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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE
CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey, Chairman CARL HINSHAW, California
CLARENCE F. LEA, California EVAN HOWELL, Illinois
ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio LEONARD W. HALL, New York
ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota
VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas ROBERT HALE, Maine
J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee HARRIS ELLSWORTH, Oregon
OREN HARRIS, Arkansas MARION T. BENNETT, Missouri
GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan
RICHARD F. HARLESS, Arizona
ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
1830, by Hon. Wilbur D. Mills, H. R. 1834, by Hon. J. Percy
ment Station of the Ohio State University; chairman of the Ohio
Scates, Dr. Douglas E., professor of education, Duke University,
Durham, N. Č.; president of American Educational Research
National Engineering Societies, panel of appointees of; Engineers
Engineers Joint Council.
Letter from Charles R. M. Tuttle, to Hon. Charles Eaton, dated
Letter from W. John Kenney, Acting Secretary of the Navy, to Hon.
Elbert D. Thomas, dated April 8, 1946-
Association, to Hon. Charles A. Wolverton, chairman, dated March
man, dated February 19, 1947.---
Council, to Hon. Charles A. Wolverton, chairman, dated March 28,
Act of incorporation, National Academy of Sciences, approved March
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1947
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D.C. The committee met pursuant to call in room 1334, New House Office Building, at 10 a. m., Hon. Charles A. Wolverton (chairman) presiding
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order.
Gentlemen of the committee, I wish to make a few general remarks with respect to the proposed 'legislation that is the subject of this hearing
The scientific progress of our country as typified by our leadership in the development of atomic power, radar, rockets, penicillin, and streptomycin is so important that legislation to establish a National Science Foundation has been brought before this committee promptly.
Science was mobilized during the war under the Office of Scientific Research and Development directed by the able Dr. Vannevar Bush, who will testify before this committee. It was this organization of 5,000 scientists and 10,000 technicians that was responsible for advancing our scientific and technical knowledge 20 years in the 5 years of war. Many of their discoveries in the secret-weapon field are now finding useful applications in industry and medicine.
We are now at peace but the maintenance of our scientific leadership plus our industrial know-how and facility is the real secret of our progress as a Nation.
The Office of Scientific Research and Development is a wartime agency.
The proposed National Science Foundation would create a permanent agency of the Government to conduct basic research and provide a training program for the creation of a reservoir of young scientists.
In the closing days of Dr. Bush's organization, he was asked to prepare a report on the future research program of the Nation. Seven months of effort and 50 of the Nation's leading men contributed to this report known as Science, the Endless Frontier.
The legislation now before this committee has been drawn to implement this report.
The four identical bills, H. R. 1815, introduced by Mr. Case; H. R. 1830, introduced by Mr. Mills; H. R. 1834, introduced by Mr. Priest; H. R. 2027, introduced by Mr. Hays; and H. R. 942, introduced by Mr. Celler, seek to establish a National Science Foundation “ts, promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes.