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one word, anywhere; but chiefly of all in the to reach old age, and while they live they enjoy affairs of war.


BATTLE. For I have always observed this, fellow-soldiers. The sweetest of all sounds is praise. that those who use every means to save their lives in war generally meet with a base and disgraceful

IMPOSSIBLE TO DO ALL THINGS WELL. death; whereas those who feel that death is the It is impossible for a man attempting many common and allotted fate of all men, I often see things to do them all well.



...born B.C. 100...... ......died B.C. 44 Lucretius..

.............born B.C. 95.. ..........died B.C. 52 LITTLE need be added to what was stated in Catullus ...............born B.C. 87............. died B.c. 47


....died about B.C. 34 former editions of this work. The illustrations ;

i Virgil..................born B.c. 70.. ...........died B.c. 19 from the Old and New Testaments have been in- Hora

Horace ............... born B.C. 65.. ..........died B.C. 8 creased, and many new passages have been given. Livy ................... born B.C. 59. .......... died A.D. 17 Few of the ways that conduct to virtue are more Tibullus ........born about B.C. 59 ....died about B.C. 18 full of pleasantness and peace than that which Prope

Propertius ......born about B.c. 51 . ....died about B.C. 15

Publius Syrus leads us to warm our hearts by putting them in

flourished about B.c. 45 close contact with noble natures. “I am not the Ovid..

............born B.O. .......... died A.D. 18 rose, but I live with the rose," says the Eastern Nepos............ flourished B.C. 40 apologue, “ and so I have become sweet." It was Seneca.........born about A.D. 1.

..........died A.D. 65 a strong conviction of the truth of this apoph-!

h Phædrus ........flourished A.D. 20

Pliny the Elder........born A.D. 23. ............died A.D. 79 theam that induced the Editor to spend many of Silius Italicus..........born A.D. 15. ............died A.D. 100 the leisure hours of a busy life in bringing together Persius ........

...... died A.D. 62 the beautiful thoughts of ancient writers: and he Lucan .........born about A.D. 89............. died A.D. 65

nt them to the public in the was induced to present them to the public, in the

Quintilian .............born A.D.

Martial ... ..... ... ...born A.D. 43.............died A.D. 104 hope that many, who have little time to devote to

| Petronius Arbiter the study of the Classics, would be glad to renew

flourished A.D. 50 their acquaintance with the finer emanations of Tacitus .........born about A.D. 59. ....died about A.D. 120 the Roman masters.

Pliny the Younger

flourished A.D. 61 The Editor has not been disappointed in his ex

Statius .........born about A.D. 61. ....died about A.D. 96 pectations, for the sale of the work has continued Columella ...... .flourished A.D. 70 to increase, and proves that there is a large num- Juvenal...........flourished A.D. 90 ber of educated minds who take delight in the wis- Curtius ..........flourished A.D. 150

..died a.d. 392 dom of the ancients. Each quotation is a separate. Ausonius ..............born A.D. 315.

Ammianus Marcellinus bait, a temptation to feel greatly and to do greatly;,

flourished A.D. 850 and a friend, whose delicate health has obliged Claudian.........flourished A.D. 400 him to retire from the busy haunts of men, very Manilius is of uncertain date. beautifully remarks that their charm for the old and infirm is scarcely less. To such “it is nothing short of delightful to have a book at hand which will suit itself either to the exigencies or

INDEX OF AUTHORS. the deficiencies of the minute, with an elastic


PAGES. power of adaptability which no living friend can Ammianus Marcel

| Persius ........

550-552 possess.” It was for those of lofty aspirations linus.....

439-440 Petronius Arbiter ... 552-558 among the young, and for men of cultivated minds Ausonius...

440-441 Phædrus .......... 558-554 Cæsar .....

441-442 | Plautus.............. 554-563 among the old, that the Editor attempted to make

Catullus ..

442-448 Pliny the Elder...... 563-564 a selection from a treasure that has continued to cic


443-474 | Pliny the Younger... 564-568 accumulate from the earliest times, till it now Claudian.. ......... 474 476 Propertius........... 568-570 comprehends a brief abstract of the wisdom of all Columella .......... 476 Publius Syrus ....... 670-573



476-477 Quintilian .... ages.

