« 이전계속 »
THE CALAMITY IS FROM GOD.
“ LOVE NOT SLEEP." The gods have contrived this misfortune, and A man who does not sleep has a double reward. destined it for men, that it might be a theme of
So Proverbs (xx. 18)—"Love not sleep, lest thou come to future song.
poverty: open thine eyes, and thou shalt be satisfied with So 2 Kings (vi. 33)—"This evil is of the Lord;” and Amos bread." (iii. 6)—"Shall there be evil in the city, and the Lord hath not done it?"
TEARS VAIN IN MISERY.
But tears in mortal miseries are vain.
A MIND NOT TO BE CHARMED. we received, so that no one has gone away deprived of his share. ,
In thy breast there is a mind that cannot be So 1 Samuel (XXX. 24)_“ As his part is that goeth down to gained over by charming. the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they So Psalms (lvül. 5)/" Which will not hearken to the voice shall part alike."
of charmers, charming never so wisely."
ALL GROW SPONTANEOUSLY.
• WHY DOST THOU SIT LIKE A DUMB MAN. They neither plant nor sow, but all things grow
Why, Ulysses, dost thou sit thus like a man bewithout ploughing or sowing, wheat, barley, and vines.
reft of speech, wasting away thyheart, and touch
ing neither bread nor drink? See 2 Kings (xix. 29)—“Ye shall eat this year things that grow of themselves."
See 1 Samuel (i. 8); and 1 Kings (xxi. 5.)—“Why is thy
spirit so sad, that thou eatest no bread?" THOU CANST NOT ESCAPE THE DISEASE SENT BY GOD.
A WILD SCAMP. Thou canst by no means escape the disease sent Elpenor was the youngest, neither famed in war by mighty Jove.
nor for sense, who, away from his companions in So 1 Samuel (iv. 8)_“Who shall deliver us out of the hand the sacred hall of Circe, delighting in a cool reof these mighty Gods ? these are the Gods that smote the cess, slept, overcome with wine. Egyptians;" and 1 Peter (v. 6)-"Humble yourselves there. fore under the mighty hand of God."
WHO CAN SEE GOD ?
Who can see God with his eyes if He wills not, Unhappy man, why dost thou exasperate a sav- going hither and thither ? age wretch ?
So Isaiah (xlv. 15)—"Verily Thou art a God that hidest Thy. So Judges (viii. 25)_" Let not thy voice be heard among self; "and John (i. 18)—"No man hath seen God at any time; " us, lest angry fellows run upon thee, and thou lose thy life,
hou lose thy life and 1 Timothy (vi. 16)—“ Whom no man hath seen, nor can with the lives of thy household."
VISIONARY GHOSTS. For we perished by our own folly.
The shades of the dead camo thronging forth So Proverbs (i. 32)— "The turning-away of the simple shall
from Erebus-virgins, youths, and old men who slay them;" and (xi. 3)—“The perverseness of transgressors in their day had endured much, and tender little shall destroy them;" and Hosea (xiii. 9—"Thou hast de maidens overwhelmed with recent grief; many stroyed thyself."
a man, too, wounded by the brazen spear, slain in
the battlefield in mail, and all blood-stained, who THE ADVICE OF BAD COMPANIONS.
flitted by in numbers beside the trench, here and The bad counsel of my companions got the bet- there, with loud wailings; pale, I trembled with ter of me.
fear. So 2 Samuel (XVİL 14)—"And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the archite is better than
THE EVILS OF DRUNKENNESS. the counsel of Ahithophel: for the Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the
I have been ruined by an eve tate and excess in
I have been ruined by an evil fate and excess in Lord might bring evil upon Absalom;” and 1 Kings (xii. 18) wine. -"And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; and spake to them
! So Proverbs (xxiii. 30)-“Who hath woe? who hath sorrow after the counsel of the young men saving. My father made They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed your yoke heavy, I will add to your yoke: my father also / wine.' chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions."
