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SIR, I NEED not tell with what disadvantages men of low fortunes and great modesty come into the world; what

wrong measures their diffidence of themselves, and fear of offending, often oblige them to take; and what a pity it is that their greatest virtues and qualities, that should soonest recommend them, a re the main obstacle in the way of their prefer ment.

This, Sir, is my case ; I was bred at a country school, where I learned Latin and Greek. The misfortunes of my family forced me up to town, where a profession of the politer sort has protected me against infamy and want. I am now clerk to a lawyer, and, in times of vacancy and recess from business, have made myself master of Italian and French ; and though the progress I have made in my business has gained me reputation enough for one of my standing, yet my mind suggests to me every day, that it is not upon that foundation I am to build my fortune.

“ The person I have my present dependence upon, has it in his nature, as well as in his power, to advance me, by recommending me to a gentleman that is going beyond sea in a public employment. I know the printing this letter would point me out to those I want confidence to speak to, and I hope it is not in your power to refuse making any body happy.

Yours, &c.

6 M. D.” “ September 9, 1712.”


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No. 481. THURSDAY, SEPT. 11, 1712.

-Uti non
Compositus melius cum Bitho Bacchius. In jus
Acres procurrunt.-

HOR. Sat. i. 7. 19.
Who shall decide when doctors disagree,
And soundest casuists doubt like you and me?



It is sometimes pleasant enough to consider the different notions, which different persons have of the same thing. If men of low condition


often set a value on things, which are not prized by those, who are in a higher station of life, there are many things these esteem, which are in no value among persons of an inferior rank.

Common people are, in particular, very much astonished when they hear of those solemn contests and debates, which are, made among the great upon the punctilios of a public ceremony; and wonder to hear that business of consequence should be retarded by those little cirstances, which they represent to themselves as trifling and insignificant. I am mightily pleased with a porter's decision in one of Mr. Southern's plays, which is founded upon that fine distress of a virtuous woman's marrying a second husband, while her first was yet living. The first husband, who was supposed to have been dead, returning to his house, after a long absence, raises a noble perplexity for the tragic part of the play. In the mean while the nurse and the porter conferring upon the difficulties that would ensue in such a case, honest Samson thinks the matter may be easily decided,

and solves it very judiciously by the old proverb, that, if his first master be still living, the man must have his mare again. There is nothing in my time, which has so much surprised and confounded the greatest part of my

honest countrymen, as the present controversy between Count Rechteren and Monsieur Mesnager, which employs the wise heads of so many nations, and holds all the affairs of Europe in

suspense Upon my going into a coffee-house yesterday, and lending an ear to the next table, which was encompassed with a circle of inferior politicians, one of them, after having read over the news very attentively, broke out into the following remarks: I am afraid,' says he, “this unhappy rupture between the footmen at Utrecht, will retard the peace of Christendom. I wish the pope may not be at the bottom of it. His holiness has a very good hand at fomenting a division, as the poor Swiss cantons have lately experienced to their cost. If Monsieur What-d'yecall-him's domestics will not come to an accommodation, I do not know how the quarrel can be ended but by a religious war.'

Why, truly,' says a wiseacre that sat by him, 'were I as the king of France, I would scorn to take part with the footmen of either side: here's all the business of Europe stands still, because Monsieur Mesnager's man has had his head broke. If Count Rectrum * had given them a pot of ale after it, all would have been well, without any of this bustle ; but they say he's a warm man, and does not care to be made mouths at.'

Upon this, one that had held his tongue hitherto, began to exert himself; declaring, that he was very well pleased the plenipotentiaries of our Christian princes took this matter into their serious considera

* Count Rechteren.


tion; for that lackeys were never so saucy

and pragmatical as they are now-a-days, and that he should be glad to see them taken down in the treaty of peace, if it might be done without prejudice to the public affairs.

One who sat at the other end of the table, and eemed to in the nterests of the French king, told them, that they did not take the matter right, for that his most Christian majesty did not resent this matter, because it was an injury done to Monsieur Mesnager's footman ; ' for,' says he, what are Monsieur Mesnager's footmen to him? but because it was done to his subjects. Now,' says he, ‘let me tell you, it would look very odd for a subject of France to have a bloody nose, and his sovereign not to take notice of it. He is obliged in honour to defend his people against hostilities; and if the Dutch will be so insolent to a crowned head, as in any wise to cuff or kick those who are under his protection, I think he is in the right to call them to an account for it.'

This distinction set the controversy upon a new foot, and seemed to be very well approved by most that heard it, till a little warm fellow, who had declared himself a friend to the house of Austria, fell most unmercifully upon his Gallic majesty, as encouraging his subjects to make mouths at their betters, and afterwards screening them from the punishment that was due to their insolence. To which he added, that the French nation was so addicted to grimace, that, if there was not a stop put to it at the general congress, there would be no walking the streets for them in a time of peace, especially if they continued masters of the West Indies. The little man proceeded with a great deal of warmth, declaring that, if the allies were of his mind, he would oblige the French king to burn his galleys, and tolerate

the Protestant religion in his dominions, before he would sheath his sword. He concluded with calling Monsieur Mesnager an insignificant prig.

The dispute was now growing very warm, and one does not know where it would have ended, had not a young man of about one-and-twenty, who seems to have been brought up with an eye to the law, taken the debate into his hand, and given it as his opinion, that neither Count Rechteren nor Monsieur Mesnager had behaved themselves right in this affair. •Count Rechteren,' says he, “should have made affidavit that his servants had been affronted, and then Monsieur Mesnager would have done him justice, by taking away their liveries from them, or some other

way that he might have thought the most proper; for, let me tell



a man makes a mouth at me,

I am not to knock the teeth out of it for his pains. Then again, as for Monsieur Mesnager, upon his servants being beaten, why, he might have had his action of assault and battery. the case now stands, if


will have my opinion, I think they ought to bring it to referees.'

I heard a great deal more of this conference, but I must confess with litttle edification ; for all I could learn at last from these honest gentlemen was, that the matter in debate was of too high a nature for such heads as theirs, or mine, to comprehend.


But as

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