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ing that thou mayest bring wars to a successful opposed to the rest of the world, and therefore result. Sloth never yet raised herself to the stars. / with difficulty reaches the gods above, prone to Hasten on thy mighty deeds; black death impends insult and sickening at another's joys. over thee in the midst of thy labors.

Thomson ("The Seasons "_"Spring," 1. 283) says:

** Base envy withers at another's joy, THE JOYS OF LIFE.

And hates that excellence it cannot reach." How many things God has formed for joyous purposes, and has distributed pleasures with a full

AMBITION. right hand.

O blinded counsels of the guilty! O wickedness, SECOND BIRTH.

always full of fearful forebodings! A man cannot be born twice.

FEAR. So John iii. 4:

Then fear, the very worst prophet in misfort** How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the unes, anticipates many evils. second time into his mother's womb, and be born?" THE DWELLING OF VIRTUE.

TO-MORROW. My house is chaste and my household gods! It is unlawful for men to know what may be tostand on a lofty hill; a steep path up a rocky de- morrow. clivity leads to it: at first toilsome labor attends Simonides of Ceos (Fr. 28, S.) says much to the same efit, for I will not deceive: he who wishes to enter fect:must exert all his energy: by and by high above

* Being a mortal, do not pretend to say what to-morrow will

bring forth, nor when you see a man happy, how long he will thou shalt behold beneath thee the race of men. (be so; for the change is quicker than that of a long-winged

This is not unlike the following passage from Milton “On | fly." Education": "I will point out to you the right path of a virtuous and

BLINDNESS OF MAN. noble education; laborious, indeed, at the first ascent, but al

O Chance, and the minds of men blind to futuSo so smooth, so green, so full of goodly prospects and melodious sounds on every side, that the harp of Orpheus was not rity! more charming." So Psalm xxxvii. 34:

MERCY. "Wait on the Lord and keep His ways."

It is a noble act to bestow life on the vanquished.

Peace is sought for by the cruelty of war.


LOVE OF LIFE. BORN ABOUT A.D. 61-DIED ABOUT A.D. 96. The love of life, the last that lingers in the hu

man breast. P. PAPINIUS STATIUS was the son of P. Papinius Statius, the preceptor of Domitian, being born at

SLEEP. Naples. Of his personal history little is known, Beside the cloudy confines of the western night as he is mentioned by no ancient author except and the distant Ethiopians, there is a musty grove. Juvenal. He gained the prize three times at the impenetrable to the brightest star, and under the Alban games (Suet. Dom. 4). He is said to have hollow rocks an immense cave descends into the been stabbed with a stilus by Domitian. Several bowels of the mountain, where sluggish

ure of his works are extant.

has placed the halls of lazy Sleep and the drowsy

god. Motionless Rest and dark Oblivion stand on THE DEMAGOGUE.

guard, and torpid Sloth with never wakeful eye. Then one whose nature was to attack the noble At the porch sits Ease, and speechless Silence with with the poisonous slander of his tongue, and who close contracted wings, driving the murmuring was unwilling to submit to the leaders placed over winds from the roof, forbidding the foliage to rushim, rose up to speak.

tle, or the birds to twitter: here no roaring of the

ocean, though all the shores resound, no crashing A TIGER.

of the thunder: the stream itself, gliding along As the tiger, when he hears the sound of the the deep valleys close to the grotto, rolls silently approaching huntsmen, rustles his spotted skin, between the rocks and cliffs: the sable herds shaking off his lazy sleep; he wakes to the com- and flocks recline at ease on the ground: the bat, expands his jaws and points his claws; then newly-sprung grass withers, and the våpor makes bounds into the midst of the bands, and bears off the herbage languid. Glowing Vulcan had formed his reeking prey, food for his bloody whelps. a thousand statues of the god within: close by it

is wreathed Pleasure; here, in attendance, is Toil THE DESERVING.

inclined to rest: here the same couch receives A just fortune awaits the deserving.

Love and Wine: deep, deep within, he lies with

his twin-brother Death, a sad image to none. BeENVY.

neath the dew-bespangled cavern, the god himself, There is one above all othert, who always acts released from cares, crowned with drowsy flow

ers, lay on tapestry: his dress sends forth exhala

PRIVATE HATRED. tions, his couch is warm with his lazy body, and

It is lawful to bury private hatred when it is for above the bed a dark vapor rises from his half- the public

e bed a dark vapor rises from his hand | the public advantage. shut mouth. The one hand sustains his hair hanging over his left temple, the other has dropped

So Romans (xiv. 19) :

Let us therefore follow after the things which make for the horn unheeded.

peace, and things wherewith one may edify another."


