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And while they claspe their lustes in arms acrosse, miserable old age. “It shall be done to-morrow." Graunt them, good Lord, as thou maist of thy might “ To-morrow, thou wilt make the same answer." To fret inwarde for losing such a rosse!"

“What, dost thou look upon one day as such a Milton ("Paradise Lost," iv. 846) says:

precious gift?” “But when that other day has “Abashed the devil stood, And felt how awful goodness is, and saw

dawned, we have already spent yesterday's toVirtue in her own shape how lovely; saw

morrow. For see, another to-morrow wears away And pined his loss."

our years, and will always be a little beyond thee.

For though it is so near thee, and guided by the THE PURPOSE OF HUMAN LIFE.

self-same pole, thou wilt in vain try to overtake Meet with preventive skill the disease coming the felloe that revolves before thee, since thou art to attack you. Of what use is it to offer mount- the hinder wheel, and on the second axle." ains of gold to Craterus?• Learn, hapless youths,

So Shakespeare (“Macbeth,” act v. sc. 5) says:and investigate the causes of things—what we are

"To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, and for what purpose born-what station of life is

Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, assigned us-how delicate the turning round the

To the last syllable of recorded time; goal and whence the starting point-what bounds

And all our yesterdays have lighted fools the love of property requires-what it is lawful to

The way to dusty death." wish-how far the genuine use of wealth extends

And Cowley:

*Our yesterday's to-morrow now is gone, -what are the just claims of country and dear re

And still a new to-morrow does come on, lations-what kind of being heaven would have us

We by to-morrows draw out all our store, be, and where our stand in the human common

Till the exhausted well can yield no more."


Is any one else, then, a freeman but he that

may live as he pleases? Here some shag-haired captain may bellow forth, “I have enough of wisdom to satisfy me: I

HYPOCRISY. care not to be what Arcesilas was and dismal Solons, with head awry and leaden eye that loves

Though thy face is glossed with specious art, the ground, while they mutter within themselves thou retainest the cunning fox beneath thy vapid or are moodily silent, poising every word on pro

breast. truded lips, moping o'er sick men's dreams, that Milton ("Paradise Lost," bk. iii. 1. 683) thus describes hy. nothing can be generated from nothing; nothing | pocrisy:can return to nothing.' Is it over such stuff as “For neither Man nor Angel can discern

Hypocrisy, that only evil that walks this that you grow pale? Is it for this that one

Invisible, except to God alone. should go without his dinner?” At this the peo

By His permissive will, through Heaven and Earth." ple laugh, and with wrinkling nose the brawny

Shakespeare ("Measure for Measure," act ill. sc. 2):youth convulsively re-echo loud peals of laughter.

“0, what may man within him hide,

Though angel on the outward side!"
How is it that no one tries to descend into him-!

BRAY A FOOL IN A MORTAR. self? Butour eyes are fixed on the loaded back

But there is no incense offered to the gods by that walks before us.

which thou canst gain this boon, that one short So Romans xi. 1:

half-ounce of Right can be infixed in fools. To * Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thoubray these things together is an impossibili

u bray these things together is an impossibility. art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things."


Within and in thy morbid breast there spring SELF-KNOWLEDGE.

up masters. Retire into thyself, and thou wilt blush to find

ENJOY THE PRESENT. how poor a stock is there.

Indulge thyself! let us pluck the sweets of life! TRIFLES.

that thou really livest is my boon: thou wilt soon Air-blown trifles, fit only to give weight to become ashes, a ghost and a gossip's tale. Live smoke.

mindful of death. Time presses: this very word

I speak is subtracted from it.

So Gifford thus paraphrases the lines:--
Countless are the various species of mankind,

"Oh rather cultivate the joys of sense, and the shades that separate mind from mind.

And crop the sweets which youth and health dispense; Each has his will, and each pursues his own.

Give the light hours to banquets, love, and wine;

These are the zest of life, and these are mine!

Dust and a shade are all you soon must be;

Live, then, while yet you may. Time presses. See! In midnight study, seek, ye young and old, a

Even while I speak, the present is become specific object for your mind and supply for your!. The past, and lessens still life's little sum.”


