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once the pride and honor of an Englishman. The that they have been punished, or even censured for civil equality of the laws preserved the property, and either. Another gentleman lays much stress upon defended the safety of the subject. Are these glori-| the calamity of the case; and, instead of disproving ous privileges the birthright of the people, or are facts, appeals at once to the compassion of the public. we only tenants at the will of the ministry? But This idea, as well as the insinuation, that, depriving that I know there is a spirit of resistance in the the parties of their commissions would be an injury to hearts of my countrymen; that they value life, not their creditors, can only refer to general Gansel. The by its conveniences, but by the independence and other officers are in no distress; therefore, have no dignity of their condition ; I should, at this moment, claim to compassion: nor does it appear that their appeal only to their discretion. I should persuade creditors, if they have any, are more likely to be them to banish from their minds all memory of what satisfied by their continuing in the guards. But this we were; I should tell them this is not a time to re- sort of plea will not hold in any shape. Compassion member that we were Englishmen; and give it, as to an offender, who has grossly violated the laws, is, my last advice, to make some early agreement with in effect, a cruelty to the peaceable subject who has the minister, that, since it has pleased him to rob us observed them: and even admitting the force of any of those political rights, which once distinguished alleviating circumstances, it is nevertheless true, that the inhabitants of a country where honor was happi- in this instance, the royal compassion has interposed ness, he would leave us at least the humble, obedient too soon. The legal and proper mercy of a king of security of citizens, and graciously condescend to England may remit the punishment, but ought not rotect us in our submission.

to stop the trial. JUNIUS. Besides these particular objections, there has been

| a cry raised against Junius, for his malice and injusLETTER XXXI

tice in attacking the ministry upon an event which

they could neither hinder nor foresee. This, I must TO THE PRINTER OF THE PUBLIC ADVERTISER

affirm, is a false representation of his argument. He SIR,

November 14, 1769. lays no stress upon the event itself, as a ground of · The variety of remarks which have been made accusation against the ministry, but dwells entirely upon the last letter of Junius, and my own opinion upon their subsequent conduct. He does not say of the writer, who, whatever may be his faults. that they are answerable for the offense, but for the is certainly not a weak man, have induced me to ex-scandalous neglect of their duty, in suffering an oiamine, with some attention, the subject of that letter. fense so flagrant to pass by without notice or inquiry. I could not persuade myself, that, while he had Supposing them ever so regardless of what they owe plenty of important materials, he would have taken to the public, and as indifferent about the opinion, as up a light or trifling occasion to attack the ministry; they are about the interests of their country, what much less could I conceive, that it was his intention answer, as officers of the crown, will they give to Juto ruin the officers concerned in the rescue of general nius, when he asks them, “ Are they aware of the Gansel, or to injure the general himself. These are outrage offered to their sovereign, when his own little objects, and can no way contribute to the great proper guard is ordered out to stop, by main force, purposes he seems to have in view, by addressing the execution of his laws?And when we see a himself to the public. Without considering the or- ministry giving such a strange, unaccountable protecnamented style he has adopted, I determined to look tion to the officers of the guards, is it unfair to susfarther into the matter, before I decided upon the pect that they have some secret and unwarrantable merits of his letter. The first step I took was to in- motives for their conduct? If they feel themselves quire into the truth of the facts; for if these were injured by such a suspicion, why do they not imme either false or misrepresented, the most artful exer- diately clear themselves from it by doing their duty ? tion of his understanding, in reasoning upon them, For the honor of the guards, I cannot help expressing would only be a disgrace to him. Now, sir, I have another suspicion, that if the commanding officer had found every circumstance stated by Junius to be not received a secret injunction to the contrary, he literally true. General Gansel persuaded the bailiffs would, in the ordinary course of his business, have to conduct him to the parade, and certainly solicited applied for a court martial to try the two subalterns; a corporal, and other soldiers, to assist him in mak- the one tor quitting his guard, the other for taking ing his escape. Captain Dodd did certainly apply to upon him the command of the guard, and employing captain Garth for the assistance of his guard. Cap- it in the manner he did. I do not mean to enter into, tain Garth declined appearing himself, but stood or defend, the severity with which Junius treats the aloof, while the other took upon him to order out the guards. On the contrary, I will suppose, for a moking's guard, and by main force rescued the general.ment, that they deserve a very different character. It is also strictly true, that the general was escorted If this be true, in what light will they consider the by a file of musqueteers to a place of security. These conduct of the two subalterns, but as the general reare facts, Mr. Woodsall, which I promise you no proach and disgrace to the whole corps? And will gentleman in the guards will deny. If all or any of they not wish to see them censured, in a military them are false, why are they not contradicted by the way, if it were only for the credit and discipline of parties themselves? However secure against mili- the regiment? tary censure, they have yet a character to lose; and, Upon the whole, sir, the ministry seem to me to surely, if they are innocent, it is not beneath them to have taken a very improper advantage of the goodpay some attention to the opinion of the public. nature of the public, whose humanity, they found,

