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nity; but the compliance was useless, and the

THE POOR. honor was of short duration.

The populace who have never more than one So 1 Thessalonians ii. 5:

day's provision dreaded an approaching famine. "For neither at any time used we flattering words."

| Of all that concerns the public, the price of grain POWER.

1 is their only care. Power is never stable when it exceeds all


Fleets and armies are not always the strongest CHANGE.

bulwarks; the best resources of the sovereign are New men succeeded, but the measures were still

in his own family. Friends moulder away; time the same.

changes the affections of men; views of interest

form new connections; the passions fluctuate; QUALITIES OF A GENERAL.

desires arise that cannot be gratified; misunderThe proper qualities of a general are forethought

standings iollow, and friendships are transferred and prudence.

to others; but the ties of blood still remain in

force; and in that bond of unity consists the secuINCONSIDERATE ACTIONS.

rity of the emperor. In his prosperity numbers All enterprises which are begun inconsiderately participate; in the day of trouble, who, except his are violent at the beginning, but soon languish. relations, takes a share in his misfortunes ? TUMULT.

CONTESTS BETWEEN RELATIVES. In seasons of tumult and public distraction the The hatreds of relatives are most violent. bold and desperate take the lead; peace and good

"The greatest hate springs from the greatest lore.' order are the work of virtue and ability.


DEMAGOGUES. So true it is that men are more willing to retali

But the rights of man and such specious lanate an injury than to requite an obligation; obli- guage are the pretext; this has always been the gation implies a debt, which is a painful sensation; language of those who want to usurp dominion by a stroke of revenge, something is thought to be over them. gained. So 1 Thessalonians v. 13:—

AN ARMED PEACE IS THE BEST GUARANTEE "See that none render evil for evil unto any man; but ever

AGAINST WAR. follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men."

For the repose of nations cannot be maintained

without arms, arms without pay, nor pay without LOVE OF FAME THE LAST TO BE RESIGNED BY

taxes. THE WISE. The love of fame is the last weakness which

VICES AS LONG AS THERE ARE MEN. even the wise resign.

There will be vices as long as there are men. Thus Milton in “Lycidas" (1.70):“Fame is the spur that the clear spirit doth raise

THE JEWS. (That last infirmity of noble mind)

The Egyptians worship various animals, and To scorn delights and live laborious days."

also certain symbolical representations, which are Massinger (“ A Very Woman,” v. 4) says:“Though the desire of fame be the last weakness,

the work of men. The Jews acknowledge one Wise men put off."

God only, and Him they see in the mind's eye, and Plato (" Athen." xi. 507, D.) says:

Him they adore in contemplation, condemning as “The love of fame is the 'ast virtue which we throw off at impious idolators all who, with perishable matedeath."

rials, wrought into the human form, attempt to LIBERTY.

give a representation of the Deity. The God of

the Jews is the great governing Mind that directs Liberty, that best gift, dealt out by the impartial

and guides the whole form of nature, eternal, inhand of Nature, even to the brute creation.

finite, and neither capable of change nor subject

to decay. In consequence of this opinion, no PROVIDENCE ON THE SIDE OF THE GREAT

statue was to be seen in their city, much less in BATTALIONS.

their temple. That the gods were on the side of the stronger.

VIRTUOUS CHARACTERS. So Voltaire to M. le Riche (Feb. 6, 1770):" It is said that God is always for the big battalions.” Thus virtuous characters are most valued in

Some one in presence of Napoleon asserted this, but the those times to which they are most congenial. Emperor remarked, “Nothing of the kind, Providence is always on the side of the last reserve."


LETTERS. The most forward in seditious proceedings are Yet from the infirmity natural to man, the remcowards in action.

edies are slower in operation than the disease; and

as the growth of bodies is slow and progressive, l Dryden ("The Conquest of Granada," Part II. act i. sc. 2) their destruction rapid and instantaneous, so you says:will much more easily destroy genius and the love

“Forgiveness, to the injured does belong;

But they ne'er pardon who have done the wrong." of letters than you will recall them into existence.

Herbert (“ Jacula Prudentum ") says: For even idleness itself possesses charms, which

“The offender never pardcns." insensibly grow upon us; and sloth at first disliked is afterwards embraced with affection.


And he, though carried off in the prime of life, FAME.

had lived long enough for glory. Fame, in which even the good often indulge.


