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SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

AN ACT To provide full and fair disclosure of the character of securities sold in

interstate and foreign commerce and through the mails, and to prevent frauds in the sale thereof, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE I

SHORT TITLE

SECTION 1. This title may be cited as the “Securities Act of 1933”.

DEFINITIONS

SEC. 2. When used in this title, unless the context otherwise requires

(1) The term "security” means any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate, certificate of deposit for *a security, fractional undivided interest in oil, gas, or other mineral rights, or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a "security", or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing.

(2) The term “person" means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, an association, a joint-stock company, a trust, any unincorporated organization, or a government or political subdivision thereof. As used in this paragraph the term “trust” shall include only a trust where the interest or interests of the beneficiary or beneficiaries are evidenced by a security.

(3) The term "sale" or "sell” shall include every contract of sale or disposition of a security or interest in a security, for value. The term "offer to sell”, "offer for sale", or "offer" shall include every attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security, for value. The terms defined in this paragraph and the term "offer to buy” as used in subsection (c) of section 5 shall not include preliminary negotiations or agreements between an issuer (or any person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by an issuer, or under direct or indirect common control with an issuer) and any underwriter or among underwriters who are or are to be in privity of contract with an issuer (or any person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by an issuer, or under direct or indirect common control with an issuer). Any security given or delivered with, or as a bonus on account of, any purchase of securities or any other thing, shall be conclusively presumed to constitute a part of the subject of such purchase and to have been offered and sold for value. The issue or transfer of a right or privilege, when originally issued or transferred with a security, giving the holder of such security the right to convert such security into another security of the same issuer or of another person, or giving a right to subscribe to another security of the same issuer or of another person, which right cannot be exercised until some future date, shall not be deemed to be an offer or sale of such other security; but the issue or transfer of such other security upon the exercise of such right of conversion or subscription shall be deemed a sale of such other security.

(4) The term “issuer” means every person who issues or proposes to issue any security; except that with respect to certificates of deposit, voting-trust certificates, or collateral-trust certificates, or with respect to certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust not having a board of directors (or persons performing similar functions) or of the fixed, restricted management, or unit type, the term “issuer” means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument under which such securities are issued; except that in the case of an unincorporated association which provides by its articles for limited liability of any or all of its members, or in the case of a trust, committee, or other legal entity, the trustees or members thereof shall not be individually liable as issuers of any security issued by the association, trust, committee, or other legal entity; except that with respect to equipment-trust certificates or like securities, the term “issuer” means the person by whom the equipment or property is or is to be used; and except that with respect to fractional undivided interests in oil, gas, or other mineral rights, the term “issuer” means the owner of any such right or of any interest in such right (whether whole or fractional) who creates fractional interests therein for the purpose of public offering.

(5) The term “Commission” means the Federal Trade Commission.

(6) The term "Territory" means Puerto Rico, Canal Zone, the Virgin Íslands, and the insular possessions of the United States.

(7) The term "interstate commerce” means trade or commerce in securities or any transportation or communication relating thereto among the several States or between the District of Columbia or any Territory of the United States and any State or other Territory, or between any foreign country and any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, or within the District of

Columbia. (8) The term “registration statement” means the statement provided for in section 6, and includes any amendment thereto and any report, document, or memorandum filed as part of such statement or incorporated therein by reference.

(9) The term “write" or "written” shall include printed, lithographed, or any means of graphic communication.

(10) The term “prospectus” means any prospectus, notice, circular, advertisement, letter, or communication, written or by radio or television, which offers any security for sale or confirms the sale of any security; except that (a) a communication sent or given after the effective date of the registration statement (other than a prospectus

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1 The words “Philippine Islands” were deleted from the definition of the term "Ter. ritory' on the basis of Presidential Proclamation No. 2695, effective July 4, 1946 (11 F.R. 7517 ; 60 Stat. 1352), which granted independence to the Philippine Islands.

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permitted under subsection (b) of section 10) shall not be deemed a
prospectus if it is proved that prior to or at the same time with such
communication a written prospectus meeting the requirements of sub-
section (a) of section 10 at the time of such communication was sent
or given to the person to whom the communication was made, and (b)
a notice, circular, advertisement, letter, or communication in respect of
a security shall not be deemed to be a prospectus if it states from whom
a written prospectus meeting the requirements of section 10 may be
obtained and, in addition, does no more than identify the security,
state the price thereof, state by whom orders will be executed, and
contain such other information as the Commission, by rules or regula-
tions deemed necessary or appropriate in the public interest and for
the protection of investors, and subject to such terms and conditions
as may be prescribed therein, may permit.

(11) The term "underwriter” means any person who has purchased from an issuer with a view to, or offers or sells for an issuer in connection with, the distribution of any security, or participates or has a direct or indirect participation in any such undertaking, or participates or has a participation in the direct or indirect underwriting of any such undertaking; but such term shall not include a person whose interest is limited to a commission from an underwriter or dealer not in excess of the usual and customary distributors' or sellers' commission. As used in this paragraph the term “issuer" shall include, in addition to an issuer, any person under direct or indirect common control with the issuer.

(12) The term “dealer” means any person who engages either for all or part of his time, directly or indirectly, as agent, broker, or principal, in the business of offering, buying, selling, or otherwise dealing or trading in securities issued by another person.

(13) The term "insurance company" means à company which is organized as an insurance company, whose primary and predominant business activity is the writing of insurance or the reinsuring of risks underwritten by insurance companies, and which is subject to supervision by the insurance commissioner, or a similar official or agency, of a State or territory or the District of Columbia; or any receiver or similar official or any liquidating agent for such company, in his capacity as such.

