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No.
539. On Delay in Marriage..

On a Clergyman spoiling one of Tillotson's Ser-

BUDGELL

mons...

. HUGHES

.... ADDISON

540. Letter on the Merits of Spenser.
541. On Pronunciation and Action...
542. Criticisms on the Spectator-Letter on the De-

cay of the Club...
543. Meditation on the Frame of the Human Body..
544. Letter from Captain Sentry on the Character of

Sir Roger de Coverley, and on his own Situation STEELE
545. Letter from the Emperor of China to the Pope-

Note from Mr. Sly..
546. On dishonest dealing-Cibber's heroic Daughter

-Letter on a Generous Benefactor..
547. Cures performed by the Spectator...
548. Letter on Poetical Justice.

ADDISON
. UNKNOWN

THE

SPECTATOR.

No. 468. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1712.

Erat homo sus, acutus, acer, et qui plurimum et salis ha

beret et fellis, nec candoris minus.

PLIN. EPIST.

He was an ingenious, pleasant fellow, and one who had a great

deal of wit and satire, with an equal share of good-humour.

Мү paper

is, in a kind, a letter of news, but it regards rather what passes in the world of conversation than that of business. I am very sorry that I have at present a circumstance before me, which is of very great importance to all who have a relish for gaiety, wit, mirth, or humour; I mean the death of poor Dick Estcourt. I have been obliged to him for so many hours of jollity, that it is but a small recompense, though all I can give him to pass a moment or two in sadness for the loss of so agreeable a

Poor Estcourt! the last time I saw him, we were plotting to show the town his great capacity for acting in its full light, by introducing him as dictating to a set of young players, in what manner to speak this sentence, and utter the other passion.

man.

VOL. XI.

B

He had so exquisite a discerning of what was defective in any object before him, that in an instant he could show you the ridiculous side of what would pass

for beautiful and just, even to men of no ill judgement, before he had pointed at the failure. He was no less skilful in the knowledge of beauty; and, I dare say, there is no one who knew him well, but can repeat more well-turned compliments, as well as smart repartees of Mr. Estcourt's, than of any other man in England. This was easily to be observed in his inimitable faculty of telling a story, in which he would throw in natural and unexpected incidents to make his court to one part, and rally the other part of the company. Then he would

vary
the
usage

he
gave them, according as he saw them bear kind or
sharp language. He had the knack to raise up a
pensive temper, and mortify an impertinently gay
one, with the most agreeable skill imaginable. There
are a thousand things which crowd into my memory,
which make me too much concerned to tell on about
him. Hamlet holding up the skull which the grave-
digger threw to him, with an account that it was the
head of the king's jester, falls into very pleasing re-
flections, and cries out to his companion,
• Alas,

poor Yorick ! I knew him, Horatio, a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy ; he hath borne me on his back a thousand times : and now how abhorred in my imagination it is! my gorge rises at it. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft. Where be your gibes now? your gambols ? your songs ? your flashes of merriment? that were wont to set the table on a roar. Notone now to mock your own grinning : quite chapfallen. Now get you to my lady's chamber, and tell her, let her paint an inch thick, to this favour she must come. Make her laugh at that.'

It is an insolence natural to the wealthy, to affix,

2

as much as in them lies, the character of a man to his circumstances. Thus it is ordinary with them to praise faintly the good qualities of those below them, and say, It is very extraordinary in such a man as he is, or the like, when they are forced to acknowledge the value of him whose lowness upe braids their exaltation. It is to this humour only, that it is to be ascribed, that a quick wit in conversation, a nice judgement upon any emergency that could arise, and a most blameless inoffensive beha. viour, could not raise this man above being received only, upon the foot of contributing to mirth and diversion. But he was as easy under that condition, as a man of so excellent talents was capable ; and since they would have it, that to divert was his business, he did it with all the seeming alacrity imaginable, though it stung him to the heart that it was his business. Men of sense, who could taste his excellences, were well satisfied to let him lead the way in conversation, and play after his own manner; but fools, who provoked him to mimicry, found he had the indignation to let it be at their expense who called for it, and he would show the form of conceited heavy fellows as jests to the company at their own request, in revenge for interrupting him from being a companion to put on the character of a jester.

What was peculiarly excellent in this memorable companion was, that in the accounts he gave

of

persons and sentiments, he did not only hit the figure of their faces, and manner of their gestures, but he would in his narrations fall into their very way of think, ing, and this when he recounted passages wherein men of the best wit were concerned, as well as such wherein were represented men of the lowest rank of understanding. It is certainly as great an instance of self-love to a weakness, to be impatient of being mimicked, as any can be imagined. There were none but the vain, the formal, the proud, or those who were incapable of amending their faults, that dreaded him ; to others he was in the highest degree pleasing ; and I do not know any satisfaction of any indifferent kind I ever tasted so much, as having got over an impatience of my seeing myself in the air he could put me when I have displeased him. It is indeed to his exquisite talent this way, more than any philosophy I could read on the subject, that my person is very little of my care, and it is indifferent to me what is said of my shape, my air, my manner, my speech, or my address. It is to poor Estcourt I chiefly owe that I am arrived at the happiness of thinking nothing a diminution to me, but what argues a depravity of my will.

It has as much surprised me as any thing in nature, to have it frequently said that he was not a good player : but that must be owing to a partiality for former actors in the parts in which he succeeded them, and judging by comparison of what was liked before, rather than by the nature of the thing. When a man of his wit and smartness could put on an utter absence of common sense in his face, as he did in the character of Bullfinch in the Northern Lass, and an air of insipid cunning and vivacity in the character of Pounce in the Tender Husband, it is folly to dispute his capacity and success, as he was an actor.

Poor Estcourt ; let the vain and proud be at rest, thou wilt no more disturb their admiration of their dear selves; and thou art no longer to drudge in raising the mirth of stupids, who know nothing of thy merit, for my maintenance.

It is natural for the generality of mankind to run into reflections upon our mortality, when disturbers of the world are laid at rest, but to take no notice

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