페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

EDUCATION.

TWO DOING THE SAME THING. I spare no pains, neglect no means; in a word, I When two persons do the self-same thing, it bid him look into the lives of all, as into a mirror, oftentimes falls out that in the one it is criminal, and thence draw from others an example for him in the other it is not so,-not that the thing itself. self. “Do this."

| is different, but he who does it. Syr. Good. Dem. “ Fly that."

RULE OF LIFE CHANGED BY EXPERIENCE. Syr. Very good. Dem. “This deed is highly commendable.” Never did man lay down so wise a rule of life Syr. That's the thing.

but fortune, age, experience made some change in Dem. “ That's reprehensible.”

it, and taught you that those things which you Syr. Most excellent.

| thought you knew you did not know; and the

things which you deemed your chief perfections EDUCATION.

from experience you threw by. I perceive that the things which we do are silly: but what can one do ? According to men's habits

GENTLENESS. and dispositions, so one must yield to them.

I have found by dear experience that there is

nothing so advantageous for man as mildness and LAW.

a forgiving disposition. Grant her, then, freely what law else will claim.

So Zechariah vii. 9:

“Show mercy and compassions every man to his brother.” RESULT OF INDULGENCE. But this immoderate indulgence must assuredly

OLD MEN produce some terrible misfortune in the end.

It is the common failing of old men

To be too much intent on worldly matters. SPEAK OF THE DEVIL. The wolf i'th' fable.

TO FOIL A MAN AT HIS OWN WEAPONS.

I foil him at his own weapons.
I AM A FRAIL MAN.
Do you not remember that I am a frail human

MISFORTUNE. being ? and therefore I have erred.

For when mischance befalls us, all the interval This is probably the origin of the phrase "errare huma- between its happening and our knowledge of it sum est," which first appears in the “ Antilucretius sive de may be esteemed clear gain. deo natura," & didactic poem of the Cardinal de Polignac (Paris, 1747). It is found in bk. v. I. 59.

WOMEN ARE WEAK OF SOUL.

For often a trifling cause, which would not move THE POOR ARE SUSPICIOUS OF NEGLECT.

another's spleen, makes the choleric man your AN whose fortunes are less prosperous, are, I most bitter enemy. For how slight causes chile know not how, the more suspicious; they take dren squabble! Why? Because they are governed everything as if insult were intended: on account by a feeble mind. Women, like children, are imof their peculiar state of indigence, they always potent and weak of soul. A single word perhaps think themselves to be slighted.

has kindled all this enmity between them. A BLUSH.

WE RISE OR FALL ACCORDING TO OUR FORTUNE. He blushes. All's safe, I find.

All of us, according as our affairs prosper, are Diphilus (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 1091, M.) says:

elated or cast down. ** The man that neither blushes nor fears, has the initiative to every kind of shamelessness."

MEN OF PLEASURE. Young (* Night Thoughts" Night vii. 496): ** The man that blushes is not quite a brute."

He was his whole lifetime a man of pleasure,

and those who are so do not much enrich their LIFE OF MAN LIEE A GAME AT DICE. heir; yet they leave this praise behind them, The life of man is like a game at dice: if the “ While he lived he lived well.” favorable throw be not cast, that which chance

PAYMENT OF DEBTS. sends you must try to amend by skill. Alexis (Fr. Com. Gr, p. 697, M.) says:

As times go now, things are come to such a pass "Such a life is like dice: the same throws do not always that, if a man pays you what he owes, you are turn up, nor does the same form remain to life, but it has much beholden to him. changes."

MOUNTAINS OF GOLD. PROVIDENCE UNABLE TO SAVE SOME MEN.

Promising mountains of gold. 'Tis not in the power

This proverbial expression is found in Sallust (Cat. 23), beOf Providence herself, howe'er desirous,

ing derived from the Persians boasting of mountains of gold, To save from ruin such a family.

I as that metal abounded with them.

FORTUNE FAVORS THE BRAVE.

TO KICK AGAINST THE PRICKS.

men stray. I, however, wish none of these, but would desire

to have the glory of high fame." For what a foolish task To kick against the pricks!