The force of Junius's observations upon these facts considered nothing in this affair but the distress of cannot be better marked, than by stating and refut- general Gansel. They would persuade us, that it was ing the objections which have been made to them. only a common rescue by a few disorderly soldien, One writer says, “ Admitting the officers have offend- and not the formal, deliberate act of the king's guard, ed, they are punishable at common law; and will headed by an officer; and the public has fallen into you have a British subject punished twice for the the deception. I think, therefore, we are obliged same offense?" I answer, that they have committed to Junius for the care he has taken to inquire into the two offenses, both very enormous, and violated two facts, and for the just commentary with which he laws. The rescue is one offense, the flagrant breach has given them to the world. For my own part, I of discipline another; and hitherto it does not appear I am as unwilling as any man to load the unfortunate;

but really, sir, the precedent with respect to the gant chastity of a prude, who gratifies her passioni guards, is of a most important nature, and alarming with distinction, and prosecutes one lover for a rape enough (considering the consequences with which it while she solicits the lewd embraces of another. may be attended) to deserve a parliamentary inquiry. Your cheek turns pale: for a guilty conscience When the guards are daring enough, not only to vio- tells you, you are undone. Come forward, thou late their own discipline, but publicly, and, with the virtuous minister, and tell the world by what intermost atrocious violence, to stop the execution of the est Mr. Hine has been recommended to so extraordilaws, and when such extraordinary offenses pass with nary a mark of his master's favor; what was the impunity, believe me, sir, the precedent strikes deep. price of the patent he has bought, and to what honor

PHILO JUNIUS. able purpose the purchase money has been applied.

Nothing less than many thousands could pay colonel

Burgoyne's expenses at Preston. Do you dare to LETTER XXXII.

prosecute such a creature as Vaughan, while you are

basely setting up the royal patronage to auction ? TO THE PRINTER OF THE PUBLIC ADVERTIBER.

Do you dare to complain of an attack upon your own SIR,

November 15, 1769.

| honor, while you are selling the favors of the crown, I admit the claim of a gentleman, who publishes to raise a fund for corrupting the morals of the peoin the Gazetteer under the name of Modestus. He ple? And do you think it is possible such enormi. has some right to expect an answer from me; though, ties should escape without impeachment? It is, inI think, not so much from the merit or importance of deed, highly your interest to maintain the present his objections, as from my own voluntary engagement. house of commons. Having sold the nation to you I had a reason for not taking notice of him sooner, in gross, they will undoubtedly protect you in the which, as he is a candid person, I believe, he will detail; for, while they patronise your crimes, they think sufficient. In my first letter, I took for granted, feel for their own. from the time which had elapsed, that there was no

JUNIUS. intention to censure, or even to try, the persons concerned in the rescue of general Gansel : hut Modestus having since either affirmed, or strongly insinu

LETTER XXXIV. ated, that the offenders might still be brought to a legal trial, any attempt to prejudge the cause, or to

TO HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF GRAFTON. prejudice the minds of a jury, or a court-martial,

MY LORD, would be highly improper.

December 12, 1769. A man more hostile to the ministry than I am, I.