But this is the law of mortals when they die: BAD COMPANIONS.
their muscles hold no longer flesh and bones, but Bad companions have ruined me, and in addition the strong force of flaming fire destroys these to these, excessive sleep.
parts, after the spirit has first left the white bones, So Proverbs (xxiii. 20)--"Be not among the wine-bibbers; while the soul wings its flight, vanishing like a annong riotous eaters of flesh; for the drunkard and the dream. glutton shall come to poverty, and drowsiness shall clothe a than with rags."
| So Luke (xxiv, 39)—" A spirit hath not flesh and bones.”
HONOR TO THE OLD. Ulysses, we do not suspect in looking at thee It would be improper to afflict with disgrace the that thou art capable of guile and tricky frauds, oldest and worthiest. though such the earth produces in numbers, va- So Proverbs (XVI. 31)_" The hoary head is a crown of glory, grants, artful to deceive, so as to elude detection; if it be found in the way of righteousness.” to thee there is a grace of language, and gifts of mind; thou hast told thy story skilfully, like THE OPPRESSED ARE CARED FOR BY GOD. some bard the sad woes of all the Greeks and of May they be punished by Jove, the protector of thyself.
suppliants, who watches over men, and makes So Titus (i. 10)-" There are many unruly and vain talkers
those who commit wrong pay a due penalty. and deceivers;” and 2 John (7)—" For many deceivers are | So Psalms (x. 14)—“Thou beholdest mischief and spite, to entered into the world."
requite it with Thy hand." A TIME FOR EVERYTHING.
ENDURE WHAT HAPPENS FROM NECESSITY, A time for talking, however prolonged; a time, Whatsoever sorrows may be thy doom, bear them too, for sleep.
with patience if necessity entail them. So Ecclesiastes (iii. 7)—"A time to keep silence, and a time So Hebrews (xii. 1)-"Let us run with patience the race to speak.
that is set before us; ” and James (i. 4)—" Let patience have
her perfect work." WOMEN.
ENDURE: Than woman there is no fouler and viler fiend,
ler and viler fiend, Submit in silence to many ills, enduring the viowhen her mind is bent to ill.
lence of men. TRUST NOT A SECRET TO A WOMAN.
So Isaiah (liii, 7)—" He was oppressed and He was afflicted,
yet He opened not His mouth." Though thou lovest thy wife, tell not everything which thou knowest to her; but unfold
I CANNOT LEAVE THEE. some trifle, while thou concealest the rest.
Wherefore I am not able to leave thee, since So Micah (vii. 5)“Keep the doors of thy mouth from her thou art unfortunate. that lieth in thy bosom."
So Psalms (xxxvii. 28)—"The Lord forsaketh not His
saints." THINK ALL WOMEN FALSE. There is no trust to be placed in women.
“IF GOD BE FOR US."
Would that thou wouldst stand by me and enRATHER BE A SLAVE ON EARTH THAN REIGN IN courage me, thou blue-eyed goddess; with thee on HELL.
my side would I be willing to encounter three I would rather be a peasant and slave to some hundred men. poor hind of slenderest means, than reign over So Psalms (iii. 6)_“I will not be afraid of ten thousands of the dead who have passed from life.
people that have set themselves against me round about;"
and Romans (viii. 31)-“If God be for us, who can be against Milton ("Paradise Lost," i. 252) says the reverse of this,
us?" "Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven!"
TIIE TORMENT OF A GUILTY CONSCIENCE. “TO GO DOWN ALIVE INTO THE PIT."
The blessed gods love not impious acts, but Unhappy wretches, who alive go down into the honor justice and the pious deeds of men; the pit of Hades, dying twice, while other men die foes of peace and scourges of mankind, who overonly once.
run the lands of others, given to them by Jove as So Numbers (xvi. 33)—“They went down alive into the pit ;" a prey, filling their vessels with ill-got spoil, proand Psalms (lv. 15)-"Let them go down into hell ;” and He-ceed homeward, yet great fear of divine vengeance brews (ix. 27)" And it is appointed unto men once to die." I falls upon them. WE ARE NOT IGNORANT OF MISFORTUNES.
