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her hands kept time to her voice's music. As for the houses of the country (for many houses came under their eye), they were all scattered, no two being one by the other, and yet not so far off as that it barred mutual succour; a shew, as it were, of an accompanable 1 solitariness, and of a civil wildness. “I pray you,' said Musidorus (then first unsealing his long-silent lips),

what countries be these we pass through, which are so divers in shew, the one wanting no store, the other having no store but of want ?'

The country,' answered Claius, 'where you were cast ashore and now are past through, is Laconia : not so poor by the barrenness of the soil (though in itself not passing fertile) as by a civil war, which being these two years within the bowels of that estate between the gentlemen and the peasants (by them named Helots), hath in this sort, as it were, disfigured the face of nature, and made it so unhospital? as now you have found it; the towns neither of the one side nor the other willingly opening their gates to strangers, nor strangers willingly entering for fear of being mistaken.

‘But this country (where now you set your foot) is Arcadia.'

1 Companionable. 2 Inhospitable.

NOTES. Them. Musidorus, who had been cast corne ;' and Shak., Mid. N. Dream,

ashore, and Claius and Strephon, Act ii., sc. 2: two shepherds, who had found Musi And in the shape of Corin sat all dorus and shewn him kindness.

day Base, low, in the physical sense. The Playing on pipes of corn.'

adj. is now restricted to the moral It barred. What does 'it' refer to ? meaning: low, wicked, worthless, Passing fertile. In full, 'passing (what

vile. Fr. bas, from low Lat. bassus. is) fertile,' 'passing (a soil that is) Piping. Mr Hain Friswell quotes fertile.' We should now say, in

Chaucer : ‘On pipes made of greene' prose, 'surpassingly fertile.'

The sentences are rather long and loose. Parenthesis is used where commas would be placed now—except in one instance, or at most two.

VERSE NOT ESSENTIAL TO POETRY.

(From An Apology for Poetry.) The greatest part of poets have apparelled their poetical inventions in that numbrous kind of writing which is called verse : indeed but apparelled, verse being but an ornament, and no cause to poetry : sith there have been many most excellent poets that never versified, and now swarm many versifiers that need never answer to the name of poets. For Xenophon, who did imitate so excellently as to give us effigiem justi imperii, the portraiture of a just empire, under the name of Cyrus (as Cicero saith of him), made therein an absolute heroical poem.

So did Heliodorus in his sugаred invention of that picture of love in Theagines and Chariclea, and yet both these writ in prose : which I speak to shew that it is not riming and versing that maketh a poet, no more than a long gown maketh an advocate : who, though he pleaded in armour, should be an advocate, and no soldier. But it is that feigning notable images of virtues, vices, or what else, with that delightful teaching which must be the right describing note to know a poet by: although indeed the senate of poets hath chosen verse as their fittest raiment, meaning as in matter they passed all in all, so in manner to go beyond them : not speaking (table-talk fashion, or like men in a dream) words as they chanceably fall from the mouth, but poising each syllable of each word by just proportion according to the dignity of the subject.

ond the dream) Hong each

1 The portrait or likeness of a perfect empire or government.

NOTES. Humbrous kind of writing: writing in Verse being but an ornament, and no numbers, the stress of voice falling cause to poetry. This is one of the regularly after a certain number of most remarkable instances of sagasyllables.

cious criticism in Sidney's book.

Sith, since. See Dunbar, The Golden writers of romance, lived about the Targe, 101, note, pp. 51-2.

end of the fourth century A.D. He Xenophon (about 444 B.C. --about 357 | became Bishop of Tricca in Thessaly.

B.c.) was a distinguished Greek Theagines and Chariclea, hero and author. His most famous work is heroine of Heliodorus's romance the Anabasis, a history of the expe- Æthiopica. Jaques Amyot received dition of Cyrus the younger against an abbey from Francis I. of France his brother, Artaxerxes, and of the for translating this 'sugared invenretreat of the Greek part of his | tion.' army, in which Xenophon himself Both these : Xenophon and Helioplayed a prominent part (401–399 dorus. B.C.).

Writ: long a common form, for which Therein. Xenophon's Cyropædia, giving we now say 'wrote.' an account of the upbringing, train- Riming. So spelt in orig. Later, ing, education of Cyrus, the founder ‘rime' came to be written 'rhyme.' of the Persian monarchy, is written Now-a-days we are returning to in prose form. It is a political "rime.' romance of no more historical value | No (more than, &c.): double negative than More's Utopia Sidney refers for denial. to Cicero, Epist. ad Quint. fra- Should (be an (advocate). We should trem, I., i. 8: 'Cyrus ille a Xeno- say 'would.' phonte non ad historiæ fidem . . . Soldier. Very loose sentence, the scriptus, sed ad effigiem justi author being led off by the relaimperii.'

tives, first which,' and then Heliodorus, the best of the Greek! who.'

