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"RICHES TAKE UNTO THEMSELVES WINGS." odes, though it is supposed that they may be of a Regard riches as the last of the good things of later date than the time of Anacreon. this life, for they are the least certain of the things

THE BEAUTY OF WOMEN. we possess: other things remain with those who possess them in a moderate degree..

Nature has given horns to bulls, hoofs to horses,

swiftness to hares, the power of swimming to WOMAN DIFFICULT TO BE GUARDED.'

fishes, of flying to birds, understanding to men. Neither walls nor goods nor anything is more She had nothing more for women. What then does difficult to be guarded than woman.

she give? Beauty, which can resist shields and

spears. She who is beautiful, is stronger than PLEASUKE.

iron and fire. Fly pleasure, which at last brings loss.


For like the chariot's wheel life runs fast away. Our life has great resemblance to wine; when A little dust we lie, when our body has sunk in little of it remains, it becomes vinegar: for all dissolution. human ills proceed to old age as to a workshop.


Since I was born a mortal, to pass over the AMPHIS.

beaten track of life, the road I have often passed,

I know; what I have to run over, of that I am unFLOURISHED ABOUT B.C. 332.

acquainted. Teasing cares, leave me alone! What AMPHIS, a poet of the middle comedy, flourished have I to do with you? Before my last hour shall about B.c. 332. We have the titles of twenty-six come, I shall play, I shall laugh, I shall dance with of his plays.

the fair Lymus. ART.

So Luke (xii. 19)—“Take thine ease, eat, drink, and be

merry; " and (xv. 23)—"Let us eat and be merry." There is no sweeter consolation in misfortune than the pursuit of art; for the mind employed in

ADVANTAGES OF WINE. acquiring it sails secretly past its mishaps.

When I quaff wine, my cares are lulled to rest. EAT, DRINK, AND BE MERRY.

What have I to do with labors, woes, or cares?

Die I must, whether I will or no. Why should I Drink, be merry! life is mortal, the time on

mwander through life? Let us then quaff the wine Earth is short; death is immortal when we are

are of fair Lycus. With it our cares are forgotten. once dead.


In consequence of gold there are no brothers, no Apollo, how ill to please is man in distress and annoyed by everything.

parents, but wars and murders arise from it. And

what is worse, for it we lovers are bought and sold. SILENCE.

OLD AGE. There is nothing more powerful than silence.

Now we have gray temples, and a white head; no longer is graceful youth present, but decayed teeth; no longer is there remaining much time of

pleasant life. Therefore, often do I drop the tear, ANACREON.

dreading Tartarus. The gulf of Hades is terrific, FLOURISHED B.C. 559-525.

and the way to it painful, for it is not for man,

once down, to reascend. ANACREON, one of the most celebrated of the Greek lyric poets, was a native of Teos, in Asia Minor, respecting whom we have few facts on which we can depend. He was the contemporary

ANAXANDRIDES. of Cyrus, Cambyses, and Polycrates of Samos, at whose court we find him, B.C. 531, enjoying high

FLOURISHED B.C. 376. favor, and singing the praises of the tyrant. We ANAXANDRIDES, a writer of the middle comedy, next hear of him at the court of Hipparchus at was a native of the city Camirus, in Rhodes, or, Athens, B.C. 525, where he met the poet Simonides. according to others, of Colophon, in Ionia. He He died at the age of eighty-five, being choked, as flourished B.C. 376, and was exhibiting his drathe story goes, by a cherry-stone. Except that he matic pieces till B.c. 347, when he was present at was a voluptuary, and spent his time in singing the celebration of the Olympia at Dium by Philip, the praises of love, we know little else respecting king of Macedon. He is said to have been the his private history. There were five books of first to lay the foundation of a vicious stage by the Anacreon's poems in the time of Suidas, who is introduction of love scenes and intrigues. If his supposed to have lived in the eleventh century, play was unsuccessful, he used to consign it as but of these only a few extracts have been pro- waste paper to the performers, and never deigned served. We have given a few extracts froin his to retouch it, as other authors were in the habit

of doing (Athen. ix. 374, a.). His death is said to

GOD IS ALL-WISE. have been caused by the following circumstance: God always directs all things and lives in him. Euripides had said in one of his tragedies, "Na-self, since he is wisdom itself. ture has wished it so, who regards not laws." An

