페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

CONTENTS.

VOLUME I.

Quartermaster-General

Commissary-General of 'Subsistence

Surgeon-General

Paymaster-General ...

Board of Visitors to the Military Academy..

Board of Commissioners of Soldiers' Home

on the State, War, and Navy Department Building

Reports upon the improvement of the South Pass ...

concerning Leavenworth military prison

Report of the Freedmen’s Branch of the Adjutant-General's Office

on publication of war records of the rebellion

237

245

401

421

433

447

471

475

487

517

531

539

VOLUME II.

Report of the Chief of Engineers.

VOLUME III.

Report of the Chief of Ordnance.

VOLUME IV.

Report of the Chief Signal-Officer.

WAR DEPARTMENT, November 19, 1878.

Mr. PRESIDENT: In accordance with law I have the honor to submit
the annual report of the operations of this department.

THE ARMY.

It appears from the report of the General of the Army that, accord-

ing to the latest returns, received October 15, 1878, the strength of the

several arms of the service was as follows:

Enlisted men.

Cavalry

7, 829

Artillery

2, 630

Infantry

11, 205

Engineer Battalion....

199

Permanent and recruiting parties, music-boys, and recruits in depots ...... 1, 121

Enlisted men detailed on general service.

372

Ordnance Department.....

394

West Point detachments.

190

Prison-guard........

71

Hospital stewards..

188

Ordnance sergeants

114

Commissary sergeants

148

Indian scouts ...

300

Grand total....

24,761

The reports of the Quartermaster-General and Commissary-General of

Subsistence, as well as those of the General of the Army and the de-

partment and division commanders, all concur in showing that the Army

has been well and economically subsisted and clothed, while the charac-

ter of the rank and file has been materially improved. Great care has

been exercised in the selection of recruits, and as one of the gratifying re-

sults the number of desertions has been considerably reduced, the total

decrease below the number last year being 838. The aggregate number

of desertions during each of the past six years has been as follows:

Aggregate number of desertions from United States Army, fiscal year ending-

June 30, 1873....

7,271

June 30, 1874..

4, 606

June 30, 1875..

2,521

June 30, 1876..

1, 844

1877.

2,516

June 30, 1878.

1,678

Notwithstanding the improvement apparent from this statement, the fact remains that the crime of desertion is still alarmingly prevalent, and an evil of no ordinary magnitude.

INDIAN HOSTILITIES

have occurred in various localities in the Territories, and have been suppressed by the Army; but, in some cases, not without serious loss of life, both among soldiers and citizens. I remain of the opinion that permanent peace in the Indian country can only be maintained by the exhibition of force sufficient to overawe and keep in subjection the more war. like and dangerous of the savages. - It is to be hoped that the time is coming when the Indian can be governed by other methods; but, until he has been reached and elevated by the influences of education and civilization, we must deal with him as he is, and by such methods as will keep him at peace and make secure the lives of settlers in his neighborhood. While, therefore, we should persevere in the effort to improve the condition of the Indian tribes, by teaching them the arts of the herdsman and afterward those of the husbandman, and by providing for the education of their youth, we should, at the same time, confront them with such military force as will teach them the futility of any attempt to resist the power of the United States. I also fully agree with the General of the Army in the opinion that such provision should be made by Congress as will prevent the possibility of suffering, for lack of food, among Indians confined upon reservations. In short, our policy toward the Indians should be designed to enforce these two propositions, viz: 1. Fair and just treatment of the Indians, including the faithful per formance on our part of every promise; and, 2. The prompt and effectual punishment of all acts of war on their part, and to this end the employment of a sufficient milithry force in the Indian country to act with vigor and success, when occasion requires, and prevent the possibility of the defeat or massacre of small detachments of our troops, by which Indian wars have been so often in the past encouraged and prolonged. The experiment of enlisting, for special service, Indian scouts has proved quite successful, and it has been a source of regret that the department has not been able to employ a larger number. Under the existing law, which treats such scouts as a part of the twenty-five thousand enlisted men of the Army, it has been impossible to employ, of the one thousand authorized, a greater number than three hundred without impairing seriously the efficiency of the regular forces. As a material aid in the management of Indian affairs, I recommend that the law be so amended as to authorize an increase of the number of such scouts, and so as to declare them to be a force in addition to the number of enlisted men authorized for the Army proper.

« 이전계속 »