TO HARP ON THE SAME STRING.

You are harping on the same string.
PATIENCE.
Whate'er chance brings, I will patiently endure.

GIVE PLACE TO YOUR BETTERS.
Alexis (Fr. Com. Gr. p. 753, M.) says:

. I have found a ready paymaster, no sniveller: “For it is the part of a wise man to bear the buffets of for. I give place then to your betters! tune with patience." And Hurdis says:

WORDS TO THE WISE.
“The noblest fortitude, is still to bear
Accumulated ills and never faint."

A word to the wise.

TWO STRINGS TO MY BOW.
DISCONTENT.

I think it better to have two strings to my bow. We are almost all of this disposition, that we are never satisfied with our own.

A HANGING MATTER.
Nothing indeed remains for me but that I should

hang myself. Fortune favors the brave.

A TALE.
ALL ALIKE.

Many a tale is spoilt in telling, Antipho.
De. See all alikel the whole gang hangs together:

FORTUNE. know one, and you know all. Ph. Nay, it is not so.

How often Fortune blindly brings about De. One is in fault, the other is at hand to bear More than we dare to hope for! him out: when the other slips, he is ready; each in their turn.

KNAVERY.

Knavery's now its own reward
BORROWING EASILY SAID.
Ge. It was not the reckoning, but money that
was wanting.

De. He might have borrowed.
Ge. Have borrowed it! easily said.

TIBULLUS.
FLEECE THE SIMPLE.

BORN ABOUT B.C. 59-DIED ABOUT B.C. 18. Because the net is not stretched to catch the hawk or kite, who do us wrong: it is laid for those

ALBIUS TIBULLUS was born about B.C. 59. of who do us none at all. In them there is some- equestrian

equestrian rank, but of his youth and education thing to be got, in these it is mere labor lost.

we know nothing. His property was situated at

Pedum, between Tibur and Præneste, and, like FIRST ATTACK.

many others, in consequence of the civil wars, he

was deprived of a large portion of it. He accomThe first attack's the fiercest.

panied his patron, Messala, when he was de

spatched by Augustus to suppress a formidable PEDIGREE

insurrection which had broken out in Aquitania, 3 If he had left behind him a property of some province of Gaul, and subsequently proceeded ten talents.

with Messala on his way to the East, whither he De. Out upon you.

was sent to reorganize that part of the empire. Ph. Then you would have been the first to trace Being taken ill, he was

st to trace Being taken ill, he was obliged to remain at Coryour descent from grandsire and great-grandsire.

cyra (Corfu), whence he returned to Rome, and

thus ended the active life of Tibullus. He spent A MATTER SETTLED.

the remainder of his short life in composing those Oh! that matter is all settled:

poetical effusions which have come down to us. Think on't no more.

LOVE.
MANY MEN, MANY MINDS.

Delia, be not afraid to elude thy guards: thon Many men, many minds.

must be courageous: Venus herself aids the adEuripides (Fr. Rhadam. 1) says:

venturous maiden. “Various are the inclinations of man: this one longs for high descent: to this other there is no such thought, but he

PERJURIES OF LOVERS. wishes to be called the master of much wealth in his house:

Fear not to swear; the winds carry the perjuries this other, who can speak nothing sensible, tries to persuade his neighbors with sheer shamelessness: some men seek

ek of lovers without effect over land and sea, thanks base gain before what is honorable, in such various ways do Ito Jupiter; the father of the gods himself has denied effect to what foolish lovers in their eager-| feet. Such may I be, and may I with hoary locks ness have sworn.

relate in my old age the deeds of earlier times.

ing.

PASSAGE OF TIME.

