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DEATH AN IDLE THING. The gods look on the affairs of men with the Orace of man, affrighted by the thoughts of eyes of justice. .

cold death! What do you find to dread in Styx,

the darkness of the grave, all an empty name, mere DEEDS OF ANCESTORS.

themes for poets, and fables of a world that never

was! Whether the body be consumed by fire or Let not this eloquence of mine, if I really pos

moulder away in the ground, think not that it sufsess any, now speaking in defence of its master, and

fers. It is the soul that is undying, which, when which has often been used for you, be deemed a

it has left its former habitation, dwells forever in fault; let not any one decline to use what is his

new abodes, and repeats new life in other forms. own. For high descent, a long line of ancestors and those deeds which we ourselves have not per

THE SOUL. formed, I can scarcely call our own.

All things are subject to change, but nothing Ben Jonson (“Every Man in his Humor," act i.) adopts

dies. The disembodied spirit wanders at large, this idea:

here and there, lodging in any body, from beast “I would have you Not stand so much on your gentility,

pasing into man, from man to beast and never Which is an airy and mere borrow'd thing

perishing. And as the softened wax rceives new From dead men's dust and bones: and none of yours impressions, remaining not as it was, nor always Except you make and hold it."

retaining the same forms, though the wax is still And Young (“Love of Fame," Sat. 1. I. 147) says:

the same material, so it is with the soul. "They that on glorious ancestors enlarge, Produce their debt instead of their discharge.

TIME IN PERPETUAL FLUX. Tennyson says:" Fall back upon a name? rest, rot in that ?

There is nothing in the world that remains unNor keep it noble, make it nobler ? Fools!" changed. All things are in perpetual flux, and “He is the best gentleman who is the son of his own every shadow is seen to move. Even time itself deserts."

glides on in constant movement, like the waters

of a river. For the stream stops not, nor yet the MIND IS THE MAN.

flying hour; and as wave is impelled by wave, the Thy right arm indeed is powerful in war; it is one behind pressing on that before, so do the thy mind that requires our guidance. Brawn minutes run and urge the predecessor minutes, without mind is thine, but it is mine to look be- still moving, ever new; for what was before is set fore and after. Thy province is to fight; the king aside, and becomes as it had not been, and every takes counsel with me, when and how the battle moment innovates on what preceded it. is to be conducted. Thy body only is of profit;

Nicostratus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 639, M.) says:it is my mental powers that are regarded. By “Old things become again new through time: there is nothhow much more the ship owes her safety to him ing more difficult to please than Time: the same things never that steers than him who only rows, by how much please this god.” more the captain merits praise than he who fights,

Diphilus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 1087, M.) says:

“Time is a workman in the state, my friend: it takes so much greater is my worth than thine. It is ples

pleasure to change all things for the worse." The first Napa the mind that makes the man, and our vigor is in leon, when writing on the subject of the poor laws to his Minour immortal spirit.

ister of the Interior, said: "It is melancholy to see Time

passing away without being put to its full value. Surely in a Watt's (“Horæ Lyricæ," bk. ii., “False Greatness "):

matter of this kind we should endeavor to do something, tha "The mind's the standard of man."

we may say that we have lived, that we have not lived in vain And Burns (“Is there for Honest Poverty "):

that we may leave some impress of ourselves on the sands o “The rank is but the guinea stamp,

The man's the gowd for a' that."

Longfellow, in one of his poems, has the same expression And Wycherley ("The Country Wife," act i. sc. 1);

Footsteps on the sands of Time." . “I weigh the man, not his title; 'tis not the king's stamp

And the French say very beautifully:can make the metal better."

“More inconstant than the wave and the cloud, time flies: And Goldsmith (“The Traveller," I. 372):

why regret it!" “For just experience tells in every soil, That those that think must govern those that toil."


What! perceivest thou not that the year has its GRIEF.

four seasons, in imitation of human life? For the Grief conquers the unconquered man.

fresh Spring, like infancy, is tender and full of milky juice. Then the green herb swells, though

weak and without substance, yet feeding the THE POOR MAN.

farmer's eyes with hope. All things put on beauIt is the proof of a poor man when he can count teous attire, and universal nature crowned with his herds.

flowerets laughs with joy: and yet there is no

strength in the leaves and stems. Next in sucTHE MIND'S EYE.

cession comes Summer of maturer age, ripening His mind penetrated to the immortal gods, into man; no age is more powerful, more replete though far remote in heaven, and what nature with the juices of life, or where the heat of youth denied to his visual orbs, he was able to overtake is more exciting. Then comes Autumn, staid and by his mind's eye in the depth of his breast. I sober, midway between youth and old age, with brown locks mixed with gray. Last of all Winter | they still long for more. They vie with each creeps along with palsied step, with bald pate other to acquire what they may lavish, and when or white locks, if there be any. Even our own they have lavished their possessions they try to bodies are daily changing, and without a moment's obtain them again; and the very vicissitudes of pause, nor shall we be to-morrow what we have life form food for their vices. been and are.

