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writer, has gone so far as to turn one of the most friends of any other great man. If he is generons at amiable men of the age into a stupid, unfeeling, and the public expense, as Junius invidiously calls it. senseless being; possessed, indeed, of a personal the public is at no more expense for his lordship's courage, but void of those essential qualities which friends, than it would be if any other set of men posdistinguish the commander from the common soldier. sessed those offices. The charge is ridiculous.

A very long, uninterrupted, impartial, (I will add, The last charge against lord Granby is of a most a most disinterested) friendship with lord Granby, serious and alarming nature indeed. Junius asserts, gives me the right to affirm, that all Junius's asser- that the army is mouldering away, for want of the tions are false and scandalous. Lord Granby's cour-direction of a man of common abilities and spirit, age, though of the brightest and most ardent kind, is The present condition of the army gives the directest among the lowest of his numerous good qualities: he lie to his assertions. It was never upon a more rewas formed to excel in war, by nature's liberality to spectable footing with regard to discipline and all the his mind as well as person. Educated and instructed essentials that can form good soldiers. Lord Ligonier by his most noble father, and a most spirited as well delivered a firm and noble palladium of our safeties as excellent scholar, the present bishop of Bangor, he into lord Granby's hands, who has kept it in the same was trained to the nicest sense of honor, and to the good order in which he received it. The strictest truest and noblest sort of pride, that of never doing care has been taken to fill up the vacant commissions or suffering a mean action. A sincere love and at- with such gentlemen as have the glory of their ancestachment to his king and country, and to their glory, tors to support, as well as their own; and are doubly first impelled him to the field, where he never gained bound to the cause of their king and country, from aught but honor. He impaired, through his bounty, motives of private property, as well as public spirit. his own fortune; for his bounty, which this writer the adjutant-general, who has the immediate care of would in vain depreciate, is tounded upon the noblest the troops after lord Granby, is an officer that would of the human affections; it flows from a heart melt- do great honor to any service in Europe, for his coring to goodness; from the most refined humanity. rect arrangements, good sense and discernment upon Can a man, who is described as unfeeling and void all occasions, and for a punctuality and precision of reflection, be constantly employed in seeking which give the most entire satisfaction to all who proper objects, on whom to exercisc those glorious are obliged to consult him. The reviewing generals, virtues of compassion and generosity? The dis- who inspect the army twice a year, have been selected tressed officer, the soldier, the widow, the orphan, with the greatest care, and have answered the imporand a long list besides, know that vanity has no share tant trust reposed in them in the most laudable manin his frequent donations; he gives, because he feels ner. Their reports of the condition of the army are their distresses. Nor has he ever been rapacious with much more to be credited than those of Junius whom one hand, to be bountiful with the other. Yet this I do advise to atone for his shameful aspersions, by uncandid Junius would insinuate, that the dignity asking pardon of lord Granby and the whole kingof the commander-in-chief is depraved into the base dom, whom he has offended by his abominable scanoffice of a commission-broker; that is, lord Granby dals. In short, to turn Junius's own battery against bargains for the sale of commissions; for it must him, I must assert in his own words, "that he has have this meaning, if it has any at all. But where given strong assertions without proof, declamation is the man living who can justly charge his lordship without argument, and violent censures without dig. with such mean practices? Why does not Junius nity or moderation." produce him? Junius knows that he has no other

WILLIAM DRAPER. means of wounding this hero, than from some missile weapon, shot from an obscure corner. He seeks, as all such defamatory writers do,

--spargere voces
In vulgum ambiguas,

TO SIR WILLIAM DRAPER, KNIGHT OF THE BATH. to raise suspicion in the minds of the people. But I hope that my countrymen will be no longer im- | SIR,

