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EAT ONE'S CAKE AND HAVE IT. Love gives bitters enough to create disgust: love You cannot eat your cake and have it too, unless shuns the bustle of the bar, drives off relations, you think your money is immortal. Too late and and drives himself away from his own contempla- unwisely—a caution that should have been used tion. There is no man who would woo him as his before-after he has eaten up his substance, he friend: in a thousand ways is love to be held a reckons the cost. stranger, to be kept at a distance, and wholly abstained from. For he, who plunges into love per
BEST WISHES. ishes more dreadfully than if he leapt from a Best wishes! What avails that phrase, unless rock. Love, get thou gone, then: I divorce thee
Best services attend them. from me, and utterly repudiate thee. Love, never be thou friend of mine. Go, torture those
NO ONE OUGHT TO BE BASHFUL AT TABLE. that are bound to thee. I am determined henceforth to apply my mind to my advancement in
At table no one should be bashful. life, though in that the toil be great. Good men
WILD OATS. wish these things for themselves, gain, credit, honor, glory, and esteem: these are the reward of
Besides that, when elsewhere the harvest of the upright. It is my choice, then, to herd with wheat is most abundant, there it comes up less the upright rather than with the deceitful spreader
ber than with the deceitful sprender by one-fourth than what you have sowed. There of lies.
methinks it were a proper place for men to suw
their wild oats where they would not spring up. Shakespeare has a somewhat similar passage in “Romeo and Juliet” (act . sc. 1):
LOVE. “But all so soon as the all-cheering sun Should in the further East begin to draw
It is with love as with a stone whirled from a The shady curtains from Aurora's bed,
balista; nothing is so swift or that flies so diAway from light steals home my heavy son,
rectly: it makes the manners of men both foolish And private in his chamber pens himself: Shuts up his windows, locks fair daylight out,
and froward. What you would persuade him to, And makes himself an artificial night."
he likes not, and embraces that from which you
would dissuade him. What there is lack of, that BAD AND ENVIOUS MEN.
will he covet; when it is in his power, he will have I know what the manners of this age are. The none of it. Whoso bids him to avoid a thing. bad would fain corrupt the good and make them invites him to it; he interdicts, who recommends like themselves: our evil manners confound, dis- it. It is the height of madness ever to take up your order everything. The greedy, the envious, turn abode with love. what is sacred to profane, the public good to pri
RELATIONS. vate interest
Never will he be respected by others who makes PASSIONS.
himself despised by his own relatives. If you have vanquished your inclination and
THE POOR. not been vanquished by it, you have reason to rejoice.
'Tis worthy of the gods to have respect
Unto the poor.
You should not speak ill of an absent friend. not the upright man, nor is he really honest: the
THE BELL. man who thinks but meanly of himself, shows that there is a just and honest nature in him. The bell doth never clink of itself; unless it is
handled and moved, it is dumb. WHAT IS YOURS IS MINE.
LENDERS. For what is yours is mine, and mine is yours.
What you lend is lost; when you ask for it back, BE NOT OVER-GENEROUS.
you may find a friend made an enemy by your kind
ness. If you begin to press him further, you have I warn you before hand, that you have compassion on others in such a way that others may not or lose your friend.
pas the choice of two things-either to lose your loan have cause to have compassion on you.
Axionicus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 772, M.) says:-
“When a good man lends money to the wicked, he receives
grief for interest." A wise man, in truth, is the maker of his own fortune, and unless he be a , bungling workman,
COAT NEARER THAN CLOAK. little can befall him which he would wish to
My coat, change.
Dear sir, is nearer to me than my cloak. Euripides (Fr. Incert. 72) says:
This is the common proverb:"I hate the wise man who is not wise for himself."
“Charity begins at home."
And in the Greek proverb (Athen. ix. 389):
NO GOOD UNMIXED. “The knee is nearer than the call of the leg."
