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mortgages incurred, while life's business is neg- | not tremble, when the parched earth shakes with lected and their reputation is wrecked; in the the fearful peals of thunder, and the whole heaven" midst of their imaginary happiness something bit-re-echoes with the noise? Do not people and nater bubbles up to poison their draught of pleasure. tions stand horror-struck? and proud kings tremSo Byron (“Childe Harold," c. 1, 182):

ble at their approaching doom, lest the hour of * Full from the fount of joy's delicious springs

vengeance should have arrived for their wicked Some bitter o'er the flowers its bubbling venom flings." deeds and vaunting words? And again:* There rose no day, there roll'd no hour,

Of pleasure unembitter'd;

These pleasures charmed and were wont to de
And not a trapping deck'd my power,

light them when the feast was over, for then all That gall'd not while it glitter'd."

| things please. Then reclining on the green grass, EVERY MAN HAS A SKELETON CLOSET.

by a purling stream, under the umbrageous

| boughs of some tall tree, they oft enjoyed themMen conceal the back-scenes of their life.

selves at small expense, when the weather smiled AN INFANT.

in all its beauty, and spring painted the earth with

gaudy flowers. Then merry jests, banter, and Then, the infant, like the sailor tossed on shore

| peals of laughter went round; then rude jokes were by the furious waves, lies naked on the ground

in their prime; then roguish merriment made helpless, when nature has pushed him from the

them adorn their heads with garlands of flowers womb of his mother into the light of day, filling

and leaves, and dance out of time, moving their the air with piteous cries, a fit presage of the many

limbs heavily and shaking the trembling ground ills that await him in life.

with leaden steps, while shouts and cheers arose Dryden thus translates this passage:

because all the tricks seemed strange and new. "Thus like a sailor by a tempest hurl'd

And as they passed the night without sleep, they Ashore, the babe is shipwreck'd on the world:

whiled the time away in humorous songs and drolNaked he lies and ready to expire; Helpless of all that human wants require;

lery, making the oaten pipe discourse sweet music Exposed upon inhospitable earth

with their lips.
From the first moment of his hapless birth,
Straight with foreboding cries he fills the room;

Too true presages of his future doom."

He set forth what was that chief good to which So a translation from the Persian by Sir William Jones:

we were all tending, and pointed out the road with "On parent knees, a naked new-born child, Weeping thou sat'st while all around thee smiled;

its narrow path, by which we might advance by a So live that, sinking in thy last long sleep

straight course. Calm thou may'st smile, while all around thee weep."

So Matthew vii. 14:

"Strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth EFFECTS OF TIME.

unto life." In short, do you not see stones even yield to the power of time, lofty towers fall to decay, and rocks

“WHAT DEFILETA A MAN." moulder away? Temples and statues of the gods He understands by this that it is the vessel itself go to ruin, nor can the gods themselves prolong that causes the corruption, and that all things put their date or get reprieve from fate.

into it are thus defiled, however good and salutary

they may be before they are put in-i.e., the heart THE WORLD AND ALL THINGS THEREIN MUST of man is to blame, not what nature gives it. PERISH.

So Matthew xv. 11:The gate of death is not shut to the heaven nor "Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but

do that which co.neth out of the mouth, this defileth & man." earth, or deep waters of the ocean, but stands wide with a vast opening.


But if Jupiter and the other gods shake the

heavenly temples with terrific peals, hurling their But if men live according to reason's rules, they

fire on whomsoever they will, why do they not would find the greatest riches to be to live content

launch it against those who are overwhelmed with little; for there is never want where the

with abominable crimes, that, transfixed, they mind is satisfied.

may breathe forth flames, an impressive warning So 1 Timothy vi. 6:

to mortals? Why rather is the innocent, uncon"For godliness with contentment is great gain."

scious of evil, struck down by the bolt, and overWHAT WE FEARED ONCE.

taken suddenly by the tempest and the lightning? For what we once feared is spurned with pleasure.

Byron (“Childe Harold," iii. 81) says:-
“Roused up to too much wrath, which follows o'ergrown


MANILIUS is the author of an astrological poem, Besides, what mind is unawed, what limbs do lin five books, entitled “ Astronomica.” We know

Jothing of his personal history, nor even at what so many wars and variety of labors, even durperiod he lived. Some think that he is the Mani-ing peace, though Fortune searches carefully for ius described by Pliny (H. N. x. 2, 1); by others honor, she finds it scarcely anywhere. But what he is thought to be Manilius Antiochus, styled a mass of wickedness in all times, and on earth

Astrologiæ Conditorem," who was brought to what a load of envy, for which we can find no Rome as a slave along with Publius Syrus and excusa! staberius Eros (Pl. H. N. xxxv. 58, 1); and there tre many other suppositions, but the question

THE SUBJECT. annot now be decided.

