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THE WORL). If what thou doest be honorable, let all know The world is the mighty templo of the gods.

So Isaiah lxvi. 1:So Matthew y. 15:

* The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: “ Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, where is the house that ye build unto me ? and where is the but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in place of my rest ?" the house."


For it is the arrangement of nature that the Our soul will have wherewith to congratulate it

| worse should be ruled by the better, self, when, emerging from this darkness in which it is involved, it shall behold no dim light, but the

TIME. brightness of day, and be restored to its own beaven, recovering the place which it enjoyed at

Time will destroy all traces even of those states, the moment of its birth. Its first origin summons

which thou now callest magnificent and noble. it aloft.

So Matthew xxiv. 2:

“There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that So John xvii. 5:

shall not be thrown down." And now, O Father, glorify Thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with Thee before the world

FATES. was."

It is tedious to recount all the ways of the fates. TRUTU ALWAYS THE SAME.

FOLLY. Truth is always the same in every part of it.

It is rashness to condemn that of which thou art THE POOR MAN.

ignorant. The poor man laughs oftener and more securely.


No man is free who is a slave to the flesh. THE WIDOW'S MITE.

So Romans vi. 12 :Often what is given is small, the result from it “Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye is great.

should obey it in the lusts thereof." So Mark xii. 48:

LIFE. “This poor widow hath cast more in than all they which have cast into the treasury.'

| This man lived not, but merely had an abode in

this life: he died not lately, but long ago. A GOOD MAN. No man expresses such a respect and devotion

THE POWERS OF THE MIND. to virtue as he does, who forfeits the repute of be- The powers of the mind are nourished and ining a good man, that he may not lose the con- creased by precepts. sciousness of being such.


We become wiser by adversity, prosperity deRetirement without study is death, and the grave stroys the idea of what is right. of a living man.


Nobody errs for himself alone, but scatters his Of what consequence is it that anything should folly among his neighbors and receives theirs in be concealed from man? nothing is hidden from return. God: He is present in our minds and comes into So Luke vi. 39:the midst of our thoughts. Comes, do I say?-as

“ Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fal into if He were ever absent!

the ditch." So Deuteronomy xxxi. 21 :

GOOD PRECEPTS. “I know their imagination."

Good precepts, if they are often found in thy

mind, are equally profitable as good examples. DRUNKENNESS. Drunkenness is nothing else than voluntary


Respect of parents curbs the spirit and restrains


So Proverbs x. 1:The path to the honors of life is rough and "A wise son maketh a glad father: but a foolish son is the stormy.

heaviness of his mother."


LOVE CASTETH OUT FEAR. Nature does not bestow virtue; to become good. It is enough for God that He is worshipped and is an art.

I loved; love cannot be mingled with fear.


So 1 John iv. 18:

greatest torture arises on this account, because "There is no fear in love: but perfect love casteth out fear:

never-resting remorse oppresses and scourges the because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not perfect in love. We love Him, because He first loved us."

mind, no confidence being placed in the vouchers

of its security. HOW GOD IS TO BE PROPITIATED.

THE GUILTY. Dost thou wish to propitiate the gods ? Be

It belongs to the guilty to tremble. good. Whoever has imitated them, has shown

So Job xv. 20:sufficient reverence.

" The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days." So 1 Samuel xv, 2:* Behold to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken

VICE ALWAYS EXISTS. than the fat of rams." And Ephesians v. 1:

Thou art mistaken if thou thinkest luxury and ** Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children."

the neglect of good manners, and other things, And Hosea vi. 6:

which every man finds in the age in which he lives, “For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt-offerings."

are the imperfections of our age. It is the men,

not the times, that are the cause of this. No age GOD REQUIRES NOT SERVANTS.

has been free from vice. God requires not servants; He is the servant of So Romans v. 13:mankind, is everywhere, and assists all.

“Sin is not imputed when there is no law." So Jeremiah xxii. 23:-

PROSPERITY IS A FEEBLE REED. “Am I a God at hand, saith the Lord, and not a God afar

He leans on a feeble reed who takes pleasure on

what is external to himself. THE UNION OF THE HUMAN RACE. The society of man is like a vault of stones,

A MIND ANXIOUS ABOUT THE FUTURE. which would fall if the stones did not rest on ope

The mind that is anxious about the future is another; in this way it is sustained.

wretched. So Ephesians il. 20, 21:-* And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and

Swain says:prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner-stone;

"Let to-morrow take care of to-morrow, in whom all the building, fitly frained together, groweth into

Leave things of the future to fate; an holy temple in the Lord.”