I find with some surprise, that you are not supwould not so often remind them of their duty. If ported as you deserve. Your most determined advothe duke of Grafton will not perform the duty of his cates have scruples about them which you are unacstation. why is he minister? I will not descend to al quainted with; and though there be nothing too hazscurrilous altercation with any man: but this is a | ardous for your grace to engage in, there are some subject too important to be passed over with silent

things too infamous for the vilest prostituteof a newspaindifference. If the gentlemen, whose conduct is in pe

din per to defend.* In what other manner shall weaccount question, are not brought to a trial, the duke of Graf

for the profound, submissive silence which you and ton shall hear from me again.

your friends have observed upon a charge which called The motives on which I am supposed to have taken

immediately for the clearest refutation, and would up this cause, are of little importance, compared with

have justified the severest measures of resentment? the facts themselves, and the observations I have made

I did not attempt to blast your character by an indiupon them. Without a vain profession of integrity, rect,

rect, ambiguous insinuation ; but candidly stated to which in these times might justly be suspected, I sou

il you a plain fact, which struck directly at the inshall show myself, in effect, a friend to the interests

tegrity of a privy counsellor, of a first commissioner of my countrymen; and leave it to them to deter

of the treasury, and of a leading minister, who is supmine, whether I am moved by a personal malevolence

posed to enjoy tne first share in his majesty's confito three private gentlemen, or merely by a hope of

dence.t In every one of these capacities I employed perplexing the ministry; or whether I am animated,

the most moderate terms to charge you with treachery by à just and honorable purpose of obtaining a sat

to your sovereign, and breach of trust in your office. isfaction to the laws of this country, equal, if possible,

I accused you of having sold a patent place in the colto the violation they have suffered.

lection of the customs at Exeter to one Mr. Hine, who,

unable or unwilling to deposit the whole purchase JUNIUS.

money himself, raised part of it by contribution, and

has now a certain doctor Brooke quartered upon the LETTER XXXIII.

salary for one hundred pounds a year. No sale by

the candle was ever conducted with greater formality. TO HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF GRAFTON. I affirm, that the price at which the place was knocked MY LORD,

November 29, 1769. down (and which, I have good reason to think, was Though my opinion of your grace's integrity was

not less than three thousand five hundred pounds) but little affected by the coyness with which you re-was, with your connivance and consent, paid to. ceived Mr. Vaughan's proposals, I confess I give you colonel Burgoyne, to reward him, I presume, for the some credit for your discretion. You had a fair oppor

decency of his deportment at Preston; or to reimtunity of displaying a certain delicacy, of which you burse him, perhaps, for the fine of one thousand had not been suspected, and you were in the right pounds, which, for that very deportment, the court to make use of it. By laying in a moderate stock of king's bench thought proper to set upon him. It of reputation. you undoubtedly meant to provide is not often that the chief justice and the prime minfor the future necessities of your character,

* From the publication of the preceding to this date, that, with an honorable resistance upon record, you not one word was said in defense of the duke of Grafton. might safely indulge your genius, and yield to a fa

But vice and impudence soon recovered themselves, and vorite inclination with security. But you have dis

the sale of the royal favor was openly avowed and de

fended. We acknowledge the piety of St James's, but covered your purposes too soon; and, instead of the what is become of its morality ? modest reserve of virtue, have shown us the terma. † And by the same means preserves it to this bour,

ister are so strangely at variance in their opinions of of a patent place in Jamaica (which he was otherwise men and things.

sufficiently entitled to) amounts to a high misde I thank God, there is not in human nature a de- meanor. Be it so: and if he deserves it, let him be gree of impudence daring enough to deny the charge punished. But the learned judge might have had a I have fixed upon you. Your courteous secretary,* fairer opportunity of displaying the powers of his elo your confidential architect, † are silent as the grave. quence. Having delivered himselt, with so much Even Mr. Rigby's countenance fails him. He violates energy, upon the criminal nature and dangerous coehis second nature, and blushes whenever he speaks sequences of any attempt to corrupt a man in your of you. Perhaps the noble colonel himself will re- grace's station, what would he have said to the midlieve you. No man is more tender of his reputation. ister himself, to that very privy counsellor, to that He is not only nice but perfectly sore, in everything first commissioner of the treasury, who does not wait that touches his honor. If any man, for example, for, but impatiently solicits, the touch of corruption; were to accuse him of taking his stand at a gaming- who employs the meanest of his creatures in these table, and watching, with the soberest attention, for honorable services; and, forgetting the genius and a fair opportunity of engaging a drunkeu young no-fidelity of his secretary, descends to apply to his bleman at piquet, he would, undoubtedly, consider it as house builder for assistance ? an infamous aspersion upon his character, and resent This affair, my lord, will do infinite credit to gorit like a man of honor. Acquitting him, therefore, ofernment, if, to clear your character, you should think drawing a regular and splendid subsistence from any proper to bring it into the house of lords, or into the unworthy practices, either in his own house, or else- court of king's bench. But, my lord, yon dare not where, let me ask your grace, for what military merits do either.