Satisfied to instruct, it refuses every ornamento



Time stands with impartial law.
It is their life of labor that has inspired the
tretched with genius, and it is their bad fortune

THE MIXTURE OF GOOD AND BAD. hat has forced man to exertion by depressing

There is a warp of evil woven into the woof of uim.

good, and tears follow close on success: for does EXPERIENCE.

Fortune keep an even tenor to all, so tangled in

the yarn, and so mingled does she flow; never conFor experience always sows the seeds of one hing after another. .

tinuing constant; men lose confidence in her from

turning all things upside down. INVENTIVE NATURE. An inventive nature gets the better of every dif


Years do not always agree with years, nor So Ecclesiastes ix. 13:

months with months, and even one day will be * Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might." in search of itself, and one hour is not similar to

another. PRAYER FOR LONG LIFE. May fortune grant success to my mighty enter

THE COVETOUS. rise, and may I reach a lengthened old age in the Every one is the poorer in proportion as he has njoyment of ease, that I may be able to unfold more wants, and counts not what he has, but o view such a mass of heavenly objects, and de- wishes only what he has not. cribe great and small with equal precision.


NING. All things submit to fixed laws.

We begin to die at the moment we are born, and VICISSITUDES OF HUMAN AFFAIRS.

the end is linked to the beginning.

This line and idea have been made use of by Jeremy Taylor Everything that is created is changed by the lin

15 Changed by me in the “Holy Dying" (c. iii. &. 1): iws of man; the earth does not know itself in the “When man fell, then he began to die: the same day (so evolution of years; even the races of man assume said God, and that must needs be true); and therefore it must arious forms in the course of ages.

mean, that upon that very day he fell into an evil and danger.

ous condition, a state of change and affliction, and then death POWER OF THE MIND.

began-that is, the man began to die by a natural diminution

and aptness to disease and misery." No barriers, no masses of matter however enor- Pope also (“Essay on Man," Ep. ii. 1. 183) says somewhat to nous, can withstand the powers of the mind; the the same effect:emotest corners yield to them; all things suc “As man, perhaps, the moment of his breath, umb, the very heaven itself, is laid open.

Receives the lurking principle of death,

The young disease, that must subdue at length,

Grows with his growth and strengthens with his strength

And Young ("Night Thoughts," Night V. 1. 717):The hours fly along in a circle.

“While man is growing, life is in decrease,

And cradles rock us nearer to the tomb;

Our birth is nothing but our death begun.
We know not how to trust to the sky.

FATE. MAN AN EMANATION FROM THE DEITY. His fate must be borne by every one. Who can know heaven except by its gifts? and who can find out God, unless the man who is him DEATH NOT TO BE BOUGHT OFF BY RICHES.. lelf an emanation from God?

Man's fate is not to be bought off by immensity

of riches, but fortune carries off the dead from REASON.

the proud palace, raising the pile and the tamb. For reason is neither deceived nor ever deceives. for the highest of the earth. “ NOT A RIGHTEOUS MAN, NO, NOT ONE.”

LABO Through so many ages, so many eventful years, Labor even is pleasart.

Longfellow says:

“No endeavor is in vain;
Its reward is in the doing.

Some are good, some are middling, the greater

part are bad. IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL. Is there a doubt that a God dwells in our breast,

GLORY TOO LATE. and that souls return to heaven and reach it? Glory comes too late when paid only to our

ashes. MAN IS THE IMAGE OF GOD. · Every one is in a small degree the image of God.


1 I do not love thee, Sabidius, nor can I say wby; ALWAYS BEGINNING TO LIVE.

I can only say this, I do not love thee. We are always beginning to live, but we are Dr. Fell, Dean of Christ Church, afterwards Bishop of 01never living.

ford, who died in 1686, agreed to cancel a decree of expulsica

against Tom Brown, if that humorist could translate on the SENSUAL PLEASURE.

spot Martial's epigram, and which he did to the Dean's sur

aprise, in the following well-known lines:Virtue never, but lust often, leads to loss, and

“I do not love thee, Doctor Fell, loathsome pleasure is bought even with death.

The reason why I cannot tell;
But this I'm sure I know full well,

I do not love thee, Doctor Fell."
This is the same idea that appears in Seneca (Thyest. i.

"I am hurried on by love, I know not how; but I am barMARTIAL.

ried on." BORN A.D. 43—DIED ABOUT A.D. 104.


