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menced Grammar;' and next immortalised the year 1667, by • Paradise Lost, of which the first edition, consisting of ten books, was printed in small quarto; the second, consisting of twelve books, by dividing the seventh and tenth, appeared in small 8vo., in 1674; and the third, in the same size, came out in 1678. The · History of England,' already noticed as the production of the same year, 1667, which gave birth to · Paradise Regained, and • Sampson Agonistes,' extends no farther than the Norman Invasion, and is very injudiciously collated. In 1672, he mildly relapsed into the doctrines of a tutor, by bringing forward -- Artis Logicæ plenior Institutio ad Petri Rami Methodum concinnata : 'A complete System of Logic, arranged according to the Method of Peter Ramus.' His last labours are now to be recorded ; and of them it may be remarked, that the one had been better omitted, and the other seems to have sprung from a mere cacoethes imprimendi; for there can now be few to relish a ‘Treatise of True Religion, Heresy, Schism, Toleration, and the best means to prevent the Growth of Popery;' and there are none to avail themselves of his volume of ‘Familiar Epistles and Academical Exercises,' in Latin. Milton's Toleration, it is to be observed, is given to all who found their faith upon scripture solely; but is, nevertheless, denied to the Catholics, because, though they appeal to Scripture, they also appeal to other testimony; and for this difference, he would allow them to enjoy neither public nor private worship. Such, for a series of years, was the number of compositions known to have emanated from the great author of · Paradise Lost;' but in 1823, Mr. Lemon, an assistant in the Secretary's office for the Home Department, discovered amongst the old manuscripts of the office, a Latin treatise on the Christian Faith, ('De Fide Christianâ,') which has been pronounced the work of Milton, upon intrinsic evidence. It is distinguished by the same classical language and innovating doctrines which characterise the whole of his controversial labours, but can now be regarded rather as a curiosity than an acquisition in literature.
A few words descriptive of Milton's person, habits, and fortune, will complete all that the narrow limits of this volume enable the writer to present to his readers. In youth his complexion was remarkably fair, his hair, a light brown, parted in the forehead,
and hung down on his shoulders: he was rather low in stature, and as he grew old, stout. His strength and activity were great, he fenced dexterously, and delighted in the exercise. Of wine or any strong drink he took little, and ate frugally. He rose at four in summer, and five in winter; dined at one, supped at eight, and after a pipe and a glass of water, retired to bed. What property he received from his father does not appear, but it is clear that he lent the bulk of it to the Parliament during the civil wars, and never received back the loan. His salary, when Latin Secretary, amounted to 2001. a year ; he received 10001. for his · Defence of the People, and was farther rewarded for his political labours, by a grant of a small estate, producing 601. a year, which belonged to Westminster Abbey, and was taken from him at the Restoration. His widow reported that he lost 20001. which he entrusted to a scrivener, and 20001. more, which he placed for better security in the Excise Office. A short time before his death he sold his library, but left his family 15001., which were seized by his widow, who gave a hundred pounds to each of two surviving daughters, and reserved the rest for her personal enjoyment.
SIR JOHN MOORE.
The monument to Sir John Moore stands in the south transept of St. Paul's Cathedral, and is the work of Bacon, jun. It is large enough to be good enough; but the idea is dull, and the execution common. Valour and Victory are seen lowering the general into a grave, with a wreath of laurel ; while the genius of Spain plants the standard of conquest over his grave. The tasteless style in which the monuments of our greatest heroes have been crowded with insipid figures of personification, has long been
a theme of public censure. An uninformed spectator, unable to read the inscriptions, would naturally suppose that many of these emblematical tombs were to commemorate the lives of some noblemen whose riches were far superior to their actions; and that the statuary, who was munificently paid for his labours, was obliged to redeem the barrenness of an uninteresting subject by the license of imagination. But when the spectator shall be informed that this tomb, for instance, stands to illustrate the memory of a man, whose death, occurring under the most kindling circumstances of bravery, furnishes a scene sublime as the poet, or the painter may desire; how will he not regret that the statuary should have abandoned the delineation of such glowing facts, for the representation of the poor conception before him ?