Ennius .....
477-478 Sallust....

575-578 Horace ........

478-507 Seneca .............. 578-599 Juvenal 507-514 Silius Italicus.

699-601 Livy...... 514-519 Statius..


519-5:22 | Tacitus ...

602-607 Lucretius.. 622-526 Terence ..

607-612 Plautus...........born about B.C. 24 ..... died about B.c. 184 Manillus...

526-528 Tibullus ..

612-614 Terence.................born B.C. 195............died B.o. 159 Martial ..:

528-531 | Varro...

614 Varro ..................born B.c. 116............died B.C. 28 Nepos ............ 531-532 Virgil. ............... 614-625 Cicero ..................born B.C. 106............died B.c. 43 / Ovid.

532-550 l Supplement ........ 626-628





cares and anxieties have made upon it, brings be

fore us those night visions which we call fanta FLOURISHED FROM ABOUT A.D. 350 TO A.D. 390.

sies. AMMIANUS MARCELLINUS, a native of Antioch

Longfellow (“A Psalm of Life") expresses himself otherin Syria, was the last subject of Rome who com

wise: posed & profane history in the Latin language.

“Tell me not, in mournful numbers, Of his personal history little is known; he was an

Life is but an empty Dream!' officer in the army, accompanying Ursicinus, an

For the soul is dead that slumbers, able general of the Emperor Constantius, to the

And things are not what they seem."
East in 350. We next find him accompanying! But Byron ("The Dream," 1. 5) says:-
Julian in his expedition against the Persians, hav.

"Dreams in their development have breath, ing a narrow escape in the retreat of the Romans.

And tears and tortures and the touch of joy;

They have a weight upon our waking thoughts, His history extended from the accession of Nerva,

They take a weight from off our waking toils, A.D. 96, to the death of Valens, A.D. 378, compris They do divide our being." ing a period of 282 years. It was divided into Shakespeare ("Romeo and Juliet,' act i. sc. 4) says: thirty-one books, of which the first thirteen are

"I talk of dreams; lost. What remains includes the reign of Constan

Which are the children of an idle brain, tias from A.D. 353, and those of Gallus, Julianus,

Begot of nothing but vain fantasy;

Which is as thin of substance as the air; Jovianus, Valentinianus, and Valens.

And more inconstant than the wind, which wooes

Even now the frozen bosom of the north,

And being anger d, puffs away from thence. 1 Some imagining that they can best commend

Turning his face to the dew-dropping south. ! themselves to the Eternal by erecting statues to that great Being, earnestly devote themselves to

RETRIBUTIVE JUSTICE. these, as if they were certain to obtain more re Adrasteia, whom we also cal? Nemesis, very | ward from senseless idols of brass than from the often (I wish it were always so!) acts as the . conscientious performance of honorable duties.

avenger of the deeds of the impious and the re

warder of the righteous-being a certain sublime TRUTH IS SIMPLE.

law of the Almighty placed over the minds of men, The language of truth is unadorned and always or as others define it, a self-existing guardian simple.

angel watching over each individual with unconWe find the three great tragic writers of Greece speak of

trolled power; which theologians of old, falsely truth in the same way.

assuming to be the daughter of Justice, maintain Shakespeare (“Measure for Measure," act v. sc. 1) says: to look down on all things earthly from the abys

“Truth is truth

ses of eternity. She, as the directress of original To the end of reckoning."

causes, the arbitress and judge of events, rules Matthew vi. 22:

over the urn containing the fates of men, turning ** If thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of out at will the lots of life; and ending very differ

ently at times from what she seemed to have inMAN PARALYZED BY FATE.

tended, turns round our fates with endless changes.

And binding with the indissoluble chain of necesThe senses of men are usually blunted and dead-sity the pride of man, vainly puffed up, and causened, when fate lays a heavy hand upon them.

ing the ups and downs of life, as she best knows THE MIND OF MAN IN SLEEP.

to turn them; now she throws him down from his

lofty seat, and again lifting the upright from the The mind freed from the shackles of the body, lowest bottom raises him to the pinnacle of fort never resting, being under the impressions which une.


