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woman is joyous, her licence is not to be endured; I is withered, totters along its three-footed path, and when she is in terror, she is a still greater and in no way superior to a child, flits like a dayplague to her home and city.


GOD CHASTENS MAN FOR HIS GOOD. For obedience, woman, is the mother of success, The man who cheerfully celebrates Jove in tribringing safety; so says the proverb.

umphal hynins shall ever be crowned with success

-him that guides mortals to wisdom, teaching DUTIES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN WAR. them by suffering to remain firm. But even in It is for men to present victims and offerings to slumber the pangs from the memory of ills keep appease the gods, when the enemy are at the dripping before the heart, and thus wisdom comes gates; 'tis thine, woman, to hold thy peace, and to the unwilling. 'Tis a gracious gift of the gods, keep within doors.

compulsory as fate, who sit severely on the awful


BE NOT ANXIOUS FOR THE FUTURE. Nobly born and honoring the throne of modesty, To those that suffer justice brings wisdom: but hating vaunting language-such an one is wont to for

for futurity, since it will come, farewell to it. 'Tis be slow at base deeds, and no coward.

but the same with sorrowing beforehand; for the

event will come dawning clearly with the morning TO BE, NOT TO SEEM.

rays. For he does not wish to seem, but to be, the noblest, reaping a rich harvest from a deep furrow

GOD PUNISHES THE WICKED. in his mind, from which sprout forth excellent. They feel the stroke of Jove; we may say this, counsels. Against such an one I charge thee to and trace it out exactly; they have fared as they send wise and prudent champions. Dreadful is deserved. Some one denied that the gods deigned the foe that fears the gods.

to care for mortals, who trampled on their laws.

Not holy was he who said so; it has come upon IMPIOUS FELLOWSHIP,

the descendants of those who were breathing forth Alas! it is a bad omen for the just to be asso- more violently than just a war which they ought ciated with the impious. Indeed in everything not to have dared, while their dwellings were naught is worse than wicked fellowship, the fruit teeming beyond all measure with rich spoils. But of which is fraught with death. For whether a may such calm of soul be mine, so as to meet the good man happens to have embarked with sail- force of circumstances. ors, whose hearts are hot and full of villany, he perishes with the race abhorred of Heaven, or THE IMPIOUS SEEN THROUGH THEIR DISGUISE. whether, being righteous, he has fixed his seat For riches is no bulwark against destruction to amidst citizens inhospitably bent and regardless the man who has wantonly spurned the great altar of the gods, he is struck down by the scourge of of Justice; but wretched Persuasion, preparing the Deity, which falls on all alike, having rightly l intolerable evils for posterity, urges him on, and fallen into the same nets with his countrymen.

there is no remedy. Guilt is never hidden, but is

seen through her disguise, a light of lurid glare; AN OLD HEAD ON YOUNG SHOULDERS.

and like adulterated brass, when proved, is found In manhood's vig'rous prime

black by wear and rubbing, fond as a boy to chase He bears the providence of age.

the bird light-flitting round. And not a god lends

an ear to his prayers, but sweeps away the unTHE STARS.

righteous that hath concerned himself with these I pray the gods that I may be released from these doings. toils, slave of a year-long sentry, during wbich, lying on my elbows on the roofs of the Atridæ, like

THE FATE OF THE WARRIOR. a dog, I have contemplated the choir of nightly And Mars, bartering for gold their bodies, and stars, radiant rulers that bring winter and summer, holding the balance in the tug of war, sends to stars shining conspicuously in the firmament, both their friends a small fragment of scorched dust when they set and when they rise.

from Troy, to be wept with many tears, filling the

urns with light ashes instead of the man. And WHAT IS FATED.

they sigh while they sing the praises of one as reThings are as they are and will be brought to nowned in arms, and another as having fallen the issue doomed.

gloriously amid the carnage in defence of another's

wife. Some one mutters these words in silence, TOTTERING OLD AGE.

and jealous vexation creeps upon the chieftain But we with our aged frame were left inglorious sons of Atreus. behind the expedition of those days, propping on

MURMURS OF THE PEOPLE. staff our steps like children; for both the marrow of youth, while it is springing up in our breasts, Dreadful are the murmurs of the people if they is weak as age, and the vigor for war is not yet be accompanied with hate; but this is the tribute attained; very advanced age, too, when its foliage I greatness pays for its exalted station.