ALL ARE SINNERS. The star that presides over the natal hour pro | Every one of us is a sinner. We are men, not duces twins with widely-differing dispositions. gods. ·

So Romans iii. 28:-

“For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God." Well, ask me who my great-great-grandfather

HYPOCRISY WILL BE DETECTED. was! I could tell you certainly, but not very readily. Go yet a step farther back and one more:

Our natural countenance returns, the assumed you will find he is a son of earth!

one passes away.

CHANGE OF FORTUNE. While Fortune is steady, you have a gay countenance, my friends; when she vanishes, you dis

appear basely in flight.


Poverty is closely allied to a sound mind. CAIUS PETRONIUS, a celebrated voluptuary at Euripides (Fr. Polyid. 10) says:the court of Nero, is called by Tacitus (Ann. xvi. "Poverty is wont to acquire wisdom through misfortune." 18, 19) arbiter elegantiæ. He passed his days in slumbers and his nights in revelry. He was con

BEAUTY AND WISDOM. sul A.D. 61, when he is said to have discharged Beauty and wisdom are rarely conjoined. his official duties with energy. He then relapsed Homer (Odyss. xvii. 454) expresses the same idea:to his former habits, and was admitted among the “Thou hast not wisdom with thy fair form." few chosen companions of the prince. Being suspected, however, of being implicated in the con

ANGER. spiracy of Scævinus, he put himself to death by In rugged and uncultivated countries the snow opening his veins in a warm bath A.D. 66. He is lies longer on the ground, but when it has been believed to be the author of what bears the title subject to the plough, it speedily disappears; of Petronii Arbitri Satyricon, a prose narrative in- whilst thou art speaking, the light hoar-frost vanterspersed with numerous pieces of poetry, a kind ishes; in the same way anger affects our breast; of comic romance, in which the adventures of cer- it fixes itself in the uneducated, but in the minds tain parties enable him to hold up to ridicule the that have been under cultivation it quickly subfolly and dishonesty of all classes of the commu- sides. nity in the country in which the scene is laid. The coarseness and obscenity of the descriptions, are

MIND IN SLEEP. a proof of the pollution of the age in which it was When repose steals over the limbs, extended in written.

sleep, and the mind disports without restraint.

8PARE NOT THE ROD. Parents are worthy of reproof who are unwilling to do good to their children by severe discipline. So Proverbs xiii. 24:

“He that spareth his rod hateth his son: but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes."

LOST OPPORTUNITIES. The mind longs for what it has lost, and is wholly intent upon the past.

“Can a mill go with the water that's past ?"


ENVY AND LUXURY. The vulture, which gnaws the liver and distracts the breast, is not that which the poets imagine, but the diseases of the heart, envy and luxurious habits.

He burst his sides with immoderate laughter.

NOT A MAN, BUT A MERE SHADOW. A mere phantom, not a man.

This is like what Shakespeare (“Macbeth,” act iii. sc. 1) says:

Mur. We are men, my liege.
Mac. Ay, in the catalogue ye go for men."

Almost the whole world practises the art of the
So Shakespeare (“As You Like It," act ii. sc. 1) says:-

"All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women mezely players.
In the Greek Anthology we have
“This life, a theatre we well may call,
Where every actor must perform with arte
Or laugh it through, and make a farce of all,

Or learn to bear with grace his tragic part."-BLAND.
So Massinger ("The Roman Actor," act i. sc. 3):-

Aretinus. Are you on the stage,
You talk so boldly?

Paris. The whole world being one,
This place is not exer.pted.

A PHYSICIAN. A physician is nothing else than a satisfaction to the mind.

NOT A MAN, BUT PEPPER ITSELF. Pungent as pepper, and not a human being.

FEAR FIRST MADE GODS. It was fear that first introduced gods into the world.

BLABBERS OF SECRETS. Men could more easily hold fire in their mouths than keep secrets. Whatever you utter at court gets abroad, and excites the world with sudden reports.

The fair speeches of the wicked are full of
Milton says:-
"All was false and hollow, though his tongue
Drops manna, and could make the worst appear

The better reason."
And Hood:-

" "Rogue that I am,' he whispers to himself,

"I lie, I cheat-do anything for help,
But who on earth can say I am not friar?'"


An ill-judged plan is not only profitless, but also PHÆDRUS.

leads men to destruction. FLOURISHED PROBABLY ABOUT A.D. 20.