DEATH. But if thou delayest, thou wilt be wrong: how swiftly time passes! the day moves not sluggishly What madness is it to summon gloomy death by nor goes back. How quickly the earth loses its wars ? It is always impending and advancing segay colors! how quickly the white poplar its leafy cretly with noiseless step. In the regions below honors! how slothfully lies the horse, which flew there are no corn-fields, no clustering vines, but when young in the Olympic course, when it is un- fierce Cerberus and the filthy ferryman of the nerved by age! I have seen the youth, whom age stygian waters. has come upon, bewail the days he has passed in folly. Ye cruel gods! the serpent strips off his

PEACE. years and renews his, youth: fate allows no delay

Meanwhile may Peace cultivate the fields. It to beauty. Apollo and Bacchus are the only gods

was auspicious Peace that first instructed the oxen that know no change: their locks are ever unfad

to draw the crooked plough. It was Peace that

planted the vines and gave juice to the grapes, WINE.

that the paternal jar may furnish wine to cheer Bacchus causes country swains oppressed with the son. In piping times of Peace the rake and cares to forget themselves in joys: Bacchus gives the plough ply with diligence, while rust eats respite to the wretch's pains, though his legs be into the gloomy arms of the fierce soldiers in galled with rattling chains.

darkness. Pindar (Fr. Incert. 61) says something to the same effect: Aristophanes (Fr. Com. Gr. I. p. 284 M.) says:** When the wearying cares of men fly from their breasts, "A. The faithful nurse, housekeeper, co-operator, guarand we all alike sail in the sea of gold-abounding plenty to a dian, daughter, sister of Peace, the friend of all men, all these false shore: the poor become rich, the rich abound still more, names are used by me. B. What is your name? A. What? with their minds under the influence of wine."

Agriculture."
BE DILIGENT IN YOUTH.

AN EPITAPH.
But thou, while the summer of life is in bloom,

And at departure he will say, “Mayest thou rest enjoy it, it passes away with rapid step.

soundly and quietly, and may the light turf lie So Ecclesiastes (xi. 6):

easy on thy bones.”
"In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold
not thine hand; for thou knowest not whether shall prosper
either this or that, or whether they both shall be alike good."

HAPPY FAMILY.
DECEIT.

Warmed by wine, he will kindle heaps of light

straw and leap across the sacred flames; the mothAh wretch! even though one may be able at first

er will bring forward her children, and the child, to conceal his perjuries, yet Punishment creeps

seizing his father by the ears, will snatch kisses. on, though late, with noiseless step.

And the grandsire will delight to watch his little DECEIT.

grandchild, and in his old age will lisp words to

the boy. When thou art preparing to commit a sin, think not that thou wilt conceal it; there is a God that

HOPE. forbids crimes to be hidden.

I would long ere this have quenched my sorPlutarch (Dem. 42) says:

rows in death, had not flattering hope cherished * There is nothing so becoming a king as just dealing."

life, and always whispered that to-morrow would Deuteronomy (xvi. 19):“Thou shalt not wrest judgment; thou shalt not respect

be happier day. It is hope that cheers the peaspersons, neither take a gift: for a gift doth blind the eyes of ant, hope that intrusts the seed to the furrows to the wise, and pervert the words of the righteous."

be returned with abundant interest. It is hope 1 Peter ü. 1:

that catches birds with gins, fishes with the rod, "Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings."

when the bait has conceal'd the slender hook.

Hope also comforts the prisoner bound in chains; EARLY AGES.

his legs rattle with the fetters, but he sings in

the midst of his work. This vice proceeds from greedy thirst of gold: there were no wars when draughts were quaffed Shakespeare (“Richard III.," act v. sc. 2): from beechen cups; then there were no towers, no “True hope is swift, and flies with swallows' wings, ramparts; the shepherd slept secure amidst his Kings it makes gods, and meaner creatures kings." numerous flocks.

WINE.
PLEASURES OF COUNTRY LIFE.

The joyous god enlarges the soul: he subdued How much more wise the man who, surrounded the stubborn hero (Hercules), and made him subby his children, spends his old age in some small servient to his mistress. He overcame Armenian cottage! He tends the sheep, his son the lambs; tigresses and tawny lionesses, giving a soft heart while his wife prepares warm water for his weary I to the ungovernable.

FORCED LAUGHTER.

THAT MAN OUGHT TO BE COGNOSCED. Ah, me! how difficult it is to imitate false He who overlooks a healthy spot for the site of mirth; how difficult to mimic cheerfulness with his house is mad, and ought to be handed over to a sad heart: a smile suits not well a countenance the care of his relations and friends. that belies it; nor do drunken words sound well from an anxious mind.

