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The States having accordingly passed acts for severally calling Conventions, and the Constitution having been submitted to them, was ratified by the Conventions of the several States at the dates respectively, as stated on page 24 of this compilation.

THE UNITED STATES IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED.

ay ay

ay ay

SATURDAY, September 13, 1788.
Congress assembled: Present, New Hampshire, Massachusetts,

Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia; and from Rhode
Island Mr. Arnold, and from Delaware Mr. Kearny.
On the question to agree to the

which was yesterday postponed by the State of Delaware, the yeas and nays being required by Mr. GilmanNew Hampshire. ..Mr. Gilman,

ау

Wingate,
Massachusetts..
.Mr. Dana,

ay?

Thatcher,
Connecticut..

.Mr. Huntington, ay)
Wadsworth,

ay

ay
New York...
.Mr. Hamilton,

ay
Gansevoort,

3

ay

ay
New Jersey....
.Mr. Clarke,

ay

Dayton,
Pennsylvania. .
.Mr. Irwine,

ay
Meredith,

ay Armstrong,

ay

ay
Read,

ау
Virginia. .
.Mr. Griffin,

ay
Madison,

ay
Carrington, ay
Lee,

ay
South Carolina..... Mr. Parker,

ay
Tucker,

ay )
Georgia....
Mr. Few,

ay
Baldwin,

ay

ay ay

ay

ay

So it was resolved in the affirmative, as follows:

Whereas the convention assembled in Philadelphia, pursuant to the resolution of Congress of the 21st of February, 1787, did, on the 17th of September in the same year, report to the United States in Congress assembled a Constitution for the people of the United States; whereupon Congress, on the 28th of the same September, did resolve, unanimously, “That the said report, with the resolutions and letter accompanying the same, be transmitted to the several legislatures, in order to be submitted to a convention of delegates, chosen in each State by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the convention made and provided in that case.” And whereas the Constitution so reported by the convention, and by Congress transmitted to the several legislatures, has been ratified in the manner therein declared to be sufficient for the establishment of the same, and such ratifications, duly authenticated, have been received by Congress, and are filed in the office of the secretary; therefore,

Resolved, That the first Wednesday in January next be the day for appointing electors in the several States, which, before the said day, shall have ratified the said Constitution; that the first Wednesday in February next be the day for the electors to assemble in their respective States, and vote for a President; and that the first Wednesday in March next be the time, and the present seat of Congress (New York) the place, for commencing the proceedings under the said Constitution.

The elections in the several States were held conformably to the above resolution ; on Wednesday, the 4th of March, 1789, proceedings commenced under the Constitution; and on the 30th of April, of the same year, George Washington, elected by the unanimous suffrage of the electors, was inaugurated as President of the United States.

CHAPTER IV.

The succeeding Laws and parts of Laws, constituting the 4th chapter, relating to the continued organization of the Government, and providing the authorities and means of executing the Constitution, are inserted here for public convenience, as they would otherwise have to be sought for among the mass of laws, a copy of which might not always be

accessible.

An act to regulate the time and manner of administering certain

oaths.

Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the oath or affirmation required by the sixth article of the Constitution of the United States, shall be administered in the form following, to wit: I, A. B. do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) that I will support the Constitution of the United States.The said oath or affirmation shall be administered within three days after the passing of this act, by any one member of the Senate, to the President of the Senate, and by him to all the Members, and to the Secretary; and by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to all the Menbers who have not taken a similar oath, by virtue of a particular resolution of the said House, and to the Clerk: And in case of the absence of any member from the service of either House at the time prescribed for taking the said oath or affirmation, the same shall be administered to such member when he shall appear to take his seat.

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hisey, and as execute and judicial officers of the several States, who has been dereofore chosen or appointed, or who shall be chain or a, pined before the first day of August next, and who shall then be in office, sball, within one month thereafter, take the same oath or affrnation, except where they shall have taken it before ; which may be administered by any person authorized by the law of the State, in which such office shall be bolden, to administer oaths. And the members of the several State legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers of the several States, who shall be chosen or appointed after the said first day of August, shall, before they proceed to execute the duties of their respective offices, take the foregoing oath or affirmation, which shall be administered by the person or persons, who, by the law of the State, shall be authorized to administer the oath of office ; and the person or persons so administering the oath hereby required to be taken, shall cause a record or certificate thereof to be made, in the same manner as, by the law of the State, he or they shall be directed to record or certify the oath of office.

Sec. 4. And be il further enacted, That all officers appointed, or hereafter to be appointed, under the authority of the United States, shall, before they act in their respective offices, take the same oath or affirmation, which shall be administered by the person or per

sons who shall be authorized by law to administer to such officers their respective oaths of office ; and such officers shall incur the same penalties in case of failure, as shall be imposed by law in case of failure in taking their respective oaths of office.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Senate, and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, for the time being, shall, at the time of taking the oath or affirmation aforesaid, each take an oath or affirmation in the words following, to wit: I, A. B. Secretary of the Senate, or Clerk of the House of Represente atives (as the case may be) of the United States of America, do solemnly swear or affirm, that I will truly and faithfully discharge the duties of my said office, to the best of my knowledge and abilities.”

Approved, June 1, 1789.

An act supplemental to the act “establishing the Treasury Depart

ment,” and for a farther compensation to certain officers. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each and every clerk, and other officer already appointed in any of the Departments of the United States, (and who have not, since their appointment, taken the oath or affirmation hereafter mentioned) shall, within fifteen days after the passing of this act, and those who shall hereafter be appointed, shall, before they enter upon the duties of such appointment, take an oath or affirmation, before one of the justices of the Supreme Court, or one of the judges of a district court of the United States, to support the Constitution of the United States, and also an oath or affirmation, well and faithfully to execute the trust committed to him, which oaths or affirmations, subscribed by such clerk, and certified by the person administering the same, shall be filed in the office of the person employing such clerk.

Approved, 3 March, 1791.

CHAP. 109. (VIII.) An act relative to the election of a President

and Vice President of the United States, and declaring the officer who shall act as President in case of vacancies in the offices both of President and Vice President.

[Sec. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of

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