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Rev. Nathaniel Robbins, of Milton, delivered the Artillery election sermon of 1772. He was a son of Thomas and Ruth Robbins, of West Cambridge, and was born there April 17, 1726. He graduated at Harvard College in 1747, completed his theological studies at Cambridge, and was ordained Feb. 13, 1751, as pastor of the church in Milton. He died among the people of his first and only charge, May 19, 1795, after a pastorate of forty-five years.

In 1775, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Hutchinson (1702). They had two sons and one daughter, the eldest of whom was Lieut.-Gov. Edward H. Robbins. In 1752, he purchased an estate on Canton Avenue, which, in 1884, was owned by Col. H. S. Russell. Rev. Mr. Robbins was a member of the State convention which adopted the Federal Constitution in 1788. He was an ardent patriot. Two of his brothers were in Capt. Parker's company, at Lexington, April 19, 1775. At his funeral, Rev. Mr. Haven, of Dedham, delivered a funeral sermon. Rev. Thomas Thacher preached a memorial discourse, in Milton, on the Sabbath following the burial. This sermon was printed.

The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1773 were: Thomas I 773 . Dawes (1754), captain; Ephraim May (1765), lieutenant; Joseph Webb, Jr. (1761), ensign. Joseph Pierce (1769) was first sergeant; Josiah Waters, Jr. (1769), second sergeant; Thomas Russell (1769), third sergeant; John Boyle (1769), fourth sergeant, and Samuel Condon (1768), clerk. Members of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company were prominent in the “Tea" transaction of 1773. The tea ships having arrived, a public meeting was called by a hand-bill, distributed throughout the town, dated Nov. 29, 1773. Five thousand people gathered in and around Faneuil Hall at 9 A.M. of that day, and Jonathan Williams (1729), “a citizen of wealth and character,” was chosen moderator. A guard was placed over the ships from Nov. 29 to Dec. 16. The names of the guard for Nov. 29 and 3o have been preserved. That of the 29th was under the command of Capt. Edward Proctor (1756). There were twenty-four men in the guard, of whom John Greenleaf (1768), Joseph Edwards (1738), Jonathan Stoddard (1765), Benjamin Edes (1760), Joseph Pierce (1769), were members of the Artillery Company. The commander of the guard, Nov. 30, was Ezekiel Cheever, son of Ezekiel (1733). Joseph Lovering, Jr. (1788), “held the light by which his father, Mr. Joseph Lovering, Sr., Lieut. John Crane and others disguised themselves in Crane's carpenter's shop, on the evening of Dec. 16.” " The Committee of Correspondence, which consisted of twenty-one members, and held a very prominent place in the tea affair, had upon it the following members of the Artillery Company: Richard Boynton (1759), Nathaniel Barber, Jr. (1758), Caleb Davis (1786), and Alexander Hill (1746). In the “Long Room Club,” the North End Caucus, among the Sons of Liberty, and in the society which met at Mason's Arms, the Artillery Company was permanently represented. In the lists of the Tea Party, as given in the “Tea Leaves of 1773,” the following members of the Artillery Company are included: Edward Proctor (1756), Nathaniel

Rev. Nathaniel Robbins. Aurliority: Teele's Hist. of Milton.
'Crane's Tea Leaves of 1773.

Barber, Jr. (1758), Samuel Gore (1786), Joseph Eaton (1773), Robert Davis (1786),
Abraham Hunt (1772), John May (1786), Henry Prentiss (1787), and Jeremiah
Williams (1787).
Others, too young to participate in the historic event, not then members of the
Artillery Company but who joined later, were knowing to the transaction before it tran-
spired, as Major Benjamin Russell (1788), who, “though only a school-boy at the time,
remembered seeing through the window of the wood-house, his father and Mr. Thomas
Moore, his neighbor, besmearing each other's faces with lampblack and red ochre." '
The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1773 were: Samuel Belknap,
Jeremiah Bumstead, Joseph Eaton, Stephen Gore, John Howe, Ephraim May, Samuel
Ridgeway, Jr., William Todd, Jr., William Walker, and Samuel Wild.