GOD MADE THE COUNTRY, MAN THE TOWN.

Nor is it surprising, because it is Providence WOES OF ANOTHER.

that has given us the country and the art of man Happy thou who canst learn to guard against that has built the cities. thy own ills by observing those of another.

Cowper (“The Task," I. 745) has appropriated this idea:

. "God made the country, and man made the town." PERJURIES OF LOVERS.

Cowley ("The Garden," Essay v.):Though she shall boldly swear by her eyes, by “God the first garden made, and the first city Cain." Juno and her Venus, there is nothing in it: Jupi- | And Bacon ("Essays,"_" Of Gardens "):ter laughs at the perjuries of lovers, and throws * “God Almighty first planted a garder.." them idly to the winds.

“NE WHO RUNS MAY READ." A LOVER'S PRAYER.

Thou hast read what I have written, I may say, How could I, blest with thee, long nights employ? running and playing. And how with thee the longest day enjoy!

Habakkuk i. 2, says:

“Write the vision, and make it plain upon tables, that he THE WILL FOR THE DEED.

may run that readeth it." Let the will be taken for the deed, nor refuse

THE CHILD. the gift of my humble muse.

For the midwife delivers the child, the nurse brings it up, the attendant slave forms its manners, and the master teaches it.

EVERY FAMILY OUGHT TO WORSHIP GOD. VARRO.

As a state ought to acknowledge God in its pub BORN B.C. 116—DIED B.C. 28.

lic capacity, so ought each individual family.

So Joshua xxiv. 15:M. TERENTIUS VARRO, the most learned of the “As for me, and my house, we will serve the Lord." Romans, was born B.c. 116, being ten years younger than Cicero. He received his early education from L. Ælius Stilo Præconinus, who was fond of antiquarian pursuits, and from him no doubt he imbibed his literary tastes, which makes St. Augustine remark, “That he had read so much that

VIRGIL. it is astonishing he should have found time to

BORN B.C. 70—DIED B.C. 19. write anything, and he wrote so much that it is difficult to believe that any one could find time to P: VIRGILIUS MARO was born on the 18th or read all that he had written." In what way he October B.C. 70, at Andes, a small village near rose in the service of the State has not been hand- Mantua in Cisalpine Gaul. His father had a small ed down to us, but he was employed in the wars estate which he cultivated; his mother's name against the pirates and Mithridates. He was at- was Maia. . Virgil was educated at Cremona and tached to the party of the senate, and shared its Mediolanum (Milan), and is said to have studied fortunes at the battle of Pharsalia, B.C. 48. He subsequently at Naples under Parthenius, a native submitted to the clemency of the conqueror, and

e clemency of the conqueror, and of Bithynia. It is evident from his writings that was received into favor by Cæsar, though not

he had received a learned education, but his health before Antony had plundered and destroyed his was feeble, and he did not attempt to rise to villa, with all his books, at Casinum, which Cicero

eminence by any of those means by which a Robitterly laments. He was proscribed in the second

man earned distinction. After the defeat of triumvirate, though he was more lucky than

ough he was more lucky than Brutus and Cassius, B.C. 42, the inhabitants of the Cicero, as he contrived to conceal himself till he

north of Italy were deprived of their property had secured the favor of Augustus. From this

that the victorious soldiery night be provided time he devoted himself to the seclusion of lit

with land, and among others Virgil suffered. erary life, and employed himself in composing Through the intervention, however, of his friends works, which amounted at last to four hundred at Rome, his property was restored, and the first and ninety books. They are nearly all lost.

eclogue is supposed to have been written to com

memorate his gratitude to Augustus. When AuTO PACK UP OUR BAGGAGE AT END OF LIFE.

gustus was returning from Samos, where he had For my eightieth year warns me to pack up my spent the winter of B.C. 20, he met Virgil at Athbaggage before I leave life.

| ens. It is said that the poet had intended to make a tour of Greece, but he accompanied the emperor, tree with leaves; now the woods put forth their to Megara and thence to Italy. His health, which blossoms; now the year assumes its gayest attire., had been long declining, was now completely

So Shakespeare (“ Winter's Tale," act iv. sc. 3) says:-broken down, and he died soon after his arrival at

“O Proserpina, Brundisium, on the 22d September B.C. 19. His For the flowers now that, frightened, thou lett'st fall remains were transferred to Naples, which had From Dis's wagon! daffodils, been his favorite residence, and placed on the That come before the swallow dares, and take

The winds of March with beauty; violets, dim, road from Naples to Puteoli, where his tomb is

But sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes, still shown.