So Psalms (v. 5)—"Thou art not a God that hath pleasure in
wickedness; neither shall evil dwell with thee; Thou hatest O friends! we have by no means been unac all workers of iniquity;" and (xxxiii. 5)—“Thou lovest quainted with woes.
righteousness and judgment." So Romans (v. 4)—"Patience worketh experience ;” and 2 A WIFE LONGING FOR HER LOST HUSBAND. Corinthians (ii. 11).--" We are not ignorant of his devices."
Old man, it is not every vagrant that coming DEATH BY HUNGER.
with his stories can persuade the wife and son; Death in all shapes is hateful to unhappy man,
for needy strangers, that they may have a kind but the most dreadful is to die and meet our fate
reception, are prone to manufacture stories; nor
do they care to speak the truth. Every vagrant by hunger.
who comes to Ithaca goes to my mistress with his A TWICE-TOLD TALE.
falsehoods. She receives them kindly, inquiring
each particular, while tears drop from her eyelids, And what so tedious as a twice-told tale ?
like a woman who has lost her husband in some So Matthew (vi. 7)—“Use not vain repetitions."
I foreign land.
YOU CAN GUESS THE GRAIN FROM THE STUBBLE. |
THE EMIGRANT. I think that, looking at the stubble, thou mayest There is nothing worse for mortals than a vagaguess the grain.
So Proverbs (xxvii. 8)__“ As a bird that wandereth from THE VARIOUS EMPLOYMENTS OF MEN.
her nest; so is a man that wandereth from his place." The things which God suggested were agreeable to me; for men take delight in various employ
TOO MUCH REST. ments.
| For too much rest itself becomes a pain. So Genesis (iv. 2)—“Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain So Proverbs (vi. 9)_“How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard! was a tiller of the ground;" and Matthew (xxii. 5)—" And when wilt thou arise out of thy sleep? Yet a little sleep, a went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchan- little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep." dise."
THE RETURN OF AN ONLY SON. "LIE NOT ONE TO ANOTHER.”
The father receiving his only son, the child of Why shouldst thou, being such as thou art, lie his old age, embraces him affectionately, as he rashly?
returns from some far distant land after an abSo Colossians (fii. 9)_"Lie not one to another."
sence of ten years, for whom he has suffered many ENJOY THE PRESENT.
a bitter pang of anxious care.
So Luke (xv. 20)—“And when he was yet a great way off, Enjoy such things as thou hast; for God will
his father saw him, and had compassion, and ran and fell give one thing and one withhold.
on his neck and kissed him." So Philippians (iv, 11)—"I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content;” and Hebrews (xiii. 5)
I KNOW AND UNDERSTAND. "Be content with such things as ye bave."
I know, I understand; thou art giving directions POWERS OF WINE.
to one who is acquainted with these things. For wine leads to folly, making even the wise to. So folly making even the wise to So Job (xiii. 1)/" Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear
hath heard and understood it. What ye know, the same do I laugh immoderately, to dance, and to utter what
know also: I am not inferior unto you." had better have been kept silent. So Proverbs (xx. 1)" Wine is a mocker, strong drink is
GOD INVISIBLE. raging; and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise;" and
For the gods do not make themselves visible to Isaiah (xxviii. 7)-" They have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way."
So Exodus (xxxiii. 20)-"Thou canst not see my face: for WOMAN MARRIED A SECOND TIME.
there shall no man see me and live; " and 1 Timothy (vi. 16)
“Whom no man hath seen, nor can see." For thou knowest the dispositions of women; whoever marries a second time wishes her family
I AM NOT A GOD. to prosper, forgetting her former children and
I am no god; why dost thou liken me to the dead husband, never thinking of them.
immortals ? 80 1 Timothy (v. 9)—"A widow having been the wife of ane man: but the younger widowg refuse: for when they! See 2 Kings (v.7)-"Am I God?"-and Psalms (lxxxix. 6)have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will máry."
| “Who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord !"--and
Isaiah (xlvi. 5)—"To whom will ye liken me, and make me "WELCOME THE COMING. SPEED THE PARTING equal and compare me, that we may be like ?" GUEST."
