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Sec. 3. The (appropriations] appropriation for the Veterans' Administration, "Salaries and expenses, medical and hospital, and compensation and pensions”, shall be available for necessary expenses (including but not confined to necessary medical care, and pension payment, payment or reimbursement of expenses in connection with supplying suitable training under this Act;] under part VII, as amended, or part VIII of Veterans Regulation Numbered 1 (a), and there is hereby authorized to be appropriated such additional amount or amounts as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes [of this Act] thereof. Such expenses may include, subject to regulations issued by the Administrator and in addition to medical care, treatment, hospitalization, and prosthesis, otherwise authorized, such care, treatment, and supplies as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of part VII, as amended, or part VIII of Veterans Regulation Numbered i (a).

Section 402 would specifically amend Public Law 16, Seventy-eighth Congress, by adding thereto a new section 4. Section 4 is contained in its complete form in the bill as reported.

Section 403 specifically amends paragraph 1, part VII, Veterans Regulation No. 1 (a) (Public Law 16, 78th Cong.):

1. Any person who served in the active military or naval service at any time on or after [December 6, 1941] September 16, 1940, and prior to the termination of the present war, who is honorably discharged therefrom, and who has a disability incurred in or aggravated by such service for which pension is payable under laws administered by the Veterans' Administration, or would be but for receipt of retirement pay, and is in need of vocational rehabilitation to overcome the handicap of such disability, shall be entitled to such vocational rehabilitation as may be prescribed by the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs to fit him for employment consistent with the degree of disablement: Provided, That no course of training in excess of a period of four years shall be approved nor shall any training under this part be afforded beyond six years after the termination of the present

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

78TH CONGRESS

2d Session

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REPORT No. 1419

EMERGENCY MATERNITY AND INFANT CARE FOR WIVES OF ENLISTED MEN IN ARMED FORCES ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATION, FISCAL YEAR 1944

May 5, 1944.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of

the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. Hare, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the

following

REPORT

(To accompany H. J. Res. 2711

The Committee on Appropriations, to whom was referred the joint resolution (H. J. Res. 271) entitled “Joint resolution making an additional appropriation for the fiscal year 1944 for emergency maternity and infant care for wives of enlisted men in the armed forces," report the measure without amendment and with a recommendation for its early consideration and enactment.

Benefits to be provided under this requested appropriation are the same as those provided in the act of October 1, 1943, namely, maternity and infant care for wives and infants of enlisted men in the armed forces in grades 4, 5, 6, and 7. The number of such cases authorized from July through December 1943 is 145,249; for January 1944, 33,590; February 1944, 36,263; March 1944, 41,091. It is estimated that the number of cases authorized for April 1944 will be 45,202, at an average cost per case of $71.21+, or a total cost of $3,218,875. The average cost per case is showing a slight monthly increase, and it is anticipated that in a few months the average cost may exceed $80 per case.

The Labor-Federal Security Agency Appropriation Act for the fiscal year 1944 provided $4,400,000 for this service. The amount was augmented on October 1, 1943, by $18,600,000, plus an amount of $20,000 for administrative expenses (Public Law 156). The total appropriation, already provided for the fiscal year 1944, of $23,000,000 with an exception of $637,799 will be used in making payments of obligations incurred through April 1944. All States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Bistrict of Columbia are now participating in the program, and authorizations for care have gradually increased, and it is estimated will increase until September or October of this year. The requested appropriation for the next fiscal year is $42,800,000.

In view of the fact that authorizations are increasing at the rate of three to four thousand per month, and that the cost per case is increasing as the beneficiaries become familiar with the benefits to which they are entitled under the program, it would appear that the total amount of the request, $6,700,000, will be needed to meet all obligations accruing during the remaining 2 months of this fiscal year. Since the funds now available were practically exhausted as of May 1, it is recommended that the joint resolution be given immediate consideration.

The following tabulation shows the total number of cases, by States, and the cost of same for the month of April 1944.