Or Cytherea's breath; pale primroses,

That die unmarried, ere they can behold
EXILE.

Bright Phoebus in his strength, a malady
We are leaving our country and its sweet fields.

Most incident to maids: bold oxlips, and

The crown imperial; lilies of all kinds, Euripides (Fr. Aiol. 23) says :

The flower-de-luce being one !" “But yet it is a sad life to leave the fields of our native

Spenser ("Faerie Queen," vi.):country." So Shakespeare (** Richard II.," act i. sc. 3) says :

* So forth issued the seasons of the year: ** Then England's ground, farewell ! sweet soil, adieu;

First lusty spring all dight in leaves of flowers,

That freshly-budded and new blooms did bear,
My mother, and my nurse, that bears me yet!
Where'er I wander, boast of this I can,

In which a thousand birds had built their bowers,
Though banish'd, yet a true-born Englishman."

That sweetly sung to call forth paramours.

ENVY.

BAD TASTE. For my part I have no feeling of envy at your Let him who does not hate Bavius love thy fortune; I rather am surprised at your luck. verses, Mævius; and let him join foxes in the

yoke and milk he-goats. COMPARISONS. Thus I knew that whelps were like to their sires,

THE SECRET SNAKE. kids to their mothers; so I used to compare great Ye boys, who are gathering flowers, and lowthings with small.

growing flowers, fly hence, a cold snake is lurking

among the grass. BRITAIN And Britons wholly separated from the rest of

DECISION DIFFICULT. the world.

It does not belong to us to settle such a mighty CIVIL DISCORD.

dispute. Shall some barbarian plant and sow these fields ?

POET. See to what a state civil discord has brought wretched citizens!

O divine poet, thy poetry is as charming to our

ear as sleep to the weary swain, as to the feverish COUNTRY LIFE.

traveller the crystal stream with which he This night, at least, you might remain with me quenches his thirst. on the green leaves; we have plenty of excellent Theocritus (Idyl. viii. 77) says to the same effect:apples, soft chestnuts, with curds and cream; see,

| “Sweet is it in summer to sleep in the open air beside run

ning water." too, the curling smoke is rising from the cottages, and the lofty mountains are throwing out their

POET'S FAME. lengthening shadows.

While the boar delights in the mountain tops, TRUST NOT TO BEAUTY.

the fish in the rivers, while the bees feed on thyme, Though he was black and thou art heavenly

so long will the glory of thy name and thy praise

remain. fair, O fair boy, trust not too much to thy beauty.

TO SEEM IS ENOUGH. EACH FOLLOWS UIS OWN PLEASURE.

Loose me, boys; it is enough that you have Alexis, thou art chased by Corydon; every one seemed able to overpower me. pursues his own pleasure.

ARCADIANS.
EVENING.
See, the steers are bringing back the ploughs.

T Both in the flower of their age, both Arcadian suspended from the yoke; and the setting sun is

swains, able to sing and to answer in alternate doubling the lengthening shadows; yet still I am

verses. burned by love; what bounds can be set to love ?

Byron (“Don Juan," cant. iv. st. 93) thus uses the expres

sion: SERVANTS.

“Arcades ambo," id est.

Blackguards both. What would their masters do when their knavish servants prate at such a rate!

BEAUTIES OF COUNTRY.

The ash is the fairest tree in the woods, the SPRING.

pine in the gardens, the poplar by the brooks, the And now every field is clothed with grass, every I fir on the high mountains; but, О fair Lycidas, if

« 이전계속 »