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8. Congreso, Ateneur COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
H. R. 6007 and S. 2385
BILLS TO PROMOTE THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE; TO
DEFENSE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
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JUNE 1, 1948
Printed for the use of the Committee on
Interstate and Foreign Commerce
WASHINGTON : 1948
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE
CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey, Chairman CARL HINSHAW, California
CLARENCE F. LEA, California LEONARD W. HALL, New York
ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota
ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky ROBERT HALE, Maine
LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas HARRIS ELLSWORTH, Oregon
J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee MARION T. BENNETT, Missouri
OREN HARRIS, Arkansas JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa
GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan
EUGENE J. KEOGH, New York
ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
GER 12 aq 45.
Lanham, Hon. Fritz, Washington, D. C.-
Briefs, statements, reports, etc., submitted for the record by-
Communication from, to Hon. James E. Van Zandt..
Report of Carroll L. Wilson, general manager..
City College of New York, communication from to Chairman
Federation of American Scientists, communication from
Navy Department, report..
State Department, report.-
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1948
House of REPRESENTATIVEs, CoMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FoREIGN CoMMERCE, Washington, D. C. The committee met pursuant to call in room 1334, New House Office Building at 10 a.m., the Honorable Carl Hinshaw, presiding, for consideration of H. R. 6007 and S. 2385, which are as follows:
A BILL To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare ; to secure the national defense ; and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “National Science Foundation Act of 1948.”
ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
SEC. 2. There is hereby established in the executive branch of the Government an independent agency to be known as the National Science Foundation (hereinafter referred to as the “Foundation”).
MEMBERSHIP OF FOUNDATION
SEC. 3. (a) The Foundation shall have twenty-four members to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The persons nominated for appointment as members (1) shall be eminent in the fields of the basic sciences, medical science, engineering, education, or public affairs; (2) shall be selected solely on the basis of established records of distinguished service; and (3) shall be so selected as to provide representation of the views of scientific leaders in all areas of the Nation. The President is requested, in the making of nominations of persons for appointment as members, to give due consideration to any recommendations for nomination which may be submitted to him by the National Academy of Sciences, Association of Land Grant Colleges and Universities, the National Association of State Universities, Association of American Colleges, or by other scientific or educational organizations.
(b) The term of office of each member of the Foundation shall be six years, except that (1) any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term ; and (2) the terms of office of the members first taking office after the date of enactment of this Act shall expire, as designated by the President at the time of appointment, eight at the end of two years, eight at the end of four years, eight at the end of six years, after the date of enactment of this Act. Any person who has been a member of the Foundation for twelve consecutive years shall thereafter be ineligible for appointment during the twoyear period following the expiration of such twelfth year.
(c) The President shall call the first meeting of the members of the Foundation, at which the first order of business shall be the election of a chairman and a vice chairman.
POWERS AND DUTTIES OF THE FOUNDATION
SEC. 4. (a) The Foundation is authorized and directed— (1) to develop and encourage the pursuit of a national policy for the pro
motion of basic research and education in the sciences; (2) to initiate and support basic scientific research in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, engineering, and other sciences, by making contracts or other arrangements (including grants, loans, and other forms