TRAITORS. Give not reins to your inflamed passions: take their treason

Traitors are hateful even to those who gain by time and grant a little delay: impetuosity manages affairs badly.


Sowing the seeds of hatred, which would lie hid MUSING ON THE BELOVED DEAD.

for a long period, and gathering strength would Do thou soothe thy troubled breast, do thou for- spring up at some distant day. bid tears to flow down thy cheeks, and fill the blessed night with pleasing musings, and thy

INSTABILITY OF HUMAN AFFAIRS. countenance if still alive.

Alleging the instability of human affairs, and Tennyson (In Mem. cxv.) imitates this:

the danger always increasing in proportion to the "The face will shine

eminence which a man reaches.
Upon me, while I muse alone;
And that dear voice I once have known,

Still speaks to me of me and mine!"

We accomplish more by prudence than by vio-

lence. The gods also are subject to law, the rapid choir

DOMESTIC EXPENSES. of stars, the moon is subject, nor does the sun fol

In domestic expenses, such as slaves, plate, and low its appointed course without having been so

what is necessary for life, there is nothing in itordained.

self excessive, nothing mean but what is made so So Sophocles (Ajax, 669) says:" For all that is dreadful and all that is mightiest gives way reason why the fortune of a senator should differ

by the circumstances of the parties. The only to law. First snow-faced winters yield to fruitful summers, and the orb of murky night gives place to the day with his from the qualification of a knight is not that they white steeds to kindle his light, and the blast of the dreadful | are different in nature, but that they should exwinds hath lulled the roaring main, nay, all o'erpowering cel each other in station, rank, and honors, and sleep looses where he has bound, nor always holds us cap-those other things which are for the recreation of tive." Again Shakespeare (" Troilus and Cressida," act i. se. 3)

the mind and the health of the body. Unless persays:

haps you are inclined to maintain that the most “The heavens themselves, the planets, and this centre,

illustrious ought to submit to weightier anxieties Observe degree, priority, and place,

and greater dangers, while they are without the Insisture, course, proportion, season, form

means to soothe their anxieties and dangers. Office, and custom, in all line of order."

FALSE COMPASSION. If we yield to false compassion, industry will go to ruin, sloth will predominate, if man has nothing to hope or fear from his own exertions; all

being secure of subsistence, will look to their TACITUS.

neighbors for support, being idle in their own | BORN ABOUT A.D. 59—DIED ABOUT A.D. 120.

business and a burden to the public. P. CORNELIUS TACITUS is supposed by some to

TRUTH. have been born at Interamna, the modern Terni, Truth is brought to light by time and reflection, but this is doubtful. We find him advanced to while falsehood gathers strength from precipitaoffice by Vespasian, and to have been a favorite tion and bustle. of his sons Titus and Domitian. He married the

of c. Julius Agricola, who was consull HOW THE DEAD ARE TO BE REVERENCED. A.D. 77. He was prætor A.D. 88, and in the reign The chief duty of friends is not to attend the of Nerva, A.D. 97, he was appointed consul suffec- remains of the dead with unavailing lamentation, tus in the place of T. Verginius Rufus, who had but to remember his wishes and execute his comdied in that year. He was the intimate friend of mands. Pliny the younger, and in the collection of Pliny's So Proverbs (x. 7):Letters we find eleven addressed to Tacitus. The “The memory of the just is blessed." precise time of his death is unknown, nor is it certain whether he left any family, though the

FALSE GRIEF. Emperor Tacitus claimed to be descended from None grieve with so much ostentation as those the historian.

I who in their hearts rejoice at the event.


| exceed our ability, gratitude gives way to our On the day that the remains of Augustus were

hatred. conveyed to the tomb, there was dreary desolation

INFORMERS. with passionate sorrow.

In this way informers, a race of men the bane THE COMMONWEALTH.

and scourge of society, never having been suffiWhatever be the fate of noble families, the com

ciently curbed by punishment, were drawn forth

by the wages of iniquity. monwealth is immortal. FORTUNE TURNS EVERYTHING TO A JEST


TION. When we review what has been doing in the world, is it not evident that in all transactions,

It would be not without advantage to examine whether of ancient or of modern date, some

these things, slight indeed in appearance, but strange caprice of fortune turns all human wisdom | which are often the secret springs of the most im- . to a jest?

portant events. LAWS IN A CORRUPT STATE.