Both sentences and paragraphs are open to improvement.

ROBERT GREENE.—1560 ?–1592. ROBERT GREENE was born at Norwich, and educated at Cambridge (B.A., St John's College, 1578). After a tour in Spain and Italy, he returned to Cambridge, and took his M.A. degree at Clare Hall, 1583. He next went to London, where he became an author of plays, and a penner of love pamphlets,' or tales, and soon grew famous in that quality. He led a most dissolute life, and his death was the issue of an illness resulting from a surfeit at a “fatal banquet of pickleherring' and Rhenish wine.

Greene was a voluminous author. He wrote many plays, which were eagerly sought after by rival managers; but only five of them have come down to us. His novels, which are now forgotten, were in his own time even more popular than his plays. His songs, madrigals, odes, sonnets, roundelays, &c., which are his best productions, were scattered through his novels.

THE DESCRIPTION OF SILVESTRO'S LADY.

(From Morando, the Tritameron of Love.)
Her stature like the tall straight cedar trees,
Whose stately bulks do fame the Arabian groves ;
A pace like princely Juno when she braved
The Queen of love 'fore Paris in the vale ;
A front beset with love and courtesy;
A face like modest Pallas when she blushed
A seely shepherd should be beauty's judge ;
A lip sweet ruby-red, graced with delight;
A cheek wherein for interchange of hue
A wrangling strife 'twixt lily and the rose;
Her eyes two twinkling stars in winter nights,
When chilling frost doth clear the azured sky;
Her hair of golden hue doth dim the beams
That proud Apollo giveth from his coach. ...

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A foot like Thetis when she tripped the sands
To steal Neptunus' favour with her steps ;
A piece despite of beauty framed,
To shew what Nature's lineage could afford.

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NOTES.
2-6. Juno, the Queen of Love (Venus), 1 (see quotation from Shakspeare in

and Pallas (Minerva) had their rival notes to next extract).
claims to the prize of beauty decided 14. Apollo, the Sun-god.
upon by Paris, as he was tending 20. Thetis, a sea divinity, one of the
his flocks in the vale,' on Mount | Nereids, wife of Peleus, and mother
Gargarus, a part of Mount Ida, near of Achilles.
Troy. Paris gave the prize, a golden 21. Neptūnus' favour. Neptune (Posei-
apple, to the Queen of Love.

don), the god of the sea, desisted 4. Paris, or Alexander, was the second | from his suit for the hand of Thetis

son of Priam, king of Troy. He when her mother declared that the was very handsome.

son of Thetis would be more illus5. Beset, with love, &c., set (or throned) | trious than his father. upon it.

22. A later condensed version gives this 7. Seely, silly: ignorant, inexperienced, / line complete : 'In fine, a piece,' &c. innocent of culture arising from con- | 23. The condensed version reads: ‘To tact with a higher society. “Silly'. see what Nature's cunning could is a very common epithet to‘sheep' afford.'

ove,

THE SHEPHERD'S WIFE'S SONG.

(From The Mourning Garment.) Ah, what is love ? It is a pretty thing, As sweet unto a shepherd as a king ;

And sweeter too,
For kings have cares that wait upon a crown,
And cares can make the sweetest love to frown:

Ah then, ah then,
If country loves such sweet desires do gain,
What lady would not love a shepherd swain ?

5

10

His flocks are folded, he comes home at night,
As merry as a king in his delight;

And merrier too,
For kings bethink them what the state require,
Where shepherds careless carol by the fire :

Ah then, ah then,
If country loves such sweet desires do gain,
What lady would not love a shepherd swain ?

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He kisseth first, then sits as blithe to eat
His cream and curds, as doth the king his meat;

And blither too,
For kings have often fears when they do sup,
Where shepherds dread no poison in their cup:

Ah then, ah then,
If country loves such sweet desires do gain,
What lady would not love a shepherd swain ? .

20

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Upon his couch of straw he sleeps as sound,
As doth the king upon his beds of down;

More sounder too,
For cares cause kings full oft their sleep to spill,
Where weary shepherds lie and snort their fill :

Ah then, ah then,
If country loves such sweet desires do gain,
What lady would not love a shepherd swain ?

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