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B.C 52 we find him tribunus plebis, and two years
FORTUNE. afterwards he was ejected from the senate by the But assuredly Fortune rules in all things: she censors, on account of immoral conduct. How- raises to eminence or buries in oblivion everything ever, he seems to have been restored to his rank, from
from caprice rather than from well regulated as he was prætor in B.C. 47. Next year he accom- principle
nu principle. panied Cæsar in his African war, and was there left governor of Numidia. Here he is accused of
AMBITION. baving amassed immense riches by the oppression
Ambition hath made many men hypocrites; to of the people, and many scandalous tales are told
have one thing concealed in the breast, and asrespecting him. On returning from Africa he re
other ready on the tongue; to estimate friendships tired into private life, and passed quietly through
and enmities not from their real worth but from the troublesome period after Cæsar's death, dy
motives of private advantage; and to have a fair ing B.C. 34.
outside rather than an honest heart. MIND AND BODY.
THE GOOD AND THE BAD. Our whole strength resides in the powers of the
The virtuous and unprincipled are equally ansmind and body; while we are willing to submit to
|ious for glory, honor, and command; but the one the directions of the former, we are anxious to
strives to attain them by honorable means, the render the body subservient to our will. Tbe one
other aims at the attainment of his object by is common to us with the gods; the other with the
knavery and deceit, because good arts fail him. lower animals.
The truth is, prosperity unhinges the minds of The glory derived from riches and beauty is
the wise; much less could they, with their corrupt fleeting and frail: the endowments of the mind
habits, be expected to refrain from abusing their form the only illustrious and lasting possession.
victory. Antiphanes (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 570, M.) says:“We must have our mind rich; the riches of this world are
THE MALEVOLENT. merely outward show, that veil the real character."
He was malevolent and cruel, without any views FORETHOUGHT.
of private advantage, lest his hands should get
stiff through want of practice. Before one begins, there is need of forethought, and after we have carefully considered, there is
FRIENDSHIP. need of speedy execution.
For to have the same predilections and the same
aversions, that and that alone is the surest bond MIND.
of friendship. All the operations of agriculture, navigation, and architecture depend for their success on the
FORTUNE. endowments of the mind.
Behold that, that liberty, for which you have
so often pantod; besides, riches, honor, glory, are ACTIVE LIFE.
placed before your eyes. Fortune hath given He and he alone seems to me to have the full every reward to the conquerors. enjoyment of his existence, who, in whatever employment he may be engaged, seeks for the repu
THE POOR. tation arising from some praiseworthy deed, or the For always in a state, those who have no reexercise of some useful talent. But in the great sources of their own look with an evil eye on the variety of employments, nature points out differ- higher classes of their fellow-citizens; elevate to ent paths to different individuals.
office those who are the same stamp with them. So Wordsworth ("Tintern Revisited ");
selves; hate old things and desire new; are anx. "Our acts our angelsare, or good or ill,
ious for change from dislike of their own; are Our fatal shadows that walk by us still."
supported by public disturbance without any apprehension for themselves, since poverty is upheid
easily without loss. Greedy of the possessions of others, lavish of his own, eager in his pursuits, fluent enough in
MATTERS OF IMPORTANCE. language, but possessed of little common sense. All who deliberate on matters of importance,
Jought to be uninfluenced with feelings of hatred, MORE BLESSED TO GIVE THAN TO RECEIVE. friendship, anger, or compassion. The Romans assisted their allies and friends,
THE LOW AND THE HIGH. and acquired friendships by giving rather than receiving kindnesses.
Those who pass their lives sunk in obscurity, if Acts xx. 85:
they have committed any offence through the in" And remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, I pulse of passion, few know of it; their reputation It is more blessed to give than to receive."
Land fortune are alike: those, who are in great
command and in an exalted station, have their of person and fortune; all things that rise must deeds known to all men. Thus, in the highest set, and those that have grown must fade away: condition of life there is the least freedom of ac-| the mind is incorruptible, eternal, the governor of tion. They ought to show nrither partiality nor the human race, directs and overrules all things, hatred, but least of all resentment; at in others nor is itself under the power of any. is called hastiness of temper is in those invested with power styled haughtiness and cruelty.
