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Martin Gay (1761), founder; Edward Lyde (1758), merchant; John Gore, Esq. (1743); Adino Paddock, Esq. (1762); John Joy (1755), housewright; also, Isaac Royall, Esq. (1750), of Medford; Josiah Edson, Jr., Esq. (1747), of Bridgewater. Few indeed were the members of the Artillery Company who deserted the colonial cause and sought protection under the British ensign.

In 1779, the following-named officers of Col. Craft's (1765) train of 1779. artillery were members of the Artillery Company: captain, Turner Phillips (1786); lieutenants, John Grant, Jr. (1769), Daniel Bell (1733), Benjamin Edes (1760). The line officers in the regiment of militia in Boston were, in that year: captains, Nathaniel Heath (1765), Caleb Champney (1762), John Stutson (1765), Robert Davis (1786), Sarson Belcher (1765), Jacob Williams (1768), Edward Kneeland (1772), Levi Jennings (1764); lieutenants, John Wells (1765), William Todd, Jr. (1773), Russell Sturgis (1786), Israel Loring (1768), Alexander Hodgaon (1786), Mannasseh Marston (1769), Joseph Ford (1786), and John Wise (1774). The officers of the Light Infantry Company in Boston in 1779 were: John Hinkley (1772), captain; John Coolidge (1786), second lieutenant; Zechariah Hicks (1786), third lieutenant, and Capt. John May (1786), adjutant. Of the Brigade Train of Artillery in 1779, Thomas Bumstead (1764) was captain, with the rank of major, and William Miller (1770) was first lieutenant, with the rank of captain.

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“Boston, November 8, 1781. The late important and pleasing account 1781 ... of the victory of the allied forces over the British army commanded by Earl Cornwallis in Virginia, induced the inhabitants of Boston to devote last Monday to demonstrations of gratitude and joy. “The day was ushered in by discharges of cannon from the Castle, the other forts in the harbour, the ships of his most Christian Majesty and other armed vessels in the road; and a general ringing of the bells in the town. “In the forenoon several churches were opened for public worship in prayer and thanksgiving, which were expressed in the presence of crowded audiences; a generous collection was then made for the families of those soldiers of this town, who were engaged in the Continental army for three years or during the war. “At noon the Council and a great number of other gentlemen, French and Americans, met at the Council Chamber, and drank to healths and sentiments becoming the happy occasion, when the forts and ships again repeated their salutes. “At three o'clock his Excellency, the Governor, gave an elegant dinner at the Bunch of Grapes tavern in State Street, at which were present the Hon. gentlemen of the Council, the Hon. the Consul of France, the Hon. the Commander of the French ships and the French officers, many gentlemen of the Town and strangers of distinction. “After dinner toasts were drank, each accompanied with 13 discharges of cannon, by the train of artillery commanded by Major Miller [1770]. “The greater part of the gentlemen after dinner attended at the Seat of his Excellency, the Governor's, to pay their compliments to his Excellency's Lady, where they found a brilliant assembly of Ladies, and preperations for a Ball in the most beautiful economy. “After tea the evening was pass'd in the most innocent, graceful and pleasing amusements. “His Excellency the Governor's [house] his Honor the Lieutenant Governor's, the State House, and other public buildings were beautifully illuminated in the evening. In the front of his Excellency's house, fireworks were display'd as usual on all events which promise happiness and prosperity to the country.” " “Boston, November 19, 1781. Upon the glorious and memorable occasion of the complete conquest and capture of the British army, under Lord Cornwallis, by the allied forces in Virginia, the Hon. Consul General of France, gave a ball last Monday night to the Governor and Council, the Commodore and officers of His Most Christian Majesty's ships in this harbor, the American officers, and a great number of the principal ladies and gentlemen of the town. The Consul opened the ball with the Lady of his Excellency the Governor. Everything was conducted with the greatest decorum ; and the whole appearance was brilliant. The joy of the evening was particularly heightened by the mutual glow of friendship between the two nations, which sparkled in every countenance on this happy occasion.” " Monday afternoon, Dec. 12, 1781, the Honorable Major-General, the Marquis de la Fayette, with his suite arrived in Boston from the southward. The arrival of this illustrious commander was announced by the ringing of the several bells in town and every other demonstration of joy.