THE POWER OF GOD. Who loves too much hates in the same extreme;lIt is easy for the gods, who inhabit the wide the golden mean is to be preferred. It is equally heaven, to raise or cast down mortal man. wrong to urge the unwilling to come back and to
atol See 1 Samuel (ii. 7); and 2 Chronicles (xxv. 8)—“God hath detain him who desires to depart. True friend
power to help and cast down;" and Psalms (lxxv. 7)—“God is ship's rule is “to welcome the coming, to speed the judge; He putteth down one and setteth up another; " the parting guest.”
and Luke (i. 52)—“He hath put down the mighty from their Bo Ecclesiastes (iii. 8)-A time to love, and a time to hate;
seats, and exalted them of low degree." a time of war, and a time of peace;" and Romans (xii, 18)
READY SWORDS OFT CAUSE BLOODSHED. * Given to hospitality;" and Hebrews (xiii. 2)—"Be not forgetful to entertain strangers; " and 1 Peter (iv. 9)“Use The steel blade itself oft incites to deeds of viohospitality one to another without grudging:" and Genesis lence. (xviii. 16)— * And Abrabam went with them to bring them on the way;" and Romans (xv. 24)—“For I trust to see you in
CONTRIVE NOT EVIL AGAINST ONE ANOTHER. my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you;" end 3 John (6)—"Whom if thou bring forward on Men ought not to devise evils against one their journey, thou shalt do well."
another. MEN OF MEAN ESTATE.
So Proverbs (iii. 29)—"Devise not evil against thy neigh
bor;" and (xxiv. 8)—“He that deviseth to do evil shall be With the good-will of the messenger Mercury, called a mischievous person.” who imparts grace and honor to the works of men, few could with me cope in dexterous service, to
ONE ROGUE IS USHER TO ANOTHER. pile the fire, to split the dry wood, to cut up the Here sure one rogue leads on another; thus it is carcase, roast the flesh, pour out the wine, offices that God for evermore links like with like. in which the humble wait upon the rich.
| So Matthew (xv.14)—"Blind leaders of the blind."
ENVY NOT TAY NEIGHBOR'S PROPERTY, Since he has learned evil deeds he will not be Thou oughtest not to envy the wealth of thy willing to turn to labor; but at the people's heels neighbor. forever cowering, he wishes to feed his insatiable So Matthew (xx. 15)—"Is it not lawful for me to do what I belly by begging.
will with mine own! Is thine eye evil, because I am good ?* 80 Proverbs (xix. 24). -"A slothful man hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth
MAN SUBJECT TO VICISSITUDES.
The earth produces nothing feebler than man," BAD SHEPHERDS.
of all that breathes or creeps on earth; for he
thinks himself exempt from evil in years to come, Bad shepherds destroy their sheep.
while the gods give him strength and his knees So Ezekiel (xxxiv. 2)--"Woe be to the shepherds, ye eat the are able to support him. But when the blest gods fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, ye kill them that are bring sorrow, he is unwilling to bear it with 09. fed, but ye feed not the flock;" and John (x. 12)—" But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the
tience. For men are such as the Father of men. sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and gods wills it. and fleeth; and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the So Job (xxv. 6): and Psalms (stris, 5)__" Verily everem sheep."
at his best state is altogether vanity;"and (xc. 5)—"Thou
carriest them away as with a flood; they are as asleep: in the WANT.
morning they are like grass which groweth up. In the mort It is not possible for the hungry belly to conceal | st possible for the hungry belly to concealing it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut
down, and withereth; "and (xXx. 6)—" And in my prosperity her wants, causing unnumbered woes to mortals,
I said, I shall never be moved; "and Psalms (xxxi. 151-" My for which well-benched galleys are equipped for times are in Thy hand;" and Ecclesiastes (vii. 14)_"In the the barren sea, bearing ills to the enemy.
day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity con So Ecclesiastes (vi. 7)—“All the labor of man is for his
sider: God also hath set the one over against the other, te
the end that man should find nothing after Him." · mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled." PLAYTHINGS OF THE GREAT.
