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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey, Chairman CARL HINSHAW, California

CLARENCE F. LEA, California EVAN HOWELL, Illinois

ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio LEONARD W. HALL, New York

ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota

VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas ROBERT HALE, Maine

J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee HARRIS ELLSWORTH, Oregon

OREN HARRIS, Arkansas MARION T. BENNETT, Missouri

GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan
JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa

RICHARD F. HARLESS, Arizona
EDWARD J. ELSAESSER, New York DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida
JOHN W. HESELTON, Massachusetts BENJAMIN J. RABIN, New York
HUGH D. SCOTT, JR., Pennsylvania
WILLIAM J. MILLER, Connecticut
HENDERSON H. CARSON, Ohio
'JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan

ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
II

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17.47

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Text of bills:

H. R. 942, introduced by Hon. Emanuel Celler, and four identical

bills, H. R. 1815, by Hon. Clifford P. Case, of New Jersey, H. R.

1830, by Hon. Wilbur D. Mills, H. R. 1834, by Hon. J. Percy

Priest, and H. R. 2027, by Hon. Brooks Hays.--.

Statements of -

Celler, Hon. Emanuel, Member of Congress

Patterson, Hon. Robert P., Secretary of War.

Bronk, Dr. Deltev W., chairman, National Research Council, Wash-

ington, D. C..-..

Day, Dr. Edmund E., president, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.;

chairman of Inter-Society Committee on Science Foundation

Legislation.--

MacQuigg, Dr. Charles Ellison, director of the Engineering Experi-

ment Station of the Ohio State University; chairman of the Ohio

Water Resources Board, Columbus, Ohio.

Jewett, Dr. Frank, president, National Academy of Sciences

Higinbotham, William A., executive secretary of the Federation of

American Scientists

Miller, Hon. Watson B., administrator, Federal Security Agency-

Parran, Dr. Thomas, director, Public Health Service-

Folk, George E., special adviser to the National Association of Manu-

facturers Committee on Patents and Research.

Land, Edwin H., Polaroid Corp----

Smith, Homer W., professor of physiology, New York University

College of Medicine..

Conant, Dr. James B., president of Harvard University, Cambridge,

Mass

Wilson, Carroll, general manager of the Atomic Energy Commission.

Foster, Hon. William C., Under Secretary of Commerce --

Major, Dr. Randolph T., director of research and development,

Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, N. J----

Yerkes, Dr. Robert M., emeritus professor of psychobiology, Yale

University; chairman of Committee on the Federal Government

and Research, Social Science Research Council..

Saville, Prof. Thorndike, representing the Engineering College Re-

search Council of the American Society for Engineering Education.

Lee, Admiral P. F., Chief of the Research Division, Navy Depart-

ment...

Forrestal, Hon. James, Secretary of the Navy-

Denslow, Dr. J. S., director of research of Kirksville College of Osteo-

pathy and Surgery--

Brown, Bruce K., vice president in charge of development, Standard

Oil Co. of Indiana..

Victory, John F., executive secretary, National Advisory Committee

for Aeronautics.-

Bush, Dr. Vannevar, president of Carnegie Institution of Washington;

chairman of the Joint Army-Navy Research Board; and director of

the Office of Scientific Research and Development.

Hines, Lewis G., national legislative representative of the American

Federation of Labor...

McDonald, Dr. Ralph, executive secretary, Department of Higher

Education, the National Education Association of the United

States..

Page

273

277

203

224

Statement of—Continued

Scates, Dr. Douglas E., professor of education, Duke University,

Durham, N. Č.; president of American Educational Research

Association.

National Engineering Societies, panel of appointees of; Engineers

Joint Council
Bakhmeteff, Dr. Boris A., chairman of engineering panel of the

Engineers Joint Council.

Communications submitted:

Letter from Dr. Frank B. Jewett, president, National Academy of

Sciences, to Hon. Charles A. Wolverton, chairman, dated March 11,

1947.

Letter from Charles R. M. Tuttle, to Hon. Charles Eaton, dated

March 5, 1947...

Letter from W. John Kenney, Acting Secretary of the Navy, to Hon.

Elbert D. Thomas, dated April 8, 1946-
Letter from R. Morton Adams, president, New York Patent Law

Association, to Hon. Charles A. Wolverton, chairman, dated March

5, 1947.-
Letter from Dr. Vannevar Bush, to Hon. Charles A. Wolverton, chair-

man, dated February 19, 1947.---
Letter from James E. Jagger, secretary-treasurer, Engineers Joint

Council, to Hon. Charles A. Wolverton, chairman, dated March 28,

1947..

Documents and statistical tables submitted:

Analysis of National Science Foundation bills, prepared by Kurt Bor-

chårdt, of the professional staff, House Committee on Interstate

and Foreign Commerce-

Analysis, section by section, of identical bills submitted by Hon.

Wilbur D. Mills

National scientific and educational organizations represented in the

Inter-Society Committee on Science Foundation Legislation --

Report of Inter-Society Committee for a National Science Foundation-

Act of incorporation, National Academy of Sciences, approved March

3, 1863..

Executive Order No. 2859, issued May 11, 1918.

Philanthropy in Science

Testimony with respect to patent provisions in National Science Foun-

dation bill-hearings before House Interstate and Foreign Com-

merce Committee, Seventy-ninth Congress -

NACA contributions to the progress of aviation.

237

272

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1947

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The committee met pursuant to call in room 1334, New House Office Building, at 10 a. m., Hon. Charles A. Wolverton (chairman) presiding

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.

Gentlemen of the committee, I wish to make a few general remarks with respect to the proposed 'legislation that is the subject of this hearing

The scientific progress of our country as typified by our leadership in the development of atomic power, radar, rockets, penicillin, and streptomycin is so important that legislation to establish a National Science Foundation has been brought before this committee promptly.

Science was mobilized during the war under the Office of Scientific Research and Development directed by the able Dr. Vannevar Bush, who will testify before this committee. It was this organization of 5,000 scientists and 10,000 technicians that was responsible for advancing our scientific and technical knowledge 20 years in the 5 years of war. Many of their discoveries in the secret-weapon field are now finding useful applications in industry and medicine.

We are now at peace but the maintenance of our scientific leadership plus our industrial know-how and facility is the real secret of our progress as a Nation.

The Office of Scientific Research and Development is a wartime agency.

The proposed National Science Foundation would create a permanent agency of the Government to conduct basic research and provide a training program for the creation of a reservoir of young scientists.

In the closing days of Dr. Bush's organization, he was asked to prepare a report on the future research program of the Nation. Seven months of effort and 50 of the Nation's leading men contributed to this report known as Science, the Endless Frontier.

The legislation now before this committee has been drawn to implement this report.

The four identical bills, H. R. 1815, introduced by Mr. Case; H. R. 1830, introduced by Mr. Mills; H. R. 1834, introduced by Mr. Priest; H. R. 2027, introduced by Mr. Hays; and H. R. 942, introduced by Mr. Celler, seek to establish a National Science Foundation “ts, promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes.

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