Tell me, was ever good without some little ill? Shakespeare (“ Two Gentlemen of Verona," act ii. sc. 6) or where you must not endure labor when you says:
wish to enjoy it?
OLD AGE IS SECOND CHILDHOOD.
a who tuit others with their faults! When a man reaches the last stage of life, should look at home.
“ Sans sense, sans taste, sans eyes, sans every
thing,''—they say that he has grown a child again. THE HEART. Your tongues and talk are steeped in honey and
EVERYTHING AWRY. milk; your hearts are steeped in gall and sour vin Never, I verily believe, was man so miserable as egar. You give us sugared words.
myself, nor one who had more everlasting crosses.
Is it not the fact, that whatever thing I have comTHE VICISSITUDES OF LIFE.
menced falls not out as I desire ? Some evil * Man's fortune is usually changed at once; life is
changed at once: life is fortune comes across me still, destroying my best changeable.
laid plans. WOMAN.
TO BEAT ABOUT THE BUSI. Whenever a woman once begins a fraud, unless! It is a tiresome way of speaking, when you see perfects it, she will find pain and grief and should dispatch the business, to beat about the misery. If she begins to do what is right, how bush. soon will she be weary. How few are tired with
A DEFORMED MAN. acting wrong; how very few carry it out, if they have commenced to do anything aright. A wo-Just this: bald-pated, bandy-legged, pot-bellied, man finds it a much easier task to do an evil than Wide-mouth'd, short, blear-eyed, lanthorn-jaw'd, a virtuous deed.
splay-footed. SEEING IS BELIEVING. •
BAD NEIGHBORS. One eye-witness weighs more than ten hear-says. A bad neighbor brings bad fortune with him. Those who hear, speak of what they have heard; those who see, know beyond mistake.
LEARN EXPERIENCE FROM OTHERS.
He gets wisdom in a fortunate way, who gets VALOR
wisdom at another's expense. The valiant profit more their country than the This is the Scotch proverb:finest, cleverest speakers. Valor once known “Better learn frae your neebor's scathe than frae your ain. will soon find eloquence to trumpet forth her This passage is from the interpolated scene in the "Mercapraise.
tor," supposed to have been written by Hermolaus Barbarus.
ELOQUENCE WITHOUT VALOR.
LABOR IN YOUTH FOR ENJOYMENT IN OLD AGE. Without valor an eloquent citizen is like a hired. When thou art young, then, when thy blood mourner, who praises other people for that which flows quickly, is the time to lay up wealth: at she cannot do herself.
length when thou art old, enjoy thyself whilst
thou may; that thou livest is then sufficient gain. ENVY. For to envy because it goes well with another
OPPOSITE PATHS. and goes badly with yourself, is misery. Those If you would hasten in this direction, as you are who envy, pine in poverty; they who are envied, hastening in that, you would be wiser; this way abound in wealth.
the wind is prosperous, only tack about. Here is
a fair western breeze, and there the south heavy TO KICK AGAINST THE PRICKS.
with rain. This spreads a peaceful calm, the If you thump a goad with your fist, your hands other stirs up all the waves. Make towards the are hurt the most. To vent your rage against her land, Charinus! Don't you see right opposite! who does not care a straw is folly.
Black clouds and showers are coming on. Look
now to the left, how full the heaven is of brightTHE WEAKEST GOES TO THE WALL. ness. Don't you see right opposite? Why, the weakest always goes to the wall.
NO TRICKS ON TRAVELLERS.
No, no; no tricks or travellers.
MEN OF RANK. when it finds one entrance blocked up, it has some Whene'er men of rank are ill-disposed, their evil other outlet.
disposition stains that rank.
PLINY THE ELDER.
Shakespeare (“Much Ado about Nothing," act i. sc. 1)
says: BORN A.D. 23-DIED A.D. 79.
* Leonato. Did he break out into tears?