1 Timothy vi. 9 :

“But they that will be rich fall into temptation, and a snare, TIME.

and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in

destruction and perdition." Devouring Time and envious Age, all things yield to you, and with lingering death you destroy step

MONEY. by step with venomed tooth whatever you attack. Money nowadays is in high repute: money conSpenser, in his “Faerie Queen" (iv. 2, 23), says:

fers offices of state, money procures friendship: “But wicked Time, that all good thoughts doth waste, everywhere the poor man is despised. And works of noblest wits to naught outwear,

Timocles (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 810, M.) says: That famous monument hath quite defaced,

“Money is the blood and life of men: whoever has it not And robb'd the world of treasure endless dear,

nor has been able to get it, is like a dead man walking among The which might have enriched all us here.

the living."
Oh cursed eld, the canker-worm of writs!
How may these rhymes, so rude as doth appear,

Hope to endure, sith works of heavenly wits
Are quite devour'd, and brought to naught by little bits!"

little bits! The wickedness of man had not yet put Justice

to flight; she was the last of the heavenly deities

to forsake the earth. DEATH. To be born is to begin to be some other thing

ASTRONOMERS. that we were not formerly, and to die is to cease

Happy souls, the first who stu žed these mighty to be the thing we were before, while those very themes and mounted to the celestial regions! We elements, which we partook alive, are transferred

may well believe that they soared far above huto other bodies when we are dead, and the

man vices and this lower world. Neither love nor elements of others are transferred to us, yet all

wine exercised disturbing influences, nor yet the substances endure forever.

anxieties of the Forum, nor the labors of warfare;

their mind was free from vain ambition and the NATIONS.

desire of fame got at the cannon's mouth and the So we see that nations are changed by time; envy of boundless riches. They brought far disthey flourish and decay; by turns command, and tant stars within our ken, and the heaven itself in their turns obey.

was made subject to our understanding: in this

way men attain to heaven. A PRAYER FOR A FRIEND'S LIFE.

A LOVER. May the day of thy death arrive slowly, and be later than our time.

Her he wishes, for her he longs, for her alone

he sighs: he makes signs to her by nods, and tries FAME OF POET.

to attract her attention by gestures. My work is done, impervious to Jove's ire, fire,

A DISDAINFUL BEAUTY. war, or wasting age. Let the day, which has no power except over this body of mine, close my

Cold disdain is found in the fair, and a haughty life when it will, yet my nobler part, my fame,

demeanor is the accompaniment of beauty. By shall soar aloft to the skies, and to distant ages / her looks she despises and scorns him. my name shall flourish, and wherever Rome's un

CONSCIENCE. bounded power holds sway, there I shall pass from mouth to mouth, and adown all time shall

1 According as the conscience suggests to each live my deathless fame, if it is allowed for poets

teman, so hope and fears start up from his deeds. to divine.

THE BRAVE MAN. Byron (" Childe Harold," cant. iv., st. 9) says:

The brave find a home in every !and, as fish “I twine

possess the sea and birds the air. Nor does temMy hopes of being remember'd in my line

pestuous weather always last: believe me, the With my land's language; it too fond and far These aspirations in their scope incline,

warmth of spring will again reappear. If my fame should be as my fortunes are, Of hasty growth and blight, and dull oblivion bar

PEACE. My name from out the temple where the dead

Wars lie long confined in adamantine chains Are honor'd by the nations-let it beAnd light the laurels on a loftier head!

beneath our feet. Our oxen now again may And be the Spartan's epitaph on me,

plough the land, and the yellow corn wave over Spartan hath many a worthier son than he.'"

our fields. It is peace that brings plenty. Plenty

is the foster-child of Peace. THE LUST OF RICHES. Wealth has accumulated and the maddening

ATONEMENT. lust of wealth, and however much man possess Ah! weak beings, who think that the deep stains of murder can be washed out by the multitu- | this holy rapture springs from the seeds of the dinous waters of the ocean!

| divine mind sown in man.



Sleep is induced by time, movements, and wine. What hast thou to do with the sword? Steersman, look to the veering bark: these are not the

TIME PASSES QUICKLY. instruments that suit thy hands.

Time rolls on and old age creeps upon us in the

unmarked lapse of years: days rush on without a THE PIOUS.

rein to check them. God regards the works of the righteous.

So Job xiv. 1:

“Man that is born of a woman is of few days, and full of So Genesis iv. 4:

trouble." “ And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering.” |


I reckon this also, that I live, to be the gift of Jove had nodded; both poles trembled at his God. nod, and Atlas felt the weight of heaven. .