LOST DIGNITY. PHEDRUS is the writer of ninety-seven fables in Whoever has fallen from his former high estate Latin iambic verse, divided into five books. Lit-is in his calamity the scorn even of the base. tle of his personal history is known. He was originally a slave, being brought up from Thrace

SUDDEN LIBERALITY. or Macedonia, and from the title of his work we A man that is generous all at once may dupe the may infer that he belonged to Augustus, who be- fool, but it is in vain that he prepares snares for stowed on him his freedom.

the wise.


THE POOR IMITATING THE GREAT. A partnership with men in power is never safe. The poor, when he tries to ape the powerful,

comes to ruin. BRAINS.

Cowper says: Oh, what a rare head-piece if only it had brains!

“ Dress drains our cellar dry,

And keeps our larder lean."

TO GIVE BAD ADVICE TO THE WISE. Not to attend to our own affairs, but to be em-1 Those who give bad advice to the prudent, both ployed in giving advice to our neighbors, is the lose their pains and are laughed to scorn. act of a fool.

Whoever has once become notorious for deceit,

Every one ought to bear with patience the fruits

" of his own conduct. even if he speaks the truth, gains no belief. So Jeremiah ix. 4, 5:

THE EXALTED. "Take ye heed every one of his neighbor, and trust ye not in any brother: for every brother will utterly supplant, and Men, however exalted may be their sphere. every neighbor will walk with slanders. And they will de- ought to be on their guard against the lowly, for ceive every one his neighbor, and will not speak the truth: skill and address may enable them to take revenge. they have taught their tongue to speak lies, and weary themselves to commit iniquity."


Fools often, while they try to raise a silly laugh, A coward who brags of his courage, may de

provoke by their insulting language, and bring ceive strangers, but is the laughing-stock of those

themselves into serious danger. who know him.


Men of low degree suffer when the powerful dis. He who takes pleasure in flattering words, gen- agree. erally pays for his folly by repentance, though it


The success of the wicked is a temptation to THE POOR.

many. In a change of government, the poor seldom

BUSY-BODIES. change anything except the name of their master.

Idly bustling here and there, with much ado LIARS.

doing nothing. Liars are wont to pay the penalty of their guilt.

OUR OWN AFFAIRS. So Psalm v. 6:" Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: the Lord will

The master (as the tale declares) abhor the bloody and deceitful man.

Looks sharpest to his own affairs.


baker. He commenced to write plays a few years It is dangerous alike to give or withhold assent;

before the breaking out of the Second Punic War, therefore we ought to investigate strictly the truth

and continued his literary labors for about forty rather than allow an erroneous impression to per

years. We possess only twenty comedies of vert our judgment.

Plautus, though in the time of Varro there were

130 plays which bore his name. WHAT IS TRULY DISGRACEFUL. That only is really disgraceful to a man which

THE REASONABLE AND UNREASONABLE. he has deserved to suffer.

From the reasonable to ask what is not reason

able is not right; from the unreasonable to ask GLORY.

what is reasonable is mere madness. Unless what we do be useful, vain is our glory.



We should try to succeed by merit, not by faror. Things are not always what they seem to be: He, who acquits himself well, will always hare first appearances deceive many.

enough of patrons. So John vii. 24, says:

TIME STANDS STILL. “Judge not according to the appearance.”

I believe this night the god of Night has gone THE MOTE IN OUR OWN EYE.

to bed drunk, for neither do the Seven Stars move Hence we are not able to see our own faults:

in any direction in the sky, nor does the moon when others transgress, we are lynx-eyed to see

change her position, but is where she rose; nor theirs.

does Orion, or the Evening Star, or the Pleiades

set. So entirely stock-still are the stars standing, RICHES.

and the night is yielding not a peg to the day. Riches are deservedly despised by a man of honor, because a well-stored chest intercepts the


Are not the pleasures of life and of our exist

ence scanty in comparison with our troubles? GRIEVANCES.

Such is the lot of man. Thus it has pleased It is dangerous for a man of humble birth to heaven that Sorrow should tread on the heels of grumble in public.

Pleasure and be her companion: for if aught of

good befall us, more of trouble and ill forthwith THE LEARNED MAN.

attend us. The learned man has always riches within him Diphilus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 1089) says:self.

“There is no life that does not meet with some evils, grief, sorrows, plundering, torture, diseases: death appearing like

a physician releases the afflicted from all these, causing them EACH MAN HAS PECULIARITIES.

to cease by sleep." Since each has a turn of thinking of his own and

VALOR. a tone peculiar to himself.