“Boston, September 21, 1782. The Colonel of the Boston Regiment of I 782 . Militia, would notify the inhabitants that the alarm list will be called upon in a short time and whoever is then found deficient will be prosecuted without discrimination, (except those who are unable —). The articles according to the militia Act are now inserted, that none may plead ignorance, viz: A good Fire-arm with steel or iron ramrod and a spring to retain the same : A worm, priming wire and brush : A bayonet fitted to the gun, a scabbard and a belt: A pouch holding not less than 15 pounds cartrages: 6 flints: One pound powder: 4o lead balls fitted to his gun: A knapsack and blanket: A canteen or wooden bottle sufficient to hold one quart. “Edward Proctor Esq. [1756], Colonel. Joseph Webb Esq. [1761] Lieutenant Colonel. John May, Esq. [1786], Major.”

The record of the Artillery Company for 1782, in the Transcript made by Mr. Whitman (1810), is preceded by the following note : —

“N. B. The following was never recorded in the Company's Book, and was recently discovered in a bundle of old papers, supposed to belong to Deacon Samuel Barrett [1755], deceased. The original is placed as well as can be in the old transcript Record Book, and now transcribed in its proper chronological order.

“Boston, Oct. 14th, 1826. Attest: Z. G. Whitman, Clerk.”

* Boston Newspaper.

The record referred to in the above note is as follows:

“AT A MEETING OF THE MEMBERS OF THE ANCIENT AND HONORABLE ARTILLERY COMPANY AT DEACON Jones [1754], MAv 3oth 1782. “Present. Captain William Bell [1756), Chairman, Joseph Jackson Esq. [1738], Jonathan Williams [1729], John Welch [1736), Samuel Barrett [1755], Asa Stoddard [1765), John Stutson [1765], Daniel Rea [1770], Abraham Hunt [1772], William Rogers [1765], Benjamin Edes [176o], Ephraim May [1765], William Dawes [1760), Ebenezer Torrey [1765), Stephen Gore [1773], Samuel Belknap [1773], John Fullerton [1768], Joseph Spear [(Jr.) 1774], Edward Kneeland [1772], Daniel Jones [1754], Manasseh Marston [1769], John Hinkley [1772], Josiah Waters [1747], Jacob Williams [1768], Israel Loring [1768]. “Voted, That Benjamin Edes [1760] officiate as Clerk this Evening. “Voted, That a Committee be appointed to wait on the Secretary to obtain a copy of the Charter of this Company. “Voted, That the committee consist of three. “Voted, That Capt. Samuel Barrett [1755), Capt William Bell [1756) and Mr. Benjamin Edes [1760] be the Committee. “Voted, That the same Committee wait on the Treasurer of this Company, examine his accounts, and make report at the Adjournment. “Voted, That this Meeting be adjourned to Monday the 17th day of June next, then to meet at this Place; and that the above Committee give Notice thereof in the publick prints. The Meeting was adjourned accordingly. “At the Adjournment of the Meeting of the Ancient & Honorable Artillery Company at Deacon Jones' June 17th 1782. Present, Capt William Bell [1756], Chairman, Joseph Jackson [1738], John Welch [1736], Samuel Barrett [1755], Samuel Belknap [1773], John Deming [1756], Daniel Jones [1754], Benjamin Edes [1760), Jacob Gill [1774], Thomas Russell [1769], Joseph Eaton [1773], Joseph Spear Jr. [1774], Josiah Waters [1747], Josiah Waters, Jr [1769], John Stutson [1765], Daniel [Stephen] Gore [1773]. “The Committee appointed at the meeting on the 3oth of May last, to obtain a Copy of the Charter and examine the Treasurer's accounts, made Report, that they had performed said service and laid before the Company a Copy of said Charter attested by the Secretary: and an Account current between the Treasurer and the Company, as follows, viz: (See the Copy of the Charter & then the Treasurer's Account to follow here to save transcribing). On motion made and seconded, Voted unanimously That the Report of the Committee be accepted. On motion made by Col. Josiah Waters, Jun. [1769] and seconded, That a Committee be appointed to take up the Affairs of the Company, at large, from its first institution to the present Time; to be particular in enquiring into the state of the Company's Debts, and in what manner the Securities stand; to obtain a correct list of the Company; and to report to the Company, as soon as may be, the State of their Affairs; and recommend what it may be best for them further to do, as to its further establishment and prosperity. “Voted, That Capt Samuel Barrett [1755], Col Thomas Dawes [1754], Capt. William Bell [1756], Mr. Robert Jenkins [1756] and Col Joseph Jackson [1738] be the Committee. “Voted, That the necessary expenses which may arise in procuring any papers or advice which may be necessary, be defreyed by the Company from the Monies now in the hands of the Treasurer.