Gellia does not weep for her deceased father, M. VALERIUS MARTIALIS, a celebrated epigra- ||

when she is alone; but if any one be there, the matist, born at Bilbilis in Spain A.D. 43, came to

tears start obedient from her eyes. He mourns Rome in the reign of Nero, A.D. 66, where he re

not, Gellia, who seeks to be praised; he is the true sided for thirty-five years, returning again to the

mourner who mourns without a witness. place of his birth A.D. 100, in the third year of the reign of Trajan. He was a special favorite of the

Shakespeare (“Twelfth Night," act ii. sc. 4) says:

“She never told her love, emperors Titus and Domitian, his works being

But let concealment, like a worm i' the bud, eagerly sought for not only in the city, but also in

Feed on her damask cheek; she pin'd in thought." Gaul, Germany, Britain, Getica, and the stormy regions of the north. These are the chief particu

A RICH SOIL. lars that are known respecting him. The extant Steers are unwilling to carry their yoke into works of Martial are a collection of short poems, barren fields: a rich soil fatigues, but then the entitled Epigrammata, upwards of 1500 in number, labor bestowed on it is rewarded. divided into fourteen books. He was a base flatterer, and is a most indecent writer,


He smells not well whose smell is all perfume. WIT IS QUICK IN STRAITS. How quick a wit is found in sudden chances! A FRIEND WHO IS HIMSELF IN SERVICE.

It is useless, believe me, to hope for service from INNOCENT JOKES.

a friend, who is himself in service. Let him be a The censorship may allow innocent jokes.

free man, who wishes to be my master. HOW FAME IS TO BE ACQUIRED.

LAUGH AND BE WISE. I do not like the man who squanders life for

Be merry if you are wise.
fame: give me the man who, living, makes a


So poor, that my friend Publius does not surpass

him in tattered garments, nor Codrus himself, the Thou wishest, Cotta, to appear a pretty and a prin

to appear a pretty and a prince of beggars. great man at the same time; but he who is a pretty man is a very little man.


· Prepare the couches; call for wine; crown thyJOYS ABIDE NOT.

self with roses; perfume thyself with odors; the Cares and linked chains of trouble await thee, I god himself bids thee remember death. joys abide not, but are ever on the wing.


Come, away with this delay; how much longer 'Tis not, believe me, the act of a wise man to are we to await your decision? While thus you say “I will live." To-morrow's life is too late; hesitate what to be, you will be unfit to be anylive to-day.

I thing at all.

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A HYPOCRITE. This I ask, whether it is not the veriest mad- Thou mayest deceive others by thy words and ness to kill thyself that thou mayest escape death. smiling countenance; to me thou wilt be henceAntiphanes (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 567, M.) :

forth an unmasked deceiver.
"My dearest, who is not the bireling of death, who, for the
sake of life, is about to die "


How shall I say it happens that living writers

receive no honor in their own time, and are seldom It is disgraceful to a poet to make one's amuse

se read by their contemporaries ? Doubtless, Regument difficult; and labor expended on trifles is i

lus, this is the characteristic of envy, that it rechildish.

jects the moderns for the ancients. TO HASTE TO LIVE. Forgive me that I, though poor, yet not useless

GLORY AFTER DEATH. to my generation, make haste to enjoy life, no one If fame is only to come after death, I am in no is in sufficient haste to do so.

hurry for it.


ANY ONE MAY BE LIKE TO THEE. My humble desires are satisfied with a quiet Such are thou and I; but what I am thou canst fireside, a house that is not spoiled by smoke, a not be; what thou art any one of the multitude living spring, and the natural green sod. May may be. these be minema well-fed slave, a wife not over

GIFTS. learned, nights with sleep, days without strife.

Gifts are like fish-hooks: for who is not aware THE GREATER EVIL.

that the greedy char is deceived by the fly which The defect that is attempted to be concealed is he swallows ? thought to be greater than it is.


Now neither of us lives for himself, but, alas! A beau is one who arranges his curled locks with sees the best of his days flee from him and vanish; nicest care, who ever smells of balm and cinnamon; 1 days which are ever being lost to us, and are set who repeats with humming lips the songs of the down to our account. Nile and Cadiz; who tosses his sleek arms in various attitudes; who idles away from morn to even

THE UNHAPPY. his whole time, where ladies meet, ever whisper

I believe that man to be wretched whom none ing some nothing in some fair one's ear; who reads can o little billets-doux from this one and that, scribbling in return; who shrinks from rubbing against

GIFTS, the coarse dress of a neighbor's guest; who knows

What is bestowed on our friends is beyond the who flirts with whom, and flutters from feast to

reach of fortune; the riches that thou hast given feast; who can recount most accurately the pedi

away are the only riches that thou really possessgree of the race-horse “Hirpinus.” What do you tell me? is this a beau ? Then a beau, Cotilus, is a very trifling thing.