THE HYPOCRITE. For the gods are not forgetful of those who Many are desirous to seem good while they do cause great slaughter. The black Furies in one not what is right. Some are ready to weep with short hour hurl to perdition the man who is lucky those who weep, though the pang of sorrow without righteousness by a sad reverse of fortune, reaches not the heart; others join in the joys of nor does he receive aid from his citizens. For a others, dressing in forced smiles their unwilling man to be raised aloft is dangerous, as the thun-face. But when a man is able to discern characderbolt of Jove is sure to be launched against him. ter, then it is not possible that the eyes of a man,

that only seem with sympathetic tear to show a NONE BUT THE GODS HAVE UNMIXED HAPPINESS. kindly feeling, should deceive him. Yea, the conflict is well o'er; in the passage of

ENVY. so long a time one might say that some things fall out well, while others are open to complaint; for Few men have strength of mind to honor a who save the gods can claim through life's whole

cods can claim through life's whole friend's success without a touch of envy; for that course an unmixed happiness ?

malignant passion clinging to the heart doubles

the burden of the man infected by it; he is A FOND WIFE.

weighed down by the weight of his own woes, and

sighs to see the happiness of others. I speak For what day is more delightful to woman than

from experience,-for well do I know, that those that when she opes the gate to her husband re

who bore in public the semblance of my firmest turning gloriously from war, preserved by the

friends, were but the looking-glass of friendship, gods ? Bear this message to my husband, that he

the shadow of a shade. hasten his long-desired return. May he come speedily, where he will find a faithful wife in his

THINGS THAT ARE WELCOME. house, such as he left her, a watch-dog of his

I would call my husband a watch-dog of the home, to his enemies irrecon ilable, and in all

fold, a saving mainstay of the ship, a foundation other points alike, not having effaced one single

| pillar of the lofty roof, an only child to a fond paseal in the long course of years. I have known no

rent, welcome as land to the mariner which he delight with other men, nor has there been any

has descried beyond his hopes, welcome as day slanderous report against my character, any more

after a night of storms, a gushing rill to a thirsty than brass can be tinged with dyes.

wayfarer. 'Tis pleasant to escape from all conSo Shakespeare (" Much Ado about Nothing," act iv. sc. 1)

is on u straint. sys

The following beautiful paraphrase is given in the Quar. "If I know more of any man alive

terly Review:Than that which maiden modesty doth warrant,

"Faithful-as dog, the lonely shepherd's pride, Let all my sins lack mercy."

True-as the helm, the bark's protecting guide, And " Winter's Tale," (act iii. sc. 2)

Firm-as the shaft that props the towering dome,

Sweet—as to shipwrecked seaman land and home, "If one jot beyond

Lovely--as child, a parent's sole delight, The bound of honor, or in act or will

Radiant--as morn that breaks a stormy night, That way inclining, hardened be the hearts

Grateful-as stream that in some deep recess Of all that hear me, and my near'st of kin

With rills unhoped the panting traveller bless, Cry, Fie! upon my grave."

Is he that links with mine his chain of life,

Names himself lord, and deigns to call me wife."
There is among mankind an old adage, uttered

TO BE FREE FROM EVIL THOUGHTS. in ancient times, “that it is great happiness to To be without evil thoughts is God's best gift; see our children rise around us, not dying child- but we must call him happy who has ended life in less; but from good fortune often sprouts the prosperity. bitter fruit of woe to man."


Yet has the popular voice much potency. For one base deed engenders more like to its

THE UNENVIED. own race; but to those swayed by unbending justice a beauteous race still flourishes.

