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The beneficent ever looks out for a reason to

out for a reason to onfer favors.

REPUTATION. The gain which is made at the expense of reputation should be set down as a loss.


OPPORTUNITY. It is to die twice, to die at the will of another. | While we are deliberating, the opportunity is

often lost. KINDNESS.

Young says:Spontaneous kindness is always most acceptable.

"Be wise to-day; 'tis madness to defer."



DELIBERATION. He conquers twice who conquers himself in vic

That should be considered long which can be ory.

decided but once. GOOD THINGS.

ACCUSATIONS. The continuance of prosperity is prejudicial.

We should not lend an easy ear to accusations. THE GOOD.

DAYS. He hurts the good who spares the bad.

Each succeeding day is the scholar of that “He who sparas vice wrongs virtue."

which preceded. MISFORTUNES OF OTHERS. It is good to see in the misfortunes of others Dronero

Preparations for war are to be made for a long that we should avoid.

time before, that you may more quickly conquer. DANGER.

PAIN. He is most safe from danger who, even when

The pain of the mind is worse than the pain of afe, is on his guard.

the body. Burke says: "Better to be despised for too anxious apprehensions than

TO FORGET. uined by too confident a security." "The way to be safe is ever to feel secure."

It is sometimes expedient to forget what you


"The wise man does not hang his knowledge on a hook." Take care not to begin anything of which you | may repent.

A WOUND. "Consideration is the parent of wisdom."

Even after a wound is healed the scar remains. DANGER. Danger arrives the sooner when it is despised.

DIGNITY. * Who looks not before finds himself behind."

It is more easy to obtain an accession of dignity,

than to acquire it in the first instance. LOVER.

TRIAL. You should force a lover to be angry, if you wish her to love.

| He who flies from trial confesses his crime,

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Ben Jonson "Catiline," act lii. sc. 1) says:

“Where it concerns himself, Who's angry at a glander, makes it true.”


KINDNESS. Trust, like the soul, never returns when it has He confers a kindness twice on a poor man who once gone.

gives quickly.


Every madman thinks all other men mad. A pleasing countenance is a silent commenda-| tion.


He who overlooks one fault, invites the comeFORTUNE.

mission of another. Fortune, when she caresses a man too much, makes him a fool.


The judge is condemned when the guilty is FORTUNE.

Fortune is brittle as glass; at the very time she
shines, she is broken.


Magnanimity becomes a great fortune.
Patience, when too often outraged, is converted

MISCHIEF. into madness.

He who wishes to do mischief is never without Dryden (" Absalom and Ach.," pt. i. 1. 1005) says:

a reason,
“Beware the fury of a patient man. It's enough to make
a parson swear, or a Quaker kick his mother."


The greatest empire may be lost by the misrule

of its governors. Some remedies are worse than the disease.

Thus Euripides (Suppl. 190) says:Seneca (Med. 435) expresses this idea thus:

“For it possesses thee as an able ruler, through want “God has often found for us remedies worse than the dan. which many cities have perished from lack of a general." gers in which we are involved."


The malevolent have secret teeth.
The power of habit is very strong.


The master, who dreads his servants, is lower The weeping of an heir is laughter under a than a servant. mask.


That fortune is most wretched, which is without How difficult, alas! is it to maintain the glory an enemy. we have inherited.


It is miserable to be compelled to conceal what
A man is beside himself when he is in a passion. you wish to proclaim.

DELAY. Man has been lent to life, not given over to it. Every delay is hateful, but it gives wisdom. THE TIMES.

DEATH. He who yields to the exigencies of the times,

| acts wisely.

It is fortunate to die before you call upon death. HATE.

FEAR. Take care that no one hate you justly.

He who is feared by many must fear many, FORGIVE.

NECESSITY. Forgive others many things, yourself nothing. Necessity imposes law, does not herself receive


Simonides of Ceos (Fr. 4, 23, S.) says:
One ungrateful man does an injury to all who “Not even the gods contend with necessity."
are wretched.


No one has arrived at high station without unThe best remedies for injuries is to forget them. I dergoing some hazard.

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CONVERSATION. A good opportunity is seldom presented, and is, Thre

The conversation is the image of the mind. As easily lost.

the man, so is his mode of talking. LIFE.

HIGHEST. O life! long to the miserable, short to the happy!