Messenger. In great measure. CAIUS PLINIUS SECUNDUS was born at Comum, Leonato. A kind overflow of kindness: there are no faces or, as others think, at Verona, A.D. 23. After truer than those that are so washed.” being educated at Rome, he went to Germany, A.D.
MAN IS THE ONLY ANIMAL THAT FIGHTS WITH 46, where he served under L. Pomponius Secun
HIS LIKE. dus, being appointed to the command of a troop of cavalry. Towards the end of the reign of Nero Other animals live affectionately with their like; he was procurator in Spain, where he was A.D. we see them crowd together and stand against 71, when his brother-in-law died, leaving his son, those that are dissimilar; fierce lions do not fight the younger Pliny, to his guardianship. He re- with each other; serpents do not attack serpents, turned to Rome in the reign of Vespasian, A.D. 72, nor do the wild monsters of the deep rage against when he adopted his nephew. He became the their like. But, by Hercules, very many calami- . friend of the emperor, and was appointed admiral ties arise to man from his fellow-man. of the fleet The circumstances of his death are
: THE MIGHTY POWER OF NATURE. graphically described in a letter of the younger Pliny to Tacitus (Ep. vi. 16). He was overwhelmed The power and majesty of the nature of things and suffocated by the sulphureous exhalations fail to receive credit at all times, if one merely from the eruption of Vesuvius, A.D. 79, whither looks at its parts and do not embrace the vast he had gone to examine the extraordinary phe- whole in our conceptions. nomenon.
NO ONE IS WISE AT ALL TIMES.
No one is wise at all times.
BLESSINGS OF LIFE NOT EQUAL TO ITS ILLS.
The blessings of life are not equal to its ills, WHAT GOD CANNOT DO ACCORDING TO THE IDEA though the number of the two mau be egpal: nor OF THE ANCIENTS.
can any pleasure compensate for the least pain. One of the chief comforts to man for the imper-| But Menander (884) says:fection of his nature is, that God cannot do all" In everything you will find annoyances, but you ought to things. For He cannot give death to Himself, consider whether the advantages do not predominate." . even if He wished, the best thing He has bestowed upon man amidst the many calamities of life; nor
NOTHING BETTER THAN A SHORT LIFE. yet can He give immortality to man, or recall them Nature has given to man nothing of more yalue to life; nor bring it about that he who has lived, than shortness of life. should not have lived, or he who has borne honors, should not have borne them; nor has He any AN OLD HEAD ON YOUNG SHOULDERS. power over the past except that of oblivion.
That an old head on young shoulders was the GOOD FOR MAN THAT THERE IS A BELIEF IN
sign of premature death. GOD.
• MAN IS NOT IMMORTAL. It is advantageous that the gods should be believed to attend to the affairs of man, and the pun
His last day places man in the same state as he
was before he was born: nor after death has the ishment for evil deeds, though sometimes late, is
body or soul any more feeling than they had benever fruitless.
fore birth. MAN RETURNS TO THE EARTH.
THE BRAIN. The earth receives us at our birth, nourishes
| Men have the brains as a kind of citadel of the and always continues to support us during our
senses: here is what guides the thinking principle. life, embracing us at last in her bosom. So Genesis (iii. 19):-
MAN DESIROUS OF NOVELTY. "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat thy bread, till thou | return unto the ground."
| Man is by nature fond of novelty.
NATURE A PARENT OR STEPMOTHER TO MAN.
A MAN'S OWN. So that it is not possible to determine whether His own pleases each, and wherever we go the (Nature) is a kind parent or harsh stepmother to same story is told. man.
CHANCE IS A SECOND MASTER.
Chance is a second master.
A MASTER'S EYE. A Greek proverb quoted by Eustathius (Il. i. 319) says: Our ancestors used to say that the eye of the "The good are prone to tears."
master was the best manure for the field.
