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legal Forms now respective.y existing in the Two Countries, or in such other Manner as the said Commissioners shall see Cause to require or allow.

The Award of the said Commissioners, or of any Three of them as aforesaid, shall in all Ca. ses be final and conclusive, both as to the Justice of the Clain, and to the Amount of the Sum 10 be paid to the Creditor or Claimant: And the United States undertake to cause the Sum fo awarded to be paid in Specie to such Creditor or Claimant without Deduction; and at fuck Time or Times, and at such Place or Places, as shall be awarded by the said Cominiffioners; and on Condition of such Releases or Assignments to be given by the Creditor or Claimant, as by the faid Commissioners may be directed: Provided always, that no such Payment shall be fixed by the said Commissioners to take place sooner than Twelve Months, from the Day of the Exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty.

Art. VII. Whereas Complaints have been made by divers Merchants and others, Citizens of the United States, that, during the Course of the War in which His Majesty is now engaged, they have sustained confiderable Losses and Damage, by Reason of irregular or illegal Captures or Condemnations of their Vellels and other Property, under Colour of Authority or Commillons from itis Majesty; and that, from various Circumstances belonging to the said Cases, adequate Compensation for the Losses and Damages fo sustained cannot now be actually obtained, had, and received by the ordinary Course of judicial Proceedings; It is agreed, that in all such Cases where adequate Compensation cannot, for whatever Reafon, be now actually obtained, had and received by the faid Merchants and others in the ordinary Course of Justice, full and complete Compensation for the same will be made by the British Government to the said Com. plainants. But it is diftinctly understood that this Provision is not to extend to such Lolles or Damages as have been occafioned by the manifest Delay or Negligence, or wilful Omillion of the Claimants.

That, for the Purpose of ascertaining the Amount of any such Losses and Damages, Five Commissioners Mall be appointed and authorized to act in London, exactly in Manner directed with respect to those mentioned in the preceding Article; and after having taken the same Oath or Affirmation (mutatis mutandis) the fame Term of Eighteen Months is also affigned for the Reception of Claims, and they are in like Manner authorized to extend the same in particular Cdo fes. They shall receive Testimony, Books, Papers and Evidence in the fame Latitude, and exercise the like Discretion and Powers respecting that Subject; and shall decide the Claims in Question according to the Merits of the several Cases, and to Justice, Equity, and the Laws of Nations. The Award of the said Commillioners, or any such Ihree of them as aforesaid, shall, in all Cafes, be final and conclusive, both as to the Justice of the Claim, and to the Amount of the Sum to be paid to the Claimant; and His Britannick Majelly undertakes to cause the same to be paid to such Claimant in Specie, without any Deduction, in such Place or Places, and a such Time or Times, as shall be awarded by the same Commissioners, and on Condition of such Releases or Alignments to be given by the Claimants, as by the said Commissioners may be di. rected.

And whereas certain Merchants and others, His Majesty's Subjects, complain, that, in the Course of the War, they have sustained Lols and Damage by Reason of the Capture of their Vessels and Merchandize taken within the Limits and Jurisdiction of the States, and brought into the Ports of the same, or taken by Vellels originally armed in Ports of the said States :

It is agreed, that in all such Cases, where Restitution shall not have been made agreeably to the Tenor of the Letter from Mr. Fefferfin to Mr. Ilammmd, dated at Philadelphia. Sepa tember, 5, 1793. (a Copy of which is annexed to this. Treaty:) the Complaints of the Parties shall be, and hereby are referred to the Corninishioners to be appointed by virtue of this Article, who are hereby authorized and required to proceed in the like Manner relative to these as to the other Cases committed to them; and the Unived States undertake to pay to the Complainants or Claimants in Specie, without Deduction,

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écrites ou livres ou papiers ou copies ou extraits d'iceux, chaque dépoñtion, livre ou papier our copie ou extrait étant duement rendu authentique, soit fuivant les formes légales maintenant en usage dans les deux pays respectivement, ou en telle autre maniere que les dits Commis. Cuires trouveront à propos de requérir ou d'accorder.

Le jugement des dits Commillaires ou de trois d'entre eux sera dans tous les cas final et conclufif, loit quant à la justice de la prétention ou quant au montant de la somme à être payés au créancier ou prétendant, Et les Etats Unis s'engagent à faire payer en espece, sans déduc. tion, à tel créancier ou prétendant la somme ainsi adjugée; et à tel tems et à telle place qui sea ront alignés par les dits Commissaires, et sous condition de telles décharges ou cellions å ètre accordées par le créancier ou prétendant, ainsi que les dits Commissaires l'ordonneront; Pourvû toujours que tel payement ne sera point fixé par les dits Commissaires pour être fait avant douze mois de la date de l'échange des ratifications de ce traité.

