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Latine loquendi' (how to speak | It really openeth. 'It' is superfluous. Latin).

See Marlowe, Death-scene of Ed. Novum Organum : 'The New Organum' ward II., second note (page 93). (= Greek Organon), or instrument, Have and do reverence. Improper tool, engine-body of rules-for the ellipsis : reverence' cannot follow advancement of science or know both 'have' and 'do.' ledge. The name of Bacon's great Only proper to himself. 'Only'is somework (1620) is formed on the name what misplaced; `alone' might be given to Aristotle's collective writings more suitable : 'proper to himself on Logic-The Organon (The In- | alone'-belonged exclusively to himstrument of all reasoning).

self.

JEREMY TAYLOR.—1613–1667. JEREMY TAYLOR,'the Shakspeare of English prose,'the Chrysostom of the English pulpit,' was born in Cambridge, of humble parents, and educated at the Grammar-school and Caius College. At the age of twenty, he commended himself, by his eloquence and beauty, to Archbishop Laud, under whose patronage he studied at All Souls College, Oxford, in due time becoming a fellow, one of the archbishop's chaplains, and rector of Uppingham in Rutlandshire. During the civil war, and under the Commonwealth, he suffered much for his attachment to the Royalist cause; he was even imprisoned more than once. On the Restoration, he received from Charles II. the bishopric of Down and Connor, and subsequently that of Dromore.

Taylor was a diligent writer. His Liberty of Prophesying (or Preaching) (1647), The Great Exemplar, or The Life and Death of Christ (1650), Holy Living (1650), and Holy Dying (1651), Golden Grove (1655), and indeed most of his works, were written in Wales, whither he had retired during the worst days of his party (1646–60).

TERRORS OF THE JUDGMENT, (From the First Sermon entitled Doomsday Book, or Christ's Advent

to Judgment. Text: 2 Cor. v. 10.) I. The persons who are to be judged : even you, and I, and all the world : kings and priests, nobles and learned, the crafty and the easy, the wise and the foolish, the rich and the poor, the prevailing tyrant and the oppressed party, shall all appear to receive their symbol ; and this is so far from abating anything of its terror and our dear concernment, that it much increases

it. For, although concerning precepts and discourses we are apt to neglect in particular what is recommended in general, and in incidencies of mortality and sad events the singularity of the chance heightens the apprehension of the evil; yet it is so by accident, and only in regard of our imperfection; it being an effect of self-love, or some little creeping envy which adheres too often to the infortunate and miserable; or else because the sorrow is apt to increase, by being apprehended to be a rare case, and a singular unworthiness in him who is afflicted otherwise than is common to the sons of men, companions of his sin, and brethren of his nature, and partners of his usual accidents; yet in final and extreme events, the multitude of sufferers does not lessen but increase the sufferings; and when the first day of judgment happened—that, I mean, of the universal deluge of waters upon the old world—the calamity swelled like the flood, and every man saw his friend perish, and the neighbours of his dwelling, and the relatives of his house, and the sharers of his joys, and yesterday's bride, and the new-born heir, the priest of the family, and the honour of the kindred, all dying or dead, drenched in water and the divine vengeance; and then they had no place to flee unto, no man cared for their souls; they had none to go unto for counsel, no sanctuary high enough to keep them from the vengeance that rained down from heaven; and so it shall be at the day of judgment, when that world and this, and all that shall be born hereafter, shall pass through the same Red Sea, and be all baptised with the same fire, and be involved in the same cloud, in which shall be thunderings and terrors infinite; every man's fear shall be increased by his neighbour's shrieks, and the amazement that all the world shall be in, shall unite as the sparks of a raging furnace into a globe of fire, and roll upon its own prin

dies pressing tof death, and speld perpetually

ciple, and increase by direct appearances and intolerable reflections. He that stands in a churchyard in the time of a great plague, and hears the passing bell perpetually telling the sad stories of death, and sees crowds of infected bodies pressing to their graves, and others sick and tremulous, and death dressed up in all the images of sorrow round about him, is not supported in his spirit by the variety of his sorrow : and at doomsday, when the terrors are universal, besides that it is in itself so much greater, because it can affright the whole world, it is also made greater by communication and a sorrowful influence ; grief being then strongly infectious, when there is no variety of state, but an entire kingdom of fear; and amazement is the king of all our passions, and all the world its subjects : and that shriek must needs be terrible, when millions of men and women at the same instant shall fearfully cry out, and the noise shall mingle with the trumpet of the archangel, with the thunders of the dying and groaning heavens, and the crack of the dissolving world, when the whole fabric of nature shall shake into dissolution and eternal ashes!...