What's the use to anticipate sorrow?

Life's troubles come never too late." “DEAL THY BREAD TO THE HUNGRY." I And Moore:

"Round, round, while thus we go round, It is praiseworthy for a man to be kind to his

The best thing a man can do. fellow-men. Shall we command him to succor the

Is to make it at least a merry-go-round, shipwrecked, to show the wanderer his road, to

By--sending the wine round too." share his bread with the hungry?

| THE MIND IS SUPERIOR TO EVERY KIND OF So Isaiah Iviii. 7:"* Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou

FORTUNE. bring the poor that art cast out to thy house."

The mind is the master over every kind of fort

une: itself acts in both ways, being the cause of LIFE IS A WARFARE.

its own happiness and misery. But life is a warfare. So Æschylus (Eum, 149) says:

ANTICIPATION OF EVIL. ** Reproach springing from my dreams has struck deep into There is nothing so wretched or foolish as to my heart and soul, like the charioteer's firmly-grasped whip; l anticipate misfortunes. What madness is it in I feel horror, chill horror, creep over me from the never-pitying scourge."

your expecting evil before it arrives? VICE.

THE FRAILTY OF MAN. Thou art mistaken if thou thinkest the vices are Every day, every hour, shows how insignificant born with us; they have supervened, they have we are, and by a fresh proof warns us if we forget come upon us.


DIGNITY. We shall find Clodii in every age, seldom Catos.

Dignity increases more easily than it begins. We are prone to evil, because we are never without a leader or companion on our downward way.


What a foolish thing it is to promise ourselves a WHAT IS THE PUNISHMENT OF TRANSGRESSORS ? long life, who are not masters of even to-morrow!

The first and severest punishment of sinners is How mad are they who live on long hopes! the feeling of having sinned; the second is to bot always afraid, to be in constant dread, to-fave no Pumilc Lin MAKE HASTE TO LIVE. feeling of security. We must confess that evil . Make haste to life, and consider each day as a deeds are lashed by conscience, and, that the life. xx zones

20 iii


So 1 Peter iv. 19:

| “Wherefore, let them that suffer according to the will of The mind of man is great and noble; it allows God commit the keeping of their souls to Him in well-doing no bounds to be put to it except what is common as unto a faithful Creator." and with God.


Fate leads the willing and drags the unwilling. Think what advantage there is in a good exam This idea of Seneca is found in a fragment of Cleanthes:ple; thou wilt know that the presence not less than

"Lead me, O Jupiter, both thou and Fate; wheresoever I

am directed by you I shall follow without hesitation. Even the memory of good men is useful.

if I am unwilling, being recalcitrant, nevertheless I shall be So John viii. 12:

obliged to follow." “He that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life."


Old age is an incurable disease. TIME. This day, which thou fearest as thy last, is the SOME PASSIONS ARE MORE EASILY CUT OFF THAN birthday of eternity.

REGULATED. So 1 Peter i. 3:4

Some passions cannot be regulated but must be "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, lentirely cut off. which, according to his abundant mercy, hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead."


Men's conversation resembles their kind of lives. EVERY AGE FERTILE IN GENIUS.

THE UNCERTAINTY OF LIFE. No age is shut against great genius.

Nothing will assist thee more in acquiring temDIFFICULT THINGS.

perance in all things than the constant recollection

how short-lived thou art, and how uncertain too It is not because things are difficult that we do

life is. not dare to attempt them, but they are difficult because we do not dare to do so.


From the time that money began to be regarded HOW TO GET RID OF OUR EVIL PROPENSITIES. with honor, the real value of things was forgotten.

If thou wishest to get rid of thy evil propensi-| Plato'says of the rich (Leg. v. 743):ties, thou must keep far from evil companions. "To be very good and very rich is impossible; the fery So Proverbs i. 10:

rich are not good."

So Luke xviii. 24:“My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not."

“How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the

kingdom of God." A BAD CONSCIENCE. In a bad conscience some things may make a

CARE OF OUR HEALTH. man safe, but nothing secure.