But the unenvied is not of the happy. Shelley, in his “Hellas," says

BE NOT ELATED. * Revenge and wrong bring forth their kind,

God from afar looks graciously on him that is The foul cubs like their parents are."

mild in victory; for no one willingly submits to

the yoke of slavery. JUSTICE. But justice shines in smoky cottages, and hon

MISERY IS THE LOT OF MANKIND. ors the pious. Leaving with averted eyes the For there is a limit to the best of health; disease gorgeous glare of gold obtained by polluted hands, creeps upon it as a close-adjoining neighbor: and she is wont to draw nigh to holiness, not reverenc- a man's destiny holding on a straight course is apt ing wealth when falsely stamped with praise, to dash upon a hidden reef. If timidity fling away and assigning each deed its righteous doom, la part of his wealth with a well-measured cast of the sling, the whole fabric sinks not, though teem

DOER MUST SUFFER. ing with woe, nor founders the bark beneath the

el But O ye mighty Fates! grant that, by the will

Butov sea. For often, by Jove's gracious goodness, the of Jove, it may end as justice requires-" In reyearly furrows quell the pangs of hunger.

turn for a hostile speech, let a hostile speech be

paid back," cries Justice, loudly, as she exacts WHO CAN RECALL LIFE?

the debt; “ and in return for a murderous blow. But who can recall by charms man's purple let him suffer a murderous blow." “Doer must streaming blood, when it has once fallen on the suffer," thus saith the thrice-old proverb, ground before his feet? Otherwise Jove would not have put an end to the leech (Esculapius) who

THE SOUL LIVES. could raise the dead. And if fate fixed irrevoca-! My child the consuming fire of the funeral nile bly by the gods did not prevent another fate from quells not the spirit of the dead, but in after times bringing assistance, I would bring it, and my he shows his wrath. The dead is bewailed, and heart, outstripping my tongue, would have poured

lave poured he who wronged him is discovered. forth the tale.

Shakespeare (“Hamlet," act i. sc. 2) saysCONTRAST OF AN OLD FAMILY AND AN UPSTART.

"Foul deeds will rise,

Though all the earth o'erwhelm them, to men's eyes." If slavery be a man's fate, great is the advantage of having masters of long-established opu

· WORDS ARE DAGGERS. lence. For they who have reaped a rich harvest

This pierced quite through my ears, like a dart. unexpectedly are harsh to their slaves in all

Shakespeare (“ Hamlet,” act. iii. sc. 3) says things, and go beyond the line of right.

“Oh speak to me no more;

These words like daggers enter in mine ears;

No moie, sweet Hamlet!"
Alas for the fate of men! Even in the midst of
the highest prosperity a shadow may overturn

BLOOD FOR BLOOD. them; but if they be in adverse fortune, a moist But it is a law that drops of gore poured upon ened sponge can blot out the picture.

the ground call for other bloodshed in addition.

So Genesis (ix. 6): “Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man PROSPEROUS FORTUNE.

shall his blood be shed.” All men have boundless wishes for prosperous

WHAT IS FOREDOOMED. fortune; none will banish and keep it from their dwelling, saying, “Enter thou no more.”

That which is foredoomed remains from the

olden time, and will come to those who pray for it. TO KNOW AND TO CONJECTURE ARE NOT THE

To know and to conjecture differ widely.

For children preserve the fame of the dead with

surviving glory, and are like corks that buoy the TO CIRCUMVENT A FOE UNDER THE FORM OF net, saving the flaxen line from sinking to the botFRIENDSHIP.

tom. For how could one, conceiving thoughts of ven

MURDER CANNOT BE EXPIATED. geance on a foe, achieve the deed more surely For though one were to pour out every kind of than to bear the form of friendship, encircling libation for a single murder, vain is the labor; so him with wiles difficult to overleap?

runs the proverb. QUALITIES OF WOMAN.

THE DARING SPIRIT OF MAN. Wiles and deceit are female qualities.

One may describe creatures that fly and those

that crawl, and the fierce rage of hurricanes, but EXILES.

who can describe the arrogant daring of man and An exile, I well know, feeds on vain hopes. of woman of hardened spirit, and their loves, lead

ing them to endure everything, even the utmost SUCCESS WORSHIPPED AS A GOD.

woes of mortals. Unholy love, lording it in female Success! to thee,

heart, overcomes the conjugal union of brutes and

of men.
As to a god, men bend the knee.