WISDOM OVERSHADOWED BY WINE. | with its vanity. Thus, whether you perfo. It has passed into a proverb, that wisdom is
sdom is what might be passed over without notice, or draw overshadowed by wine.
attention to your own praiseworthy deeds, in
man to think of escaping it and a weakness to be affected by PLINY THE YOUNGER.
it. All the illustrious persons of antiquity, and, indeed, of every age of the world, have passed through this fiery persen
cution. There is no defence against reproach but obscurity: BORN A.D. 61.
it is a kind of concomitant to greatness, as satires and invec C. PLINIUS CÆCILIUS SECUNDUS was the son of
| tives were an essential part of a Roman triumph." C. Cæcilius and Plinia, the sister of C. Plinius, the
SOLITUDE. author of the “Natural History." He was born at Comum on Lake Larius, and was educated at! I converse only with myself and books. Honest Rome under the care of his uncle, who adopted and guileless life! sweet and honorable repose, him after the death of his father. He filled many more perhaps to be desired than any kind of emoffices in succession, was prætor A.D. 93, and ployment. Thou sea and shore, solemn and soliconsul A.D. 100. During the reign of Trajan he
tary scene for contemplation, with how many was proconsul of Asia, and it was then that he noble thoughts hast thou inspired me! consulted the emperor respecting the punishment Milton (“Paradise Lost," ix. I. 250) says:of the Christians. It is found in the tenth book
“Solitude sometimes is best society, (Ep. 97), with the emperor's answer (Ep. 98).
And short retirement urges sweet return." Nothing is known as to the time of his death.
Byron (“Childe Harold," cant. iv. st. 178) says:
“There is a pleasure in the pathless woods, LITERARY STUDIES.
There is a rapture on the lonely shore,
There is society where none intrudes, Are you enjoying the pleasures of literary study
By the deep sea, and music in its roar." in that calm and rich retreat of yours? That! Sir P. Sidney (" Arcadia," b. 1) says:should be the employment of your idle as well “They are never alone that are accompanied with noble as serious moments; that should be at once your thoughts." business and amusement; on that should be be
DOUBT. stowed your waking as well as sleeping thoughts. Create and bring forth something which shall be
Though you may think it more safe to parsue really and forever your own; all your other posses
this maxim, to which every prudent man attends, sions will pass from you to some other heir; this
never do anything concerning the wisdom of alone, if once yours, will remain yours forever.
which you are in doubt. Thomas Hood says:"Experience enables me to depone to the comfort and
CONSCIENCE. blessing that literature can prove in seasons of sickness and
Such is his greatness of mind that he placed no sorrow;-how powerfully intellectual pursuits can help in
part of his happiness in vain-glory, but referred keeping the head from crazing and the heart from breaking." ||
everything to the secret approbation of his CODFEAR OF STRONGER EFFECT THAN LOVE. science, seeking the reward of his good conduct He is feared by many, a feeling which is gen
not from popular applause, but from the simple
feeling of having acted virtuously. erally stronger than love.
Antiphanes (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 566, M.) says.-
"For to be conscious of no crime during one's life is a great
pleasure." The popularity of the bad is as little to be de
Shakespeare (“Henry VIII.," act iii. sc. 2) says:pended on as he is himself.
“I feel within me
A peace above all earthly dignities,
A still and quiet conscience."
A DEAR BARGAIN. silent approbation of one's own breast, than in For a dear bargain is always annoying, particuthe applause of the world. Fame ought to be the larly on this account, that it is a reflection on the consequence, not the motive of our actions; and iudgment of the buyer. though it should not attend the worthy deed, yet it is by no means the less meritorious for not
DEATH. having received the applause it deserves.
He died full of years and of honors, equally ilGay (Epist. iv.) says:
lustrious by those he refused as by those he ac“Why to true merit should they have regard? They know that virtue is its own reward."
THE LIVING VOICE. For the disposition of men is that, if they are. Besides, as is usually the case, we are much not able to obliterate an action, they find fault | more affected by the words which we hear, for though what you read in books may be more gation from you, if you refuse a request, all former pointed, yet there is something in the voice, the favors are effaced by this one denial. look, the carriage, and even the gesture of the speaker, that makes a deeper impression upon the
SENSE OF INJURY. mind.