Believe me, Posthumus, gifts, however great, RARITY GIVES A CHARM.

lose their value when the donor boasts of them. Rarity gives a charm; thus early fruits are most esteemed; thus winter roses obtain a higher price:

TO-MORROW. thus coyness sets off an extravagant mistress: a

To-morrow thou wilt live, didst thou say, Posdoor ever open attracts no young suitor.

thumus ? to-day is too late: he is the wise man

who lived yesterday. TO KNOW THOROUGHLY. I know all that as well as my own name.


Whoever makes great presents, wishes great DEATH.

presents to be made to him in return. From no place can you exclude the fates. So Heber (“At a Funeral") :

THE RICH. “Death rides on every passing breeze,

Riches are now given to none but the rich,
He lurks in every flower.”

There is nothing more unbecoming than an old That thou mayest be loved, love.


| Short is the life of those who possess great Thus divided, the work will become short. laccomplishments, and seldom do they reach a


good old age. Whatever thou lovest, pray that! There is a well knowu epigram by Leigh Hunt, which is thou mayest not set too high a value on it.

described as “from the Frencb of Tabouret," and which rung thus:

“Abel fain would marry Mabel; NO SMELL.

Well, it's very wise of Abel,

But Mabel won't at all have Abel; I would rather smell of nothing than of scents.

Well, it's wiser still of Mabel."

Tabouret had evidently been inspired by Martial. IMMORTAL WRITINGS. Something else is required to give immortality THE VALUE OF A BOOK ENHANCED BY BEING to writings. A book that is destined to live must


Your coming from the author will give value to

the present. It makes a great difference, believe A VULTURE.

me, whether a draught be drawn from the fountTo what vulture will this carcass fall ?

ain-head or from the stagnant waters of a sluggish


WRITINGS IMPROVED BY TIME. He who thinks that the lives of Priam and Nes. As for writings, thieves cannot destroy them. tor are to be counted long, is greatly deceived and and they are improved by time; they are the only mistaken. Life consists not in living, but in the monuments that are proof against death. feeling of enjoyment.

LIVE AS IF YOU WERE RESCUED FROM DEATH. My every page is an essay on man.
Live as if you were rescued from death, and

seize fleeting enjoyments, and thus your recovered
life will not have lost a single day.

A good man doubles the length of his existence:

to have lived so as to look back with pleasure on номЕ.

our past existence is to live twice. He dwells just nowhere that dwells everywhere.


It has been my constant aim in all my writings

to lash vice, but to spare persons. Hasten to take it; the opportunity for gain is! Du Loruns (Sat. vii. 147) says somewhat to the same effect: short.

"I do not attack fools, but folly." This is the same idea as “Strike while the iron is hot." It is said that this Latin quotation was once repeated to

Donne, "Thunder against vices, but spare the vicious."

"What," said he, "condemn cards, and pardon the sharper!" THE DUTY OF A PRINCE.

So Isidorus says: It is a prince's highest duty to be acquainted "Preserve the guns, but destroy the gunners" with his own subjects.

WHAT MAKES LIFE HAPPY. WHAT A FRIEND WILL DO AND NOT DO. The things that make life happy, dearest MarGold, wealth, and a piece of landed property

tian, are these: wealth, not gained by the sweat of

our brow, but by inheritance; lands that make a many a friend will give, but to find the man who

good return; a fireside always comfortable; no will consent to yield the palm in wit and genius,

need of lawyers; no dress for business; a mind will be difficult.

at ease; a vigorous frame; a healthy constitution; THE IDOLATER.

prudence without cunning; friends equal both in

years and fame; pleasant social intercourse; a It is not he who forms divine images in gold or table without pretence; nights not drunken, but marble that makes them gods, but he who kneels free from care; a bed not without connubial before them.

pleasures; sleep which makes the darkness seem

short; to be what you are, and no wish for change; HYPOCRISY.

and neither to fear death nor seek it. It matters much whether you are really good or

| So Milton (“Paradise Lost," xi. 553) says:

"Nor love thy life nor hate; but what thou lor'st, merely wish to appear so.

Love well; how long or short permit to Heaven."

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PLEASANTRY WITHOUT BITTERNESS. If there be patrons like Mæcenas, there will not,

There shall be pleasantry without bitterness; Flaccus, be wanting poets like Virgil.

there shall be no licence of speech that will bring repentance on the morrow, and nothing said that

we would wish unsaid. LOVE AND HATE. Thou wishest to marry Priscus: I am not sur

THE BALD PRETENDING TO HAVE HAIR. prised, Paula: thou art wise. Priscus does not There is nothing more contemptible than a bald wish to marry thee, and he is wise.

man who pretends to have hair.

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