Art. VII. Et vu que des plaintes ont été faites par divers négociants et autres, Citoyens des Etats Unis, que pendant le cours de la guerre dans laquelle Sa Majesté est actuellement engagée, ils ont soutenu des pertes et des dommages considérables par les prises illégales et irrégulieres ou condamnations de leurs vaisseaux et propriétés sous pretexte d'autorité ou commillions de Sa Majellé, et que par différentes circonstances attachées aux dits cas, une compensation équivalente pour les pertes et dommages ainsi foutenus ne peut pas être maintenant ob. tenue ni reçue par le cours ordinaire de la Justice, il est convenu que dans tous les cas ou une conpensation équivalente ne pourra pas, pour quelque raison que ce soit, être maintenant obtenue et reçue par les dits négociants et autres, dans le cours ordinaire de la Justice, le Gouvernement Britannique donnera aux dits demandeurs une ample et entiere compensation pour iceux. Mais il est bien entendu que cette provision ne s'étendra pas à telles pertes ou dommages qui ont été occasionnés par un retardement manifeste ou par la négligence ou omission volontaire des prétendants.

Qu'à l'effet deiablir le montant de telles pertes et dommages, cinq Commissaires seront nommés et autorisés d'agir à Londres, exactement dans la maniére dirigée pour ceux mentionnés dans l'article précédent, et après avoir pris le même serment ou affirmation [mutatis mutandis] le même terme de dix-huit mois est aussi alloué pour la reception des prétentions, et de la même maniere ils sont autorités de le prolonger dans des cas particuliers. Ils recevront lémoignage, livres, papiers et évidence dans la même étendue et exerceront à ce sujet les mêmes pouvoirs et discretion; et décideront les pretentions en question suivant les mérites des différents cas et conformément à la Justice, l'équité et aux loix des nations. Le jugement des dits Commillaires ou de trois d'entre eux comme sus-dit, sera dans tous les cas final et conclusif, soit quant à la justice de la prétention, ou quant au montant de la somme à être payée au prétendant : et la Majesté Britannique s'engage de le faire payer à tel prétendant en espece, sans aucune déduction, à telle place et en tel tems qui seront assignés par les dits Commissaires et fous condition de telles décharges et cellions à être accordées par les prétendants, que les dits commissaires pourront ordonner.

Et vu que certains ne;ociants et autres, sujets de Sa Majesté, se plaignent que dans le cours de la guerre ils ont foutenu des pertes et dommages par la prise des vaisseaux et marchandises pris en dedans des limites et jurisdiction des Etats, et conduits dans lenrs ports, ou pris par des vaisleaux originairement armés dans les ports des dits Etats ; il est reglé que duns tous semblables cas, où restitution n'aura pas é!é faite conformément à la teneur de la lettre de Mr. Jefferson à Mr. Hammond, datec à l'hiladelphie, 5 Sept. 1793, dont copie est annexée à ce traité, les plaintes des parties seront et sont par le présent réfe: ées aux Coinmissaires qui seront nommés en vertu de cet article, qui sont par le présent autorisés et requis de procéder en la même maniere sur colles-ci que sur les autres cas ; et les Etats Unis s'engagent de payer aux demandeurs ou prétendants, en espece, et sans déduction, le montant de telles sommes qui leur feront allouées respectivemeni par les dits Commillaires, et à tels tems et places specifiés the Amount of such Sums as shall be awarded to them respectively by the said Commissioners, and at the Times and Places which in such Awards shall be Ipecified; and on Condition of such Releases or Assignments to be given by the Claimants as in the said Awards may be directed. And it is further agreed, that not only the now existing Cafes of both Descriptions, but also all such as shall exist at the Time of exchanging the Ratifications of this Treaty, shall be considered as being within the Provisions, Intent and Meaning of this Article.

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Art. VIII. It is further agreed, that the Commissioners mentioned in this and in the Two preced. ing Articles shall be respectively paid in such a Manner as shall be agreed between the Two Parties; such Agreement being to be settled at the Time of the Exchange of the Ratifications of this Treaty. And all other Expences attending the said Commillions Thall be defrayed jointly by the Two Parties, the same being previously ascertained and allowed by the Majority of the Commissioners. And in the Case of Death, Sickness or necessary Absence, the Place of every luch Commissioner respectively shall be supplied in the fame Manner as fuch Conmissioner was firft appointed, and the new Commissioner shall take the same Oath or Afhrmation, and do the same Duties.

Art. IX. It is agreed, that British Subjects, who now hold Lands in the Territories of the United States, and American Citizens, who now hold Lands in thc Dominions of His Majesty, shall continue to hold them according to the Nature and Tenure of their respective States and Titles therein; and may grant, fell or devise the same to whom they please, in like Manner as if they were Natives; and that neither they, nor their Heirs or Alligns, thall, so far as may respect the faid Lands, and the legal Remedies incident thereto, be regarded as Aliens.