If you wish to arrive at the highest, begin from

the lowest. Apollodorus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 1108, M.) says:* For to the care-worn and those in grief, every night appears to be long."

The wickedness of a few brings calamity on all.


God looks to pure and not to full hands.


brated of Roman rhetoricians, was a native of Cal

agurris (Calahorra), in the upper valley of the No good man ever became suddenly rich.

Ebro. Though educated at Rome, he seems to FRIENDS.

have returned to Spain, as we find him accompa

nying Galba to Rome A.D. 68. He acquired some Admonish your friends secretly, praise them

reputation at the bar, though he was chiefly disopenly.

tinguished as a teacher of eloquence. Among his TO PERISH.

pupils were Pliny the younger, and the two grand

nephews of Domitian. By this emperor he was It is a great consolation to perish with all the

adorned with the insignia of the consulship, and world.

was the first public instructor, who received a regTO FEAR.

ular salary from the imperial exchequer. The

great work of Quintilian is a complete system of It is foolish to fear what you cannot avoid.

rhetoric, in twelve books, entitled “De Institu

tione Oratoris Libri XII.,” dedicated to his friend MISER.

Marcellus Victorius. The miser is in as much want of that which he has as of that which he has not.


Now, according to my definition, no man can be HASTY COUNSELS.

a complete orator unless he is a good man.
Hasty counsels are quickly followed by repent-


One thing, however, I must premise, that with

out the assistance of natural capacity, rules and You wish to be known to all; you will know no

| precepts are of no efficacy. pne. FLATTERY.

DIVINE ORIGIN OF THE MIND. Flattery, which was formerly a vice, is now a As birds are provided by nature with a propencustom

sity to fly, horses to run, and wild beasts to be say

age so the working and the sagacity of the brain is SHIPWRECK.

peculiar to man; and hence it is that his mind is That man foolishly blames the sea who is a sec- supposed to be of divine original. ond time shipwrecked.

THE DULL. "If a man deceive me once, shame on him; if he deceive me twice, shame on me."

| The dull and the indocile are in no other sense


the productions of nature than are monstrous | SHOULD CHILDREN BE WHIPPED ? shapes and extraordinary objects, which are very

I am by no means for whipping boys who are rare.

| learning-in the first place, because the practice is YOUTI TENACIOUS OF WHAT IT IMBIBES.

| unseemly and slavish; and in the next place, if the

boy's genius is so dull as to be proof against reBy nature we are very tenacious of what we im- proach, he will, like a worthless slave, become inbibe in the dawn of life, in the same manner as sensible to blows likewise. new vessels retain the flavor which they first drink in. There is no recovering wool to its native

CUSTOM. whiteness after it is dyed.

The common usage of learned men, however, is SMATTERERS.

the surest director of speaking; and language,

like money, when it receives the public stamp. For nothing is more nauseous than men who, ought to have currency. having just got a smattering in learning, vainly persuade themselves that they are men of knowl


I, therefore, look upon the general practice of AN INDULGENT EDUCATION.

the learned to be the usage of language, in like

manner as the general practice of the virtuous is, That effeminate education, which we call indul- to be considered as the usage of life. gence, destroys all the strength both of mind and body.


For every man, when at work, even by himself,

has his own song, however rude it may be, that Every first-rate teacher rejoices in the number softens his labor. of his pupils, and thinks himself worthy of a

R. Gifford's “ Contemplation": larger audience.

“ Verse sweetens toil, however rude the sound;

All at her work the village maiden sings,

Nor while she turns the giddy wheel around,

Revolves the sad vicissitudes of things." Men of quality are in the wrong to undervalue, as they often do, the practice of a fair and quick hand in writing; for it is no immaterial accomplishment.

In short it has become a proverb amongst the

Greeks, that the illiterate has no acquaintance THE SCHOOLMASTER.

with the muses and the graces. A master, let him have but a moderate tincture

THE MIND. of learning, will for his own credit cherish application and genius, wherever he finds them.

Our minds are like our stomachs; they are

whetted by the change of their food, and variety AMBITION.

supplies both with fresh appetite. Though ambition in itself is a vice, yet it is

ELOQUENCE. often the parent of virtues.

But give me the reader who figures in his mind MIMICRY.

the idea of eloquence, all divine as she is, who,

with Euripides, gazes upon her all-subduing I have no great opinion of any boy's capacity,

charms; who seeks not his reward from the venal whose whole aim is to raise a laugh by his talent

fee for his voice, but from that reflection, that imof mimicry.

agination, that perfection of mind, which time

cannot destroy, nor fortune affect. PREMATURITY OF GENIUS.