Consider what an infinite multitude of angels, and men, and women, shall then appear! It is a huge assembly when the men of one kingdom, the men of one age in a single province are gathered together into heaps and confusion of disorder ; but then all kingdoms of all ages, all the armies that ever mustered, all the world that Augustus Cæsar taxed, all those hundreds of millions that were slain in all the Roman wars from Numa's time till Italy was broken into principalities and small exarchates—all these, and all that can come into numbers, and that did descend from the loins of Adam, shall at once be represented; to which account if we add the armies of heaven, the nine orders of blessed spirits, and the infinite numbers in every order, we may

suppose the numbers fit to express the majesty of that God, and the terror of that Judge, who is the Lord and Father of all that unimaginable multitude !....

II. . ... The majesty of the Judge, and the terrors of the judgment, shall be spoken aloud by the immediate forerunning accidents, which shall be so great violences to the old constitutions of Nature, that it shall break her very bones, and disorder her till she be destroyed. St Jerome relates out of the Jews' books, that their doctors use to account fifteen days of prodigy immediately before Christ's coming, and to every day assign a wonder, any one of which if we should chance to see in the days of our flesh, it would affright us into the like thoughts which the old world had, when they saw the countries round about them covered with water and the divine vengeance; or as those poor people near Adria and the Mediterranean Sea, when their houses and cities are entering into graves, and the bowels of the earth rent with convulsions and horrid tremblings. The sea, they say, shall rise fifteen cubits above the highest mountains, and thence descend into hollowness and a prodigious drought; and when they are reduced again to their usual proportions, then all the beasts and creeping things, the monsters and the usual inhabitants of the sea, shall be gathered together, and make fearful noises to distract mankind : the birds shall mourn and change their songs into threnes and sad accents : rivers of fire shall rise from east to west, and the stars shall be rent into threads of light, and scatter like the beards of comets; then shall be fearful earthquakes, and the rocks shall rend in pieces, the trees shall distil blood, and the mountains and fairest structures shall return unto their primitive dust; the wild beasts shall leave their dens, and come into the companies of men, so that you

shall hardly tell how to call them, herds of men or congregations of beasts; then shall the graves open and give up their dead, and those which are alive in nature and dead in fear shall be forced from the rocks whither they went to hide them, and from caverns of the earth where they would fain have been concealed ; because their retirements are dismantled, and their rocks are broken into wider ruptures, and admit a strange light into their secret bowels; and the men being forced abroad into the theatre of mighty horrors, shall run up and down distracted, and at their wits' end ; and then some shall die, and some shall be changed ; and by this time the elect shall be gathered together from the four quarters of the world, and Christ shall come along with them to judgment.

NOTES. Symbol, lot, sentence.

Its own principle, first or chief element. This . . . it ... it. What are the | A great plague, &c. Sept. 4, 1665,

references ? Remove the double Pepys writes : 'I have stayed in the application of 'it.'

city till above 7400 died in one Its terror ... our &c. Compare the week, and of them above 6000 of the uses of the poss. adjs. here.

plague, and little noise heard day Does not lessen, &c. Cf. Satan's opinion, nor night but tolling of bells,' &c. Milton, Par. Reg., i. 401: 'Fellow| The passing bell, the bell that tolls for

ship in pain divides not smart.' | the passing or departing soul. Kindred, strictly kin-red. The d has Doomsday, the day of doom, or judg

crept in : cf. cinder (Lat. ciner-), 1 ment. “Doom,' ancient dom, from tender (Lat. tener-), &c. ; and note deman (to judge). to ‘sound' (33), p. 87. The ter- Taxed. See Luke ii. 1-3. mination -red (mode, fashion) ap- | Numa Pompilius, second (legendary) pears also in ‘hatred, but it is no king of Rome, successor of Romulus, longer of living application. It has is said to have enjoyed a long and the same general meaning as '-ship,' | peaceful reign (715–672 B.c.). '-hood,' &c.

Exarchate, region governed by a viceDrenched &c. A forced condensation ; | roy or exarch (Gr. exarchos, a leader, 'water' and 'the divine vengeance' from ex and archë, beginning, source, are incongruously joined together in government).—The breaking up of the same relation to ‘drenched.' It Italy—the empire of the westis repeated below. Cf. also (three took place more than a thousand lines down) 'the vengeance that years after the supposed time of rained down from heaven.'

Numa. The amazement . . . shall unite. What, Accidents. Lit., events that befall exactly, are the things that 'shall (one): Lat. accident., from ac (for unite?'

ad, to) and cadère (to fall). Hence,

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