The inscription runs as follows:
Sacred to the Memory of
He fought for his country
In Holland, Egypt, and Spain ;
General Sir John Moore was the first-born of five sons and a daughter, who composed the family of Dr. John Moore, a man better known to the world as an author than a physician. He spent his youth in Glasgow, and was educated by the care of his father, whom he accompanied, at the early age of fifteen, in a tour through Europe, when the young Duke of Hamilton became his private pupil. This advantage gave a polish to his manners, and a distinction to his views, which proved eminently serviceable to him during the rapid rise by which his fortunes were subsequently marked.
Destined for the army from his earliest years, he passed through the different grades of subaltern rank with great success, obtained his first colonelcy in the 52d foot, and in 1798 was gazetted a
Major-general. About this time he took his seat in the House of Commons as member for the Scots borough of Lanerk.
Few wars presented brighter scenes for military distinction than those which agitated Europe from its deepest centre to every extremity of the world, in consequence of the many vicissitudes which attended the rise and subversion of the French revolution. As soon as England was drawn into active opposition to its principles and practices, Sir John Moore became distinguished for his zeal and intrepidity in the Mediterranean. When our troops were forced to evacuate Toulon, the occupation of some fort immediately became as necessary for our naval as our military interests, and an offer of annexing Corsica to the British crown was most opportunely made at the very moment when such an event became most desirable. The better to ascertain the probabilities of success in such an undertaking, Lord Hood, who then commanded the British forces in those quarters, selected Sir John Moore to ascertain the extent of power which General Paoli possessed over his countrymen, and report the nature of the resources which might be depended upon in the event of an attack. The intelligence thus obtained, determined the Admira. to anticipate the designs of the French, who had already put forth to sea for the purpose of subjugating the island; and a landing of British troops was happily effected in 1795. While the siege of Martello engaged the exertions of one body of troops, Moore was detached with two regiments and a few field-pieces to seize on Fornelli. After laboriously dragging his cannon over a mountainous country, it was found impossible to effect this object by any such a summary movement as was anticipated; he was, therefore, obliged to wait the arrival of the heavy ordnance: but they no sooner came up, than he opened a fire on the town, while he assailed the troops posted before it, and carried the place with the most gallant despatch.
The French immediately evacuated Mollinchesco, and Calvi remained the only place in their possession throughout the island. To wrest this hold from their hands became an object of intense consequence to the British, and to Moore was the seizure of it entrusted. The resistance was great, and the assault, owing to the nature of its position, clogged with rude impediments; but once begun, it was prosecuted with vigour, and crowned with success after a spirited contest and creditable loss. Moore, himself, received a severe wound on the head from the bursting of a bomb, but, though flowing with blood, bravely Jed the way into the place, at the head of his grenadiers. As he entered the town he was received by the commanding officer, General Stewart, who had witnessed the affair from an adjoining eminence, and proved the ardent sincerity of his approbation, by throwing himself into the victor's arms, and gratefully embracing him amidst the acclamations of the assembled troops.
When Sir Ralph Abercrombie was appointed to the command of an expedition against the West Indies, in 1793, he selected Moore as an able assistant in the undertaking. As soon as the troops reached the latitude of their destination, Demerara, Issequibo, and Berbice, fell into our hands without any memorable difficulty. At the reduction of St. Lucie, Moore served with the local rank of Brigadier-general. Landing, without much opposition, he advanced upon the village of Choe Bay, while the enemy retired to Morne Chabot, one of the strongest posts in the island. This was an eminence so important, that it became necessary to occupy it before any farther undertakings could be safely attempted. To effect this advantage, General Moore was ordered to advance at the head of 203 companies, by a circuitous pass, while General Hope marched forward with 550 companies, in a nearer and a more direct line. It was an attack by midnight, and the guides, either through ignorance or design, led Moore straight in front of a strong picquet, by which his progress was retarded, and the assault anticipated. In this distress, his only resource was to push on bravely without waiting for the co-operation of General Hope: he did so, overcame the disadvantages, and carried the post.
On the following day he seized upon Morne Fortune; but mischances again circumvented his progress; for, in consequence of a want of heavy artillery, the batteries were not taken until two days had elapsed. These successes led to the surrender of the Island, on the 25th of May, 1796, and Moore, returning to England, was raised to the rank of Major-general.
The little of interest to be gathered from our unsuccessful expedition to Holland, when the Duke of York was so unfavourably permitted to retire from the Continent, is more properly