Even Nero had the grace to turn away his eyes Common fame does not always err: it sometimes

from the horrors of his reign. He commanded even points out the man to be elected.

deeds of cruelty, but never was a spectator of the

scene. Under Domitian it was our wretched lot A HOUSEHOLD.

to behold the tyrant, and to be seen by him, while Beginning with himself and his friends, he first he kept a register of our sighs and groans. With reformed his own household—a work often at- that fiery visage, of a dye so red that the blush of tended with not less difficulty than the adminis- guilt could never color his cheek, he marked the tration of a province.

pale languid countenance of the unhappy victims

who shuddered at his frown. THE EVILS OF A LUXURIOUS AGE. By degrees man passes to the enjoyments of a

THE DEAD, vicious life, porticoes, baths, and elegant banquets: If in another world there is a pious mansion for this by the ignorant was called a civilized mode of the blessed; if, as the wisest men have thought, living, though in reality it was only a form of the soul is not extinguished with the body, mayest slavery.

thou enjoy a state of eternal felicity! From that

station behold thy disconsolate family; exalt our PLACABILITY.

minds from fond regret and unavailing grief to the His passion soon passed away and left no trace contemplation of thy virtues. Those we must not behind: you had no reason to fear his concealed lament; it were impiety to sully them with a tear. ill-will. He thought it more honorable to give To cherish their memory, to embalm them with open offence than to indulge in secret hatred.

our praises, and if our frail condition will permit,

to emulate thy bright example, will be the truest DEFEAT AND SUCCESS.

mark of our respect, the best tribute thy family And those who had lately prided themselves on

can offer. their prudence and wisdom, were after the success Young (“Night Thoughts," Night ii. 1. 21):ful result ardent and full of boasting. This is the “He mourns the dead who lives as they desire." unfair tax which commanders of armies must al

THE MIND. ways pay-ali claim a share of success, while a bad result is ascribed to the commander alone.

For in the mind as in a field, though some things

may be sown and carefully brought up, yet what THE UNKNOWN.

springs naturally is most pleasing. Everything unknown is magnified.

ENVY. Longfellow says:

From the maliciousness of human nature we are "The mighty pyramids of stone That wedge-like cleave the desert airs,

always praising what has passed away, and depreWhen nearer seen, and better known,

ciating the present.
Are but gigantic flights of stairs."


It is of eloquence as of a flame; it requires matter To rob, to ravage, and to murder, in their impos- to feed it, motion to excite it, and it brightens as ing language, are the arts of civil policy. When it burns. they have made the world a solitude, they call it peace.

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FEAR. Fear and awe are only weak chains to secure love; when these fetters are broken, the man who

TERENCE. forgets to fear will begin to show the effects of his

BORN B.C. 195—DIED B.C. 159. hatred.

P. TERENTIUS AFER, born at Carthage, B.C. 195, INJURIES.

became the slave of P. Terentius Lucanus, a RoIt is the property of the human mind to hate man senator. He gave him a good education, those whom we have injured.

I and subsequently manumitted him, upon which he assumed, according to the usual practice, his

A WISH. patron's name. The success of his play “The Since the thing you wish cannot be had. wish Andria,” B.C. 166, introduced him to the most re- | for that which you can have. fined and intellectual circles of Rome. He is said to have received assistance in the composition of

THE SICK, his plays from Scipio and Lælius, who treated him more as a friend than a dependent. As he We all, when we are well, give good advice to was a foreigner, and the pure idioms of the Latin | the sick. language could be little known to him, it is not Sophocles (Trachin. 731):at all improbable that his plays should have been "Not he who shares in the grief may suggest comfort, but submitted to the revision of his friends. The ca-| he to whom there is no anxiety at home."

Shakespeare (" Much Ado About Nothing," act iii. sc. 3 lumnious attacks of his rivals are said to have

says:driven him from Italy, when he took refuge in

“Every one can master a grief but he that has it." Greece, from which he never returned. Accord

And ("Romeo and Juliet," act ii. sc. 2): – ing to one story, after embarking at Brundisium,

“He jests at scars that never felt a wound." he was never heard of more; according to others, he died in some city of the Peloponnesus. He

THANKS. left a daughter, but nothing is known of his

I do not by any means think it the act of an family.

honorable man, when he has done nothing to IGNORANCE.

merit favor, to require that thanks should be gir

en him. Faith! by too much knowledge they bring it about that they know nothing.


Is there no faith in the affairs of men! It is an OBSCURE DILIGENCE.

old saying, and a true one too, “Of all mankind, He prefers to emulate the negligence of the one,

| each loves himself the best." rather than the obscure diligence of the other. be obscure diligence of the other | Menander says:

“No one loves another better than himself." KINDNESS.

SAFETY. But this annoys me; for this reminding me of My vessel is in harbor, reckless of the troubled your kindness is as it were a reproaching me of sea. ingratitude.