Nature has committed to us the care of what beSo Isaiah Ivii. 21:

longs to us, but if thou attendest too much to this “There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked.”

it is a fault. RECONCILIATION.

So Ephesians v. 29:

For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth Let thy reconciliation be both easy and un- and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church." doubted.

YOUNG MEN OUT OF A BAND-BOX. So Matthew v. 25:“Agree with thine adversary quickly, whilst thou art in the You know some young men, with beard and hair way with him."

so trimmed, as if they had stepped out of a bandHOW TO ESCAPE ENVY.

box, but you could expect nothing great from such

parties. The conversation is the index of the · Thou shalt escape envy if thou makest no show,

mind. if tbou boastest not of thy fortunes, if thou knowest how to enjoy them thyself.


They do not inquire why and whence, but only WHY WE LEARN.

how much thou possessest. We acquire learning not that we may improve our lives, but for the sake of learned disputation.


We are wont to attribute much to what all men THE NOBLE-MINDED.

| presume; with us it is an argument of truth that The noble spirit is that which gives itself up to anything seems true to all, as that there are gods, God, whereas he is recreant and mean who strug- we hence collect, for that all men have engrafted gles against and thinks ill of the government of in them an opinion concerning gods, neither is the world, and prefers to amend the gods than there any nation so void of laws or good manners, himself.

that it does not believe that there are some gods. THE BODY.

| the universe, a spirit and a mind, the Lord and This body is not a home, but a place of enter

Maker of this lower world, to whom all names are tainment, and that for a short period.

suitable. Wilt thou call him Destiny? Thou

wilt not err. On him depend all things, and all So Psalm cxix. 19:"I am a stranger in the earth.”

the causes of causes are from him. Wilt thou cali

him Providence? Thou wilt say well. For it is NATURE.

his wisdom that provides for this world that it be Nature has given to us the seeds of knowledge, without confusion and proceed on its course withnot knowledge itself.

out change. Wilt thou call him Nature? Thou

wilt not commit a mistake. For all things have TO STRIVE AGAINST NATURE.

had their beginning from him, in whom we live The life of those who strive against nature is no and move and have our being. Wilt thou call him otherwise than theirs who strive against the the World? Thou wilt not be deceived. For he stream.

is all that thou seest, wholly infused into his parts

and sustaining himself by his own power. THE CAUSE OF OUR MISFORTUNES.

The following is the scholium annexed to the principia of One of the causes that leads us to misfortune is, | Newton (Cambridge, 1713), which may be considered as the that we live according to the example of others, germ of the celebrated argument a priori for the existence of and are unwilling to submit to reason, but are led God:

"God is eternal and infinite, omnipotent and omniscient; astray by custom.

that is, He endures from everlasting to everlasting, and is So Jeremiah xiii. 23:

present from infinity to infinity. He is not eternity nor in"Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his finity, but eternal and infinite. He is not duration or space, spots? then may ye also do good, that are accustomed to do but he endures and is present. He endures always and is evil."

present everywhere, and by existing always and everywhere, TALE-BEARERS.

constitutes duration and space." Tale-bearers were reputed the worst sort of

ALL MUST DIE. men; but some there are who spread vices. The We are all reserved for death. All this people, speech of these sort of men is productive of much whom thou seest, whom thou thinkest to be anymischief; for although it hurts not instantly, yet where, nature will speedily recall and bury; nor is it leaves some seeds in the mind, and it follows us there any question about the thing, but about the even when we have left them, likely hereafter today. enkindle in us a new evil.


Fate goes its round, and if it has missed one The inquisitive examiner who looks around him thing for a long time, it at last finds it out. It despises the narrow limits of this world in which afflicts some more rarely, others more often, but he dwells. For how short, after all, is the distance leaves nothing exempt and free from evil. that intervenes between the remote shores of Spain and the Indies! a space passed over in a

FEAR. very few short days if a favorable wind fills his! If you wish to fear nothing, think that everysails.

thing is to be feared. PROOF OF THE DIVINITY OF THE SOUL.

NO TEMPEST OF LONG DURATION. The soul has this proof of its divine origin, that

I No tempest continues for a long time: the more divine things delight it.

strength storms have, the less time they last. TRUTH AND ERROR.

THE DEEP THINGS OF GOD. There is an end to truth: error is never-ending.