Opportunity leads even moderate men astray DEATH.
from the path of duty by the hope of self-aggranRespecting punishment, we may surely say that disement which the case warrants; in grief and misery death is a reprieve from the sorrows of life, not a pun
CONCORD. ishment; it puts a termination to all the ills of mankind: beyond the grave there is room for
| Neither armies nor treasures are the bulwarks neither care nor joy.
of a kingdom; but friends whom you can neither
command by force, nor purchase by gold: they are Euripides (Fr. Antig. 17) says:
gained by kind offices, and by the exercise of “For death is the end of troubles to men, for what is better to men than this? For who wounding a rocky cliff with a fidelity. Who ought to be more friendly than a spear will cause it pain! Who can dishonor the dead if they brother to a brother ? or what stranger will you feel nothing?"
find to be faithful, if you be an enemy to your Æschyl. (Fr. Philoct.) says:
own connections? I indeed deliver to you a king“O Death, thou deliverer, do not slight me coming to thee: for thou alone art the physician of incurable ills: no grief
dom, which is strong, if you are good; weak if reaches the dead."
you are bad. For a small state increases by con
cord; the greatest state falls gradually to ruin by THE GODS.
dissension. The aid of the gods is procured not by vows and womanish supplications; all things turn out well
ROME. by watching, activity, and good counsel. When But after he had left Rome, he is said, often you have given yourself up to sloth and idleness, looking back in silence, to have exclaimed, “ Ah it is in vain to implore the gods; they are angryvenal city! destined soon to perish, could it but and hostile to you.
find a purchaser." GOODNESS.
A GOOD MAN. He preferred to be good in reality, rather than
It is better for a good man to be overcome by to seem so.
his opponents than to conquer injustice by unconTHE SLOTHFUL.
stitutional means. The man who is roused neither by glory nor by
A BOASTER. danger, it is in vain to exhort; terror closes the ears of the mind.
| Impatient of labor and of danger, more ready to Euripides (Fr. Archel. 8) says:
boast of their valor than to display it.
The glory of ancestors sheds a light around pos
terity; it allows neither their good nor bad quali. For to hope for safety in flight, when you have ties to remain in obscurity. turned your arms, with which the body is protected, from the enemy, that indeed is folly. In
ANCESTORS. battle the greatest cowards are in greatest danger; boldness is the best defence.
But proud men are very much mistaken. Their
ancestors have left all things which are in their MIND.
power to them-riches, images, the noble recol
lection of themselves; they have not left their The mind is the leader and director of mankind;
| virtue, nor were they able: it alone can neither be when it aims at glory by a virtuous life, it is suffi
| presented as a gift, nor received. ciently powerful, efficient, and noble; it stands in no need of the assistance of Fortune, since it can
CHILDREN. neither give nor take away integrity, industry, nor other praiseworthy qualities.
No one has become immortal by sloth, nor has
any parent prayed that their children should live THE MIND.
forever; but rather that they should lead an honPersonal beauty, great riches, strength of body,
f body. orable and upright life. and all other things of this kind, pass away in a short time; but the noble productions of the mind,
KINGS. like the soul itself, are immortal. In fine, as there In general the desires of kings, though impetuis a beginning, so there is an end of the advantages ous, are unstable, and often inconsistent.
EVERY ONE THE ARTIFICER OF HIS OWN FORTUNE.' And Sir John Harrington ("Epig." bk. Iv. Ep. 3)
" Treason doth never prosper, what's the reason! Every one is the artificer of his own fortune.
Why, if it prosper, none dare call it treason." Shakespeare (“ Jul. Cæs." act i. sc. 2) says:
Beilby Porteus (“Death," 1. 154):—
“One murder made a villain, “Men at some time are masters of their fates:
Millions a hero. Princes were privileged
To kill, and numbers sanctified the crime."
Young (“Love of Fame," Sat. vii. 1. 55);-
And gibbets keep the lifted hand in awe;
THE MISERABLE EASILY GIVE CREDIT TO FEAR. SENECA.
The miserable easily give credit to that which
they wish. Nay, they are apt to believe that what BORN ABOUT A.D. 1-DIED A.D. 65.
they fear can never be got rid of. Fear is ever
credulous of evil. L. ANNEUS SENECA, son of M. Annæus Seneca, I THE PITCHER GOES ONCE TOO OFTEN TO THE was born at Corduba, and brought to Rome by his
WELL. parents when he was a child. He was educated at Rome, and acquired distinction at an early age as
Adverse fortune seldom spare men of the noblest a pleader of causes, exciting the hatred of Caligula
virtues. No one can with safety expose himself
often to dangers. The man who has often escaped froin the ability be displayed in conducting a cause before him. In the first year of the reign of Clau
is at last caught. dius, A.D. 41, he was ordered to retire in exile to | “The pitcher doth not go so often to the well, but it comes
home broken at last." Corsica, where he resided for eight years, being recalled by the influence of Agrippina, A.D. 49.