May it be granted to die in my native home. Remain in that state of life, in which God hath placed thee.


The judge's duty is to weigh the circumstances

as well as the times.
There is no use of words; believe what is be-
fore your eyes.


The writer of poetry requires the quiet of re

tirement from the world. What ignorance attends the human mind! THE SWALLOW.

A BURNT CHILD DREADS THE FIRE. Are we deceived ? or is the swallow come the The dove, that has once been wounded by thy harbinger of spring ?

talons, O hawk, is frightened by the least move

ment of the wing. DELAY. Put off: a short delay is of great advantage.


The deeds of men never escape the all-seeing PICTURE OF BURAL HAPPINESS.

eyes of the Almighty. The peasants gather together and enjoy themselves over a joyous glass of wine, lying at ease

THE FAVOR OF GOD. on the green grass, each with his sweetheart.

If God be my friend I cannot be wretched. SCHOOLMASTERS CHEATED OF THEIR PAY.

FALSE FRIENDS. Neither do you, schoolmasters, a set too often cheated of your wages, despise the goddess Mi

| For as yellow gold is tried by fire, so do monerva; it is she that brings you new pupils.

ments of adversity prove the strength of friend

ship. While fortune is friendly and smiles with FALSE REPORTS.

serene countenance, crowds surround the rich; · The mind, conscious of innocence, laughs to

but when heaven's thunder rolls, they vanish, nor scorn false reports that throw suspicion on our has

has he one who knows him, though lately enfame: but we are all of us a set only too ready to circled by troops of boon companions. lend an ear to scandal about our neighbors.

So 1 Peter i. 6, 7:

“Though now for a season ... ye are in heaviness through MAY UNLUCKY FOR MARRIAGE.

manifold temptations: that the trial of your faith, being

much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it For this reason, if you listen to proverbs, let me be tried with fire." tell you that the vulgar say, Unlucky are the wives that wed in May.


The rest of the crowd were friends to my fort

une, not to me, Divide the heaven, which thou givest to me

Claude-Mermet says very beautifully:alone, between us both: the half will be more

"The friends of the present day are of the nature of melons: than the whole.

we must try fifty before we meet with a good one."


NUMEROUS AS THE STARS OF HEAVEN. A god has his abode within our breast; when I have suffered as many woes as there are stars he rouses us, the glow of inspiration warms us; 'in heaven, or as atoms in the dry dust.


MEDICINE. Is the holy and revered name of friendship de- Medicine sometimes destroys, sometimes gives spised by thee and trodden under foot ?

health: it shows the herb that assists and that

which hurts. PROSPERITY. Whilst thou art favored, by fortune, thou shalt THE SWORD MAY BE USED FOR A GOOD OR BAD have troops of friends; when storms blow, thou

PURPOSE shalt find thyself alone. Thou seest how doves Both the robber and the wary traveller gird flock to new-built houses, while the tower in ruins themselves with the sword: the one carries it for is shunned. Never do ants frequent the empty the purposes of crime, and the latter as his means barn; no friend comes to him that is in want. of defence. As the shadow attends the sun and disappears when it is clouded, so do the fickle mob attend on

THE BAD. fortune's light, but pass away when clouds over All things can lead astray those ill-inclined. cast the sky.


I have lampooned no one in satirical verse, nor 1 Reason is my only means of knowing and pre- do my poems hold up any one to ridicule. dicting the future; by it I have divined and acquired my knowledge.


Live to thyself, and fly far from high fortune. Wherever I look, there is nothing seen but the

PREFER AN OBSCURE LIFE. images of death.

The lowest yards escape the winter's storms, THE TERBORS OF THE DEEP.

while flowing sails are the cause of greater fear. The land has more objects of fear than the

A QUIET LIFE IS BEST. boisterous ocean.

Believe me, he who has passed a quiet inoffenSINNERS.

sive life, unknown to the world, has lived well; If Jupiter were to hurl his thunderbolt as oft

each man ought to be satisfied with the lot asas men sinned, he would soon have no thunderbolt

soon have no thunderbolt signed him. to hurl.

So 1 Timothy vi. 8:

"And having food and raiment, let us be therewith content." So Psalm ciii. 8:" The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and

PRAYER. plenteous in mercy."

