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located in areas not heretofore declared critical by the housing expediter and the defense mobilization agency; be it further

Resolved, That a copy of this resolution be directed to the Honorable Burnet R. Maybank, chairman of Senate Banking Committee and the Honorable Brent Spence, chairman of House Banking Committee.

PETER F. GILLIS,
Chairman, St. Joseph County Rent Advisory Board.

GEORGE HUPP,
John RHODES,
Mrs. RAYMOND HERRLY,
JAMES D. HILL,

Board Members. MAY 8, 1952.

STATEMENT OF DONALD M. LOVE, NORWOOD, PA. Mr. Chairman and members of this honorable committee, my name is Donald M. Love.

I live in and own houses in Norwood, Delaware County, Pa. My appearance before this honorable committee is made generally to oppose all Federal Government controls and subsidies, and specifically for the purpose of opposing any extension or renewal of Federal rent control beyond its present expiration date of June 30, 1952.

Rent control was imposed on the American people as a war measure, calculated to help check inflation, provide more rental housing and help share more equitably the cost of the war economy. It has failed to do any of these things during its long life of 10 years.

Rent control has and always will increase inflationary trends. Low rentals, leaving excess family cash from weekly income funnels the excess into consumer goods with competitive buying and higher prices.

Rent control has never caused a rental accommodation to be built. But it has caused millions of rental apartments and houses to be taken off the market. It defeats the creating of a market of rental housing.

In April 20, 1951, at Omaha, Nebr., the local paper carried two columns of rental apartments and houses. Omaha did not have rent control.

On the same day at Council Bluffs, across the Missouri River, the local paper did not have a single property for rent. Council Bluffs was under rent control.

This has been the case in Dallas, in Los Angeles, and elsewhere. Here in Delaware County three boroughs are decontrolled and have space advertised for rent. But in every rent-controlled area in this county there is not a single house advertised for rent.

Today, under the compromise bill of 1947 and its extensions we have houses controlled and decontrolled in the same communities, and the houses are frequently identical.

There is one marked difference between controlled and decontrolled rental housing. The controlled is quickly becoming slum housing. An owner cannot maintain and make his local tax and mortgage payments on the rental ceiling income, so the maintenance is neglected. While your rent law creates slum housing, you in Washington have been voting millions to remove slum housing. It does not make sense.

Rent control is akin to cancer. Some rent control is no more to be desired than some cancer. Get rid of both.

Rent control is a tenet of communism. You know that the leaders in unions most vociferous for controls have been those which were Communist-led. You know that in every case they have and are using coercion on you. They have and are publishing to their members list of who votes for rent control, but you should also know that they do not speak for their members. Remember Ohio and Robert Taft's election for proof,

If you do not believe in socialism and communism, then do not support the plank of its doctrine--rent control. Respectfully submitted.

DONALD M, LOVE.

SOME FACTS AND FIGURES ON THE QUESTION OF THE NEED FOR RENT CONTROLS

IN THE CITY OF NORFOLK

(Statement of Mrs. John H. Biggs, Norfolk, Va.) 1. The reason given for controls is to have adequate housing at reasonable prices (in line with the current living index). This can never be by rent control as stated by Mr. Woods. In his testimony before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee in June of 1951, Mr. Woods said “the only way to get out from under controls is to encourage construction of new units so we recommended no controls for new units." By this statement, Mr. Woods is saying that controls deter and discourage construction, and thus the longer it remains the greater the need for controls.

Facts and figures show that when controls are lifted there is a heavy upward swing in building and when controls are reimposed there is a definite decrease in building.

2. The lifting of current restrictions will bring about the building of all the needed units in any area. In any field of endeavor where there is an opportunity to make above the average return on your invested dollar, you will find the hundreds of investors crowding into the field until the return reaches the average level.

3. The issue of control should be an unbiased, fair, and a just determination of facts as to whether controls are needed and should be based on facts gathered in the community or city, by its unbiased citizenry after having heard its citizens on the issue. Certainly no one will admit the law to give favor to any group or class. If such is so, why not have a fair and open hearing to determine the issue.

4. In this area, it has been shown by spot checks that there was adequate housing available. Many hundreds of vacant units are for rent and many more for sale. A survey made by the census takers showed in 1950 that there were 56,122 dwelling units in the city of Norfolk and that 54,034 were occupied. The record further showed that there were 2,088 ready for occupancy and available and 989 withheld from the market. It further showed that there was an increase of 17,389 since 1941.