Shakespeare (“ Troilus and Cressida," act iii. sc. 3) says:-
"Time hath, my lord, a wallet at his back,

Quarrels of lovers but renew their love.
Wherein he puts alms for oblivion,
A great-sized monster of ingratitudes:

Those scraps are good deeds past; which are devour'd
As fast as they are made, forgot as soon

Is it to be believed or told that there is such mal As done."

ice in men as to rejoice in misfortunes, and from

another's woes to draw delight? EXCESS.

Menander says:For I hold this to be the golden rule of life, “Never rejoice at the misfortunes of your neighbor." “Too much of anything is bad.”


Here, then, is their shameless impudence: they Obsequiousness procures friends, plain dealing cry, Who, then, are you? What are you to me? breeds hatred.

Why should I give my property to you? Hark ye,

I have a right to be my own best friend.

From bad dispositions arise bad designs.

I know it; thou art constrain'd by inclination. A SIMPLETON.

FROM THE HEART. I am a simple Davus, who can understand plain Dost thou think that there is little difference talk very well, but I have not the sagacity of an whether thou dost a thing from the heart, s 13Edipus to fathom the enigma which you propose. ture suggests, or with a purpose?


AS WE CAN. This is a beginning of dotards, not of doting. As we can, according to the old saying, wheti This has been shortened to "amantes, amentes," " in love, we cannot, as we would. a fool.” It is translated alliteratively thus in an old translation (1641):—“For they are fare as they were lunaticke and

SAFETY. not love-sick." .“ By biting and scratching cats and dogs come together." I All is now secure.

A grave severity is in his face,

And credit in his words.

LOVE. Without good eating and drinking love grows cold.



THE WAYS OF WOMEN. If he persists in saying whatever he pleases, he Nay, certainly, I know the ways of women: they will hear what is displeasing.

won't, when thou wilt, and when thou won't, they This seems to be a translation of a line of Alcæus (Fr. 62. are passionately fond. S.):

Shakespeare (“Hamlet," act i. sc. 2) says:** If thou sayest what thou wishest, thou will hear what

“Frailty, thy name is woman!" thou wishest not." Or of Homer (Il. xx. 250);

NEIGHBORHOOD. “Whatever words thou shalt say, the same shalt thou

Yet either thy austere life, or else near neigh

borhood, which I consider to be the first step to ILLS OF LIFE.

friendship, causes me to warn thee boldly and as It happens, as is usual among men, that my ills a friend, that thou seemest to me to be acting in a should reach thy ears before thy joys reach mine. way unsuited to thy age, and otherwise than thy Milton ("Samson Agonistes," L. 1538) expresses the same "Com

income requires. idea:"For evil news rides post, while good news bates."


Me. Chremes, hast thou such leisure from thy NOTHING NEW.

own affairs that thou canst lavish time on those Nothing's said now, but has been said before.

of others, and on matters which don't concern

thee ? St. Jerome relates that his preceptor Donatus, explaining this passage, railed severely at the ancients for taking from

Ch. I am a human being: I consider none of the him his best thoughts, saying:

incidents which befall my fellow-creatures to be “Pereant, qui ante nos nostra dixerunt."

matters of unconcern to me. See Wharton in his “Essay on Pope," in a note i. 88 Tennyson says:

THE MIND. And on her lover's arm she leant,

What now prevents his having every earthly And round her waist she felt it fold,

blessing that man can possess ? Parents, a prosAnd far across the kills they went, In that new world that is the old."

perous country, friends, high birth, relatives,

riches ? Yet all these take their value from the LOVE.

color of the mind. To him who kpows their In love there are all these ills: wrongs, suspi- proper use, they are blessings: to him who miscions, quarrels, reconcilements, war, and peace uses them, they are curses. again. If thou wouldst try to do things thus un- Spenser, in his “Faerie Queen” (vi. 9, 30) speaks thus of certain by a certain method, thou wouldst act as the mind of man:wisely as if thou wert to run mad with reason as

" It is the mind that maketh good or ill,

That maketh wretch or happy, rich or poor: thy guide.

For some, that hath abundance at his will,

Hath not enough, but wants in greatest store;

And other, that hath little, asks no more, There is a kind of men who wish to be at the But in that little is both rich and wise; head of everything, and are not: these I attend;

For wisdom is most riches: fools therefore

They are, which do by vows devise; not to make them laugh, like the buffoon, but I

Sith each unto himself his life may fortunise." laugh with them, and wonder at their parts. Whatever they say, I praise: if they refuse the EXPERIENCE FROM OTHERS' MISFORTUNES. praise, I praise that also. Does any deny ? I too

Remember this maxim, to draw from others' deny; affirm? I too affirm. In a word, I have

misfortunes a profitable lesson for thyself.
brought myself to assent to everything. That
now is the best of all professions.