Valor is the best reward; it is valor assuredly ADDING INSULT TO INJURY.

that surpasses all things else; our liberty, safety, What wilt thou do to thyself, who hast added life, estate, parents, country, too, and children are insult to injury.

by this preserved and defended: valor comprises

everything in itself; all blessings await the man RASHNE88.

who is possessed of valor. Rashness brings luck to a few, misfortune to


I do not consider that to be my portion which is called so, but chastity and modesty, subdued desires, reverence of the gods, affection for my parents, and friendship with my kindred-that I

should be obedient to you, bounteous to the good, PLAUTUS.

and ever ready to assist the virtuous.


JEST. T. MACCIUS PLAUTUS, the most celebrated comic If anything is spoken in jest, it is not fair to poet of Rome, a native of Sarsina, was of humble turn it to earnest. origin, being employed at first as a workman in the service of the actors of the stage. In this way

LIFE OF MAN. he accumulated a small sum of money, but, having For in the life of men many things fall out in lost it in trade, he was obliged to gain a liveli- this wise-men take their fiil of pleasure, then hood by working a hand-mill, grinding corn for al again of misery. Quarrels spring up, and again

they are reconciled; but when these kind of quar- never was in any age such a wonder to be found rels arise between loving souls, if they are recon- as a dumb woman. ciled, they are doubly friends that they were

Antipbanes (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 568, M.) says: before.

“What dost thou say? Seeking to conceal a matter, will

you really tell it to a woman? Where, pray, is the difference TO FOLLOW ONE'S INCLINATION.

between this and proclaiming it by all the heralds in the

market-placer" He does right, inasmuch as he follows his inclination, a thing that all men ought to do, so long

DAGGERS. as it is done in a proper manner.

You speak daggers.

Shakespeare (“Hamlet," act iii. sc. 2) says:-
I do not purchase with money day-light, water,

“I will speak daggers to her, but use none." bun, nor moon, nor night; what else we want we buy for ready money. If we want bread from the

CONTENT. bakers, wine from the vaults, if money be sent, If you are but content, you have enough to live they give the goods. We act in the same way. I upon with comfort. Our hands are always full of eyes; they only credit what they see. It is an old saying, “Money

down's the thing." Do you understand me? I'll
say no more.

And so he thinks to 'tice me like a dog,
By holding bread in one hand, and a stone,

Ready to knock my brains out, in the other.
He who would seek for gain, must be at some


I trust no rich man who is officiously kind to a This is our proverb: “Nothing venture, nothing win." This poor man. expression is said to have been often in the mouth of Louis XII. of France.


The more closely you can unite yourself with He who endures misfortune with firmness, after- the virtuous, so much the better. wards enjoys good fortune.

A WOMAN WITH GOOD PRINCIPLES. Tennyson says:“He shall find the rugged thistle bursting

Provided a woman be well principled, she has Into glossy purples, that outredden

dowry enough. All voluptuous garden roses." And Young:

TO EQUIVOCATE. "Life's cares are comforts; such by heaven design'd; He that has none, must make them or be wretched." But I understand in what way you, rich people,

equivocate; an agreement is no agreement, no MAN A WOLF TO MAN.

agreement is an agreement, just as it suits you. Man is like a wolf to man. This is the German proverb:

FEAST TO-DAY. " One man is the devil of the other."

Feast to-day makes fast to-morrow.
It is intended to recommend caution.

The shepherd, mother, who tends another's

Those who have display proportioned to their sheep, has some few for himself that are his pets.

means and splendor according to their circum

stances, remember whence they are sprung. ALL THINGS NOT EQUALLY SWEET TO ALL PER-) So Shakespeare (“Hamlet," act il. sc. 8):SONS.

“Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,

But not express'd in fancy." Be assured that all things are not equally sweet

Montesquieu says:to all persons.

“In the matter of dress, one should always keep below

one's ability." MODESTY.

BALLS. It well becomes a young man to be modest.

The gods hold us mortal creatures but as balls La Bruyère says:"Modesty is to merit what shade is to the figures in a pict

teto band about in sport. ure: it gives it force and relief."


And so it happens oft I know that we women are all justly accounted In many instances; more good is done praters; they say in the present day that there without our knowledge than by us intended.

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