February 7, 1709. posed upon by artful and designing men, or by Your defense of lord Granby does honor to the wretches, who, bankrupts in business, in fame, and goodness of your heart. You feel as you ought to do, in fortune, mean nothing more than to involve this for the reputation of your friend, and you express country in the same common ruin with themselves. yourself in the warmest language of your passions. Hence it is, that they are constantly aiming their In any other cause, I doubt not you would have caudark, and too often fatal, weapons against those who tiously weighed the consequences of committing your stand forth as the bulwark of our national safety. name to the licentious discourses and malignant opinLord Granby was too conspicuous a mark not to be ions of the world : but here, I presume, you thought their object. He is next attacked for being unfaith it would be a breach of friendship, to lose one moful to his promises and engagements. Where are ment in consulting your understanding; as if an apJunius's proofs ? Although I could give some in. peal to the public were no more than a military coup stances where a breach of promise would be a virtue, de main, where a brave man has no rules to follow especially in the case of those who would pervert but the dictates of his courage. Touched with your the open unsuspecting moments of convivial mirth generosity, I freely forgive the excesses into which it into sly insidious applications for preferment or has led you; and, far from resenting those terms of party systems; and would endeavor to surprise a reproach, which, considering that you are an advocate good man, who cannot bear to see any one leave him for decorum, you have heaped upon me rather too dissatisfied into unguarded promises. Lord Granby's liberally, I placed them to the account of an honest attention to his own family and relations is called unreflecting indignation, in which your cooler judg. selfish. Had he not attended to them, when fair and ment and natural politeness had no concern. I spjust opportunities presented themselves, I should prove of the spirit with which you have given your have thought him unfeeling, and void of reflection name to the public; and, if it were a proof of any indeed. How are any man's friends or relations to thing but spirit, I should have thought myself bound be provided for, but from the influence and protection to follow your example. I should have hoped that of the patron ? It is unfair to suppose that lord even my name might carry some authority with it, if Granby's friends have not as much merit as the l I had not seen how very little weight or considera

tion a printed paper receives, even from the respecta- who have taken pains to represent your friend in the ble signature of sir William Draper.

, character of a drunken landlord, who deals out his You begin with a general assertion, that writers, such promises as liberally as his liquor, and will suffer no as I am, are the real cause of all the public evils we man to leave his table either sorrowful or sober. None complain of. And du you really think, sir William, but an intimate friend , who must frequently have that the licentious pen of a political writer is able to seen him in these unhappy, disgraceful moments, produce such important effects ? A little calm reflec- could have described him so well. tion might have shown you, that national calamities do The last charge, of the neglect of the army, is innot arise from the description, but from the real deed the most material of all. I am sorry to tell you, character and conduct of ministers. To have sup- sir William, that in this article, your first fact is false : ported your assertion, you should have proved, that and as there is nothing more painful to me than to the present ministry are unquestionably the best and give a direct contradiction to a gentleman of your apbrightest characters of the kingdom; and that, if the pearance, I could wish, that, in your future publicaaffections of the colonies have been alienated, if Cor- tions, you would pay a greater attention to the truth sica has been shamefully abandoned, if commerce lan- of your premises, before you suffer your genius to guishes, if public credit is threatened with a new hurry you to a conclusion. Lord Ligonier did not dedebt, and your own Manilla ransom most dishonora- liver the army (which you, in classical language, are bly given up, it has all been owing to the malice of pleased to call a palladium) into lord Granby's hands. political writers, who will not suffer the best and It was taken from him, much against his inclination, brightest characters (meaning still the present min- some two or three years before lord Granby was comistry) to take a single right step for the honor or in- mander-in-chief. As to the state of the army, I terest of the nation. But it seems you were a little should be glad to know where you have received tender of coming to particulars. Your conscience in- your intelligence. Was it in the rooms at Bath, or sinuated to you that it would be prudent to leave the at your retreat at Clifton ? The reports of reviewing characters of Grafton, North, Hillsborough, Wey- generals comprehend only a few regiments in England, mouth, and Mansfield, to shift for themselves; and tru- which, as they are immediately under the royal inly, sir William, the part you have undertaken is at spection, are perhaps in some tolerable order. But least as much as you are equal to.

do you know any thing of the troops in the West InWithout disputing lord Granby's courage, we are dies, the Mediterranean, and North America; to say yet to learn in what articles of military knowledge nothing of a whole army absolutely ruined in Ireland? nature has been so very liberal to his mind. If you Inquire a little into facts, sir William, before you have served with him, you ought to have pointed out publish your next panegyric upon lord Granby; and, some instances of able disposition aud well-concerted believe me, you will find there is a fault at headenterprise, which might fairly be attributed to his quarters, which even the acknowledged care and abilcapacity as a general. It is you, sir William, who ities of the adjutant-general cannot correct. make your friends appear awkward and ridiculous, Permit me now, sir William, to address myself by giving him a laced suit of tawdry qualifications, personally to you, by way of thanks for the honor of which nature never intended him to wear.

your corrospondence. You are by no means undeseryYou say, he has acquired nothing but honor in the ing of notice; and it may be of consequence, even to field ? Is the ordnance nothing? Are the Blues lord Granby, to have it determined, whether or no the nothing? Is the command of the army, with all the man, who has praised him so lavishly, be himself depatronage annexed to it, nothing? Where he got all serving of praise. When you returned to Europe, these nothings I know not; but you, at least, ought to you zealously undertook the cause of that gallant have told us where he deserved them.

army, by whose bravery at Manilla your own fortune As to his bounty, compassion, etc., it would have had been established. You complained, you threatbeen but little to the purpose, though you had ened, you even appealed to the public in print. By proved all that you have asserted. I meddle with what accident did it happen, that, in the midst of all nothing but his character as commander-in-chief ; this bustle, and all these clamors for justice to your and, though I acquit him of the baseness of selling injured troops, the name of the Manilla ransom was commissions, I still assert, that his military cares suddenly buried in a profound, and, since that time, have never extended beyond the disposal of vacancies; an uninterrupted silence ? Did the ministry suggest and I am justified by the complaints of the whole any motives to you, strong enough to tempt a man army, when I say, that, in this distribution, he con- of honor to desert and betray the cause of his fellow sults nothing but parliamentary interest, or the grat- soldiers? Was it that blushing ribbon which is now ification of his immediate dependents. As to his the perpetual ornament of your person? Or was it servile submission to the reigning ministry, let me that regiment which you afterwards (a thing unpreask, whether he did not desert the cause of the whole cedented among soldiers) sold to Colonel Gisborne ? army, when he suffered sir Jeffery Amherst to be Or was it that government, the full pay of which you sacrificed, and what share he had in recalling that are contented to hold, with the half-pay of an Irish officer to the service ? Did he not betray the just colonel ? And do you now, after a retreat not very interest of the army in permitting lord Percy to have like that of Scipio, presume to intrude yourself, una regiment? And does he not, at this moment, give thought of, uncalled for, upon the patience of the pubup all character and dignity as a gentleman, in reced-lic ? Are your flatteries of the commander-in-chief, ing from his own repeated declarations in favor of directed to another regiment, which you may again Mr. Wilkes?

dispose of on the same honorable terms? We know In the next two articles, I think, we are agreed. your prudence, sir William; and I should be sorry to You candidly admit, that he often makes such prom- stop your preferment.

JUNIUS. ises as it is a virtue in him to violate, and that 'no inan is more assiduous to provide for his relations at the public expense. I did not urge the last as an ab

LETTER IV. solute vice in his disposition, but to prove that a

TO JUNIUS. careless, disinterested spirit is no part of his character:


February 17, 1769. and as to the other, I desire it may be remembered, I received Junius's favor last night; he is deterthat I never descended to the indecency of inquiring mined to keep his advantage by the help of his mask: into his convivial hours. It is you, sir William Draper, it is an excellent protection: it has saved many a man from an untimely end. But whenever he will be defended only by those who have nothing more to honest enough to lay it aside, avow himself, and pro- lose than their arms and their pay, its danger will be duce the face which has so long lurked behind it, the great indeed. A happy mixture of men of quality world will be able to judge of his motives for writing with soldiers of fortune is always to be wished for. such infamous invectives. His real name will dis- But the main point is still to be contended for; I cover his freedom and independency, or his servility mean the discipline and condition of the army; and to a faction. Disappointed ambition, resentment for I must still maintain, though contradicted by Junins, defeated hopes, and desire of revenge, assume but that it was never upon a more respectable footing, as too often the appearance of public spirit: but, be his to all the essentials that can form good soldiers, than designs wicked or charitable, Junius should learn, it is at present. Junius is forced to allow, that our that it is possible to condemn measures without a army at home may be in some tolerable order; yet, barbarous and criminal outrage against men. Junius how kindly does he invite our late enemies to the delights to mangle carcasses with a hatchet ; his lan-invasion of Ireland, by assuring them that the army guage and instrument have a great connection with in that kingdom is totally ruined ! (The colonels of Claremarket, and, to do him justice, he handles his that army are much obliged to him.) I have too weapon most admirably. One would imagine he had great an opinion of the military talents of the lordbeen taught to throw it by the savages of America. It lieutenant, and of all their diligence and capacity, to is, therefore, high time for me to step in once more to believe it. If, from some strange unaccountable shield my friend from this merciless weapon, although fatality, the people of that kingdom cannot be inI may be wounded in the attempt. But I must first duced to consult their own security, by such an ask Junius by what forced analogy and construction, effectual augmentation as may enable the troops there the moments of convivial mirth are made to signify in- to act with power and energy, is the commander-indecency, a violation of engagements, a drunken land-chief here to blame? Or, is he to blame, because the lord, and a desire that every one in company should troops in the Mediterranean, in the West Indies, in be drunk likewise ? He must have culled all the America, labor under great difficulties from the flowers of St. Giles's and Billingsgate to have pro- scarcity of men, which is but too visible all over these duced such a piece of oratory. Here the hatchet de- kingdoms? Many of our forces are in climates tinscends with tenfold vengeance: but, alas! it hurts no favorable to British constitutions; their loss is in one but its master! For Junius must not think to proportion. Britain must recruit all these regiments put words into my mouth, that seem too foul even from her own emaciated bosom ; or, more precariously, for his own.

by Catholics from Ireland. We are likewise subject My friend's political engagements I know not; so to the fatal drains to the East Indies, to Senegal, and cannot pretend to explain them, or assert their con | the alarming emigrations of our people to other sistency. I know not whether Junius be considerable countries. Such depopulation can only be repaired enough to belong to any party. If he should be so, by a long peace, or by some sensible bill of naturalican he affirm that he has always adhered to one set zation. of men and measures? Is he sure that he has never I must now take the liberty of addressing Janius sided with those whom he was first hired to abuse ? on my own account. He is pleased to tell me that Has he never abused those he was hired to praise ? he addresses himself to me personally : I shall be glad To say the truth, most men's politics sit much too to see him. It is his impersonality that I complain of, loosely about them. But as my friend's military and his invisible attacks: for his dagger in the air is character was the chief object that engaged me in only to be regarded, because one cannot see the hand this controversy, to that I shall return.

which holds it; but, had it not wounded other people Junius asks, what instances my friend has given more deeply than myself, I should not have obtruded of his military skill and capacity as a general ? When myself at all on the patience of the public. and where he gained his honor? When he deserved Mark how plain a tale shall put him down, and his emoluments? The united voice of the army transfuse the blush of my ribbon into his own cheeks. which served under him, the glorious testimony of Junius tells me, that at my return, I zealously unprince Ferdinand, and of vanquished enemies, all dertook the cause of the gallant army, by whose Germany will tell him. Junius repeats the com- bravery at Manilla my own fortunes were established; plaints of the army against parliamentary influence. that I complained, that I even appealed to the pnblic. I love the army too. well not to wish that such in- I did so; I glory in having done so, as I had an unfluence were less. Let Junius point out the time doubted right to vindicate my own character, atwhen it has not prevailed. It was of the least force tacked by a Spanish memorial, and to assert the in the time of that great man, the late duke of Cum- rights of my brave companions. I glory, likewise, berland, who, as a prince of the blood, was able, as that I have never taken up my pen but to vindicate well as willing to stem a torrent which would have the injured. Junius asks, by what accident did it overborne any private subject. In time of war, this happen, that, in the midst of all this bustle, and all influence is small. In peace, when discontent and the clamors' for justice to the injured troops, the faction have the surest means to operate, especially Manilla ransom was suddenly buried in a profound. in this country, and when, from a scarcity of public and, since that time, an uninterrupted silence? I spirit, the wheels of government are rarely moved will explain the cause to the public. The sereral but by the power and force of obligations, its weight ministers who have been employed since that time is always too great. Yet, if this influence, at present, have been very desirous to do justice, from two most has done no greater harm than the placing earì Percy laudable motives: a strong inclination to assist inat the head of a regiment, I do not think that either jured bravery, and to acquire a well-deserved poputhe rights or best interests of the army are sacrificed larity to themselves. Their efforts have been in and betrayed, or the nation undone. Let me ask vain. Some were ingenuous enough to own, that Junius, if he knows any one nobleman in the army they could not think of involving this distressed who has had a regiment by seniority? I feel myself nation in another war for our private concerns. In happy in seeing young noblemen of illustrious name short, our rights, for the present, are sacrificed to and great property come amongst us. They are an national convenience; and I must confess, that additional security to the kingdom from foreign or although I may lose five-and-twenty thousand pounds domestic slavery. Junius needs not be told, that, by their acquiescence to this breach of faith in the should the time ever come when this nation is to be Spaniards, I think they are in the right to temporize,

considering the critical situation of this country, con- public to determine, whether your vindication of your vulsed in every part, by poison infused by anonynious, friend has been as able and judicious as it was cerwicked, and incendiary writers. Lord Shelburne tainly well intended : and you, I think, may be satiswill do me the justice to own, that in September last, fied with the warm acknowledgments he already owes I waited upon him with a joint memorial from the you, for making him the principal figure in a piece, in admiral, sir S. Cornish, and myself, in behalf of our which, but for your amicable assistance, he might injured companions. His lordship was as frank upon have passed without particular notice or distinction the occasion as other secretaries had been before. In justice to your friends, let your future labors be him. He did not deceive us, by giving any imme- confined to the care of your own reputation. Your diate hopes of relief.

declaration, that you are happy in seeing young noJunius would basely insinuate, that my silence may blemen come among us, is liable to two objections. have been purchased by my government, by my blush- With respect to lord Percy, it means nothing; for he ing ribbon, by my regiment, by the sale of that regi- was already in the army. He was aid-de-camp to the ment, and by half-pay as an Irish colonel.

king, and had the rank of colonel. A regiment, His majesty was pleased to give me my government therefore, could not make him a more military man, for my service at Madras. I had my first regiment in though it made him richer; and probably at the ex1757. Upon my return from Manilla, his majesty, by pense of some brave, deserving, friendless officer. The lord Egremont, informed me, that I should have the other concerns yourself. After selling the companions first vacant red ribbon, as a reward for many services of your victory in one instance, and after selling your in an enterprise which I had planned as well as ex- profession in the other, by what authority do you ecuted. The duke of Bedford and Mr. Grenville con- presume to call yourself a soldier ? The plain evifirmed these assurances, many months before the dence of facts is superior to all declarations. Before Spaniards had protested the ransom bills. To accom- you were appointed to the 16th regiment, your commodate lord Clive, then going upon a most important plaints were a distress to government: from that moservice to Bengal, I waived my claim to the vacancy ment you were silent. The conclusion is inevitable. which then happened. As there was no other vacancy You insinuate to us, that your ill state of health until the duke of Grafton and lord Rockingham were obliged you to quit the service. The retirement necjoint ministers; I was then honored with the order ; essary to repair a broken constitution would have and it is surely no small honor to me, that, in such a / been as good a reason for not accepting, as for resignsuccession of ministers, they were all pleased to thinking, the command of a regiment. There is certainly that I had deserved it; in my favor they were all an error of the press, or an affected obscurity in that united. Upon the reduction of the 79th regiment, paragraph, where you speak of your bargain with which had served so gloriously in the East Indies, his colonel Gisborne. Instead of attempting to answer majesty, unsolicited by me, gave me the 16th of foot what I do not really understand, permit me to exas an equivalent. My motives for retiring, afterwards, plain to the public what I really know. In exchange are foreign to the purpose: let it suffice, that his ma- for your regiment, you accepted of a colonel's halfjesty was pleased to approve of them : they are such pay, (at least 2201. a year) and an annuity of 2001. for as no man can think indecent, who knows the shocks your own and lady Draper's life jointly. And is this that repeated vicissitudes of heat and cold, of danger- the losing bargain, which you would represent to us, ous and sickly climates, will give to the best consti- as if you had given up an income of 8001. a year for tutions, in a pretty long course of service. I resigned 3801. ? Was it decent, was it honorable, in a man my regiment to colonel Gisborne, a very good officer, who pretends to love the army, and calls himself a for his half-pay, and 2001. Irish annuity : so that, soldier, to make a traffic of the royal favor, and turn according to Junius, I have been bribed to say nothing the highest honor of an active profession into a sormore of the Manilla ransom, and to sacrifice those did provision for himself and his family? It were brave men, by the strange avarice of acceptiug 3801. unworthy of me to press you farther. The contempt per annum, and giving up 8001.! If this be bribery, with which the whole army heard of the manner of it is not the bribery of these times. As to my flat- your retreat, assures me, that, as your conduct was tery, those who know me will judge of it. By the not justified by precedent, it will never be thought asperity of Junius's style, I cannot, indeed, call him a an example for imitation. flatterer, unless he be as a cynic or a mastiff: if he The last and most important question remains. wags his tail, he will still growl, and long to bite. When you receive your half-pay, do you or do yon The public will now judge of the credit that ought not, take a solemn oath, or sign a declaration upon to be given to Junius's writings, from the falsities that honor, to the following effect? That you do not actually he has insinuated with respect to myself.

hold any place of profit : civil or military, under his WILLIAM DRAPER.

majesty. The charge which the question plainly conveys against you, is of so shocking a complexion, that I sincerely wish you may be able to answer it

well; not merely for the color of your reputation, but LETTER V. for your own inward peace of mind.


LETTER VI. I should justly be suspected of acting upon motives of more than common enmity to lord Granby,

TO JUNIUS. if I continued to give you fresh materials or occasion SIR,

February, 27, 1769. for writing in his defense. Individuals who hate, and I have a very short answer for Junius's important the public who despise, have read your letters, sir question. I do not either take an oath, or declare William, with infinitely more satisfaction than mine. upon my honor, that I hold no place of profit civil Unfortunately for him, his reputation, like that un- or military, when I receive the half-pay as an Irish happy country to which you refer me for his last mili-colonel : my most gracious sovereign gives it me as tary achievements, has suffered more by his friends la pension : he was pleased to think I deserved it. than his enemies. In mercy to him, let us drop the The annuity of 2001. Irish, and the equivalent for the subject. For my own part, I willingly loave it to the half-pay, together produce no more than 3801. per

annum, clear of fees and perquisites of office. I re-charge your sovereign with having done an act in ceive 1671. from my government of Yarmouth. Total your favor notoriously against law. The half-pay, 5471. per annum. My conscience is much at ease in both in Ireland and England, is appropriated by these particulars : my friends need not blush for me. parliament; and if it be given to persons who, like

Junius makes much and frequent use of interroga- you, are legally incapable of holding it, it is a breach tions: they are arms that may be easily turned of law. It would have been more decent in you to against himself. I could, by malicious interrogation, have called this dishonorable transaction by its true disturb the peace of the most virtuous man in the name;' a job, to accommodate two persons, by par. kingdom. I could take the decalogue, and say to ticular interest and management at the castle.one man, Did you never steal ? To the next, Did you What sense must government have had of your sernever commit murder? And to Junius himself, who vices, when the rewards they have given you are is putting my life and conduct to the rack, Did you only a disgrace to you! never “bear false witness against thy neighbor?" And now, sir William, I shall take my leave of you Junius must easily see, that, unless he affirms to the for ever. Motives very different from any apprecontrary, in his real name, some people, who may be hension of your resentment make it impossible you as ignorant of him as I am, will be apt to suspect him should ever know me. In truth, you have some of having deviated a little from the truth: therefore reason to hold yourself indebted to me. From the let Junius ask no more questions. You bite against lessons I have given you, you may collect a profitable a file: Cease, viper!

W. D. instruction for your future life. They will either

teach you so to regulate your future conduct, as to be

able to set the most malicious inquiries at defiance; LETTER VII.

or, if that be a lost hope, they will teach yon pruTO SIR WILLIAM DRAPER, KNIGHT OF THE BATH.

dence enough not to attract the public attention to a

character, which will only pass without censure, SIR,

March 3, 1769.

when it passes without observation.* An academical education has given you an un

JUNIUS. limited command over the most beautiful figures of speech. Masks, hatchets, racks, and vipers, dance through your letters in all the mazes of metaphorical

LETTER VIII. confusion. These are the gloomy companions of a disturbed imagination; the melancholy madness of · TO AIS GRACE THE DUKE OF GRAFTON. poetry, without the inspiration. I will not contend MY LORD,

March 18, 1789. with you in point of composition : you are a scholar,

Before you were placed at the head of affairs, it sir William; and if I am truly informed, you write had been a maxim of the English government, not Latin with almost as much purity as English. Suffer unwillingly admitted by the people, that every unme then (for I am a plain unlettered man) to con- gracious or severe exertion of the prerogative should tinue that style of interrogation which suits my be placed to the account of the minister; but, that capacity, and to which, considering the readiness of whenever an act of grace or benevolence was to be your answers you ought to have no objection. Even

performed, the whole merit of it should be attributed Mr. Bingley* promises to answer, if put to the tor to the sovereign himself.* It was a wise doctrine, ture.

my lord, and equally advantageous to the king and Do you then really think, that, if I were to ask a his subjects ; for while it preserved that suspicions most virtuous man, whether he ever committed theft attention with which the people ought always to ex. or murder, it would disturb his peace of mind ? | amine the conduct of ministers, it tended, at the Such a question might, perhaps, discompose the same time. rather to increase than diminish their atgravity of his muscles, but I believe it would little

tachment to the person of their sovereign. If there affect the tranquillity of his conscience. Examine

be not a fatality attending every measure you are your own breast, sir William, and you will discover

concerned in, by what treachery, or by what excess that reproaches and inquiries have no power to afflict of folly has it happened, that those ungracious acts *This man, being committed by the court of king's

which have distinguished your administration, and bench for comtempt, voluntarily made oath that he which I doubt not, were entirely your own, should would never answer interrogatories unless he should be carry with them a strong appearance of personal input to the torture. either the man of unblemished

* It has been said, I believe truly, that it was signified

integrity or the to sir William Draper, as the request of lord Granby, that abandoned profligate. It is the middle compound he should desist from writing in his lordship's defense. character which alone is vulnerable; the man who,

Sir William Draper certainly drew Junius forward to say

more of lord Granby's character than he originally inwithout firmness enough to avoid a dishonorable

tended. He was reduced to the dilemma, of either being action, has feeling enough to be ashamed of it.

totally silenced, or of supporting his first letter. Whether I thank you for the hint of the decalogue, and shall sir William had a right to reduce him to this dilemma, or

to call upon him for his name, after a voluntary attack take an opportunity of applying it to some of your

on bis side, are questions submitted to the candor of the most virtuous friends in both houses of parliament. public. The death of lord Granby was lamented by You seem to have dropped the affair of your regi Junius. He undoubtedly owed rome compensations to

the public, and seemed determined to acquit himself of ment; so let it rest. When you are appointed to

them. In private life, he was unquestionably that good another, I dare say you will not sell it either for a

man, who, for the interest of his country, ought to bave gross sum, or for an annuity upon lives.

been a great one. Bonum virum facile direris! magnum

libenter. I speak of him now without partiality : I never I am truly glad (for really, sir William, I am not

spoke of him with resentment. His mistakes, in publie your enemy, nor did I begin this contest with you) conduct, did not arise either from want of sentiment, of that you have been able to clear yourself of a crime, want of judgment; but, in general, from the difficulty of

saying no to the bad people who surrounded him.

As for the rest, the friends of lord Granby should re member, that he himself thought proper to condemn, re

tract, and disavow, by a most solemn declaration, in the uniting in your own person two sorts of provision,

house of commons, that very system of political conduct

which Junius has held forth to the disapprobation of the which, in their own nature, and in all military and

public. parliamentary views, are incompatible, but I call | *Les rois nese sont reserves ove les

sont reserves que les graces. Ils renroient upon you to justify that declaration, wherein you les condamnations vers leurs officierz.- Montesquicu.

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