Fenelon says of Demosthenes:It seldom happens that a premature shoot of

“ He uses language as a modest man does his coat-45 genius ever arrives at maturity.

clothing, not as ornament."


We make a pretext of difficulty for our sloth. Give me the boy who rouses when he is praised, who profits when he is encouraged, and who cries

EXPERIENCE. when he is defeated. Such a boy will be fired by ambition; he will be stung by reproach, and ani- For in almost every art, experience is more sermated by preference: never shall I apprehend any | viceable than precepts. bad consequences from idleness in such a boy.


REASON. For evil habits, when they once settle, are more for comic writers charge Socrates with makin easily broken than mended.

| the worse appear the better reason.


Milton ("Paradise Lost," ii. 118) says:

“Though his tongue
Dropt manna, and could make the worse

For there is nothing so distracted, of such dif-
Appear the better reason."

ferent forms, so cut up and tortured by many and

various apprehensions, as a wicked conscience. SPEECH.

For while it is contriving the ruin of another, itGod, that all-powerful Creator of nature, and self is under the torture of uncertainty, anxiety, Architect of the world, has impressed man with and dread. Nay, even when it is successful in inno character so proper to distinguish him from |iquity, it is tormented with disquiet, remorse, and other animals, as by the faculty of speech.

the expectation of the most dreadful punishments.


While we are searching all things, sometimes In short, nature supplies the material, art works

we find the truth where we least expected it. ipon it. Art can effect nothing without material, ret there is an inherent value in the material,

So Isaiah lv. 6:though untouched by the art of man. Perfection Him while He is near.”

'1 "Seek ye the Lord while He may be found, call ye upon If art is superior to the best material.


For it would have been better that man should Everything comes to an end which has a begin- have been born dumb, nay, void of all reason,

rather than that he should employ the gifts of

| Providence to the destruction of his neighbor. A JEST.

VIRTUE MUST RECEIVE A FINISHING-STROKE Let all malice be removed, and let us never

FROM LEARNING. dopt that maxim. Rather to lose our friend than ur jest.

Virtue, though she in some measure receives

her beginning from nature, yet gets her finishing A LAUGH.

excellencies from learning. A laugh is too dearly bought, when purchased

EASY TO BE VIRTUOUS. t the expense of virtue.

Nature has formed us with honest inclinations, RIDICULING THE MISERABLE.

and when we are so inclined, it is so very easy to For it is unfeeling to ridicule the wretched.

be virtuous, that, if we seriously reflect, nothing

is more astonishing than to see so many wicked. WHAT MAKES A MAN ELOQUENT.

OMNIPRESENCE OF GOD. It is the heart and mental energy that inspires Cultivate innocence, and think not that your loquence.

deeds, because they are concealed, will be unpun

ished; you have committed them under the canopy BRILLIANT THOUGHTS IN ORATORY.

of heaven-there is a more powerful witness. Brilliant thoughts are, I consider, as it were, the res of eloquence; but I would not that the body

DANGER OF SUDDEN CHANGE OF FORTUNE. ere all eyes, lest the other members should lose Nothing is more dangerous among men than a leir proper functions.

sudden change of fortune.


FEAR OF THE FUTURE. To swear, except when it is positively necessary, The fear of the future is worse than the fortune unbecoming a man of honor.

of the present moment. O Matthew v. 34–37:* But I say unto you, Swear not at all: neither by heaven;

FORBIDDER PLEASURES, rit is God's throne: nor by the earth; for it is His foot- Things forbidden alone are loved immoderately pl: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great

reat . . . when they may be enjoyed, they do not ex

when they may be enjoyed they do not ex ng. Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou

cite the desire. est not make one hair white or black. But let your cominication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more in these cometh of evil."


Satiety is close on continued pleasures.
The prosperous can with difficulty form a right
ea of misery.


SALLUST. For it is strength and energy that render a man quent. As a proof of this, we see that the

BORN B.C. 86—DIED B.C. 34. ost ginorant person, when his passions are suf- C. SALLUSTIUS CRISPUS was born B.C. 86, at iently roused, has words at will.

| Amiternum, in the country of the Sabines. In

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