A strong sense of injury often gives point to the INVITATIONS TO DINNER.
expression of our feelings. I receive all my guests with equal honor. For
THE BALLOT. they are invited to supper, and not to be labelled according to rank. I make every man on a level The elections have been lately carried on with with myself whom I admit to my table.
excessive corruption, they have had recourse to
the ballot, no doubt in the meanwhile a remedy, PUBLIC STATUES MEMORIALS OF GLORY. for it was new and suddenly adopted. Still I am For if our grief is alleviated by gazing on the afraid lest in process of time it should introduce pictures of departed friends in our houses, how new inconveniences; for there is danger lest much more pleasure is there in looking on those shameless conduct should creep in under the cover public representations of them, which are memo- of secret voting. For how few are there who prerials not only of their air and countenance, but of serve the same delicacy of conduct in secret as the honor and esteem with which they were re
when exposed to the view of the world? The garded by their fellow-citizens.
truth is, that many more men pay regard to the
opinion of the world than to conscience. FRAILTY OF HUMAN MONUMENTS. Recollect how fleeting are all human things,
MODESTY. and that there is nothing so likely to hand down Modesty weakens the exertions of genius, whil your name as a poem: all other monuments are effrontery gives strength to the wrong-headed. frail and fading, passing away as quickly as the
g away as quickly as the Johnson says:men whose memory they pretend to perpetuate. "Modesty in a man is never to be allowed as a good quality
but a weakness, if it suppresses his virtue, and hides it fron THE BIGHT OF A QUESTION CANNOT BE DISCERNED the world when he has at the same time a mind to exert him IN A CROWDED MEETING.
self.” The real gist of the question can only be clearly seen when you are separated from the clamors of
GENIUS THE GIFT OF HEAVEN. a confused meeting.
But it is no doubt true that honors bestowed by
man may be conferred on me and many others, VOTES.
whereas genius, which is the gift alone of heaven, The majority were swayed the other way; for is both difficult to attain and even too niuch to votes go by numbers and not weight, nor can it hope for. be otherwise in such public assemblies where noth- Dryden (" To Congreve on the Double Dealer ") says: ing is more unequal than that equality which pre “Time, Place, and Action may with pains be wrought, vails in them; for, though every individual has But genius must be born; and never can be taught." the same right of suffrage, every individual has not the same strength of judgment to direct it. MEN FOND OF PRAISE EVEN FROM INFERIORS. AN OBJECT IN POSSESSION.
Those who are excited by a desire of fame, are
fond of praise and flattery, though it comes frov An object in possession seldom retains the same
their inferiors. charms which it had when it was longed for. A STORY.
A WIDESPREAD REPUTATION. Give me a penny, and I will tell you a story For I know not how it is but men are generall, worth gold.
more pleased with a widespread than a great rep
utation. LIFE OF MAN.
DISEASES IN THE STATE. The life of man contains mysterious depths and skeleton closets.
It is in the body politic, as in the natural, those
disorders are most dangerous that flow from the Dickens says: "There are chords in the human heart-strange varying nead. strings—which are only struck by accident; which will remain mute and senseless to appeals the most passionate and
TO NAME THE MAN. earnest, and respond at last to the slightest casual touch. In After I have named the man, I need say no the most insensible or childish minds, there is some train of reflection, which art can seldom lead, or skill assist, but which
more. will reveal itself, as great truths have done, by chance, and when the discoverer has the plainest and simplest end in view,"
If you compute the time in which those revoluFAVOR REFUSED CANCELS ALL YOU HAVE CON I tions have happened. it is but a few years: if you FERRED.
number the incidents, it seems an age; and it is mh For however often a min may receive an obli- ! lesson that will teach us to check both our despaar