JUNIUS. you have been pleased to reward him with military government? He had a regiment of dragoons, which, one would imagine, was at least an equivalent for any services he ever performed. Besides, he is but a

LETTER XXXV. young officer, considering his preferment; and, ex

TO THE PRINTER OF THE PUBLIC ADVERTISER. cept in his activity at Preston, not very conspicuous in his profession. But it seems the sale of a civil SIR.

December 19, 17ee. employment was not sufficient; and military govern When the complaints of a brave and powerful ments, which were intended for the support of worn- people are observed to increase in proportion to the out veterans must be thrown in to the scale, to defray wrongs they have suffered; when, instead of sinking the extensive bribery of a contested election. Are these into submission, they are roused to resistance, the time the steps you take to secure to your sovereign the will soon arrive, at which every inferior considera attachment of his army? With what countenance tion must yield to the security of the sovereign, and dare you appear in the royal presence, branded as you to the general safety of the state. There is a moment are, with the infamy of a notorious breach of trust? of difficulty and danger, at which flattery and falseWith what countenance can you take at the treasury hood can no longer deceive, and simplicity itself can board, or in the council, when yon feel that every no longer be misled. Let us suppose it arrived: let circulating whisper is at your expense alone, and us suppose a gracious well-intentioned prince made stabs you to the heart? Have you a single friend in sensible, at last, of the great duty he owes to his per parliament so shameless, so thoroughly abandoned, ple, and of his own disgraceful situation: that he as to undertake your defense ? You know, my lord, looks round him for assistance, and asks for no adthat there is not a man in either house, whose char-vice, but how to gratify the wishes and secure the acter, however flagitious, would not be ruined by happiness of his subjects. In these circumstances, it mixing his reputation with yours; and does not may be matter of curious speculation to consider, if your heart inform you that you are degraded below an honest man were premitted to approach a king. the condition of a man, when you are obliged to bear in what terms he would address himself to his sorthese insults with submission, aud even to thank me ereign. Let it be imagined, no matter how improbfor my moderation ?

able, that the first prejudice against his character is We are told, by the highest judicial authority, removed; that the ceremonious difficulties of an suthat Mr. Vaughan'st offer to puchase the reversion dience are surmounted; that he feels himself ani

mated by the purest and most honorable affections to Tommy Bradsbaw.

his king and his country; and that the great person + Mr. Taylor. He and George Ross (the Scotch agent whom he addresses, has spirit enough to bid him and worthy confident of Lord Mansfield) managed the business.

speak freely, and understanding enough to listen to A little before the publication of this and the pre

him with attention. Unacquainted with the rain ceding letter, the duke of Grafton had commenced a pro- impertinence of forms, he would deliver his sentisecution against Mr Samuel Vaughan, endeavoring to cor- ments with dignity and firmness, but not without rupt his integrity, by an offer of five thousand pounds for a patent place in Jamaica. A rule to show cause why an

respect. information should not be exhibited against Vaughan for

Sir,- It is the misfortune of your life, and origicertain misdemeanors, being granted by the court of nally the cause of every reproach and distress which king's bench, the matter was solemnly Argued on the 27th of November, 1769, and by the unanimous opinion of

has attended your government, that you should ner. the four judges, the rule was made absolute. The plead-er have been acquainted with the language of truth, ings and speecbes were accurately taken in short-band, I un and published. The whole of lord Mansfield's speech,

b: It is not, however, too late to correct the error of and particularly the following extracts from it, deserve tbe reader's attention: A practice of the kind complained of bere, is certainly dishonorable and scandalous. I a minister, contrary to his duty as a subject? His advice If a man, standing under the relation of an officer under should be free, according to his ju dgment. It is the duty the king, or of a person in whom the king puts confi- of his office: he bath sworn to it." Notwitbstanding all dence, or of a minister, takes money for the use of that this, the duke of Grafton certainly sold a patent place to confidence the king puts in him, he basely betrays the Mr. Hine, for three thousand five hundred pounds. I king; he basely betrays his trust. If the king sold the the bouse of commons had done their duty, and in office, it would be acting contrary to the trust the consti- peached the duke for this breach of trust, how wofully tution had reposed in hiri The constitution does not must poor honest Mansfield have been puzzled! His emintend the crown should sell those offices to raise a reve- barrassment would have attorded the most ridiculous nue out of them. Is it possible to besitate, whether this I scene that was ever exbib would not be criminal in the duke of Grafton : contrary this perplexity, and the duke from impeachment. tbe to his duty as a privy counsellor, contrary to bis duty as / prosecution against Vaughan was immediately dropped.

your education. We are still inclined to make an lishman, believe me, sir, you were persuaded to pay a indulgent allowance for the pernicious lessons you very ill-judged 'compliment to one part of your subreceived in your youth, and to form the most san-jects, at the expense of another. While the natives guine hopes from the natural benevolence of your of Scotland are not in actual rebellion, they are undisposition. We are far from thinking you capable doubtedly entitled to protection: nor do I mean to of a direct, deliberate purpose to invade those origi- condemn the policy of giving some encouragement to nal rights of your subjects, on which all their civil the novelty of their affections for the house of Hanand political liberties depend. Had it been possi- over. I am ready to hope for every thing from their able for us to entertain a suspicion so dishonorable new-born zeal, and from the future steadiness of their to your character, we shoud long since have adopted allegiance; but, hitherto, they have no claim to your a style of remonstration very distant from the humil- favor. To honor them with a determined predilection ity of complaint. The doctrine inculcated by our and confidence, in exclusion of your English subjects, laws, That the king can do no wrong, is admitted with who placed your family, and, in spite of treachery out reluctance. We separate the amiable, good and rebellion, have supported it upon the throne, is a natured prince from the folly and treachery of his mistake too gross even for the unsuspecting generosity servants, and the private virtues of the man from the of youth. In this error we see a capital violation of vices of his government. Were it not for this just the most obvious rules of policy and prudence. We distinction, I know not whether your majesty's con- trace it, however, to an original bias in your educadition, or that of the English nation, would deserve tion, and are ready to allow for your inexperience. most to be lamented. I would prepare your mind To the same early influence we attribute it, that for a favorable reception of truth, by removing every you have descended to take a share, not only in the painful, offensive idea of personal reproach. Your narrow views and interests of particular persons, but subjects, sir, wish for nothing, but that, as they are in the fatal malignity of their passions. At your reasonable and affectionate enough to separate your accession to the throne, the whole system of governperson from your government, so you, in your turn, ment was altered, not from wisdom or deliberation, should distinguish between the conduct which be- but because it had been adopted by your predecessor. comes the permanent dignity of a king, and that A little personal motive of pique and resentment was which serves only to promote the temporary interest sufficient to remove the ablest servants of the crown;*. and miserable ambition of a minister.

but it is not in this country, sir, that such men can You ascended the throne with a declared, and, I be dishonored by the frowns of a king. They were doubt not, a sincere resolution of giving universal dismissed, but could not be disgraced. Without ensatisfaction to your subjects. You found them tering into a minuter discussion of the merits of the pleased with the novelty of a young prince, whose peace, we may observe, in the imprudent hurry with countenance promised even more than his words; and which the first overtures from France were accepted, loyal to you, not only from principle, but passion. It in the conduct of the negotiation, and terms of the was not a cold. profession of allegiance to the first treaty, the strongest marks of that precipitate spirit magistrate, but a partial, animated attachment to a of concession, with which a certain part of your subfavorite prince, the native of their country. They jects have been at all times ready to purchase a peace did not wait to examine your conduct, nor to be de- with the natural enemies of this country. On your termined by experience, but gave you a generous part we are satisfied that every thing was honorable credit for the future blessings of your reign, and paid and sincere ; and, if England was sold to France, we you in advance the dearest tribute of their affections. doubt not that your majesty was equally betrayed. Such, sir, was once the disposition of a people, who The conditions of the peace were matter of grief and now surround your throne with reproaches and com surprise to your subjects, but not the immediate plaints. Do justice to yourself. Banish from your cause of their present discontent. mind those unworthy opinions with which some in Hitherto, sir, yon have been sacrificed to the preterested persons have labored to possess you. Dis- judices and passions of others. With what firmness trust the men who tell you that the English are will you bear the mention of your own ? naturally light and inconstant; that they complain A man not very honorably distinguished in the without a cause. Withdraw your confidence equally world, commences a formal attack upon your favorite, from all parties; from ministers, favorites, and re-considering nothing but how he might best exposé lations ; and let there be one moment in your life, his person and principles to detestation, and the in which you have consulted your own understand national character of his countrymen to contempt.

The natives of that country, sir, are as much disWhen you affectedly renounced the name of Eng-tinguished by a peculiar character, as by your maThe plan of the tutelage and future dominion over

jesty's favor. Like another chosen people, they have the heir apparent, laid many years ago, at Carlton-House, been conducted into the land of plenty, where they between the princess dowager and her favorite, the earl find themselves effectually marked, and divided from of Bute, was as gross and palpable as that which was con

mankind. There is hardly a period at which the certed between Anne of Austria and cardinal Mazarine, to govern Louis the Fourteenth, and, in effect, to pro. most irregular character may not be redeemed. The long his minority untilthe end of their lives That prínce mistakes of one sex find a retreat in patriotism, those bad strong natural parts, and used frequently to blush

lush of the other in devotion. Mr. Wilkes brought with for his own igrorance and want of education, which bad been wilfully neglected by his mother and her minion.

him into politics the same liberal sentiments by A little experience, however, soon showed him how which his private conduct had been directed and shamefully he had been treated, and for what infamous | seemed to think that, as tnereare few excesses in which purpose he bad been kept in ignorance. Our great Edward, too, at an early period, had sense enough to under 18

an English gentleman may not be permitted to instand the nature of the connection between his abandoned mother and the detested Mortimer. But, since that time, human nature, we may observe, is greatly altered for the better. Dowagers may be chaste, and minions may be

maintaining them. I mean to state, not entirely to bonest. When it was proposed to settle the present king's household, as prince of Wales, it is well known he suffered some unwarrantable insinuations to eso. that the earl of Bute was forced into it, in direct contradiction to the late king's inclination. That was the salient! * One of the first acts of the present reign was to dismiss point from which all the mischiefs and disgraces of the Mr Legge, because he had, some years before, refused to present reign took life and motion. From that moment, yield his interest in Hampshire to a Scotchman, recomlord Bute never suffered the prince of Wales to be an mended by lord Bute. This was the reason publicly instant out of bis sight. We need not look farther.

assigned by his lordship.



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cape him He said more than moderate men could birth, to the minister, from whose benero justify; but not enough to entitle him to the honor lence they derive the comforts and pleasures of their of your majesty's personal resentment. The rays of political life ; who has taken the tenderest care of royal indignation, collected upon him, served only to their infancy, and relieves their necessities without illuminate, and could not consume. Animated by offending their delicacy. But if it were possible for the favor of the people on the one side, and heated their integrity to be degraded to a condition so rile by persecution on the other, his views and senti- and abject, that, compared with it, the present estiments changed with his situation. Hardly serious mation they stand in is a state of honor and respect; at first, he is now an enthusiast. The coldest bodies consider, sir, in what manner you will afterwards warm with opposition, the hardest sparkle in col- proceed. Can you conceive that the people of this lision. There is a holy mistaken zeal in politics as country will long submit to be governed by so flexiwell as religion. By persuading others, we convince ble a house of commons? It is not in the nature of ourselves. The passions are engaged, and create a human society that any form of government, in such maternal affection in the mind, which forces us to circumstances, can long be preserved. In ours, the love the cause for which we suffer. Is this a conten-general contempt of the people is as fatal as their de tion worthy of a king? Are you not sensible how testation. Such, I am persuaded, would be the netmuch the meanness of the cause gives an air of ridi-essary effect of any base concussion made by the cule to the serious difficulties into which you have present house of commons; and, as a qualifying been betrayed ? The destruction of one man has measure would not be accepted, it remains for you to been now, for many years, the sole object of your decide, whether you will, at any hazard, support a government; and, if there can be any thing still set of men who have reduced you to this unhappy more disgraceful, we have seen for such an object the dilemma, or whether you will gratify the united utmost influence of the executive power, and every wishes of the whole people of England, by dissolving ministerial artifice, exerted without success. Nor the parliament. can you ever succeed, unless he should be imprudent Taking it for granted, as I do very sincerely, that enough to forfeit the protection of those laws to you have personally no design against the constituwhich you owe your crown; or unless your minister tion, nor any view inconsistent with the good of your should persuade you to make it a question of force subjects, I think you cannot hesitate long upon the alone, and try the whole strength of government in choice which it equally concerns your interests and opposition to the people. The lessons he has received your honor to adopt. On one side, you hazard the from experience will probably guard him from such affection of all your English subjects; you relisexcess of folly; and, in your majesty's virtues, we quish every hope of repose to yourself, and you enfind an unquestionable assurance, that no illegal vio-danger the establishment of your family forever. All lence will be attempted.

this you venture for no object wbatsoever; or for Far from suspecting you of so horrible a design, such an object as it would be an affront to you to we would attribute the continued violation of the name. Men of sense will examine your conduct with laws, and even this last enormous attack upon the suspicion ; while those, who are incapable of comvital principles of the constitution, to an ill advised, prehending to what degree they were injured, afflict unworthy, personal resentment. From one false step you with clamors equally insolent and unmeaning. you have been betrayed into another; and, as the cause Supposing it possible that no fatal struggle should was unworthy of you, your ministers were determined ensue, you determine, at once, to be unhappy, withthat the prudence of the execution should correspond out the hope of a compensation, either from interest with the wisdom and dignity of the design. They or ambition. If an English king be hated or dehave reduced you to the necessity of choosing out of spised, he must be unhappy: and this, perhaps, is the a variety of difficulties; to a situation so unhappy, only political truth which he ought to be convinced that you can neither do wrong without ruin, or right of, without experiment. But, if the English people without affliction. These worthy servants have un- should no longer confine their resentment to a subdoubtedly given you many singular proofs of their missive representation of their wrongs; if, following abilities. Not contented with making Mr. Wilkes a the glorious example of their ancestors, they should man of importance, they have judiciously transterred no longer appeal to the creature of the constitution, the question from the rights and interests of one man but to that high Being who gave them the rights of to the most important rights and interests of the peo-humanity, whose gifts it were sacrilege to surrender, ple; and forced your subjects, from wishing well to let me ask you, sir, upon what part of your subjects the cause of an individual, to unite with him in would you rely for assistance. their own. Let them proceed as they have begun, The people of Ireland have been uniformly plup. and your majesty need not doubt that the catastrophe dered and oppressed. In return, they give you will do no dishonor to the conduct of the piece. every day fresh marks of their resentment. They

The circumstances to which you are reduced will despise the miserable goveruor* you have sent them, not admit of a compromise with the English nation. because he is the creature of lord Bute: nor is it from Undecisive, qualifying measures will disgrace your any natural confusion in their ideas, that they are so government still more than open violence; and, with- ready to confound the original of a king with the disout satisfying the people, will excite their contempt. graceful representation of him. They have two much understanding and spirit to The distance of the colonies would make it inaccept of an indirect satisfaction for a di- possible for them to take an active concern in your rect injury. Nothing less than a repeal, as affairs, if they were as well affected to your governformal as the resolution itself, can heal the ment as they once pretended to be to your person. wound which has been given to the constitution, nor, They were ready enough to distinguish between you will any thing less be accepted. I can readily be and your ministers. They complained of an act of lieve, that there is an influence sufficient to recall the legislature, but traced the origin of it no higher that pernicious vote. The house of commons un- than to the servants of the crown: they pleased doubtedly consider their duty to the crown as para-themselves with the hope that their sovereign, if not mount to all other obligations. To us they are only favorable to their cause, at least was impartial. The indebted for an accidental existence, and have justly

on the plan of being to their benefactors; from those who gave them istration shall not be lost to the public.

* Viscount Townsend, sent over on the plan of transferred their gratitude from their parents resident governor. The history of his ridiqulous admin

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