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DICTIONARY

OF

\MERICAN AND ENGLISH LAW,

WITH

DEFINITIONS OF THE TECHNICAL TERMS OF

THE CANON AND CIVIL LAWS.

ALSO, CONTAINING

A FULL COLLECTION OF LATIN MAXIMS,

AND CITATIONS OF UPWARDS OF FORTY THOUSAND REPORTED CASES,

IN WHICH WORDS AND PHRASES HAVE BEEN JUDICIALLY

DEFINED OR CONSTRUED.

VOL. II.

BY

STEWART RAPALJE AND ROBERT L. LAWRENCE.

JERSEY CITY, N. J.:
FREDERICK D. LINN & CO.,
Law Publishers and Booksellers.

1888.

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1883, by

STEWART RAPALJE and Robert L. LAWRENCE,

in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.

1

LAW DICTIONARY.

L.

VANT.

L. S.-See Locus SIGILLI.

who had no means of living; or against such

as, having served in the winter, refused to serve L. S., (meaning of). 5 Pick. (Mass.) 497 ; 5 in the summer. Reg. Orig. 189. Johns. (N. Y.) 239.

LABORERS.-Servants in husbandry LA CHAMBRE DES ESTEILLES.The star-chamber,

or manufactures, not living intra moenia.

(See DOMESTICS.) These are sometimes LAAS.-A net, gin, or snare.

engaged by the day or week, but, in EngLABEL.-(1) Anything appended to a larger land, are understood to be hired for a year writing, as a codicil. (2) A narrow slip of paper where no particular time is limited, and or parchment affixed to a deed or writ, in order the wages are so much per annum. And to hold the appending seal. (3) A term of heraldry. (4) A slip of paper put upon a package with respect to these, regulation is made or parcel containing a description of the contents by various acts of parliament, which vest of such package or parcel.

in the justices of the peace the power of LABINA.-In old records, watery land. compelling persons not having any visible LABOR.–Labor has been distinguished

livelihood to go out to service in husinto productive and unproductive. Pro- bandry, or in certain specific trades, for ductive is employed in creating perma

the promotion of honest industry; and, nent utilities, whether embodied in human also, to empower the justices to determine beings or in any other animate or inanimate

differences arising between such laborers

and their masters. See MASTER AND SERobjects. Unproductive does not terminate in the creation of material wealth, and, however largely or successfully practiced, LABORER, (defined). 34 Cal. 302; 82 Pa. St. does not render the community and the 469.

(who is). 5 How. (N. Y.) Pr. 454; 5 world at large richer in material products, Binn. (Pa.) 169; 4 Best & S. 927. but poorer by all that is consumed by the

(who is not). 39 Mich. 47, 594; 38 laborers while so employed. (1 Mill. Pol. Barb. (N. Y.) 390; 24 N. Y. 481; 81 N. C. 340;

77 Pa. St. 107. Ec. 33.) The greatest improvements in

(equivalent to "employé"). 3 Stew. the productive powers of labor, and the (N. J.) 590. greater part of the skill, dexterity, and judg.

(in an indictment applied to a female). ment with which it is anywhere directed

4 Com. Dig. 666 n.

(in lien law). 77 Pa. St. 107; 2 Utah or applied, seem to have been the effects T. 219. of the division of labor. “Labor," observed

(in a statute). 24 N. Y. 482; 8 East

124. Adam Smith, (Wealth of Nat. b. 1, c. v.,)

LABORER OR SERVANT, (in a statute). 16 “is the real measure of the exchangeable Hun (N. Y.) 186, 188. value of all commodities."

LABORER OR WORKMAN, (in mechanics' lien

law). 84 Pa. St. 168; 24 Am. Rep. 189. LABOR, (in a statute). 10 Hun (N. Y.) 18; LABORERS, (in railroad charter). 5 How. 76 N. Y. 50.

(N. Y.) Pr. 454. (in an .nsurance policy). 12 East 648.

(not synonymous with “ business,” or LACE.-A measure of land equal to one “work"). 2 Ohio St. 387.

pole. This term is widely used in Cornwall LABOR, PERSONAL, (what is not). 1 Barn. & Ad. 568.

LACERTA.-In old records, a fathom. LABORARIIS.-An ancient writ against

LACHES.-Negligence or unreasonpersons who refused to serve and do labor, and l able delay in asserting or enforcing a right VOL. II.

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