“Voted, That as soon as the Committee are ready to report, they give Notice to the Company by advertizing in the public Papers, or otherwise as to them may seem best.

“Voted, That the Books and Papers of the Company, together with the Report of the Committee made this evening be delivered to the Committee appointed to take up the Affairs of the Company at large, for their use and aid in the Prosecution of their appointment. BENJ. EDEs, Clerk, pro-tem.

“Boston June 21" 1782. To Capt Samuel Barrett [1755], chairman of the Committee of the Anc. & Hon. Artillery Company.

“N. B. No copy is taken of this: therefore be pleased to be very careful of it, till recorded." B. EDEs, Clerk.

“The Charter & Treasurer's Accounts accompanies this.
“B– E – Clerk, pro-tem.”

The committee, according to the last vote passed May 30, 1782, inserted the following “Notice” in the public prints, June 10 and 17, to wit: —

“Monday, June 3, 1782. The Surviving Members of the ancient and honorable Artillery Company are hereby notified that their Meeting stands adjourned to Monday the 17th of June, at 5 o'clock P. M., then to meet at the American Coffee House — at which Time and Place, the members are requested to give their punctual attendance, to receive the Report of their Committee on Matters of Importance to the Company.”

In 1785, Col. Andrew Symmes (1760) and Major John Boyle (1769) 1785. were on the staff of Gov. Hancock. Robert Davis (1786) was captainlieutenant, with rank of captain, of the train of artillery in Boston; Edward Curtis (1786) was second lieutenant, and William Bird (1787) was adjutant. Joseph Webb, Jr. (1761), was colonel of the Boston regiment, and John May (1786), lieutenant-colonel; John Wise (1774) was promoted to be captain. In 1785, the military spirit in and around Boston began to show itself, and that emulation for perfection in military exercise which existed before the Revolution displayed itself throughout the State. June 15, 1785, “His Excellency, the minister of war,” at New York, was pleased to direct that the uniform of the troops raised, and to be raised, for the frontier service “be blue, faced and lined with white, for the infantry; and blue, faced and lined with red, for the artillery; the cockade to be black.” Discarding the union cockade did not seem to meet with general approbation. It was announced, Aug 3, 1785, that," a company of Independent Cadets, composed principally of young gentlemen in the mercantile line,” had been lately formed in Boston, and several other companies and troops of horse were being formed in various parts of the country. Aug. 25, 1785, a company of grenadiers and a troop of light dragoons were formed at the American Coffee House, Boston.

* The original minutes of these meetings, as written by Benjamin Edes (1760), are in the archives of the Artillery Company; but the copy of the charter and the treasurer's accounts are presumably lost.

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