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distinct Person from the Father and the Son And he is likewise God, inasmuch as those things are ascribed to him which cannot be ascribed to any but God. For instance, St. Peter, in punishing Ananias and Sapphira, uses the expression, “ lying unto the Holy Ghost,” and “ lying to God," as equivalent. The Holy Ghost is said to be eternal, Heb. ix. 14; to teach all things, John xiv. 26; to guide into all truth, John xvi. 13; to have raised Christ from the dead, 1 Pet. iii. 18. Also in Gen. i. 3, it is said, that the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters, whereby we are clearly to understand that the third Person in the Trinity was the first mover in the work of the creation. The Angel told the Virgin Mary, that the Holy Ghost should overshadow her, and that the Holy Thing born should be called the Son of God.

The operations of the Holy Ghost are of two kinds,

Ordinary. Extraordinary.
Grace. *Inspiration, the gift of

miracles, tongues, &c. The extraordinary have long ceased, they being no further necessary, since the Christian

* Divines have distinguished between the inspiration of a prophet and that of a sacred historian, by calling the one inspiration of suggestion, the other inspiration of superintendency. By the latter they meant that the writer was prevented from committing any material

: error,

religion is sufficiently established. Grace, or the ordinary, (which we are commanded to pray for,) is of two kinds, preventing and cooperating ; for which, see Art. X.

The first part of this Article is directed against the Socinians and the Jews, who hold that the Holy Ghost is not a Person, but an “ energy, operation, quality, or power." The earliest controversy upon the subject of this Article was that occasioned by Macedonius. Bishop of Constantinople, in the middle of the fourth century, who denied the divinity of the Holy Ghost, and was on that account deprived of his bishopric.

ARTICLE VI. Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for

Salvation. HOLY Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation : So that whatso

a 2 Tim. iii. 15, 16, 17. From a child thou hast known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation, through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

b Is. viii. 20. To the law and to the testimony, if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.-Deut. iv. 2. Ye shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish

ever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man that it should be believed as an article of the faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture, we do understand those canonical Books of the Old and New Testament, of whose authority was never any doubt in the Church.

Of the Names and Number of the Canonical

Books.

Genesis.
Exodus.
Leviticus.
Numbers.
Deuteronomy.
Joshua.
Judges.
Ruth.
1. Book of Samuel.
II. Book of Samuel.

aught from it.-Deut, xii. 32. What thing soever I command you, observe to do it ; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

1. Book of Kings.
II. Book of Kings.
I. Book of Chronicles.
II. Book of Chronicles.
1. Book of Esdras.
II. Book of Esdras.
Book of Esther.
Book of Job.
Psalms.
Proverbs.
Ecclesiastes, or Preacher.
Canticles, or Song of Solomon.
Four Prophets the greater.
Twelve Prophets the less.

And the other Books, as Hierome saith, the Church doth read, for example of life and instruction of manners, but yet doth it not apply them to establish any doctrine: Such are these following.

III. Book of Esdras.
IV. Book of Esdras.
Book of Tobias.
Book of Judith.
Rest of the Book of Esther.

Book of Wisdom.
Jesus the Son of Sirach.
Baruch the Prophet.
Song of the Three Children.
Story of Susanna.
Of Bell and the Dragon.
Prayer of Manasses.
1. Book of Maccabecs.
II. Book of Maccabees.

All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive and account them canonical.

This Article is levelled against the traditions of the Papists; who allow the inspiration of the holy Scriptures, but assert that the books of the New Testament do not contain the whole of a Christian's faith and practice. They believe that the Apostles orally delivered many doctrines and precepts of the highest importance to our eternal happiness, which are not contained in the New Testament: and they farther believe, that these doctrines and precepts have been faithfully transmitted to the present time; and that there is an infallible authority vested by Christ in his Church to judge of their correctness, and to

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