THE BRITISH CONSTITUTION. When the state is most corrupt, the laws are In all nations the supreme authority is vested most numerous.

either in the people, the nobles or a single indi

vidual. A constitution composed of these three PEACE.

simple forms may, in theory, be praised, but can Even war is preferable to a wretched and dis- never exist in fact, or if it should, it, will be but honorable peace.

of short duration. Franklin (Letter to Quincy, Sept. 11, 1773) says:“There never was a good war or a bad peace."

EXAMPLE. And S. Butler (Speeches in the Rump Parliament) says: Few are able by their own reflection to draw " It hath been said that an unjust peace is to be preferred | the line between vice and virtue, or to separate before a just war."

the useful from that which is the opposite; many DISTEMPERS OF THE BODY AND MIND. learn experience by what happens to others. Chronic diseases of the body thou canst not cure

THE LAST OF THE ROMANS, except by harsh and violent remedies; the heart, too, sick to the very core with vice, corrupted and Cremutius Cordus is accused of a new and, till corrupting, requires an antidote as strong as the that time, unheard-of crime, that, having pubpoison that inflames our passions.

lished a series of annals, he eulogized Brutus, he

had styled C. Cassius the last of the Romans. So Matthew (xviii. 8): "Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into

CALUMNY. life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet

Calumny when disregarded is soon forgotten by to be cast into everlasting fire."

the world; if you get in a passion, it seems to SAYING OF TIBERIUS.

have a foundation of truth. We are informed by tradition that Tiberius, as

POSTERITY. often as he went from the Senate-house, used to

| Posterity gives to every man his true value and exclaim in Greek, “Devoted men, how they rush

proper honor. headlong into bondage!”


Wherefore we may well laugh at the folly of He shone with the greater splendor because he those who think that they are able by an arbitrary was not seen.

act to extinguish the light of truth and prevent it This expression is the French

reaching posterity. For genius triumphs under “Briller par son absence."

oppression; persecute the author and you enhance

the value of his work. Foreign tyrants, and all CHASTITY.

who have adopted this barbarous policy, have When a woman has lost her chastity, she will done nothing but record their own disgrace, and shrink from no crime.

give the author a passport to immortality. Scott says:

So Matthew xxiv. 35:“We hold our greyhound in our hand,

"Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall Our falcon on our glove;

not pass away."
But where shall we find leash or band
For dame that loves to rove!"

PRAYER OF A GOOD MAN. "Where the heart is past hope, the face is past shame." Piles of stones when the judgment of posterity

rises to execration are mere charnel houses. I KINDNESSES.

now, therefore, address myself to thy allies of the Obligations are only then acknowledged, when empire, the citizens of Rome, and the immortal it seems in our power to requite them; if they gods: to the gods it is my prayer that, to the end

of life, they may grant the blessing of an undis- and fluctuating as the fancied pre-eminence which turbed, clear, collected mind, with a due sense of depends on popular opinion, when there is no laws, both human and divine. Of mankind I re- solid foundation to support it. quest, that, when I am no more, they will do justice to my memory, and with kind acknowledg

LOVERS' QUARBELS. ments, record my name and the actions of my life.

Then there is the usual scene when lovers are

excited with each other, quarrels, entreaties, reA MIND ENFEEBLED.

proaches, and then fondling reconcilement. When the mind of man is enfeebled by misfortunes, he bursts into tears.



Projects of great importance are frequently So true is the saying of the great philosopher, I frustrated by enyy and fear. the oracle of ancient wisdom, that if the minds of tyrants were laid open to our view, we should see

TIIE APPEARANCE OF NATURE REMAINS. them gashed and mangled with the whips and stings of horror and remorse. By blows and

The everlasting hills are not changed like the stripes the flesh is made to quiver; and in like faces of men. manner, cruelty and inordinate passions, malice

DOING EVIL THAT GOOD MAY COME. and evil deeds, become internal executioners, and, with increasing torture, goad and lacerate the Every striking example has some injustice heart.

mixed up with it: individuals suffer while the

public derive benefit. PLANS OF REFORMATION. Like most plans of reformation, it was embraced

THE AGENTS IN EVIL ACTIONS. at first with ardor; but the novelty ceased, and The assistants in the commission of crimes are the scheme ended in nothing.

always regarded as if they were reproaching the

act. THE MOB.

NEW BROOMS. Things are neither good nor bad, as they appear | Magistrates discharge their duties best at the 1 to the judgment of the mob.

beginning, and fall off at the conclusion. MAN OF FORTITUDE.

THE DESIRE OF PERSONAL SAFETY. There are many who encounter adversity, that are happy; while some in the midst of riches are

The desire of personal safety is always against miserable: everything depends on the fortitude every great and noble enterprise. with which the former bear their misfortune, and

LUST OF POWER. on the manner in which the latter employ their wealth.

