they have hitherto dwelt, and the subject of war.

introducing them in an intelligible and living form to the We should like to have quoted a specimen of Mr. Adams'

acquaintance of modern Englishmen. The clearness, simverses in a different strain. But our space forbids. We do

plicity, and power with which they apprehended much in the

spirit of Christianity that has been grievously neglected and very cordially commend this modest little volume to the attention and patronage of our friends.

overlooked, appears to us altogether surprising. The piercing insight which enabled them to look through many of the im

posing shams and disguises of society, is no less admirable, A Popular Memoir of William Penn, Proprietor and Governor

while the devout and habitual faith they cherished in Divine of Pennsylvania, under whose wise Administration the

and invisible realities, imparted a freedom and courage to their Principles of Peace were maintained in practice. By

life which impressed something of prophetic dignity on their Jacob Post.

whole demeanour, notwithstanding their disregard of all conThe life of William Penn cannot be written too often, or ventional forms. But how few are there, beyond the Society studied too deeply and devoutly. It is full of profiteble in- of Friends, who rightly understand and appreciate these adstruction not only to the Christian and philanthropist, but mirable men! The peculiar style in which the narrative of to the statesman and philosopher, could they only stoop to their life, and the development of their principles, are conseek for wisdom under so unpretending a guise. Despite veyed, repels at the very outset the majority of ordinary the attempt that has been recently made to bring his name readers. Now and then some man of genius, like Coleridge, and memory into disrepute, we belie that his fame is

or Mackintosh, or Carlyle, sympathising with the true and destined to grow into greater estimation and influence, just earnest, under whatever garb it is presented, penetrates in proportion as mankind advance on the path of enlighten- through this sectarian disguise, and discovers the true nobility ment and humanity.

of soul which is concealed beneath. On the whole, however, The work of an iconoclast is at all times an ungracious such an interpreter as we have suggested is greatly needed by

But to deface the images of the great and good of the mass of even intelligent Christians. The man who should other times, recklessly and wantonly, on insufficient grounds, be competent to such a task would require indeed very rare and under the influence of questionable motives, is one of the qualifications. He must combine intimate acquaintance with basest crimes of which any man can be guilty. Examples of modern habits of thought among cultivated men, with genuine lofty and disinterested virtue are unhappily rare enough in and reverential sympathy for both the character and sentithe history of humanity, and he is no benefactor to the

ments of those whose life and spirit he undertakes to disinter. species who takes delight in trying to diminish their number He must possess such literary judgment and skill as will by flinging jibes and making faces, and pointing the finger enable him to translate their journals and writings from of scorn, at those whom mankind have agreed to reverence, Quakerese into English, without destroying the fine old for their singular moral worth. Retribution, however, relish of the original. falls sooner or later on the scorner's head. It

may

be But while thus describing the qualities of an imagidoubted, even in reference to the case to which we are now nary biographer, we are keeping an actual one waiting alluding, whether the comparison provoked in the minds of to introduce to us William Penn. Mr. Post is scarcely most men is at all favourable to the assailant. For our at all obnoxious to the remarks we have made on the own part, the Christian founder of Pennsylvania is to us peculiarities of the Friends' literature. His work is written immeasurably a greater and more venerable character than in a free, flowing, and elegant style. It does not profess to the brilliant essayist of the Edinburgh Review. It will be a full and elaborate history of all the chequered scenes in be far easier to find a man who can write polished periods, Penn's eventful life. It is rather a brief and popular sketch or compose a History of England, “as interesting as a novel," of its principal events, exceedingly well adapted as an introthan to find one who, through a long life, first of per- duction to a wider and deeper study of his character and posecution and obloquy, and then of bigh influence and almost licy, which may be found in the larger volumes that have irresponsible power, continues with fearless and undeviating been published, and especially in his own works and journals. constancy "to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk Believing, as we do, that such a study would be eminently humbly with his God."

advantageous to the world, we rejoice at every means by It must be admitted, however, that the very fact of its which it may be rendered more accessible. We do sincerely being possible for any one at this time of day to impugn the hope that Mr. Post's little volume will have a wide circulation, memory of William Penn with even a momentary success, is and contribute in no small degree to bring before the minds owing to the imperfect justice which he has received at the of Christian men, of all parties, the great pacific principles hands of his own friends. We do not, indeed, mean to say which Penn so nobly and consistently maintained, and of that there has been, on the part of that excellent body of men which he furnished in his own life and conduct so triumphant to whom he belonged, an inadequate appreciation of his an illustration. merits, or any indisposition to celebrate with sufficient fre- We shall have occasion frequently, in the course of our quency and emphasis the manifold virtues of his character

future labours, to advert to William Penn as a colonist, statesand the genuine heroisms of his life. But, unbappily, this man, and legislator. For the present we must content ourhas been done in such a sort as was little adapted to carry selves with the following brief extracts from the work bethe echo of his fame and the influence of his example beyond fore us; the first containing a specimen of the political their own limited circle. There is a conventional style both wisdom of “this mythical personage,” as he was sneeringly

*

*

designated by Mr. Macaulay; the other, a very remarkable

CIRCULATION OF THE “ HERALD." dialogue between him and Charles the Second, just previous to

In the circular letter that has been so extensively sent his embarking for the territory he had purchased in North

to our friends, we have endeavoured to express our own America, and which afterwards became the scene of one of

sense of the extreme importance of making an earnest and the most remarkable experiments in government recorded in

united effort to extend the circulation of the new periodical. history. Speaking of the Charter granted him for Pennsylvania, Mr.

This is a work in which there are very few of our friends, if

they are really disposed to help the cause of Peace, who may Post says :

not do something to assist us. We rejoice to say, that “He had the power of making laws, with the advice of the

we have already received from several quarters most enfreemen of the province, and, in case of incursion hy neighbour

The ing barbarous nations, or by pirates or robbers, he was empowered

couraging assurances of energetic co-operation. to levy, muster, and train to arms, all men in the said province,

following is only a selection from many letters of kindly and to act as their Captain-General, to make war on their enemies,

and cordial greeting sent to us, since we first announced and pursue the same.

our intention to alter and enlarge the “ HERALD.” We That this power was never acted upon or needed, we shall trust they will stimulate others to go and do likewise :presently show; and also, by what other means peace to his province was maintained for seventy years, that is, as long as the principles of William Penn were suffered to govern the policy of

(To the Editor of the HERALD OF Peace.) the state.

DEAR SIR, I earnestly trust that the present issue of the “He laid down a plan for the government of his province, HERALD (5000) will be more than fully sustained. There have been which has been the admiration of succeeding legislators, but few monthly papers with their circulation of twenty or thirty thouof whom have, however, had the courage to imitate it. It was so sand; why should it not be so with the HERALD ? Only let framed as to possess the elements of reform whenever time or our friends in the Country share the anxiety of some of the circumstances should render a change necessary to the good of London Committee to increase the Metropolitan subscribers uptbe people. 'I do not find,' he says, 'a model in the world, that wards of a thousand, and our great question will soon secure time, place, or some singular emergencies, have not necessarily the attention it deserves. In many large and influential Towns altered; nor is it easy to frame a civil government that shall serve the publication is almost unknown. all places alike. The great end of government is to support And then the expense is so trifling-threepence per month, or and maintain power in reverence with the people, and to secure if stamped fourpence; surely those who are anxious to dissemithe people from the abuse of power, that they may be free by their nate sound moral and religious views of this important social just obedience, and the magistrates honourable for their just movement, will eagerly embrace so valuable an opportunity. administration; for liberty without obedience is confusion, and

I am, Sir, yours very sincerely, obedience without liberty is slavery."

R. S. BENDALL.

June, 1850, Old Kent Road.
Previous to embarking, William Penn went to take leave of
King Charles, at which interview the following dialogue is said

MY DEAR SIR,—Will you allow me to suggest to the London to have taken place, “ characteristic of these two conservators

Committee that it be a fixed purpose with them to circulate at

least twenty thousand of the Herald monthly? of the public peace and safety, and descriptive of their oppo

And if one individual, as your circular letter states, “intends site policy:”

to procure at least two hundred additional subscribers," and if King.-"What! venture yourself among the savages of North

another has already secured eighty, and a third is expecting America! Why, man, what security have you that you will not fifty, surely every earnest man amongst us can obtain five, if be in their war-kettle in two hours after setting your foot on not ten, at the very lowest calculation, and then the HERALD their shores? I have no idea of any security against these can

would at once be heard in twenty thousand families. nibals but in a regiment of soldiers with their muskets and their Wishing you all possible success, I am, &c., bayonets; but, mind you, I will not send a single soldier with

AN EARNEST FRIEND. you." Penn.—"I want none of thy soldiers; I depend on something

Cambridge Square, June 15th, 1850. better than soldiers. I depend on the Indians themselves, on Dear Sir,-I shall be happy to pay for the copy I receive of their moral sense, even on the grace of God, which bringeth salva- the HERALD OF Peace, and to subscribe for four more, if they can tion, and bath appeared to all men."

be sent from your office (with an intimation that they are from King." If it had appeared to them, they would hardly have me) addressed to the Secretaries of the Mechanics'Institutes at treated my subjects so barbarously as they have done" [in other Dumfries and Annan, and to the Secretary of the Reading Rooms, provinces previously occupied].

Kirkcudbright, and also to Mr. W. Anderson, Sanquhar, N.B. Penn.—. That is no proof to the contrary; thy subjects were the

Yours truly, aggressors. When they first went to North America, they found

WILLIAM EWART. these poor people the kindest and fondest creatures in the world. Every day they would watch for them to come on shore,

Roskrow, 16th Sixth Month, 1850. and hasten to meet them, and feast them on their best fish, their DEAR FRIEND,– I shall be glad to have the Peace Herald in its venison, and their corn, which was all they had. In return for new form, and I hope it will recommend itself to my friends, that this hospitality of the savages, as we term them, thy Christian I

may

be able to forward the names of a few more Subscribers. subjects, as we term them, seized on their country and rich hunt- The cause is one that must and will prevail. It is too sacred, too ing grounds for farms for themselves. Now, is it to be much won. reasonable, and too widely recognised, to fall to the ground. I dered at, that these much-injured people, driven to desperation by believe the time is much nearer than most imagine, when this such injustice, should have committed some excesses ?"

Government and others will be forced to adopt the principle, that King.–“But how will you get their lands without soldiers ?" all war is at variance with Christianity. Penn.- "I mean to buy their lands.”

Believe me, King. Why, man! you have bought them of me already!". Henry Richard,

Thine very truly, Penn.--"Yes, I know I have, and at a dear rate too; I did 19, New Broad Street.

R. BARCLAY Fox. this to gain thy good-will, not that I thought thou hadst any right to their lands. I will buy the right of the proper owners, Another esteemed correspondent writes, “I should like to have even of the Indians themselves; by doing this, I shall imitate a dozen copies of the first issue, and will place them in situations, God in his justice and mercy, and hope thereby to insure his if possible, in which they will tell. I can imagine the new series blessing on my colony, if I should ever live to plant one in North will contain more persuasive truths than the limited space of the America."—pp. 24–26.

former pages would allow."

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