Live thou unenvied and spend joyous years unTHE WIDOW'S MITE.

known to fame, and have friends such as are suite But yet as God is propitiated by the blood of aabi

vitiated by the blood of al able to thee. hundred bulls, so also is He by the smallest offer


Before my mind's eye flit my home, the city,

and each well-known spot: and to each place I atADVERSITY.

tach what is naturally occurring. When a house, with loosened foundations, begins to sink, the whole weight rests on the portion

THE NOBLE-MINDED. ị that has given way; all things totter, when fortune

The greatest men are placable in wrath: a genhas once made an opening. The very house some

erous mind is less easily excited to anger. The times falls under its own weight.

noble-minded lion spares the prostrate; the fight

is at an end when his enemy lies before him. But GOD.

the wolf and the vile bear trample on the dying, Jupiter has no time to attend to unimportant and every animal, that is mean and treacherous, matters.

does the same. Euripides (Fr. Incert. 86) says:"For God attends to important matters, the small He leaves

OLD AGE. to fortune."

Wasting old age will place its hand on beauty,

| advancing with noiseless step. THE ADVANTAGEOUS MAY ALSO BE INJURIOUS.

There is nothing advantageous which may not THE BODY SUFFERS FROM THE MIND. also be injurious.

The diseases of the mind impair the bodily pow

ers. EVERY BLESSING MAY BE ABUSED. What is more useful than fire? And yet, if any

ELOQUENCE. one prepares to burn a house, it is with fire that In easy matters every one can speak; little he arms his rash hands.

| strength is required to break the bruised reed. To throw down towers and walls that stand, I

SUPPRESSED GRIEF. shows innate force. Even the feeble can push | Suppressed grief suffocates raging within the over what totters.

breast, and is forced to multiply its strength. MUSIC LIGHTENS LABOR.

THE LOVE OF FAME. Even the miner, while clanking his chains, The love of fame usually puts spurs to the sings as he lightens his labor with untaught mind. music: he too sings, who bending low on the oozy sand, drags the slow barge against the stream.


Whither shall I go? Whence shall I seek comPUBLIC INTERESTS ARE ABOVE PRIVATE.

fort in my calamities? No anchor any longer Public interests will outweigh those of private holds our vessel. individuals. TEARS.

THERE IS NO CERTAINTY OF PEACE. It is some relief to weep; grief is satisfied and

Sometimes there is peace, but never a certainty

of its continuance. carried off by tears. Euripides (Fr. (Enon, 5) says:

INEXORABLE FATE. “But there is even in misfortunes a pleasure to mortals while they weep and shed tears. This assuages grief, and is

| The iron-hearted and inexorable fate of life wont to relieve the excessive pangs of the heart."

weighed heavily upon him. And in the notes of Eustathius to Iliad (i. 349) we find this Greek proverb:

THE GOOD UNDER ADVERSITY. “The good are full of tears."

No doubt the righteous under the stroke of adMAN'S CHARACTER MADE KNOWN BY ADVERSITY.

versity has substantial grounds for glorying in

| the sadness of their fate. Who would have heard of Hector, if Troy had been fortunate ? Noble conduct has an oppor

THE WHEEL OF FORTUNE. tunity of display when surrounded by misfort

Fearest thou not the divine power of Fortune, unes.

as she stands on her unsteady wheel, that goddess SICK MIND.

who abhors all vaunting words? The mind is more sick than the sick body, and

FICKLENESS OF FORTUNE. at contemplation of its sufferings becomes hope-| Fortune wanders around with doubt less.

| remaining sure and fixed in no place; but now is THE WRESTLER.

joyful, now puts on a sorrowful countenance, and

is only constant in its fickleness. · The wrestler, who enters young into the yellowsanded arena, feels stronger than he whose arms

A FADING BLOOM. are worn out by the slow approach of age.

We also have bloomed, but it was a fading THE FUTURE OF LIFE NOT TO BE FORESEEN.

flower. Thus, as I did not foresee what was to come, I HAPPY MORE NUMEROUS THAN UNHAPPY DAYS. used to wish that I might become old with all the

If thou countest the sunshine and cloudy days tranquil joys around me.

of the whole year, thou wilt find that the bright FATE INIMICAL.

predominate. The fates were inimical.


I am a barbarian here, because I am not underNot far from the goal, which I thought I had

stood by any almost reached, heavy ruin overtook me on my


The poet's labors are a work of joy, and require NOTHING ABOVE GOD.

peace of mind. Nothing is so high nor above the dangers of life

RESULT OF IDLENESS. that it is not below and placed under God.

Besides my vein of genius, rusted by long tor

por, grows dull, and is much less strong than it MEN RISE UNDER ADVERSITIEJ.

was before. The field, if it be not regularly tilled, The oak, struck by the lightning of Jove, often will produce nothing but coarse grass and thorns. sprouts anew.

The horse that has been long confined will run

badly, and will come in last among the steeds that PLEASURES OF POETRY.

left the starting point. Thanks to thee, my Muse, for it is thou that

So Proverbs xiii. 11:affordest me solace; thou art a respite to my cares, "Wealth gotten by vanity shall be diminished: but he that thou art an antidote to all my ills.

I gathereth by labor shall increase."

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