The lust of power is the strongest in the human í


Shakespeare (“Henry VIII.," act iii. sc. 2) says:Not for any extraordinary talents, but because

“Fling away ambition; he had a capacity of a level for business, and not

By that sin angels fell." above it.


The desire of power is stronger than all other A regular democracy holds too much of civil / feelings. liberty; while the domination of the few differs

THE BOLD. but little from absolute monarchy.

Even the bravest men are not proof against a PRECEDENTS.

surprise. The measure which I now defend by examples

THE SLOTIFUL. will, at a future day, become another precedent. Many enterprises succeed by trying, which seem It is now a new regulation; in time it will be his- | impracticable to little minds. tory.


He had often made the prince the subject of his A story embellished merely to create astonish- | raillery; and raillery, when seasoned with truth, ment.

never fails to leave a sting that festers in the memSTOLEN WATERS.

ory. Things forbidden have a secret charm.


While other men have been advanced to emiPOPULAR OPINION.

nence by industry, this man succeeded by mere In human affairs there is nothing so unstable sluggishness and indolence.


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with terror; it was neither a tumult nor a settled Being in favor at court, and cherished as the calm, but rather such an awful stillness as always companion of Nero in his select parties, he was indicates mighty terror and mighty fury. allowed to be the arbiter of taste and elegance.


While no higher than a private citizen, his merit Spleen and calumny are devoured with a greedy was thought superior to his rank; and the sufear. Flattery wears a badge of servitude: while frages of mankind would have pronounced him in detraction and invective there appears an un-worthy of empire, had he never made the experireal kind of liberty.


Shakespeare (“All's Well that Ends Well," act ii. sc. 1)

says: Through the rare felicity of the times, you are

“Oft expectation fails, and most oft there permitted to think what you please, and to publish

Where most it promises." what you think.

THE WICKED. So John xviii. 23:"If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil; but if well, The wicked find it easier to coalesce for sediwhy smitest thou me?"

tious purposes than for concord in peace. SELF-INTEREST.

DANGEROUS ENTERPRISES. Self-interest, the bane of all true affection.

Each man, as is usual in dangerous enterprises, ROMAN PEOPLE.

expecting the bold example of his comrades, ready

to second the insurrection, yet not daring to begin For it is not here as in other nations subject to lit. monarchy that a hereditary despotism exists in a single family and slavery in all the rest; but you

FICKLENESS. are destined to bear sway over a nation, who are He had the address to soothe the minds of the equally incapable of entire slavery and of entire soldiers, who (such is the nature of the multitude) freedom.

are easily inflamed, and with a sudden transition A SUCCESSOR.

shift to the opposite extreme. The man whom the public voice has named for

PROSPERITY. the succession is sure to be suspected by the reign

In the hour of prosperity, even the most illustriing prince.

ous generals become haughty and insolent. THE MOB READY TO APPLAUD ANY PRINCE.

THE ELEVATION OF NEW MEN. The mob have neither judgment nor principle, ready to bawl for the reverse of what they desired

Such is the nature of the human mind, disposed in the morning. To be ready with shouts and at all times to behold with jealousy the sudden vociferations, let who will be the reigning prince, elevation of new men, and to demand that he who has been in all ages the zeal of the vulgar.

has been known in an humble station should know

how to rise in the world with temper and modest CRIMES.

dignity. Crimes succeed by sudden despatch, honest

A DISSOLUTE SOLDIERY. counsels gain vigor by delay.

A slothful and listless soldiery, debauched by the So Romans vi. 12:"Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body."

circus and theatres. TO MEET DANGER WITH FORTITUDE.

THE TIMID AND THE BRAVE. If a man must fall he should manfully meet the



The brave and energetic stand a siege even against adversity, the timid and the cowards rush

to despair caused by their fears. THE COWARD IS A BOASTER AFTER BATTLE.

So Jeremiah xlviii. 10:Every coward, who showed his timidity in the “Cursed be he that doeth the work of the Lord deceitfully." hour of danger, was lavish of words and playing the braggart with his tongue after the battle.


When the contest is for sovereign power, there DELAY.

is no middle course. There is no room for hesitation in any enterprise which cannot be justified unless it be successful.


The populace as usual, knowing neither truth FOREBODING OF A STORM.

nor falsehood, and indifferent about both, paid A deep and sullen silence prevailed. The very their tribute of flattery with noise and uproar. rabble was hushed. Amazement sat on every They pressed him to accept the title of Augustus; face. Their eyes watched every motion, and their he declined it for some time; but the voice of the ears caught every sound. The interval was big rabble prevailed. He yielded to their importu


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