None of mortals can hope to live unscathed a The swift stroke of Justice comes down upon life through its whole course, free from misfortsome in the noonday light; pain waits on others unes. Alas! alas! of troubles one is just upon us, slowly in the midst of darkness, and the gloom of land another will come. night overshadows them.


| Away! I bid you off with speed from these For destiny awaits alike the free man and him abodes; out from the oracular shrines, lest, having that trembles at the tyrannous hand of a lord, received the winged swift snake (arrow) hurled

from the golden-twisted string, you disgorge withi THE LOT OF MEN MUST BE BORNE. pain the black gore you sucked from men, vomit- Human misfortunes must befall mankind. For ing the clots of blood which you have drawn from

om afflictions rise, many from sea, and many from them. It is in every way unbecoming to enter

land, if life be measured through a lengthened these abodes of mine; go where heads are

course, wrenched from the body and eyes are gouged, to revengeful deeds and slaughters, maiming of boys |

So Job (v.7)_“Yet man is born to trouble, as the sparks

fly upward." and stonings, and where those impaled by the spine groan with loud yellings. Ye hags abhorred,

THE DOOMED. these are the feasts in which you delight; your

ourBut when a man is rushing on the road to deexecrable form is proof of this. It is right that

struction, God also lends a hand. such should inhabit the dens of the blood-ravening lion, but not to tarry in these prophetic shrines

OPPRESSION. with impure tread. Of such a herd the gods disdain to take the charge.

How unbecoming it is for one that is mortal to

entertain proud aspiring thoughts; for presumpTHE INNOCENT AND THE IMPIOUS.

tion, when it has put forth the blade, is wont to No vindictive rage from us (the Furies) comes produce for fruit an all-mournful harvest of stealthily on him whose hands are free from guilt, woe. but he passes through life without harm. Whereas whoever, like this man, commits crimes and

VOICELESS LAW. hides his ruffian hands, we are close at hand as Thou seest voiceless law, which is not seen by witnesses of the deed, appearing as avengers of thee while thou sleepest, walkest, and sittest, but blood.

which accompanies thee now sideways, now beTHE MURDERER.

hind. For the darkness of night does not conceal

thy evil deeds, but whatsoever crime thou hast For avenging Fate has assigned us (the Furies)

committed, doubt not some one has seen it. this office, saying, “Let those guilty of murders without provocation be pursued till they find ref

THE MIGHTY POWER OF GOD. uge in the realms below;" even when dead they are not quite free. But over the victims let this O Jupiter! father Jupiter! thine is the mighty be the song, bringing madness, distracting, mind- power of heaven; thou lookest on the villanous destroying, the hymn of the Furies, that charms and lawless acts of the celestials and of men; it , minds without the lyre, 'causing shrivelling to belongs to thee to watch the violence of, and pass mortals.

sentence on, the deeds of savage beasts. HEAR BOTH PARTIES.

A PROSPEROUS FOOL. He hears but half that hears one party only.

A senseless fool in prosperity is certainly a heavy SORROW.

burden. It is good to grow wise under sorrow.

So Proverbs (XXX. 22)—“ A fool, when he is filled with



Bronze is the mirror to reflect the face, wine to For the Fates have assigned them (the Furies) a reflect the mind. despotic sway over men in all things; he who feels their terrors, knows not whence come the ills of life; for the sire's long-passed crimes bring chast

Words are the cause of senseless wrath.' ening on their sons, and amidst his thoughts of

So Proverbs (xv. 1)" A soft answer turneth away wrath: greatness silent ruin with hostile wrath crushes

| but grievous words stir up anger." him. THE MASTER THE EYE OF THE HOUSE.

OATHS. For I deem the presence of the master to be the Oaths are not the cause why a man is believed, eye of the house.

but the character of the man is the cause why the


For while there are men, there is a sure bulwark.

God loves to assist those in distress.