(14) The term "separate account” means an account established and maintained by an insurance company pursuant to the laws of any State or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, or of Canada or any province thereof, under which income, gains and losses, whether or not realized, from assets allocated to such account, are, in accordance with the applicable contract, credited to or charged against such account without regard to other income, gains, or losses of the insurance company.

EXEMPTED SECURITIES

Sec. 3. (a) Except as hereinafter expressly provided, the provisions of this title shall not apply to any of the following classes of securities :

(1) Any security which, prior to or within sixty days after the enactment of this title, has been sold or disposed of by the issuer or bona fide offered to the public, but this exemption shall not apply to any new offering of any such security by an issuer or underwriter subsequent to such sixty days;

(2) Any security issued or guaranteed by the United States or any territory thereof, or by the District of Columbia, or by any State of the United States, or by any political subdivision of a State or territory, or by any public instrumentality of one or more States or territories, or by any person controlled or supervised by and acting as an instrumentality of the Government of the United States pursuant to authority granted by the Congress of the United States; or any certificate of deposit for any of the foregoing; or any security issued or guaranteed by any bank; or any security issued by or representing an interest in or a direct obligation of a Federal Reserve bank; or any interest or participation in any common trust fund or similar fund maintained by a bank exclusively for the collective investment and reinvestment of assets contributed thereto by such bank in its capacity as trustee, executor, administrator, or guardian; or any security which is an industrial development bond (as defined in section 103(c) (2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954) the interest on which is excludable from gross income under section 103(a)(1) of such Code if, by reason of the application of paragraph (4) or (6) of section 103(6) of such Code (determined as if paragraphs (4) (A), (5), and (7) were not included in such section 103 (c)), paragraph (1) of such section 103 (c) does not apply to such security; or any interest or participation in a single or collective trust fund maintained by a bank or in a separate account maintained by an insurance company which interest or participation is issued in connection with (A) a stock bonus, pension, or profit-sharing plan which meets the requirements for qualification under section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, or (B) an annuity plan which meets the requirements for the deduction of the employer's contribution under section 404(a) (2) of such Code, other than any plan described in clause (A) or (B) of this paragraph (i) the contributions under which are held in a single trust fund maintained by a bank or in a separate account maintained by an insurance company for a single employer and under which an amount in excess of the employer's contribution is allocated to the purchase of securities (other than interests or participations in the trust or separate account itself) issued by the employer or by any company directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by or under common control with the employer or (ii) which covers employees some or all of whom are employees within the meaning of section 401(c)(1) of such Code. The Commission, by rules and regulations or order, shall exempt from the provisions of section 5 of this title any interest or participation issued in connection with a stock bonus, pension, profit-sharing, or annuity plan which covers employees some or all of whom are employees within the meaning of section 401(c) (1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, if and to the extent that the Commission determines this to be necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of this title. For purposes of this paragraph, a security issued or guaranteed by a bank shall not include any interest or participation in any collective trust fund maintained by a bank; and the term "bank” means any national bank, or any banking institution organized under the laws of any State, territory, or the District of Columbia, the business of

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permitted under subsection (b) of section 10) shall not be deer
prospectus if it is proved that prior to or at the same time with
communication a written prospectus meeting the requirements o
section (a) of section 10 at the time of such communication wa
or given to the person to whom the communication was made, an
a notice, circular, advertisement, letter, or communication in resp
a security shall not be deemed to be a prospectus if it states from
a written prospectus meeting the requirements of section 10 m
obtained and, in addition, does no more than identify the seci
state the price thereof, state by whom orders will be executed
contain such other information as the Commission, by rules or re
tions deemed necessary or appropriate in the public interest an
the protection of investors, and subject to such terms and condi
as may be prescribed therein, may permit.

(11) The term "underwriter” means any person who has pure
from an issuer with a view to, or offers or sells for an issuer in
nection with, the distribution of any security, or participates o
a direct or indirect participation in any such undertaking, or
ticipates or has a participation in the direct or indirect under
ing of any such undertaking; but such term shall not include a p
whose interest is limited to a commission from an underwrit
dealer not in excess of the usual and customary distributor
sellers' commission. As used in this paragraph the term "is
shall include, in addition to an issuer, any person under dire
indirect common control with the issuer.
(12) The term “dealer” means any person who engages

eithe all or part of his time, directly or indirectly, as agent, broke principal, in the business of offering, buying, selling, or othe dealing or trading in securities issued by another person.

(13) The term "insurance company" means a company whi organized as an insurance company, whose primary and predom business activity is the writing of insurance or the reinsuring of underwritten by insurance companies, and which is subject to s vision by the insurance commissioner, or a similar official or ag of a State or territory or the District of Columbia; or any receiy similar official or any liquidating agent for such company, it capacity as such.

(14) "The term "separate account” means an account established maintained by an insurance company pursuant to the laws of any or territory of the United States, the District of Columbia, Canada or any province thereof, under which income, gains and whether or not realized, from assets allocated to such account in accordance with the applicable contract, credited to or cha against such account without regard to other income, gains, or ! of the insurance company.

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EXEMPTED SECURITIES

cice, circular, radio or telee sale of any en after the a prospectus

the term "Ter 4, 1946 (11 F.R. -ands.

Sec. 3. (a) Except as hereinafter expressly provided, the p sions of this title shall not apply to any of the following class securities :

(1) Any security which, prior to or within sixty days afte enactment of this title, has been sold or disposed of by the issu bona fide offered to the public, but this exemption shall not app

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