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HEARING

BEFORE THE

1 7

8. Congreso, Ateneur COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

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EIGHTIETH CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

CARD DIVISION

8

H. R. 6007 and S. 2385

6

5

BILLS TO PROMOTE THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE; TO
ADVANCE THE NATIONAL HEALTH, PROSPERITY,
AND WELFARE; TO SECURE THE NATIONAL

6

DEFENSE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

3 5 5 ) 3

JUNE 1, 1948

Printed for the use of the Committee on

Interstate and Foreign Commerce

.by in

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

77488

WASHINGTON : 1948

COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey, Chairman CARL HINSHAW, California

CLARENCE F. LEA, California LEONARD W. HALL, New York

ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota

ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky ROBERT HALE, Maine

LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas HARRIS ELLSWORTH, Oregon

J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee MARION T. BENNETT, Missouri

OREN HARRIS, Arkansas JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa

GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan
EDWARD J. ELSAESSER, New York RICHARD F. HARLESS, Arizona
JOHN W. HESELTON, Massachusetts DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida
HUGH D. SCOTT, JR., Pennsylvania

EUGENE J. KEOGH, New York
WILLIAM J. MILLER, Connecticut
HENDERSON H. CARSON, Ohio
JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan
FRED E. BUSBEY, Illinois

ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
M. A. BIDDLE, Assistant Clerk

II

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U5A5
1948b

108

GER 12 aq 45.

CONTENTS

Page

Text of H. R. 6007.

1

Text of S. 2385.

7

Statement of-

Folk, George E., National Association of Manufacturers-

55

Grobstein, Dr. Clifford, Federation of American Scientists -

80

Hafstad, Lawrence R., executive secretary, Research and Development

Board...

29

Hammond, H. P., dean of engineering, Pennsylvania State College,

representing American Society for Engineering Education.-

49

Lanham, Hon. Fritz, Washington, D. C.-

94
Reyniers, Dr. J. A., University of Notre Dame -

45

Sawyer, Hon. Charles, Secretary of Commerce-

65

Wolfe, Dr. Hugh, Federation of American Scientists.

80

Briefs, statements, reports, etc., submitted for the record by-
Agriculture Department, report on H. R. 6007 -

18
American Cancer Society, communications from, including excerpts
of previous testimony -

104, 136

American Council on Education:

Communication from..

105

Membership of committee on relationships of higher education

to the Federal Government.

106

American Educational Research Association:

Communication from..

106

Resolution of

106

American Federation of Labor, communication from.

106

American Parents Committee, statement of Mrs. Jack Fahy----- 100

American Psychological Association, Inc., communications from.-- 107, 108

American Society for Engineering Education:

Communication from, to Chairman Wolverton.

108

Communication from, to Hon. James E. Van Zandt..

50
American Society of Civil Engineers, communications from.

54, 109

Association of New York Scientists, communication from..

110

Atomic Energy Commission:

Report of David E. Lilienthal, Chairman..

20

Report of Carroll L. Wilson, general manager..

21

Beta Sigma Phi Cancer Research Foundation, communication from.. 111

Bohn Aluminum & Brass Corp.:

Communication from...

111

Statement of.--

111

Budget, Bureau of, report on H. R. 6007 and S. 2385.

13

Cincinnati, University of:

Communication from

137

Distribution of American Research Funds, article from Science.. 138

City College of New York, communication from to Chairman
Wolverton.

93

Civil Service Commission, report.

22

Commerce Department, communication from, to Mr. Heselton, show-

ing funds available for research.---

79

Cornell University, communication from.

113

Department of Higher Education, communication from.

114

Duke University, communication from.

115

Engineering College Research Council, communication from

109

Engineers Joint Council, statement of .

54

Federation of American Scientists, communication from

116

III

Briefs, statements, reports, etc., submitted for the record by-Continued Page

General Electric Co., communication from..

101

Harvard University, communication from.

117

Heselton, Hon. John W., National Science Foundation Act, extension

of remarks in Congressional Record ----

24

Iowa, State University of, communication from

136

Jewett, Frank B., communication from, including excerpt from the

Rambler, British publication of 1751 -

118

King, Robert W., communication from, to Chairman Wolverton. 52

Medical College of Virginia, communication from..

124

Merck & Co., Inc., communications from...

124, 125

National Association of Manufacturers:

Communication from, including comments of committee on patents

and research.---.

126

Statement of..-

59

National Association of State Universities :

Communication from.

127

Resolutions of..

127

National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, Inc., communication

from..

127

Navy Department, report..

23
Nebraska, University of, communication from.

142
New York Patent Law Association, communication from.

102
New York University, communications from...

102, 128
Nodar, Hon. Robert, Jr., Science Foundation Bill, extension of re-
marks in Congressional Record..

103

Patent Law Association of Chicago:

Communication from.--

128

Statement of...

128

Patterson, Belknap & Webb, communication from..

130

Research and Development Board:

Proposed changes in H. R. 6007-

17

Report on H. Ř. 6007..

15

Rutgers University, communication from.

124

Scientific American:

Article from..

131

Communication from.-

130

Standard Oil Co., communications from.

134, 135

Stanford University School of Medicine, communication from.

136

State Department, report.-

21
Stetson, Harlan T., communications from..

118
Treasury Department:
Report of Secretary Snyder.

19
Report of Acting Secretary Wiggins ---

19
United States Employment Service, statement of Robert C. Good-
win, Director.

99

Washington, State College of, communication from.

137

Yale University, communication from.--

142

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NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

TUESDAY, JUNE 1, 1948

House of REPRESENTATIVEs, CoMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FoREIGN CoMMERCE, Washington, D. C. The committee met pursuant to call in room 1334, New House Office Building at 10 a.m., the Honorable Carl Hinshaw, presiding, for consideration of H. R. 6007 and S. 2385, which are as follows:

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A BILL To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare ; to secure the national defense ; and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “National Science Foundation Act of 1948.”

ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

SEC. 2. There is hereby established in the executive branch of the Government an independent agency to be known as the National Science Foundation (hereinafter referred to as the “Foundation”).

MEMBERSHIP OF FOUNDATION

SEC. 3. (a) The Foundation shall have twenty-four members to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The persons nominated for appointment as members (1) shall be eminent in the fields of the basic sciences, medical science, engineering, education, or public affairs; (2) shall be selected solely on the basis of established records of distinguished service; and (3) shall be so selected as to provide representation of the views of scientific leaders in all areas of the Nation. The President is requested, in the making of nominations of persons for appointment as members, to give due consideration to any recommendations for nomination which may be submitted to him by the National Academy of Sciences, Association of Land Grant Colleges and Universities, the National Association of State Universities, Association of American Colleges, or by other scientific or educational organizations.

(b) The term of office of each member of the Foundation shall be six years, except that (1) any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of such term ; and (2) the terms of office of the members first taking office after the date of enactment of this Act shall expire, as designated by the President at the time of appointment, eight at the end of two years, eight at the end of four years, eight at the end of six years, after the date of enactment of this Act. Any person who has been a member of the Foundation for twelve consecutive years shall thereafter be ineligible for appointment during the twoyear period following the expiration of such twelfth year.

(c) The President shall call the first meeting of the members of the Foundation, at which the first order of business shall be the election of a chairman and a vice chairman.

POWERS AND DUTTIES OF THE FOUNDATION

SEC. 4. (a) The Foundation is authorized and directed— (1) to develop and encourage the pursuit of a national policy for the pro

motion of basic research and education in the sciences; (2) to initiate and support basic scientific research in the mathematical, physical, medical, biological, engineering, and other sciences, by making contracts or other arrangements (including grants, loans, and other forms

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