Samuel Belknap (1773), shopkeeper, of Boston, son of Jeremiah, Jr. (1745), and Mary Belknap, and nephew of Joseph (1742), was born in Boston, May 28, 1751. He was interested in the militia, and held office therein.

He died June 30, 1821, aged seventy years.

Jeremiah Bumstead [Jr.] (1773), merchant, of Boston, was a son of Jeremiah and Phebe (Heath) Bumstead.

Mr. Ezekiel Price, in his diary, says, Aug. 3, 1777: “Capt. Bumstead's [1773] Company marched yesterday” against the British, at Newport, R. I.

In 1789 his store was No. 8 Long Wharf; in 1796 it was No. 48 State Street, and his residence was on Cambridge Street. He united with the Old South Church, Sept. 12, 1784.

Joseph Eaton (1773) was a hatter, of Boston. “He claimed the honor of hauling down the first British colors, at the commencement of the Revolution. He was a Republican, his annual toast on election day being, ‘May the Medford Brooks be swelled higher by fifty per cent.' He expressed the wish to never live beyond the age of seventyfive years, and his desire was granted.” ” He was a member of the Tea Party, first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1791, and lieutenant in 1795. He died Feb. 1, 1825, and the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, in citizens' dress, attended the funeral. The Boston Wews-Letter of April 1, 1826, says of him : “All recollect an old gentleman who died last year, an honorary member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery, whose arm, on parade days, was completely covered with strips of lace. This same man once loaded a cannon in State Street to keep the regulars from landing; was one of the “unknown Indians' who threw the Tea overboard ; took an oath, forty years before his death, never to taste a drop of ardent spirits, which, it is said, he never violated; wore a cocked hat, and was a hatter by trade. He styled himself ‘General.’” Mr. Whitman (1810) adds, concerning Capt. Eaton (1773) : — “Some further anecdotes of this eccentric man may be amusing. He was small in stature and lean in flesh as well as in purse. In the latter part of his life, he would buy

Joseph Eaton (1773). AUTHORITIES : Boston * “Died Capt Joseph Eaton [1773] aged 75. Records; Whitman's I list. A. and H. A. Company, Funeral on Friday at 3 o'clock T. M. from the Meth2d Ed., p. 321. odist Chapel, Bromfield Lane.”—Columbian Centi

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his fore quarter of poor lamb out of a butcher's cart, and start from his shop. The police court lay in his way home. He would hitch it on to some nail on the brick wall of the old Court House, if he saw the constables bringing up a lot of vagabonds for trial, walk in, and sit till the boys would tell him his lamb was roasted by the sun and basted by the flies, when he would start in a jerk, as if from a dream, and travel homeward.

“In his early days, he was a rogue. To repeat his own story, he once set his little furnace with coal in the street, to heat his hat iron, on April fool day; a coal-cart passed by, a sturdy yeoman crying, ‘Charcoal,’ whose face was equally as black. Mr. Eaton [1773] caught a live coal from his furnace and threw it into the coal-cart. The man drove on, crying loudly. The boys soon began to gather, and bawl out, “Mister, your coal-cart is on fire l’ “Darn it,' said he ; “you ain't going to make an April fool of me. Gee up, Elder—who —haw — Deacon — Charcoal ' ' Thus he went on through the principal streets, and would not look behind, amidst the shouts of laughter of Eaton [1773] and the rest of the urchins; his cart, in full blaze, at last was arrested by the police officers and firewards.”

Stephen Gore (1773), leather-dresser, of Boston, married (published April 21, 1774) Zebiah May, daughter of Ephraim May (1765). She died Feb. 12, 18o3, aged forty-seven years, and was buried from their dwelling-house, No. 28 Orange, now Washington, Street. The ancestors of Stephen Gore (1773) were among the early settlers of Roxbury. It is presumed that he learned his trade in that town, but he followed it in Boston, at the South End, near the entrance to Pleasant Street." He was one of the early members of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. He died in 1811.

John Howe (1773), turner, of Boston, lived on Back Street. He was an officer in the Revolution, belonging to the corps of artificers. He died Oct. 31, 1823.

Ephraim May (1773) rejoined the Artillery Company in 1773. He first joined it in 1765. See page 132.

Samuel Ridgeway, Jr. (1773), rejoined the Artillery Company in 1773. He first joined it in 1756. See page 85.

William Todd, Jr. (1773), housewright, of Boston, was an officer in Col. Craft's (1765) train of artillery, and was president of a regimental court martial, Sept. 28, 1778. He held the office of first sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1787, and was a constable of Boston in 1774. He died Aug. 18, 1822, aged seventy-five years, and his remains were placed in tomb No. 1 of, on the Common.

William Walker (1773), son of Thomas and Mary Walker, is recorded on the Boston Records as born May 23, 1741. He is recorded as living in Milton, whither he probably moved his family prior to the Revolution. He began his military service as a private, being in Capt. Josiah Vose's company of the militia, of Milton, guarding the stores and fortifying the harbor of Boston in April, 1776. Mr. Walker (1773) does not again appear on the books of Boston or Milton. He probably removed to Lenox, where for nearly a half century he was the principal inhabitant. He was a member of the convention that framed the constitution, and of the General Court of Massachusetts. He was extensively known throughout the commonwealth, and as universally respected. He died in 1831.

William Todd, Jr. (1773). Authority: ton Records; Teele's Hist. of Milton; New Eng. Orderly Book of Craft's Regiment of Artillery. Magazine, 1831. william Walker (1773). Aurilokities: Bos- * Annals of the Mass. Char. Mech. Association,

p. 25.

Samuel Wild (1773), innholder, of Boston, son of Samuel and Susannah Wild, of Braintree, was born Nov. 1, 1741. He married Betsey Cox, March 26, 1783. In 1796, Samuel Wild (1773) is called “Innholder, sign of the Green Dragon, Union Street.”

The record of the Artillery Company for 1773 is as follows: —

“January 6th. 1773. At a meeting of the Company at Faneuil Hall, it was then Voted, That the Company meet to exercise in this place every Friday evening in the weeks preceeding their training in April next, at seven o'clock: and every Member, being absent, shall pay fines as above for the use as above.

“April 5th. 1773. The Company being under Arms, in the field, it was then Voted, That the Rev. Simeon Howard, of Boston, be desired to preach on the anniversary Artillery Election of Officers in June next; and the present Commission Officers, with the Treasurer, be a Committee to wait on him and desire the same. Voted, To meet as usual to exercise. Voted, That if any member is absent at half past seven o'clock or the whole evening, to pay a fine as usual. Voted, The present Commission Officers, with Mr. Joseph Pierce [1769] & Mr. Josiah Waters Jun. [1769] be a Committee to consider what uniform may be most proper for the drummers & Fifers: also the cost of

the materials and report next Friday evening. “Attest: SAMUEL CoNDON, Clerk.

“April 9th. 1773. At a meeting of the Company at Faneuil Hall, the Committee appointed to consider what uniform might be most proper for the drummers & Fifers, report, a white cloth coat, with blue lappels, trimmed with blue & white cloth trimmed with gold binding. Also propose an assessment of five shillings on each member for the expense of the same; which was unanimously agreed to by the Company, And Voted, That the aforesaid Committee be desired to procure the materials and get the above uniform completely by next muster day. Attest: SAMUEL CoNDON, Clerk.

“May, 1773. The Company being under Arms, the Committee appointed to wait on the Rev. Mr. Simeon Howard, to invite him to preach on the anniversary Artillery Election of Officers in June next, reported he had accepted the invitation. Voted, The Treasurer pay thirty pounds to the present Commission Officers towards defreying the expenses of Election Dinner in June next, and that the Company dine with them. The Treasurers accounts being read, it was Voted, To accept the same. Voted That Samuel Condon [1768], the present Clerk have one quarter part of the fines he shall collect the present year from the delinquent members of the Company. Voted, To meet as usual, fines as usual. Voted, The thanks of the Company be given to Messrs Bartlett [1769], Fullerton [1768], Russell [1769] & Inglesby [1771], for their gift to the Company of making Drummers & Fifers clothes: also to the Committee for their care & trouble procuring & ordering the same. Voted, The present Commission Officers be a Committee to examine the Clerks Accounts for the two last years past. Voted, The present Commission Officers, Col. Joseph Jackson [1738], Capt Samuel Barrett [1755], and Capt

Josiah Waters [1747], be a Committee to wait on the Field Officers, to know if either of

them will take the command of the Company the ensuing year. “Attest: SAMUEL ConDON, Clerk.

“June 7th. 1773. The Company being under Arms, in the field, it was then Voted, That the present Commission Officers, with the Treasurer, be a Committee to wait on the Rev. Mr. Simeon Howard and return the thanks of this Company for his Sermon preached this day. Attest: SAMUEL CONDON, Clerk.

“October, 1773. The Company being under Arms in the field, it was then Voted, That Mr. Joseph Pierce [1769] and Mr. Josiah Waters, Jun. [1769], be a Committee, with the Clerk, to wait on the delinquent members of this Company & demand payment of their arrearages. Attest: SAMUEL CONDON, Clerk.”

“Boston, Monday, June 7, 1773. Friday last being the Anniversary of his Majesty's birth-day, when he entered the 36th year of his age, the same was observed here in the following order. In the forenoon, the troop commanded by Colonel Phipps; the company of Cadets, commanded by Colonel Hancock, with their band of music; the militia of the town, commanded by Col. Erving, with the Train of Artillery, commanded by Major Paddock [1762], and the company of Grenadiers commanded by Major Dawes [1754], belonging to the Regiment, with their band of music, mustered and formed into a regiment in the Common, when the militia went through their exercise to admiration From thence, at one o'clock, the regiment marched into King [now State] Street, when they again went through the exercise and firings to the approbation of many thousand spectators; and about three o'clock were dismissed. The officers of the regiment, with the non-commissioned officers, dined at the Royal Exchange Tavern; the company of cadets at the Bunch of Grapes; the Artillery Company at the British Coffee House and the Grenadier Company at Major Dawes's [1754], at which several places many loyal toasts were drank. The band of music belonging to the regiment of Cadets and Major Paddocks [1762] fifes and drums, after dinner were in the balconies in KingStreet, and alternately played a great variety of tunes before a vast number of spectators. After which the Train of Artillery went with their canon into the Common to fire at a target and made many excellent shots. The regiment was reviewed in the Common, before thousands of spectators.” "

“Boston, September 23, 1773. Yesterday being the anniversary of his Majesty's coronation, the guns at Castle William and at the batteries in this town as also on board his Majesty's ships of war in this harbor, were fired at one o'clock on the occasion. The same day being designed as the fourth training for the Boston militia for this year; in the morning his Excellency's company of Cadets, commanded by the Hon. Col. Hancock, appeared under arms, in the training fields, and marched into King street, with a band of music, where, after going through their exercises and manoeuvers, fired their volleys. In the forenoon the troop of guards commanded by Lieutenant Snelling, in the absence of Colonel Phips, were mustered, as also the several companies of the Boston militia under the command of Colonel Erving and marched to the training field under their respective captains, viz: The Artillery under Major Paddock [1762]; the company of Grenadiers under Lieutenant Pierce [1769], with a band of music; 1st [company],

* Boston Newspaper.

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