ART. X. Neither the Debts due from Individuals of the one Nation to Individuals of the O. ther, nor Shares, nor Monies, which they may have in the Public Funds, or in the Public of Private Banks, shall ever, in any Event of War or National Differences, be fequeftered or con. fiscated, it being unjust and impolitic that Debts and Engagements contracted and made by [n. dividuals having Confidence in each other, and in their respective Governments, should ever be destroyed or impaired by National Authority, on Account of National Differences and Dis

contents.

Art. XI. It is agreed between His Majesty and the United States of America, that there fall be a reciprocal and entirely perfect Liberty of Navigation and Commerce between their respective People, in the Manner, under the Limitations, and on the Conditions specified in the following Articles.

Art. XII. His Majesty consents, that it shall and may be lawful, during the Time herein after limited for the Citizens of the United States to carry 10 any of His Majesty's Ifands and Ports in the West Indias from the United Sales, in their own Vessels, not being above the Burthen of Seventy Tons, any Goods or Merchandizes, being of the Growth, Manufacture or Produce of the faid States, which it is or may be lawful to carry to the said Iilands or Ports from the said States in British Vessels; and that the said American Veliels shall be subject there to no other or higher Tonnage Duties or Charges.than shall be payable by British Vefsels in the Ports of the United States; and that the Cargoes of the said American Vellels shall be subject there to no other or hi her Duties or Charges than thall be payable on the like Articles, if imported there from the said States in British Veflels.

And His Majesty also confents, that it shall be lawful for the said American Citizens to purchase, load, and carry away, in their faid Veilels, to the United States, from the said Islands and Ports, all such Articles, being of the Growth, Manufacture or Produce of the said Ifands, as may now by Law be carried from thence to the said States in British Vessels, and subject only to the same Duties and Charges on Exportation to which Brich Veffels and their Cargoes are of :ll be subject in fimilar Circumstances,

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dans tels jugements; et sous condition de telles décharges et cellions à être accordées par les demandeurs, qui seront requises par tel jugement ; et il est de plus convenu que non seule. ment les cas des deux discriptions maintenant existants, mais aussi tous ceux qui existeront ail* tems de l'echange des ratifications de ce traité, , seront considérés être compris dans les provifions, intention et sens de cet article.

Art. VIII. Il est de plus convenu, que les Commissaires mentionnés dans le présent et dans les deux articles précédents seront relpectivement payés en la maniere qui sera reglée entre les deux parties ; tel arrangement devant le faire au tems de l'echange des ratifications de ce traité. Et toutes les dépenses qui resulteront des dites commilions seront défrayées conjointement par les parties, après qu'elles auront été fixées et allouées par la majorité des Commisfaires. Et en cas de mort, de maladie ou d'absence nécellaire, la place de chaque tel Commilfaire respectivement sera reinplacée en la même maniere que tel Commissaire aura été pre. mierement nommé, et les nouveaux Commissaires prêteront le même ferment ou affirmation et feront sujets aux inêines devoirs.

Art. IX. Il est arrêté que les sujets Britanniques qui maintenant possedent des terres sur les territoires des Etats Unis, et les Citoyens Américains qui maintenant posledent des terres dans les domaines de Sa Majesté, continueront à les posseder, conformément à la nature et à la tenure de leurs biens et titres respectifs ; et pourront les concéder, donner et léguer à qui ils voudront de la même maniere que s'ils étoient natifs ; et que ni eux, ni leurs hoirs et ayans caule ne seront regardés coinme étrangers pour ce qui regarde les dites terres et les droits légaux qui en dépendent.

Art. X. Que les dettes dues par les individus d'une nation aux individus de l'autre, ainsi que les parts ou argents qu'ils pourroient avoir dans les fonds publics, ou dans les banques publiques ou particulieres, dans un événement de guerre ou de conteste nationale, ne seront jamais sequestrés ou contilqués, étant injuste et contraire à la politique que des dettes et engagements contractés et faits par des individus qui ont confiance l'un en l'autre ou dans leurs gouvernements relpeciifs, foient jamais attaqués ou détruits par l'autorité nationale, rapport à des contestes ou mécontentements qui regardent la nation.

Art. XI. Il est arrêté entre Sa Majelé et les Etats Unis de l'Amérique, qu'il y aura réciproquement une entiere et parfaite liberté de navigation et de commerce entre leurs peuples refpectifs, dans la maniere, et sous les restrictions et conditions spécifiées dans les articles suivants.

