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BILLS TO IMPLEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE

COMMISSION ON ORGANIZATION OF THE
EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF THE GOVERNMENT

(The Hoover Commission CORU

STANFO

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON POST OFFICE AND CIVIL SERVICE

UNITED STATES SENATE
EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS
FIRST AND SECOND SESSIONS

ON
S. 2027, S. 2062, S. 2111, S. 2212, S. 2213,

S. 2509, S. 3829, and S. 3830

JUNE 30, JULY 20, 27, 1949; AND MARCH 1, 14, 21;

JUNE 29; JULY 18, 27, AND AUGUST 7, 1950

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Post Office and Civil Service

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1951

COMMITTEE ON POST OFFICE AND CIVIL SERVICE

OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina, Chairman KENNETH MCKELLAR, Tennessee

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota RUSSELL B. LONG, Louisiana

RALPH E. FLANDERS, Vermont MATTHEW M. NEELY, West Virginia EDWARD J. THYE, Minnesota J. ALLEN FREAR, JR., Delaware

ZALES N. ECTON, Montana HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota HENRY C. DWORSHAK, Idaho EDWARD L. LEAHY, Rhode Island

HARRY DARBY, Kansas
J. AUSTIN LATIMER, Director, Attorney, and Chief Clerk

H. W. BRAWLEY, Assistant Staff Director
VIRGINIA BOBO, Assistant Chief Clerk

1

CONTENTS

185

103

200

187

.

Statements of —

Page

Askew, J. W., Comptroller, Bureau of Accounts, Post Office Depart-

ment.----

148

Bishop, Floyd A., acting representative, National League of District

Postmasters, Mitchelville, Iowa. ---

105

Bruce, C. M., Deputy Assistant Postmaster General in Charge of
Operations, Post Office Department, Washington -----

167
Donaldson, Jesse M., Postmaster General, Washington.------- 14, 62, 117
Finan, William F., Assistant Director in Charge of Management,

Bureau of Budget, accompanied by Joe Winslow, adviser on person-
nel management.--

151
Foster, Charles E., assistant legislative director, Disabled American

Veterans, Washington, D. C.--.

Hallbeck, É. C., legislative representative, National Federation of

Post Office Clerks, Washington, D. C.--

Hoover, Herbert, New York City ----
Horton, Jesse V., first vice president, National Association of Postal

Supervisors, Washington, D. C.---
Jacobi, Herbert J., vice chairman, National Veterans Preference Com-
mittee, the American Legion, Washington, D. C...

--------------
Leich, Harold H., chief, program planning staff, Civil Service Com-

mission, Washington, D. C..
MacElroy, George L., chief, civil service section, Veterans of Foreign

Wars, Washington, D. C....

McCarthy, Senator Joseph H.-----

126

Miller, Joseph L., assistant to George Meade, former Hoover commis-

sioner and member of Citizens Committee, Postal Affairs Task

Force, accompanied by Robert L. L. McCormick, research director,

Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report, Washington, D. C..

Mitchell, Harry B., Chairman, Civil Service Commission.-- 49, 98, 156, 190

Mitchell, James M., Commissioner, Civil Service Commission.-----

Moyer, Lawson A., Executive Director, Civil Service Commission.-- 194

Perkins, Frances, Commissioner, Civil Service Commission.------- 159–192

Riley, George D., representative, legislative committee, CIO.--

Seidman, Harold, chief administrative analyst, Bureau of Budget,

Washington, D. C------------------------

Stengel, Charles I., legislative representative, American Federation of

Government Employees, Washington, D. C..
Steward, Luther C., president, National Federation of Federal Em-

ployees, Washington, D. C.

Strom, A. B., Administrative Assistant to Postmaster General, Post

Office Department, Washington, D. C..

Taylor, Senator Glen H..
Weitzel, Frank, Assistant Comptroller General, General Accounting
Office, Washington, D. C...

34, 60, 72
Winslow, Joseph E., advisor on personnel management, Budget
Bureau, Washington, D. C.-

61, 198

Yates, Frank L., Assistant Comptroller General, accompanied by

Frank H. Weitzel, and Robert F. Keller.----

141

Exhibit A, Article by John Cramer.-----

178

Exhibit B, Veterans preference....c--

183

Recommendation of Hoover Commission - Per el management.. 212

Recommendation of Hoover Commissic.'- Ciri Department.

211

Summary of final committee action on

212

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144

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109 21190-200 MULB

APPOINTMENT OF POSTMASTERS

THURSDAY, JUNE 30, 1949

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON Post OFFICE AND CIVIL SERVICE,

Washington, D.C.
The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 11:30 a. m., in room 135,
Senate Office Building, Senator Olin D. Johnston presiding.
_Present: Senators Johnston, Long, Frear, Graham, Éumphrey,
Baldwin, Thye, and Hendrickson.

Also present: Senator McCarthy (author of S. 2062); J. Austin Latimer, Staff Director and Chief Clerk.

Senator JOHNSTON. The committee will come to order to consider S. 2062. (S. 2062 follows:)

[S. 2062, 81st Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL Making various changes in laws applicable to the Post Office Department in order

to furnish a basis for a reorganization of the Department, and for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Post Office Department Reorganization Act, 1949”.

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT; POSTMASTER GENERAL SEC. 2. Section 388 of the Revised Statutes (U. S. C. title 5, sec. 361) is amended to read as follows:

"SEC. 388. (a) There shall be at the seat of Government an executive department to be known as the Post Office Department, and a Postmaster General, who shall be the head thereof, and who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. No person shall be eligible to serve as Postmaster General who holds any office under any political party, or under any political committee, as the term 'political committee' is defined in section 1 of the Federal Corrupt Practices Act of 1925.

"(b) The purposes and objects of the Post Office Department shall be to operate the Postal Service of the United States, and to execute all laws of the United States relative to the Postal Service. So far as may be practicable and consistent with the obligations and duties imposed by law upon the department, such operations shall be conducted in accordance with principles and procedures applicable to commercial enterprises."

DIRECTOR OF POSTS

SEC. 3 (a) There shall be in the Post Office Department, a Director of Posts, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and who shall receive compensation at the rate of $ - per annum. The Director of Posts shall be appointed without reference to political affiliations and solely on the ground of fitness to perform the duties of his office, and shall be responsible directly and solely to the Postmaster General.

(b) Any power, function, or duty conferred or imposed upon the Postmaster General may, under such regulations as the Postmaster General may prescribe, be delegated to the Director of Posts or any other officer or officers of the Post Office Department. The regulations of the Postmaster General may authorize redelegation of any such power, function, or duty.

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