So Psalms (xliv. 1)—"God is our refuge and strength, a My friends, whoever has experienced misfort- very present help in trouble." unes knows that when a mountain-wave of ills comes upon mortals, they are wont to fear all

THE WICKED IN PROSPERITY. things; but when the gale of fortune blows The wicked in prosperity are not to be borne. smoothly, they are confident that the same deity

So Psalms (x. 2)—"The wicked in his pride doth persecute w constantly propel their bark with a favorable the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have im. breeze,




ALCÆUS. For the race of man has thoughts that last

ALCÆUS, of Mitylene, one of the greatest lyric merely for a day, and are no more real than the

poets of Greece, flourished about the beginning of shadows of smoke.

the 6th century B.C. So Psalms (cii. 3)—“For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth."


It is not the stones of a city, well built in, but

brave men, that are the bulwark of a city. Fortune, thou beginning and end of mortals! it is thou that bestowest the glory of wisdom on human works; and the good more than the bad spring from thee. Beauty and grace shine around

ALEXIS. thy golden wing; and whatever is weighed by thy scales is most blessed. In the midst of distresses

FLOURISHED B.C. 356. thou pointest the way out of difficulties; thou ALEXIS, a native of Thurii, in Italy, was the sheddest a bright light in darkness, thou most ex- uncle of the celebrated Menander, and one of the cellent of divinities.

principal writers of the middle comedy. He

flourished B.c. 356, and continued to exhibit till MAN DIES ONLY AT HIS FATAL MOMENT.

B.C. 306, being upwards of one hundred years old But neither does any one, however many wounds when he died. He wrote 245 plays, of which Athehe may have received, die, unless he has run his næus gives the titles of 113. allotted term of life; nor does any man, though he sits quietly by the fireside under his own roof, es

SEEK AND WE SHALL FIND. cape the more his fated doom.

All that thou seekest may be found, if thou So Job (vil. 1)_“Is there not an appointed time to man shrinkest not nor mest from

en shrinkest not nor fliest from labor.


For since upon earth are not his days also like the days of an hireling?" some have discovered things in heaven, though

they are far removed, such as the rising and setHATRED OF DEATH NOT JUST.

ting of the stars, the solstices and eclipses of Men do not with justice hate death, which is a

the sun, what common things that are connected mighty remedy for many woes. .

with man here below, should be able to escape his


THE CHANGES OF LIFE. Glory, begotten of labor, is a debt owed by the This life is like a game played with dice-the gods to the man who works laboriously.

same figures do not always turn up: so, too, life So Proverbs (xiii. 11)-" He that gathers by labor shall in- has not always the same shape, but is ever changcrease." POWER AND JUSTICE.

MAN RESEMBLES WINE. When power and justice unite, what stronger The nature of man is in some respects very much pair is there than this?

resembling wine. For, like new wine, the youth

ful mind requires to have its fermentation thrown DEATH TO BE PREFERRED TO A LIFE OF WICKED

off, and its roughness skimmed; but when its excesNESS. .

sive violence has abated, and the fury, which Death is more desirable than a wicked life. swam on the top, has disappeared, then it becomes And not to be born is better than to lead a dis-drinkable, and settles down, continuing pleasant graceful life.

to all future time. DEATH SPURNS GIFTS.

TRUST DEEDS, NOT OATHS. Death alone of the gods cares not for gifts, nor The wise ought not to trust the oaths of men, wilt thou accept sacrifices nor libations. No altar but always their deeds. is erected to thee, nor is any hymn sung to thy praise. Persuasion stands aloof from thee alone

THE EVENING OF LIFE. of the gods.

For now my life is approaching its evening. DEATH THE PHYSICIAN.

SLEEP. O thou savior Death! do not despise me coming! Neither mortal nor immortal, but having a cer. to thee, for thou alone art the physician of in- tain composite nature, so as to live neither the life curable woes; no sorrow reaches the dead.

of man nor of the gods, but to be always springing JUSTICE WATCHES OVER THE DEAD.

up anew, and again perishing, invisible to the eye,

but known to all. — B. Thou always lovest, o If thou wishest to do good or ill to the dead, woman, to speak in riddles. – A. Nay, I speak thou hast in both ways those who have neither joy plainly, and in the utmost simplicity.-B. Who. nor sorrow; yet recollect that there is an avenging then, can this youngster be with such a nature?goddess superior to us, and justice feels a jealousy A. Sleep, my good girl, the soother of the labors over the character of the dead.

I of man.



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