So Romans (xvi. 27)—" To God, only wise, be glory." axandrides parodied the verse by substituting “the city" instead of “nature.” The Athenians

GOD. condemned him to die by starvation (Suidas). God is mind and spirit; and the ruler of the whole Athenæus mentions the names of twenty-two of mass of the universe. God can neither be seen his comedies.

nor perceived by any sense, but is only compre

hended by words and the mind's eye. But his OLD AGE.

works and what he does are evident, and perceived Old age is not, father, the heaviest of burdens, by all men. as thou thinkest; but whoever bears it unwisely, he is the party who makes it so; if he bears it. ho makes it so if he bears it! So Corinthians (ii. 14)—"Even so the things of God knoseth

no man, but the spirit of God. But the natural man receiveth without grumbling, he sometimes in this way lulls;

not the things of the spirit of God. Neither can he know it asleep, dexterously changing its character, tak-them, because they are spiritually discerned." ing away pain and substituting pleasure, but mak

Dionysius Cato says_“If God be a spirit, as ing it pain if he is peevish.

our poets say, he is to be specially worshipped A BLABBER.

with a pure mind.”

St. John (iv. 24)—"God is a spirit: and they that worship him Whoever receiving a statement in confidence proceeds to repeat it, is a scoundrel, or very leaky.

must worship him in spirt and in truth." If he does it for personal gain, he is a scoundrel;

FRIENDS AND ENEMIES. and if he does so without a personal object, he is

We must treat our friend kindly, that he may leaky: both characters are equally bad.

be still more a friend, but make our enemy our

friend. PLEASURE.

So Romans (xii. 20)—“Therefore, if thine enemy hunger, Don't make thyself a slave to pleasure. That feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou is the act of a lewd woman, not of a man.

shalt heap coals of fire on his head."

It is good to die before a maji has done anything

There is one self-existing being; everything

that is generated is produced by him alive, and worthy of death.

there is no one that rules except the Almighty king.

So Ephesians (iv. 6)__"One God and father of all, who is ANONYMOUS.

above all, and through all, and in you all." GOOD SPIRITS.

HOLINESS TO THE LORD. Round thy fiery throne stand labor-loving and “He who enters within the precincts of the gels, whose business itis that all things be accom-temple full of incense ought to be holy: holiness plished for men.

is to have holy thoughts." This is the inscrip

tion in the Temple at Epidaurus. EVIL SPIRITS.

GOD SEEN BY NONE. (God) whom the devils fear, and the multitude of gods regard with awe.

No mortal sees God, but he sees all.

So Exodus (xX. 21)—"But Moses drew near unto the thick “CAST YOUR CARE UPON GOD."

darkness where God was.” Cast all thy care upon the gods: they often

CONSCIENCE IS A GOD. raise men from misfortunes, who are lying on the dark earth: and again, often overthrow those who Conscience is a God to all men. are enjoying the Ireight of prosperity.

Seneca (Ep. 41), says much to the same effect:__"There is

a sacred spirit seated within us, the oberver and guardian di 801 Peter (v.7)_"Casting all your care upon him; for he

what is good and bad to us; he, according as he is treated by careth for you.

us, so he treats us."

So Romans (ix. 1)_“I lie not; my conscience also bearing GOD IS ALL-WISE.

me witness in the Holy Ghost.” God always directs all things and lives in himself, since he is wisdom itself.


Anger often has revealed the concealed thoughts GOD IS HOLY.

of men much more effectually than madmen. God differs from the good man this much, that God is virtue pure and uncorrupted, free from all


Force attended by wisdom is very advantageous, So Revelation (xv. 4)—"For thou only art holy."

I but ruinous apart; it brings calamity.


NOT LOST, BUT GONE BEFORE. A child is either a cause of fear or griof during We should lament in moderation the loss of our the whole of life.

friends, for they are not dead, but have gone be

fore the same road which we must all necessarily INEXORABLE NECESSITY.

pass; then we also will hereafter come to the same For inexorable necessity has power over man; I place with them, spending eternity in their comit has no dread of the immortals, who have houses pany. in Olympus away from sad grief.