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

78TH CONGRESS

2d Session

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REPORT No. 1420

AMENDING THE SECOND PARAGRAPH OF SECTION 10 OF

THE PAY READJUSTMENT ACT OF 1942

May 5, 1944.—Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of

the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. May, from the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted the

following

REPORT

(To accompany S. 1348)

The Committee on Military Affairs to whom was referred the bill (S. 1348) to amend the second paragraph of section 10 of the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942 having considered the same, submit the following report thereon, with the recommendation that it do pass with the following amendment:

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the following: That the second paragraph of section 10 of the Pay Adjustment Act of 1942 (56 Stat. 364; 37 U. S. Č. 110), is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Each enlisted man of the first, second, or third grade, in the active military, naval, or Coast Guard service of the United States having a dependent as defined in section 4 of this Act, shall, under such regulations as the President may prescribe, be entitled to receive, for any period during which public quarters are not provided and available for his dependent, the monthly allowance for quarters authorized by law to be granted to each enlisted man not furnished quarters in kind at the general rate provided for the continental United States: Provided, That such en listed men shall continue to be entitled to this allowance although receiving the allowance provided in the first paragraph of this section if by reason of orders of competent authority his dependent is prevented from dwelling with him.'

Under the provisions of section 10 of the Pay Readjustment Act of June 16, 1942, enlisted men of the first, second, or third pay grades in the active military, naval, or Coast Guard service having a dependent are entitled under regulations prescribed by the President, for any period during which public quarters are not provided and available for his dependent, to the monthly allowance for quarters authorized by law to be granted to each enlisted man not furnished quarters in kind. Such allowance is payable to enlisted men with dependents in addition to the quarters allowance he receives in his own right, if by reason of orders of competent authority his dependent is prevented from dwelling with him.

The allowance provided for the enlisted man who is not furnished quarters in kind is fixed by Executive order and differs according to the station to which the enlisted man is assigned. The amount of such allowance is determined in accordance with the living expenses prevailing at each station. Under existing law, the monthly allowance granted to an enlisted man for quarters for his dependent is based upon the amount he would be entitled to receive if not furnished quarters at his place of duty and without regard to the place of residence of his dependent. Accordingly, such allowances are paid at varying rates despite the fact that the dependents concerned are residing, in practically all cases, within the continental United States. Your committee believes that such a manner of granting monthly allowances for quarters for dependents results in discriminations and inequalities in many cases. There is no justification for an enlisted man stationed at a place outside the United States to receive a larger monetary allowance for quarters for a dependent than that granted to an enlisted man on duty at another such place when their respective dependents are residing within the continental United States.

The bill as recommended by your committee differs from the bill as it passed the Senate in that it amends the first sentence of the second paragraph of section 10 of the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942 rather than the proviso of that paragraph. This change is recommended in the interest of clarity and to insure that the limitation will apply to the monthly allowance for a dependent received by the enlisted man who is provided quarters in kind as well as such monthly allowance received by the enlisted man who is allowed a monthly allowance for quarters in his own right. The War Department letter follows:

March 21, 1944. Hon, ANDREW J. MAY, Chairman, Committee on Military Affairs,

House of Representatives. DEAR MR. May: The War Department favors the enactment of H. R. 3243, Seventy-eighth Congress, a bill to amend the second paragraph of section 10 of the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942, provided it is amended as hereinafter suggested.

The bill is designed to amend section 10 of the Pay Readjustment Act of 1942 (56 Stat. 364; 37 U. S. C. 110) so as to provide, in effect, that an enlisted man who is entitled to receive an allowance for quarters for any periods during which public quarters are not provided and available for his dependent shall receive such allowances at the general rate provided for the continental United States if by reason of orders of competent authority his dependent is prevented from dwelling with him.

Under existing law, and regulations issued thereunder, a monetary allowance is granted to an enlisted man of the first, second, or third grade for quarters for his dependent based upon the amount the enlisted man would be entitled to receive 'if not furnished quarters at his place of duty and without regard to the place of residence of his dependent. Accordingly, allowances are paid at varying rates for quarters of dependents despite the fact that the dependents concerned are residing within the continental United States.

It is manifest that under the operation of existing law and regulations the manner of granting such allowances results in discriminations and inequities in many cases. There is no justification for an enlisted man stationed at a place outside the continental limits of the United States to receive a larger monetary allowance for quarters for a dependent than that granted to an enlisted man on duty at another such place when their respective dependents are residing within the continental United States. There is a possibility that in a relatively few cases the dependent of such an enlisted man may also reside outside the continental limits of the United States. However, in a majority of such cases the dependent resides in a Territory or possession of the United States where the quarters allowance is substantially the same as that provided for the continental United States.

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