The census showed that in 1943, which was the peak year of the war, we had 305,127 people in Norfolk. All housed. In 1950, we had only 188,601. In 1943, there were 982 building permits issued, 1944, 1,015; 1945, 1,526; 1946, 2,003; 1947, 2,604; 1948, 2,412; 1949, 2,332; 1950, 2,684. This does include the large housing developments just out of the city limits built there because there was not sufficient space in the city. There was $40,723,095 spent in building activities in the area that included the heavy construction during 1950. In 1950, we spent $9,979,300. These facts can only leave one conclusion-we have no housing problem. More houses will be built, if the Government would release credit restrictions, which could be done under Public Law No. 139 which does not make rent control mandatory, as does Public Law No. 96.

On January 21, 1952, a committee of the Norfolk Property Owners Association took a spot survey extending from Princess Anne County to the end of Willoughby, checking on both sides of Ocean View Avenue and the results were as follows: Furnished apartments

43 New apartments, about one half will be furnished and one half unfurnished, now available and ready for rent

70 Under construction, will be ready in approximately 30 days; undetermined number that will be ready from 60 to 90 days....

55 In addition to that, 14 houses for rent and 14 houses for sale. The total of 196 houses and apartments that we found as of that date.

On December 4, 1951, at an organization meeting, we took a spot check and found 75 furnished apartments available as of that date.

The results of these surveys would indicate that housing is available any and every day a survey or check might be made.

By MAYON A. Cox,

(Mrs.) John H. Biggs.

OCEAN VIEW, VA., January 29, 1952. To Whom It May Concern:

That rent control is not needed in Norfolk is evidenced by the following facts.

I own and operate tourist apartments, and have a great number of Navy personnel who are waiting permanent housing stay with me.

On December 1, 1951, I rented a furnished apartment to Lt. and Mrs. D. E. Vaughan and two children, they had rented an unfurnished apartment which was available on December 15. Lieutenant Vaughan's orders were changed which necessitated giving up this apartment. Another change in orders made his residence here permanently. They immediately started looking for permanent quarters. This they found without very much trouble, in fact they had a choice of three new houses, available on January 3. They rented and moved in one of these located at 1286 West Ocean View Avenue, on January 3.

Case No. 2. This same apartment was rented to another party Chief W. C. Cross and wife, who had just arrived from California, on the same day that the Vaughans moved out. While the apartment was being made ready, they drove down to Chesapeake Beach, not really looking for a house, but they rented one while there and moved into it on January 15.

These are only two of the many cases that have come under my own observation within the last 2 months. All any one has to do to find housing in Norfolk is to get out and look for it.

(Mrs.) MAYON A. Cox.

NORFOLK, Va., January 30, 1952. To Whom It May Concern:

A Navy chief came to rent my apartment, asking me to reduce the rent, saying that he was expecting his wife for a stay of 2 weeks or perhaps longer, and wanted a nice place for her to stay, I reduced the apartment $5 per week and he rented it, leaving a deposit for same. The next day he came back and said that he had rented another place and asked me to refund his deposit, which I very kindly did.

His wife arrived as planned, but did not like the accommodations which he had provided for her, and he came back to me and asked if I would rent the apartment to him again, at the same reduction. I had lost several days rent, because no one else had wanted the apartment, notwithstanding, I had been running an advertisement in the daily papers.

I am sure this chief asked the other party for a refund of his rent also. This happened in September 1951, when housing was supposed to be so short. Very truly,

(Mrs.) EDWIN A. VAUGHAN.

JANUARY 30, 1952. To Whom It May Concern:

On the subject of rent control I would like to state that I for one cannot see the need for it. I arrived in Norfolk on the first of November and had my choice of three places for rent on the very day I arrived. I also have assisted friends of mine in finding a nartments and houses to rent, up until recently and there were, and still are, ser ral places available. I cannot see where there is a housing shortage or a critical housing area here. Sincerely yours,

(Mrs.) O. R. MARETT. P. S.-Husband still in Navy.

NORFOLK, VA., January 30, 1952. To Whom It May Concern:

Having been transferred from San Francisco, Calif., to Norfolk, Va., in September of 1951, my family and I were able to find a comfortable house to rent at a reasonable price.

We had a choice of several places at that time. I do not feel that rent control is necessary in this area.

D. S. THORP. 97026-52-pt. 2 -35

Subject: Decontrol of rents in Norfolk area.

NORFOLK, Va., January 24, 1952. To Whom It May Concern:

Every other day since January 1, 1952, I have been phoning all persons who advertise in Norfolk newspapers under “Wanted To Rent Apartment or House."