THE SAME CHARACTER PROUD AND HUMBLE. But in the midst of thorns roses spring up, and So that he seemed, when he felt confidence in amidst savage beasts some are tame.

himself, to be like a tragic actor declaiming from So Psalm xxx. 5:

the high-heeled buskin; and when he was cast "Weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the down, to be more humble than any low comedian morning."

in his sock.



Wicked acts are accustomed to be done with imAlmost all difficulties may be got the better of punity for the mere desire of occupation. by prudent thought, revolving and pondering much in the mind. MAN ABLE TO FORESEE GOOD AND BAD.

AUSONIUS. It is not wonderful that men sometimes are able BORN ABOUT A.D. 315—DIED ABOUT A.D. 392. to discern what is profitable and what is hurtful to them, since we regard their minds to be related

DECIMUS MAGNUS AUSONIUS, a Latin poet and to the heavenly beings.

grammarian, was a native of Bordeaux, born about

the beginning of the fourth century of the Christian THE GENIUS WATCHING OVER EACH.

era. He devoted himself to the study of law, and

| became tutor to Gratian, son of the Emperor His particular Genius, who was placed to watch

Valentinian, by whom he was appointed præfecover his life, was thought to have abandoned him, as he was on the point of leaving the world. For

tus of Latiurm, of Libya, and of Gaul, and at last,

in the year 379, was made consul. The letter of theologians say, that to all men, when they are born, certain divine beings are attached to direct

Gratian conferring the dignity, and the grateful

reply of Ausonius are both extant. After the death their actions, though visible to very few, only to

of Gratian he retired from public life, and ended those who are distinguished by many virtuous

his days in a country retreat at no great distance qualities.

from his native city about A.D. 392, in the reign of THE WILL OF HEAVEN.

Honorius. There can be no doubt from several

passages in his works that he was a Christian, No power or virtue of man could ever have de- I tho

though the licentious nature of some of his writserved that, what has been fated, should not have

s been fated, should not have ings proves that he did not at all times attend to taken place.

its pure doctrines. He was the author of many Shakespeare (“Henry VI.," Part III., act iv. sc. 3) says: works, which have been preserved, but the most

“What fåtes impose, that men must needs abide; celebrated are his twenty Eclogues, of which the It boots not to resist both wind and tide."

tenth, entitled Mosella, is a description of the So Psalm cxxxv. 5:

river Moselle, one of the best specimens of his "For I know that the Lord is great, and that our Lord is

powers as a poet, though the same faults pervade above all gods. Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he in

it as his other works-want of simplicity, taste, heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places."

easiness of versification, and purity of language. MAN PROPOSES, GOD DISPOSES. Yet the success of plans and the advantage to be

ADVICE TO THE UPSTART. derived from them do not at all times agree, seeing Whoever thou art that hast become rich from the Gods claim to themselves the right to decide great poverty, use thy good fortune with moderaas to the final result.

tion. So Proverbs xvi. 9 :

EVERYTHING HUMAN PERISHES. "A man's heart deviseth his way: but the Lord directeth his steps."

Can we wonder that men perish and are forgot

ten when their noblest and most enduring works TRUTH SOMETIMES DANGEROUS.

decay? Death comes even to monumental structTruth is often attended with danger.

ures, and oblivion rests on the most illustrious

names. There is a French proverb of the thirteenth century, which expresses this idea:

A MAN OF LETTERS. "Every truth is not good to be said.”

Because thy library is full of books, which thou So Mark vi. 18:

hast bought, dost thou think thyself a man of let"For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to ters? In the same way, lay up strings, plectra, have thy brother's wife. Therefore Herodias had a quarrel and lyres; having bought all these, to-morrow thou against him, and would have killed him; but she could not."

wilt be a musician. VICISSITUDES OF LIFE.

WELL BEGUN, HALF DONE. Any one that is prosperous may before evening Begin; to have begun is half of the work. Let by the turn of fortune's wheel become most the half still remain; again begin this and thou wretched.

) wilt have done all.

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