This idea is often referred to by Seneca

(Con. Marc., 30).-“Let us think that they are absent, and OLD AGE.

let us deceive ourselves. ... We have sent them away, nay, When thou hast got past the sixtieth sun, o

we have sent them before, about to follow them." Again

V (Epist. 99)-"He has been sent before, whom those thinkest to Gryllus, die and become ashes; how dark is the have perished." Again (Con. Polyb., 28)—" Thou art misangel of life after that! for now the light of life is taken, etc. Why do we bemoan what is fated: He has not dimmed.

left us, but gone before." Again (Epist. 63)—" And perhaps,

if only the idea of the wise is true, and some place receive NO ONE ALWAYS HAPPY.

us after death, he whom we think to have perished has been

sent before us." · It is best for mortals not to be born, nor to see

porn, nor to see So E. Elliot (" The Excursion ") the light of the sun. No one is fortunate all his

"The buried are not lost, but gone before." life.


THEE." Old age and marriage have a great resemblance No one, master, has ever died who was ready to to each other, for we are in a hurry to obtain both; die; but Charon draws by the legs to his ferryand when we have obtained them, then we are boat those who are desirous to live, and carries grieved.

them off in the midst of their banquetings, and

with everything around them richly to enjoy. It HEALTH..

is hunger that is the medicine for immortality. Health! thou most august of the blessed goodnesses, with thee may I spend the remainder of my

OLD AGE. life; mayest thou benignly dwell with me; for if O old age! how desired thou art by all, how there be any pleasure to be derived from riches, or happy thou art thought to be! then, when thou children, or royal power making men equal to the comest, how sad, how full of sorrow; no one gods, or longing desire, which we hunt after with speaks well of thee, every one ill of thee, if he the secret nets of Venus, or if there be any other speaks with wisdom. delight bestowed on men by the gods, or respite from pains, with thee, blessed Health, all these

RICHES AND POVERTY. flourish and beam effulgent like the spring arising Riches are a cloak for ills, O mother; poverty is from the graces: without thee, no one is happy. transparent and abject.


. THE UPRIGHT. Such is the way that God punishes, not on! He who commits no crime requires no law. every occasion as a mortal man, who is quick

UNRIGHTEOUS GAINS. in temper. Whoever commits transgression is not altogether forgotten, but in every case is found Unjust gains give short-lived pleasures, but out at last. He punishes one immediately, an- afterwards lengthened griefs. other at a later period; if they escape, and ap

So Proverbs (xvi. 8)_-“Better is a little with righteousness, proaching fate does not come hastily upon them,

than great revenues without right." it comes in every case at last; either their chil- | THE ACQUISITION OF WEALTH DEADENS THE dren or their distant posterity suffer for their

SENSE OF RIGHT AND WRONG. deeds, though themselves guiltless.

How unhappy thou art, to whom the base apSo Sirach (v. 5)—"Say not, I have sinned, and what harm

pears preferable to the honorable for the sake of happened to me! for the Lord is long-suffering, He will in no way let thee go."

gain; for the acquiring of riches darkens the
sense of right and wrong!


My best of friends, if thou art mortal, think of

thy mortality. BORN ABOUT B.C. 404—DIED ABOUT B.C. 330.

A GOOD CONSCIENCE. ANTIPHANES, the most highly esteemed writer! To be conscious to one's self of having committed of the middle comedy, of whose personal history. we know nothing. We still possess the titles of

no unjust act throughout life is the cause of about 130 of his plays; but in all they are said to

Jmuch pleasure. have been 365, or at least 260, as some of the plays

DILIGENCE. ascribed to him were by other writers.

| All things are subservient to diligence.


ling. He insisted on being allowed to sleep on the Habits of justice are a most valuable possession.

ground; and it required all the authority of his

mother to make him forego his boyish freak. He A SLAVE.

received instruction from Herodes Atticus, Corn.