TO BOAST OF ONE'S PEDIGREE. He then obtained the prætorship, and became tu
1 He who boasts of his descent, praises what tor to the emperor Nero. His pupil did him no
| belongs to another. credit, but it would be unjust to blame him for the subsequent conduct of Nero. He did not, in
SAFETY IN THE SWORD. deed, make him a good or a wise man; his natural
The sword is the protection of all. disposition, however, was probably irreclaimable. For some years he was the chief minister of Nero,
SOVEREIGNTY. but, falling into disgrace, he received notice to When thou occupiest the throne of another, thy die, and suffocated himself in a vapor bath, A.D. | power is insecure. 65.
ENVY OF THOSE IN POWER. NONE BUT HIMSELF EQUAL TO HIMSELF. To be able to endure odium, is the first art to Do you seek a match for the descendant of Al-be learned by those who aspire to power. cæus? There is no one but himself.
THE PROUD. Louis Theobald ("The Double Falsehood '') says:“None but himself can be his parallel."
The avenging God follows close on the haughty.
So Psalm v. 5:-
“The foolish shall not stand in Thy sight: Thou hatest all
workers of iniquity." The mob more restless than the waves of the
THE FURY OF WAR.
There is no moderation in arms, nor can the
drawn sword easily be stopped or put into the Few epjoy the pleasures of peaceful repose, who scabbard: war delights in bloodshed. consider how swiftly time passes that is never to return. While the fates allow, eat, drink, and be
DIE RATHER THAN ACT AGAINST THE WILL. merry. Life hurries forward with rapid step, and the wheel of time rolls on in its ceaseless round.
The man who can be forced to act against his
will knows not how to die. MIGHT MAKES RIGHT.
THE ASCENT TO HEAVEN IS NOT EASY. Successful crime is dignified with the name of virtue; the good become the slaves of the impious;
The ascent to heaven from this earth is not easy. might makes right; fear silences the power of the So Proverbs xv. 24:law.
“The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart
from hell beneath."
MISERY THE LOT OF HUMANITY.
Whenever thou seest a fellow-creature in dis-
|tress, know that thou seest a human being.
So Luke x. 37:
Sat. Nay, rather, where neither modesty nor re" He that showed mercy on him was his neighbor.”
spect for the law or gods, piety nor faith, hold THE WRETCHED FATE OF THE GOOD.
sway, there power is unstable.
Atr. My opinion is, that respect for the gods, O Fortune, that enviest the brave, what unequal piety and faith are merely virtues of men in prirewards thou bestowest on the righteous!
vate stations. Let kings be unshackled in their
authority. HUMBLE FORTUNE. In humble fortune there is great repose.
A BAD BROTHER NOT TO BE INJURED.
Consider it impious to injure even a bad brother. THE FEAR OF WAR.
So Genesis xiii. 8:The fear of war is worse than war itself.
"And Abram said unto Lot, Let there be no strife, I pray
| thee, between me and thee, and between my herdmen and TRUE LOVE.
thy herdmen ; for we be brethren." True love hates delays and does not submit to them.
THE YOUNG EASILY PERVERTED.
The young readily listen to evil counsels; they NO FATE OF LIFE IS LONG.
will practise against you, their father, what you Man's fate never continues long the same, sor- have taught them against their uncle. Crimes row and pleasure alternate; pleasure is more brief. have recoiled on those who gave the first lesson. A few moments raise the lowest of mankind to the
So Psalm cxvi. 10:highest pinnacle of honor.
"Let the wicked fall into their own nets, whilst that I
withal escape." THE POWER OF THE ALMIGHTY.
HOW SILENCE IS TAUGHT. Every monarch is subject to a mightier power.
Silence is taught by many misfortunes in life. REMEMBRANCE OF WHAT WAS DIFFICULT IS PLEASANT.
A COUNTENANCE BETRAYING FEAR. What was difficult to endure is pleasant to call A countenance full of fear usually betrays many to remembrance.
GREAT COUNSELS BETRAYED BY THE COUNTHE GUILTY OVERWHELMED BY HIS OWN ACTS.
TENANCE. Man suffers for his deeds: crime finds out its
Great counsels betray even the man who is unauthor, and the guilty is overwhelmed by his own
willing that his plans should be discovered. acts. WE ARE DYING FROM THE FIRST MOMENT OF OUR
IT IS THE MIND THAT GIVES A KINGDOM. BIRTH.
An honest heart possesses a kingdom. The first moment which gives us birth begins to
Percy's “Reliques of English Poetry" (vol. 1. p. 307):take life from us.
“My mind to me a kingdom is,
Such perfect joy therein I find,
As far exceeds all earthly bliss,
That God and nature hath assign'd.
Though much I want that most would have, repose.
Yet still my mind forbids to crave."
RETIREMENT TO BE PREFERRED.