Art. XII. Sa Majesté consent qu'il sera et pourra étre loisible pendant le tems ci-après limité aux Citoyens des Etats Unis de transporter des Etats dans aucune des Isles de Sa Majesté, et ports des Indes Occidentales, dans leurs propres vaisseaux, n'étant pas audessus du port de foixante et dix tonneaux, aucunes marchandises et effets du cru, manufacture ou produit des dits Etats, qu'il est ou peut être légal de porter des dits Etats aux dites Ifes ou ports dans des vaisseaux Britar niques; et que les dits vaisseaux Américains ne seront point sujets à d'autres ou à de plus forts droits de tonnage que ceux qui seront payables par les vaisseaux Britanniques dans les ports des Etats Unis

, ei que les cargaisons des dits vaisseaux Américains ne fcront point sujets à d'autres ou à de plus grands droits ou frais que ceux qui seront payables sur les mêmes articles lor!qu'ils seront importés des dits Etats dans des vaisseaux Britanniques.

Et Sa Majesté consent aussi qu'il sera loisible aux dits Citoyens Américains d'acheter, charger et emporter dans leurs dits vaisseaux aux dits Etats Unis, des dites Illes et ports tous les articles étant du cru manufacture ou produit des dites Isles, qui par la loi peuvent maintenant être transportés de là aux Etats Unis dans des vaisseux Britanniques, lesquels seront sujets seulement aux droits et frais d'exportation auxquels les vaisseaux Britanniques et leurs cargaisons font ou seront fujets en semblables circonstances,

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Provided always, that the faid American Vessels do carry and land their Cargoes in the United States only, it being expressly agreed and declared, that during the Continuance of this Article, the United States will prohibit and restrain the carrying any Melales, Sugar, Coffee, Cocoa or Cotton, in American Vessels, either from His Majesty's Islands or from the United States, to any Part of the World, except the United States, reasonable Sea Stores excepted.

Provided also, that it fhall anú may be lawful, during the same Period, for Britih Vessels to import from the said Islands into the United States, and to export from the United States to the said Islands, all Articles whatever, being of the Growth, Produce or Manufacture of the said Islands, or of the United States respectively, which now may, by the Laws of the said States, be fo imported and exported. And that the Cargoes of the faid Britijh Vessels shall be subject to no other or higher Duties or Charges than shall be payable on the fame Articles, if lo imported or exported in American Vellels.

It is agreed that this Article, and every Matter and Thing therein contained, shall continue to be in Force during the Continuance of the War in which His Majesty is now engaged ; and also for Two Years from and after the Day of the Signature of the Preliminary or other Articles of Peace by which the same may be terminated.

And it is further agreed, that, at the Expiration of the said Term, the Two Contracting Parties will endcavour further to regulate their Commerce in this Respect, according to the Situation in which His Majesty may then find himself with respect to the Wit Indias, and with a View to such Arrangements as may beft conduce to the mutual Advantage and Extension uf Commerce.

And the said Parties will then also renew their Discusions, and endeavour to agree, whether in any or what Cases Neutral Vessels shall protect Eneiny's Property; and in what Cafes Provisions and other Articles, not generally Contraband, may become such. But, in the inean Time, their Conduct towards each oiher in there Respects shall be regulated by the Articles hereinafter inserted on those Subjects.

Art. XIII. His Majesty consents that the Vessels belonging to the Citizens of the United States of America shall be admitted and hospitably received in all the Sea-Ports and Harbours of the British Territories in the East Indias. And that the Citizens of the said United States may freely carry on a Trade between the said Territories and the said United States in all Articles, of which the Importation or Exportation respectively to or from the said Territories shall not le entirely prohibited. Provided only, that it thall not be lawful for them,' in any Time of War between the British Government and any other Power or State whatever, to export froin the said Territories, without the special Permission of the British Government there, any Military Stores or Naval Stores, or Rice. The Citizens of the United States thall pay for their Vefsels, when admitted into the said Ports, no other or higher Tonnage Duty than fhall be payable on British Vessels when admitted into the Ports of the United States. And they shall pay no other or higher Duties or Charges on the Importation or Exportation of the Cargoes of the said. Vessels than shall be payable on the fame Articles when imported or exported in British Vessels. But it is expressly agreed, that the Vellels of the United States shall not carry any of the Articles exported by then from the said British Territories to any Port or Place, except to some Port or Place in America, where the same shall be unladen ; and such Regulations shall be adopted by both Parties as fhall, from Time to Time, be found necellary to enforce the due and faithful Observance of this Stipulation.

It is also understood, that the Permission granted by this Article is not to extend to allow the Vessels of the United States to carry on any Part of the Coasting Trade of the said Britif Territories ; but Vessels going with their original Cargoes, or Part thereof, from one Port of Discharge to another, are not to be considered as carrying on the Coasting Trade. Neicher is this Article to be construed to allow the Citizens of the said States to settle or reside within the said Territories, or to go into the interior Parts thereof, without the Permission of the Bri

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