Fronto, Sextus of Chæroneia the grandson of To a slave deprived of his country, I think a

Plutarch, Apollonius, the friend of Antoninus good master is his country,

Pius; and even after he had ascended the throne PLEASURES OF LOVE.

he did not consider it beneath his dignity to at

tend the public lectures of the philosophers. If any one says that those in love have no sense,

From the connection of his father with Adrian, he he is certainly stupid and good for nothing; for if

attracted at an early period the attention of the we take away the pleasures of love from life, there

emperor. Adrian adopted Antoninus Pius, A.D. is nothing left but to die.

138, only on condition that he should admit into

his family his young friend, Annius Verus, and WOMAN TO BE TRUSTED ONLY IN ONE THING.

Lucius Verus, the son of that Ælius Verus who One thing only do I believe in a woman, that had been selected by Adrian to succeed him. He she will not come to life again after she is dead; was at this time only eighteen, and seems, by his in everything else I distrust her till she is dead.

respectful conduct, soon to have won the heart of

his adopted father, who gave him the name of MIND AND BODY.

Marcus Aurelius, by which he is generally known Think not about decking thy body with orna-l in history. As soon as Antoninus succeeded to ments, but thy heart with pure thoughts and the throne, he raised Aurelius to the dignity of habits.

Cæsar; and though he had been betrothed to the

daughter of L. Cejonius Commodus, he prevailed HONEST POVERTY AND UNJUST GAIN.

on him to forego his engagement, and marry his It is better to be poor with honor than to be rich youngest daughter, Annia Faustina, who became through unjust means; the one brings pity, the soon equally profligate as her mother. During the other censure.

whole of the reign of Antoninus, Aurelius lived in

the most complete state of harmony with his GRIEF.

father-in-law, and on his deathbed was appointed Grief seems to be next neighbor to madness. to succeed him. He ascended the throne, A.D. 161,

in the fortieth year of his age. On his accession OLD AGE.

to the throne his history is merged in that of the Old age is, as it were, the altar of ills; we may Roman Empire, which was then beginning to be see them all taking refuge in it.

attacked on all sides by the neighboring nations. The Parthians, in the East, first attracted his attention; and no sooner were they compelled to

submit, than a still more formidable war broke MARCUS ANTONINUS, OR AURELIUS. out on the side of Germany. Though his time

was much occupied with state affairs, his greatest BORN A.D. 121-DIED A.D. 180.

pleasure was derived from philosophy and literaMARCUS ANTONINUS, or MARCUS AURELIUS, the ture. Music, poetry, and painting were not forsixteenth Emperor of Rome in succession from gotten; and the severer sciences of mathematics Augustus, was descended from a family which and law engaged no small part of his attention. pretended to trace its origin to Numa, and to be with the exception of a few letters which were connected with a king of the Salentini, in the found in the recently-discovered remains of south of Italy, called Malennius, who had founded Fronto, the only work of Marcus which has come the city Lupiæ, now Lecce. His more immediate down to us is a volume composed in Greek,-3 ancestors, however, had come from the small kind of commonplace book, in which he put down municipal town Succubo, in Spain, and had by from time to time his thoughts and feelings upon their industry and abilities reached the highest moral and religious subjects, together with remarkdignities in Rome. His father was Annius Verus, able maxims which he had culled from writers the friend of the Emperor Adrian, and his mother distinguished for wisdom and virtue. The greatwas Domitia Calvilla, daughter of Calvisius Tul est blot on his memory is the severity with which lus, who had been twice consul. Marcus Antoni- be treated the Christians; and it is the more nus was born at Rome, 20th April A.D. 121, in difficult to understand the reason of his conduct, the fifth year of Adrian's reign. He was placed as it is altogether at variance with his general by his grandfather under the ablest masters which principles as laid down in his “Meditations." Rome could supply, and he seems to have been of a disposition which led him to take pleasure in

MAN FORMED OF BODY, SOUL, AND SPIRIT. every intellectual pursuit. Philosophy, in all her various ramifications, was his delight from his! Whatever I am, I am formed of body, breath, earliest years; and while he was scarcely twelve and spirit; wherefore, as if thou wast now dying, years old, he was so earnest in its pursuit that he abstain from fleshly lusts. began to practice some of those foolish austerities! So 1 Peter (ii. 11)_“ Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war which the Stoics were in the habit of recommend-lagainst the soul."