I have found that 80 percent of those who advertise find what they desire within 2 days after their ads first appear.

A majority of them find suitable quarters the first day they advertise.

Both those who have secured quarters and those who have not, within 2 days, state that they have received many calls from landlords with vacancies within the price range their ads prescribe.

In today's (January 24, 1952) Norfolk Virginian-Pilot there are 33 furnished and unfurnished apartments and houses for rent, plus 14 smaller units for rent. Many ads state they have several vacancies.

In same paper there are only eight individuals who advertise for housing,

It is also noted that as a rule those who advertise as wanting to rent desire expensive housing, while the large majorities of vacant units for rent are reasonably low priced; several at $40 and $50 a month.

As to the shortage of housing in the Norfolk area, the above facts speak for themselves.

C. Roy Foltz.

(From the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, Thursday, January 24, 1952

REAL ESTATE FOR RENT

74 APARTMENTS AND FLATS

74 MAYFLOWER APARTMENTS—16-story; elevator apartments now available. Apply

34th St., and Atlantic Ave, Virginia Beach. Phone 3180.

OCEAN VIEW AVE., W.-1359 Little Bay Ave. New 4 unfurnished efficiency

apartments, including refrigerator and stove and Venetian blinds, $75 monthly. Dial 89921.

OCEAN VIEW AVE., W.-1010 Little Bay Ave; 2 new unfurnished efficiency

apartments, January 15. $75 monthly.

PARK PLACE-Three rooms, private bath; available February 15. Dial 38067.

RIVERDALE MANOR—Campostella Road extended; applications are being accepted

for 2-bedroom apartments. Apply rental office, 2801 Welcome Rd.

New apartment; second floor; 2 bedrooms; central heat; oak floors; tile bath;

Frigidaire; electric stove; water furnished; 3 minutes to Naval Base: children over 10; $125 month.

Can be seen by appointment only. Dial 84121.

74A

FURNISHED APTS. AND Flats

74A

BALLENTINE PLACE-First floor. 3 rooms, semi-private bath. Furnished in

cluding electric refrigerator. Adults only. Dial 32480.

CHESTERFIELD HEIGHTS-Share 5 rooms and bath, $50 a month. Dial 39043.

COLONIAL PLACE-Nicely furnished 2-room apartment, heated, hot water,

utilities. Refined couple. Adults. Dial 30204.

DEBREE AVE., 1507—Bedroom for couple with cooking privileges; steam heat.

Dial 36369.

Denby PARK-Near Wards Corner. Will share nice home with couple. No

children. Dial 66-2901.

Fairfax Ave., 333–3-room apartment fully furnished, married couples only;

adults; no pets; near bus line.

FAIRMONT PARK-2840 St. Mihiel Ave. Living room, bedroom combination,

bath, kitchen, heat. Private entrance. No children.

Guent—Two bedroom furnished apartment. Available February 1 to March 1 or after. $75 month. Dial 39397.

Ghent—368 Hamilton Ave. Second floor, rear apartment. 2 rooms. Available

January 30th. Utilities furnished. $15 per week. H. W. Holland & Co. Dial 27704.

LAFAYETTE BLVD.-Efficiency, 2 rooms; electric refrigerator, gas range, hot water,

private entrance. Dial 20053.

MORAN Ave., 811--First floor front, three rooms, share bath. $80 per month.

Also one room efficiency, second floor, $50 per month. Dial 23221. Ellis M. James, Realtor.

NORVIEW-308 Giles Circle; three rooms, bath; modern.

Couple only.

Private entrance.

OLNEY Court—531 W. Olney Rd., modern, heated, comfortably furnished; 5

rooms and bath; $100 monthly; adults; 6 months' lease. Apply manager, Apt. 1-B.

RIVERDALE MANOR-Campostella Road extended; applications are now being

accepted for 2-bedroom furnished apartments. Apply rental office, 2801 Welcome Road.

South Norfolk-Furnished apartment. Apply 4330 Bainbridge Blvd.

VERDUN Ave., 2960—3 rooms. Everything furnished except linens and dishes.

VIRGINIA BEACH-Heated apartment, above average; monthly. Adults, 110

Avenue A. Phone 189.

NEST GHENT—Furnished apartment; living room with dining area, bedroom, tile bath and shower, complete Youngstown kitchen, water and heat furnished. Rent $125 per month. Adults only. No pets. Dial 41369—9 a. m. to 5 p. m. After 6 p. m. Dial 36034.

7TH STREET E., 824—Lovely new 2 rooms, private bath and entrance. Heat, gas, lights, linens and dishes. Adults.

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