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pretty much as we serve a shrimp. Though Linnaeus says it is an enemy to cats, this marmozet made acquaintance with one, with which it fed, slept, and lived on the best terms possible. At this time (1847) there are a pretty pair of marmozets in the Soho Bazaar; they seem anxious to avoid the observation they excite, and spend most of their time in clinging close together to the bars of their cage. The screaming of the macaws by which they are surrounded seems to alarm them, for they turn their heads quickly to any quarter where a new scream proceeds from. In general, in this country, the marmozet seems to like burying itself in wool or any warm substance, though nature has provided it with an especially warm coat, and its long bushy tail, too, is an additional means of comfort: this it twines round its body, passing it under the belly and chest, and bringing it round on the back over the shoulders. In this position the animal resembles a bal^of fur, with a little head projecting from it.
One of the most beautiful of this species is the lion monkey (S. Leonina), from Surinam; it is
of a fine golden yellow colour, the hair on the shoulders and neck is very long and silky, and the tail terminates in a tuft: from this singular resemblance to the mane and tail of the lion it takes its name. There is, however, nothing else of the lion in the appearance of this beautiful little animal. It lives but a short time in our changeable climate, but has been known to exist for five or six years with great care at Paris. The least damp causes it to droop, and, if continued, kills it.
The monkey tribes of India are held in great veneration by the ignorant and superstitious Hindoos. At one time temples were erected to their honour, and at the present day they are suffered to roam at large over the places of worship, and encroach in many ways on the property and comforts of the people. Hospitals are even provided for their refuge. When the Portuguese plundered the Island of Ceylon, they found, in one of the temples dedicated to these animals, a small gold casket, containing the tooth of a monkey. This was held in such estimation, that the natives offered a very large sum of money to redeem it. The viceroy, however, desirous of crushing such superstitious usages, ordered it to be burnt. Some years afterwards, a Portuguese pretended to have discovered this precious relic, and the priests joyfully purchased the fraudulent tooth at an enormous price. D'Obsonville, a French traveller in India, appears to have closely studied the habits of the monkeys in that country. A short account condensed from his amusing book will, we hope, be acceptable to our readers. "Monkeys are numerous, as is well known, and every race lives in society, and forms a kind of horde, consisting of from fifty to two or three hundred individuals: each has its chief, remarkable by his size and superior deportment; he is indebted for his rank to his strength and courage, and a habit of respect and fear seems to be preserved towards him even in old age, though not perhaps in decrepitude. When I have been travelling I have occasionally entered the antique temples to repose myself, when my Indian dress gave these animals little suspicion: for, notwithstanding their apparent disregard, they are exceedingly observant. I have seen several of them at first considering me, and looking at my food attentively; their eyes and agitation painted their inquietude, their desire to appropriate my repast to themselves. As these sort of rencounters were amusing to me, I always took care to provide myself with parched peas ; and the leader would venture to approach, and after a time take them from my hand, seizing my thumb with one hand and holding it while he ate the peas, conveying them to his mouth with the other. When I threw a few at a distance he seemed satisfied to allow the rest to partake, but chattered and grumbled and even struck those who ventured too near to me. His cries and solicitude, though partly perhaps the effect of greediness, seemed to me to indicate also a fear lest I should take advantage of their weakness to ensnare them. The care and tenderness of the mothers towards their offspring were also equally conspicuous, though they held them under a proper obedience and restraint. I have very often seen them suckle, caress, and cleanse them, and afterwards crouching on their paws delight to watch them play with each other. The young ones would wrestle, throw, or chase one another; and if any were malicious in their antics, the dams would spring upon them, growling, and seizing them with one hand by the tail, correct them severely with the other. They are generally peaceable enough amongst each other; in extensive, solitary, and fertile places, herds of different species come, go, and sometimes jabber together without disturbance or confusion of race. However, if adventurous stragglers seem desirous of seeking their fortunes on the trees, countries, or other places that another herd has appropriated to itself, they have very serious encounters. I have had no opportunity of seeing any of these, but I will relate a little adventure which I saw, and of which many others were witnesses. Several herds of a species of monkey about three feet and a half high were settled in the enclosures of the pagodas of Cheringham. One of the long-bearded monkeys had stolen in, and was soon discovered. At the first cry of alarm many of the males united, and