THE PRESENT IS THE TIME FOR REFORMATION OF human beings, who will very soon die, and who CHARACTER.

know not even themselves, much less him who Thou must now at last perceive of what uni-died long ago. verse thou formest a part, and of what ruler of

THE VANITY OF ALL THINGS. the universe thou art an efflux; and that a term of time is allotted to thee, which if thou dost not

But perhaps the love of fame may torment thee.

Consider how soon all things will be buried in foruse for clearing away the clouds from thy mind, it will go and thou wilt go, and it will not again

getfulness, and what a bottomless chaos exists on

both sides of thee; how vain is the applause of the return.

world, how changeable the opinions of the mob of So 2 Corinthians (vi. 2)—“Behold now is the accepted time,

mankind, and how utterly devoid of judgment now is the day of salvation."

they are; in short, within how narrow a space DO EVERYTHING AS IF IT WERE THE LAST ACT this fame, of which thou art so greedy, is circumOF THY LIFE.

scribed. For the whole earth is a point, and how See that thou devote thyself zealously, as a

small a nook in it is thy dwelling, and how few Roman and a man of energy, to every work that

at are there in it, and what kind of people are they thou mayest have on hand, with scrupulous and

a who will praise thee? unfeigned dignity of character, with love of the

DEATH AND BIRTH EQUALLY A MYSTERY. human race, independence, and a strict adherence to justice, and withdraw thyself from all other

Death is something like the birth of man, thoughts. Thou wilt give thyself relief if thou

equally a mystery of nature, a composition out of

the same elements, and a decomposition into the doest every act of this life as if it were the last.

same; and nothing at all of which any one need LIFE THE SAME TO ALL.

be ashamed, for it is not contrary to the nature of Though thou wert about to live three thousand

a reasonable animal, and not contrary to the years, and as many myriads, yet thou oughtest

reason of our constitution. never to forget that no man loses any other portion

DEATH IS ALWAYS IMPENDING. of life than that which he is living at the moment, nor does he live any other than that which he now

Do not act as if thou wert about to live ten loses. Therefore the longest life comes to the

thousand years. Death is impending. While same point with the shortest, since the present thou

rasent thou enjoyest life, and while thou mayest, be time is equal to all, and therefore what is lost is good and upright. equal to all. For a man cannot lose either the

PREDESTINATION. past or the future.

Has any good fortune befallen thee? It has EVERYTHING IS MERE OPINION.

been predestinated to thee from the beginning of

the world, and whatever happens has been so fated. Everything is mere opinion.


Consider, for example, and thou wilt find that And to say everything in the shortest compass, lalmost all the transactions in the time of Vespaeverything which belongs to the body is a stream,

sian differed little from those of the present day. and what belongs to the soul is a dream and Thou there findest marrying and giving in marvapor; life is a warfare, and a stranger's sojourn, Iriage, educating children, sickness, death, war, and after-fame is oblivion. What is that, then,

joyous holidays, traffic, agriculture, flatterers, inwhich is able to conduct a man? One thing, and

solent pride, suspicions, laying of plots, longing only one, philosophy.

for the death of others, newsmongers, lovers, 80 James (iv. 14)—" For what is your life? it is even a

misers, men canvassing for the consulship and for rapor."

the kingdom;-yet all these passed away, and are MAN SHOULD STAND ERECT.

nowhere. Be cheerful also, and seek not external help, So Ecclesiastes (i. 9)—"The thing that hath been, it is that nor the tranquillity which others give. A man which shall be; and that which is done, is that which shall be then must stand erect, not be kept erect by others. 1°

done; and there is no new thing under the sun."


And what is even an eternal remembrance? A In the mind of a man that is chastened and pur

mere empty nothing. What is it, then, about ified thou wilt find nothing foul, impure, or any

which we ought to employ our serious thoughts? sore skinned over; nor will fate ever overtake him

This one thing, thoughts just and acts social, in a state of being that is imperfect, just as one

words that never are false, a disposition that may say of a tragic actor who leaves the stage be

gladly submits to whatever happens, as necessary, fore he has finished his part.

as usual, as flowing from a principle and source of


DESCRIPTION OF TIME. Short, too, the longest posthumous fame, and Time is like a river, made up of the things even this only continued by a succession of poor I which happen, and a torrent; for as soon as a

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