Dost thou not know that her house is a long

way off. And then thou knowest the ways of There is, alas, a change

women: while they are setting themselves off and In all things.

tricking out their persons, it is an age. MEN OF WIT.

SIMPLICITY IN DRESS. . They, who have the wit that is in you, often transfer to themselves the glory got by others'

We found her dressed without gold or trinkets, care and toil.

as ladies who are dressed only for themselves, set

off with no female paints and pastes. SILENCE,

NO FAMOUS DEED WITHOUT DANGER. This is illustrated by the sublime saying of Soanen, Bishop of Sener, when he was proceeding to exile:

No great and famous deed is accomplished "La silence du peuple est la leçon des rois." I without danger.


CHILDREN. · I know thee, how little command thou hast over For he who has acquired the habit of lying or dethyself; no double meanings, turning thy neck ceiving his father, will do the same with less reround to leer, sighs, hems, coughs, or tittering. morse to others. I believe that it is better to bind

your children to you by a feeling of respect and by LICENSE.

gentleness than by fear. Ah! what an opening for profligacy thou wilt

KINDNESS. make! so that in process of time life itself will be a burden. For we all become worse from too

The man is very much mistaken, in my opinion much liberty. Whatever comes into his head, he at least, who fancies that authority is more firm will have, nor will he consider whether it be right and stable that is founded on force than what is or wrong.

built on friendship. This is my way, this is my

idea; he who does his duty, driven to it by sever. NATURE OF MANKIND.

ity, while he thinks his actions are observed, so

long only is he on his guard; if he hopes for seGods! that the nature of mankind should be crecy, he goes back to his own ways again. He such that they have more wisdom, and determine whom you have made your own by kindness, does better in the affairs of others than in their ownllit of good will, is anxious to make a due return, Does this superior wisdom arise because, where acting present or absent evermore the same. our own interest is concerned, we are prevented This, then, is the duty of a father, to make a son from judging properly either by excessive joy or embrace a life of virtue rather from choice than grief ? How much more wisely does my neighbor from terror or constraint. here think for me than I do for myself.

Ben Jonson ("Every Man in his Humor," act i.) thus ex.

presses the idea:TRIFLES.

“There is a way of winning more by love,
She'll take mighty pains

And urging of the modesty than fear;
To be delivered of some mighty trifle.

Force works on servile natures, not the free.
He that's compellid to goodness may be good;

But 'tis but for that fit; where others, drawn

By softness and example, get a habit."
Nothing so difficult but may be won by industry.
Herrick ("Seek and Find '') says:-

TO DESPISE MONEY IS GAIN. " Attempt the end, and never stand to doubt;

To seem upon occasion to slight money, Nothing's so hard but search will find it out." Proves, in the end, sometimes the greatest gain. . Antiphanes (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 500, M.) says:“Everything yields to industry."


San. I never purchase hope with ready money.

Syr. Thou’lt never make a fortune: away with Suppose, as some folks say, the sky should fall?

| thee, thou dost not know how to ensnare men,


San. Well, perhaps thy way is best; yet I was For 'tis a common saying and a true,

never so cunning, but I had rather, when it was in That strictest law is oft the highest wrong.

| my power, receive prompt payment. AGAINST THE GRAIN.

TRUE WISDOM. There is nothing so easy in itself but grows dif- That is to be wise to see not merely that which ficult when it is performed against one's will.

lies before your feet, but to foresee even those

things which are in the womb of futurity. HABIT.

WISDOM. How many unjust and wicked things are done from mere habit!

Thou, from head to foot, art nought but wis

dom's self: he a mere dotard. Wouldst thou ever HOPE.

permit thy boy to do such things ? So we do but live,

Dem. Permit him? I? Or should I not much There's hope.

rather smell him out six months before he did out

dream of it? A FATHER'S FEARS.

CHILDREN. What a world of fears now possess me, because

As fathers form their children, so they prove. my son has not returned! And with what appre

Euripides (Fr. Antiop. 17) says:hensions am I even now distracted lest he should

"I announce to all men, that noble children are sprung have taken cold, or had a fall, or broken a limb! from noble sires." That any human being should entertain in his mind, or by his acts provide, a thing which should

HOME EDUCATION. be dearer than he is to himself,

He need not go from home for good instruction.

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