It was the act of a lofty spirit to examine the DISEASE NOT REMOVED BY THE SPLENDOR hidden places of the nature of things, and not conAROUND.

tent with their exterior to look into, and descend It matters not whether you place the sick man into, the deep things of God. on a wooden bed or one of gold; wherever you lay So 1 Corinthians ii. 10:him, he carries his disease along with him.

| “The Spirit searcheth all things, yea the deep things of


God is not to be worshipped with sacrifices and blood: for what pleasure can He have in the slaughter of the innocent? but with a pure mind, a good and honest purpose. Temples are not to be built for Him with stones piled on high: God

SILIUS ITALICUS. is to be consecrated in the breast of each.

BORN A.D. 25—DIED A.D. 100.

C. SILIUS ITALICUS, born about A.D. 25, became The same being whom we call Jupiter, the famed at an early age as a pleader at the bar. He wisest men regard as the keeper and protector of was raised to the consulship A.D. 65, the year in

which Nero perished. He passed through a pros- | our vigilance as to overcome them by noble paperous life amidst very exciting scenes, and at last tience. determined to retire from the busy world that he Euripides (Aiol. Fr. 20) says:might enjoy the tranquillity of a literary life. He “Distresses must be endured; whoever bears with patience passed his time chiefly near Puteoli, at the favor the inflictions of the gods, that man is wise." ite villa of Cicero, called Academia. Here he

MISERY REMINDS MAN OF GOD. lived happily for many years, till falling into an incurable disease he determined to leave life, which When we are in misery then springs up a reverhe did by starving himself A.D. 100. He wrote an ence of the gods: the prosperous seldom approach heroic poem in seventeen books, entitled “ Pu- | the sacred altar. nica," which has reached us entire.


Hear and keep this fixed forever in thy breast; In time of war we must be speedy in execution, to be incensed against thy country is impions, Dor and advance to honor through the path of danger. is there any sin more heinous that conducts man

to the grave. SENATE OF ROME.

THE GAULS. The consul summons a solemn council; men distinguished by unstained poverty, whose names. Besides the Gauls began to look toward home, a are known for triumphs in war, a senate that people fierce at the first onset, but unsteady; a equals the gods in virtue. Valiant deeds and a race boastful in words, and of a light, inconstant sacred regard of right raise them aloft; unshorn mind; they grieved to see a war carried on withhair, a simple diet, hands familiar with the crooked out slaughter (a thing to them unknown), and that plough; content with little, hearts whom no desire their right hands, while they stood in arms, should of wealth torments, who often retired to their grow stiff and dry from blood. small cottage in triumphal cars.


The frowns of fortune are deepened to the timid Nowhere does faith remain long to mortals when when there is no resistance, and adverse circumfortunes fails them.

stances go on increasing by yielding to fear. TRUE VIRTUE.

ADVERSITY True virtue advances upwards through difficul-For brave men ought not to be cast down by ties, go on to obtain that praise which is not easily adversity. gained by the bulk of mankind, and is little known.


It is noble, and regarded as the noblest both DEATH MUST COME IN PEACE OR WAR. Tamong nations and individuals, to keep faith in In peace as well as war an end to life must at adversity. last come; our first day gave being to our last; a

TRUE KINDNESS. mighty spirit bestows on few a never-ending name, on those only whom the father of the gods des- Then is the time to give proof of kindly feeltines for the blessed abodes above.

|ings, when prosperity has fled, and misfortunes

call for aid: for to show kindness to the fortunate SLOTH.

in no way does honor to the noble. Valor, when it has been gradually overpowered by the delicious poison of sloth, grows torpid.


Peace is the best of things known to mortals; : ADVERSE FORTUNE IMPROVES MAN.

peace brings greater honor than innumerable triAdversity tries men, and virtue undaunted umphs: peace that is able to keep the common climbs by rough paths upward to glory.

safety, and to make all citizens equal to each other.


DEATH. Away with delay; short-lived is the chance of Every honor is ended by death. high fortune.

The wheel of time rolls downward through

Overcome every labor by virtuous conduct. various chances.


Virtue herself is her poblest reward; yet it is Glory is a torch to kindle the noble mind, and pleasant in the world to come, when life continues confidence in the uncertain results of Mars is fool- among the gods, and oblivion does not destroy ish.

glory. PATIENCE.

BE DARING IN WAR. • It is not so honorable to avoid misfortunes by! Supineness in war is disgraceful. It is by dar

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