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insulted beast, having been killed, in all probability, by a single blow of the animal's trunk. The body presented a most appalling spectacle, the arms and legs being fractured in several places, the skull cloven, and the entire body crushed to pieces by the animal, who, it would appear, in his rage had repeatedly trampled upon him.
An elephant belonging to Van Amburgh was quietly proceeding through the main street of Southampton, when a coach-builder's workman poked him on the trunk with a long stick. The elephant immediately turned and pursued the man into his master's yard; not being able to get at the terrified offender, who had retreated to a loft, he wreaked his vengeance by smashing several handsome carriages to pieces. As soon as he had done this, he quietly resumed his majestic walk down the street. This fine animal was never seen to more advantage in England, than when he marched with two keepers through the New Forest; he seemed greatly to enjoy walking on the cool, soft turf, stopping occasionally to crop a branch or two from the overhanging trees. A gentleman who met him unexpectedly described the scene as being one of peculiar gratification. At the moment of his approach, a wood-cutter was sitting on some timber, eating his dinner. In this remote spot he had probably lived all his life, without perhaps having even heard of such a creature as an elephant; his wonder and astonishment led him to hold a morsel on his knife, and keep his mouth wide open, until the animal was out of sight, and my friend half regretted, that the elephant was reminded of his state of subjection by being requested to kneel down, take off the keeper's hat, &c. Some time previously, this gentleman had seen an elephant in a travelling caravan, with scarcely space to turn round, and busily employed in collecting with his trunk the moisture which a shower of rain had occasioned on his canvass ceiling. The contrast between the situation of the two animals struck him forcibly. M. Navarette tells us that at Macassar an elephant-driver had a cocoa-nut given him, which out of wantonness he struck twice against his elephant's head to break. The day following the animal saw some cocoa-nuts exposed for sale in the street, and taking up one of them with his trunk, beat it about the driver's head till the man was quite dead.
The elephant forms a most imposing part in the magnificent processions of the East. The following extract from the "Annual Biography and Obituary" for 1819, will give some notion of their splendid appearance. At Vizier Ally's wedding, in 1795, "the procession was grand beyond conception; it consisted of about 1,200 elephants richly caparisoned, drawn up in a regular line, like a regiment of soldiers. About one hundred elephants in the centre had howdahs, or castles, covered with silver; in the midst of these appeared the nabob, mounted on an uncommonly large elephant, within a castle covered with gold, richly set with precious stones." Tavernier says "that when the king of Siam goes to court he has a train of two hundred elephants, among which one is white. Amongst his titles he takes that of king of the white elephants." The loss of colour in the elephant is Q
occasioned by disease; they are, however, objects of great reverence in the East, and are considered an indispensable attendant on royalty. The taking of a white elephant is liberally rewarded, besides being considered a great piece of good fortune. Elephants are used in the Indian army for conveying the baggage, guns, &c. and are also extremely useful, from their great sagacity, in assisting in the military operations. The introduction of fire-arms has abolished their use in the actual combat. Their power in crushing the ranks of an enemy was formerly greatly relied on. These animals had all their names, and it is said that the Mogul Emperor Akbar knew the names of his many thousand^elephants. The Emperor Napoleon chose the figure of an elephant caparisoned in Oriental splendour, with a castle on its back, as a model for a projected fountain at Paris. In the "Penny Magazine" for September 1833, there is a plate of this extraordinary scheme. The model in plaster of Paris still exists, but as the enormous elephant was to be constructed of the cannons captured in the future wars of this grasping military chief, we ought to feel thankful that the vast undertaking was never accomplished. The model of this colossal elephant forms, altogether, a figure of about eighty feet in height; it is kept in a large shed near the proposed site of the fountain, and may be seen on proper application. The little island of Elephanta, opposite to the Fort of Bombay, derives its name from a sculptured figure in stone of the natural colour and ordinary size of the animal. It is elevated on a platform of stone of the same colour, and on the back of this granite elephant was a smaller one, apparently of the same stone, which had been broken off. There is no history, or any well-grounded tradition, relative to this statue. The island itself is distinguished for extraordinary antiquities, particularly a magnificent temple hewn out of the solid rock, adorned by the arts of sculpture and painting with statues and pictures, probably of more remote age than the earliest efforts of Greek or Roman genius. Queen Catharine of Portugal, who held the island in dower, was so sensible of the importance of this spot, that she imagined it impossible that any