TO SORROW WITHOUT CEASING. Eumcus. surely this is very wonderful. this! It is wrong to sorrow without ceasing. dog lies in the dirt, beauteous in form, but I do! So 2 Corinthians (ii. 7)—“Lest perhaps such an one shouk
be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow;" and (vii. 10—"The not know whether or not he was swift in running
sorrow of the world worketh death." as be is handsome, or like those lap-dogs which the rich keep for their beauty.
“I THOUGHT AS A CHILD.”
But I know and understand everything, good A BLAVE.
and bad; in days gone by I was a mere child, yet. For loud-thundering Jove takes away half the I am not able to perceive what is prudent in all cir worth of a man when he has made him a slave. cumstances. So Proverbs (xxix. 19)—“A servant will not be corrected by
So 1 Corinthians (xiii. 11)—“When I was a child, I spake a words; for though he understand, he will not answer." a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: bu
when I became a man, I put away childish things;" and (xid THE BEGGAR.
9)"We know in part." Modesty is not good for a needy beggar.
A HYPOCRITE. So Luke (xi. 8)—"Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity, he will
He soothed him with honeyed words, but his rise and give him as many as he needeth."
intentions were far otherwise.
So Psalms (xxviii. 3)—“Which speak peace to their neigh PRUDENCE NOT EQUAL TO BEAUTY.
bors, but mischief is in their hearts;" and Jeremiah (ix. 81My good friend, thy wisdom is not equal to thy
“One speaketh peaceably to his neighbors with his mouth, bu
| in heart he layeth his wait." good looks. So Proverbs (xi, 22)—“As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout,
TO REJECT A GIFT.
It is not good to refuse a gift.
| So 1 Timothy (iv. 4)—“For every creature of God is gooi
and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiv The gods and avenging Furies are the protectors ing." of the poor.
EFFECTS OF WINE. So Psalms (xii. 5)—"For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the Lord;” and
Surely wine possesses thy senses, or else tho (lix. 83)" For the Lord heareth the poor."
art always such as to speak in a foolish way.
So Isaiah (xxviii. 7)—"They also have erred through win GOD WATCHES THE INJUSTICE OF MEN.
and through strong drink are out of the way;" and Acts The gods, like strangers from some foreign 13)—"Others mocking said, these men are full of new wine. land, assuming different forms, wander through cities, watching the injustice and justice of men.
ATTEND TO YOUR HOUSEHOLD AFFAIRS. So Proverbs (xv. 3)—“The eyes of the Lord are in every
I wish, my son, that thou wouldst look wit place, beholding the evil and the good;" and Acts (xiv. 11– care after thy household, and guard all thy po ** The gods are come down to us in the likeness of men." sessions.
So Proverbs (xxvi. 23)" Be thou diligent to know the state
TO PERISA BY OUR OWN FOLLY. of thy flocks, and look well to thy herds; " and 1 Timothy (ii. 4)—" One that ruleth well his own house."
He proceeded on, destroyed by his own folly,
bearing his own evils in his arrogant mind, THE IDLE.
su Galatians (vi. 5)“Every man shall bear his own bur. I shall not allow any one to be id le who lives at den." my expense, though he has come from far.
THOU SHALT SUFFER WHAT THOU INTENDEST FOR So Genesis (iii. 19)—“In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread;" and Proverbs (XX. 4)—"The sluggard will not plough
ANOTHER. by reason of the cold; therefore shall be beg in harvest, and What thou thoughtest to perpetrate, that thou have nothing; " and 2 Thessalonians (iii. 10)—"If any would
shalt suffer in thy own person. not work, neither should he eat."