He is a king who is subject to neither fears nor THE ADVANTAGE ENJOYED BY A MONARCH.
Let whosoever chooses walk along the slippery
paths of the court, I prefer peaceful repose, and, This is the highest advantage to be derived by resigned to the obscurity of a humble life, shall a monarch, that his people is obliged not only to enjoy the pleasures of retirement. submit to but to praise the deeds of their monarch.
WHO LIVES FOR OTHERS NOT FOR HIMSELF. THE HUMBLE OFTEN RECEIVE GREAT PRAISE.
Death broods heavily over the man who dies 1 The humble and lowly-born often receive true more known to others than to himself. praise.
THE GIVER TO BE LOOKED AT.
While you look at what is given, look also at The king should wish what is honorable, and the giver. every one will wish the same.
THE POOR ENJOY A SECURE REPAST.
What pleasure it is to stand in the way of no Atr. Wherever a ruler is subject to the law, his one, to be able to enjoy a secure repast! Crimes power is of precarious tenure.
do not enter into the cottages of the poor; we may
eat our food with safety on an humble table; |
THE GREAT IN POWER. poison is quaffed from golden cups. I speak from The high in power are often desirous of impose experience: an obscure life is preferable to one sibilities, spent in a high station. Diphilus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 1092, M.) says:
A REMEDY. “No one is more fortunate than the poor man : he has no change for the worse to look for.”
| It is some part of a cure to feel a desire to be
cured. BROTHERLY AFFECTION.
REPORT. - Affection usually returns whence it has been removed, and love that is just repairs its lost Report seldom adheres to the truth, favorable to strength.
the man who deserves the worst and unfavorable
to the good. CAUTION. It is too late to be on our guard when we are in THE COUNTENANCE BETRAYS THE FEELINGS. the midst of misfortunes.
Angry feelings are betrayed by the countenance, So Genesis xli. 9:
though they are concealed. “I do remember my faults this day." AFFECTION.
MODES OF DEATH. There is no power greater than true affection.
How many kinds of death hurry off and gradu
ally destroy mankind-the sea, the sword, and TRUE AFFECTION.
treachery! But say we were not subject to these Whomsoever true affection has possessed, it will
laws of fate, yet of ourselves we hasten to our continue to possess.
life's end, to the dark shades of Styx.
Massinger (" A Very Woman," act v. sc. 4) says:-
“Death hath a thousand doors to let out life, Nobody has ever found the gods so much his
I shall find one." friend that he can promise himself another day.
THE ADVANTAGES OF A COUNTRY LIFE. LOVE OF LIFE.
There is no mode of life more independent and That man must be enamoured of life, who is not free from vice, following more closely the ancient willing to die when the world reaches its last day. manners, than that which, abandoning cities, loves
the woodlands. THE MISERABLE. This is the peculiarity of the wretched, that! THE HAPPY LIFE OF THE LOWLY. they can never believe that happiness will last. A more undisturbed sleep attends the man who Even though good fortune returns, yet they ro-reclines securely on a hard couch. joice in fear and trembling.
A BAD EXAMPLE.
No wickedness has been without a precedent. He who has fostered the sweet poison of love by fondling it, finds it too late to refuse the yoke A TIMID BEGGAR COURTS A DENIAL. which he has of his own accord assumed.
He who begs timorously courts a refusal. PANGS OF A GUILTY CONSCIENCE ARE NEVER AT REST.
SUCCESSFUL CRIMES. What never-ending pain are the pangs of a Success gilds some crimes with an honorable guilty conscience, a mind o’erburdened with title. crimes, and fearful of itself? Some may sin with
Ben Jonson says:out suffering from man, none may do so and feel
"Let them call it mischiet; secure.
When it is past and prosper'd 'twill be virtue." Shakespeare (“ Henry VI.,” Part III., act v. sc. 6);
And Thomson:“Suspicion always haunts the guilty mind;
" It is success that colors all in life, The thief doth fear each bush an officer."
Success makes fools admir'd, makes villains honest."
“Nation " newspaper:WHAT PASSION CAUSES.
“Where crime is crowned, where guilt is glory” Passion forces man to follow the worse course. His mind knowingly leads him to a precipice and
LIGHT GRIEFS. again draws back, in vain desiring what is good. Trifling annoyances find utterance, deeply-felt
pangs are dumb. THE PROSPEROUS.
Spenser in his “Faerie Queen" (i. 7, 41) thus expresses the Whoever is too proud of his prosperous circum
same idea:stances and abounds in luxury, is always desirous
"Oh! but,' quoth she, 'great grief will not be told, of what is unusual.
And can more easily be thought than said.'”