So Psalms (vii. 16)--" His mischief shall return upon his own CONFUSION OF TONGUES.
head;" and 1 Kings (ii. 44)-"The Lord shall return thy wick
edness upon thine own head." There was a great confusion of tongues. So Genesis (xi. 9), "There the Lord did confound the lan TO BRING DEATH BY WICKED CONDUCT. guage of all the earth;” and Acts (ii. 4)—"They began to speak with other tongues."
But they did not obey me to keep their hands
from evil, therefore they met a shameful death for SHORTNESS OF LIFE.
their folly. Mortals have a short span of life.
So Proverbs (xi. 3)—“The perverseness of transgressors Bo Job (viii. 9)"For we are but of yesterday, and know
shall destroy them;" and (xiii. 6)-"Wickedness overthroweth nothing, because our days upon earth are a shadow;" and
the sinner." frir. 1); and Psalms (exxix. 5)—“Behold thou hast made my days as an hand-breadth, and mine age is as nothing before
INSULT NOT THE DEAD. Thee : verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity;"! It is impious to insult the dead. snd (IC. 10—“The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet
So Proverbs (xxiv. 17)—"Rejoice not when thine enemy fallis their strength labor and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, anden, and
fe and eth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth." we fly away."
A STONY HEART.
Thy heart is always harder than stone. Be patient, my soul; thou hast at another time So Ezekiel (xi. 19)—"I will take the stony heart out of their suffered something still worse than this.
flesh." So Psalms (xlii. 5)—“Why art thou cast down, O my soul! and why art thou disquieted in me?” and Romans (v. 4)
THE POOR MAN IS DESPISED. * And patience worketh experience: and experience, hope." Now, because I am in squalor, and clothed in GOD KNOWS ALL THINGS.
rags, he despises me, and says that I am not the For God knows all things well, the evil and
person I assume to be. good that befalls men.
| So James (ii. 2)—" For if there come unto your assembly a 80 Psalms (cxxxix. 1-4)—“O Lord, Thou hast searched me, I also a poor man in vile raiment; and ye have respect to him
man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in and known me. Thou knowest my down-sitting and mine the
that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou up-rising: Thou understandest my thought afar off. Thou here compassest my path, and my lying down, and art acquainted or Sit here under my footstool.”
here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, with all my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue, but, I, O Lord, Thou knowest it altogether."
HIS FAME SHALL NEVER PERISH.
The fame of his virtuous deeds shall never be The gods overwhelm those men with misfort-| forgotten, while the gods will in beauteous song mes who ramble about, when even on kings they preserve the name of wise Penelope. impose toil.
So Psalms (cxii. 6)—“The righteous shall be in everlasting So Job (v. 6)“ Although affliction cometh not forth of the remembrance; " and Proverbs (x. 7)—"The memory of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground."
| just is blessed." THEY SMILED AGAINST THEIR INCLINATION.
A WISE SON. They smiled with the jaws of another.
What a joyful day is this, ye friendly gods! I So Proverbs (xiv. 13)—“Even in laughter the heart is sor-am in the height of joy: my son and grandson are rowful, and the end of that mirth is heaviness."
contending for the prize of merit. DO NOT PUT OFF BY PRETEXTS.
So Proverbs (X. 1)—“A wise son maketh a glad father. But come, do not put off under false pretexts. So Proverbs (iii. 28)—" Say not unto thy neighbor, Go, and come again, and to-morrow I will give; when thou hast it by
BORN ABOUT A.D. 213—DIED A.D. 273.
LONGINUS, a distinguished Greek philosopher of baulked in our objects about which we are always the third century of our era, is believed to have employed, living in hope every day.
been born at Athens, where he was educated by So 1 Corinthians (ix. 15)—" It were better for me to die, than his uncle, Phronto, and on his death he inherited that any man should make my glorying void."
This fortune. He had travelled through various