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on Cambridge Common, on his way to Boston. When Washington arrived at the Vassal House, – “the tent of Mars and the haunt of the Muses,” — in Cambridge, which had been his headquarters in 1776, he found Gen. Brooks's senior aide, Col. Hall, at the gate, and was informed by him that the hour of twelve, which had been fixed for the review, had arrived, and that the line was formed. Taken somewhat by surprise that time had passed so rapidly, and still unwilling to be outdone in punctuality, a prominent trait in his own character, the general, without alighting, immediately directed Col. Hall to conduct him to the field. Fearing he had been too hasty in telling Washington that the line was actually formed and ready to receive him, and seeing him remount, Col. Hall left his co-aide, Major Joseph Hall, Jr. (1788), who had accompanied the general from Marlboro, to perform the remainder of his duty, and putting spurs to his horse galloped with the greatest rapidity to the Common, and informed Gen. Brooks (1786) that Washington was on his way, and close at hand. Col. Hall had ventured to tell Washington that the line was formed, as he saw him actually dismounting, and naturally supposed that the general would occupy a few minutes in refreshing himself after his morning's long ride.
Nothing could have surprised Gen. Brooks (1786) more than Col. Hall's announcement. His troops were scattered over the field ; but, glancing at his watch, and finding that the appointed time had in truth arrived, although noted for his great deliberation in times of great moment, he lost no time in bringing his troops into line, which was done while the artillery was firing the national salute. This was scarcely accomplished when Washington appeared on the right of the line, and immediately heard from the lips of his old friend and companion-in-arms all through the Revolutionary War, the command, never before so thrillingly given, “Present arms ” It is easy to imagine that no ordinary emotions filled the breast of “the Father of his Country,” as, under the wide-spreading branches of the noble tree, standing at the corner of the street, now familiarly called “the Washington Elm,” he viewed the scene before him, and recalled to mind the time when, on the same ground, he, with his undisciplined army, commenced the seven years' struggle.
Gen. Brooks (1786), who was an elegant horseman, and sat as proudly erect as a martinet, rode down the line in company with Washington, who most particularly noticed and mentioned its beautiful appearance. Riding back with rapidity to the rear, and observing that not a single man looked around, but that all (although excited with the greatest possible curiosity) kept their faces steadily to the front, he remarked to Gen. Brooks (1786), in allusion to the seven years' war in which they both had been engaged, “Ah! General, if we had had such troops as these, we should have made short work of it.”
The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1789 were : Jonas S. Bass, John Baxter, John Bonner, Bela Clapp, Joseph Clark, Michael Homer, Daniel Rea, 3d, William Whittemore, William Williams.
Jonas S. Bass (1789), tanner, of Boston, son of Samuel, Jr., and Deborah Bass, was born in Boston, Sept. Io, 1762. His tannery (ten thousand square feet) was on the south side of Water Street, and he lived in Williams Court, Cornhill. He was third sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1793, lieutenant in 1797, and captain in 1800.
Jonas Stone Bass (1789) is named in the roll of enlisted men in Capt. Brailsford's company, Col. Edward Proctor's (1756) regiment, July 22, 1780, at which time he was “seventeen years old; in stature, five feet nine inches; complexion, light; residence, Boston.” He enlisted for three months, and marched under Brig. Gen. John Fellows. He was transferred, July 26, to Capt. Alexander Hodgaon's (1786) company, Col. Ebenezer Thayer's (1788) regiment, and was discharged Oct. 30, 1780. His service was a campaign in Rhode Island, occasioned by an “alarm.” The company was raised to reinforce the Continental Army. He continued in the militia, and rose to the grade of captain after the war. He died in Boston in September, 1834, aged seventy-two years.
John Baxter (1789), merchant. In 1789 he kept a boot and shoe store at No. 14 State Street. He married, Sept. 26, 1790, Elizabeth Marshall. His residence was at the “Corner Branch Bank,” State Street, and, under the firm name of John Baxter & Co., did business at No. 59 Long Wharf in 1796.
John Bonner (1789), probably a son of Capt. John Bonner, who lived in Mackerel Lane in 1743, was a wood-wharfinger, Batterymarch Street. He was first lieutenant of the Republican Volunteer Company in 1787–8, and captain of artillery in 1809. He resided on Federal Street.
Bela Clapp (1789), contractor and builder, of Boston, son of Joshua and Lydia Clapp, was born in Scituate, July 2, 1760. He married, (1) Jan. 23, 1783, Sarah Warland, -who died Feb. 2, 1804,- and, (2) Feb. 16, 1805, Elizabeth Gilbert, of Littleton, Mass. He was a builder, and erected many fine buildings in Boston. During Shays' Rebellion he was chosen to command a company of drafted men, and marched them to Worcester, where the news of the dispersion of Shays' forces was received, and he returned with his company to Boston. With his wife, Sarah, he joined the Old South Church, Sept. 14, 1783. April 5, 1802, he became a member of The Massachusetts Lodge, A. F. and A. M.
He was a member of the State militia, and served as captain of a military company in Boston from 1790 to 1794. He retired to a farm in Claremont, N. H., where he died July 12, 1812. His son, William W., joined the Artillery Company in 1820, and his grandson, William W., Jr., in 1851.
Joseph Clark (1789), shipwright, “Clark's Street, North End, near the Rev. Mr. Elliot's meeting-house,” was born in 1750. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1792, ensign in First Regiment from 1809 to 1811, and became captain.
Mr. Clark (1789) “was a sincere and open friend; a peaceable and obliging neighbor; a worthy member of the community, industrious, honest, punctual, and public spirited, constant and diffusive in offices of kindness.” He died in Boston, June 9, 1794, aged forty-four years, and was buried from his house, “near Rev. Mr. Elliot's meeting-house.”
Michael Homer (1789), bricklayer, of Boston, was the second son of Michael (1768) and Hannah (Allen) Homer, and was born in 1762. He was the father of Rev. Jonathan Homer, D. D., of Newton, who delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1790.
It was Michael Homer, Jr. (1789), who was second lieutenant of the Republican Volunteer Company in 1787–8, - but the record omits the “Jr.,” — and was captain in the Boston regiment from 1790 to 1795. He died Oct. 28, 1828, aged sixty-six years.
John Bonner (1789). AUTHORITY: New Bela Clapp (1789). Authorities: Clapp
Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg., 1851 and 1860. Memorial; Boston Records.
Daniel Rea, 3d (1789), of Boston, was a son of Daniel Rea, Jr. (1770). He married, in April, 1789, Sally Bangs. They resided on Liberty Square.
Mr. Rea (1789) was very proficient as a singer. For several years he was a soloist at the anniversary dinner of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, the entire company joining in the choruses. It is said that at one time, by request, he sung in the presence of President George Washington.
William Whittemore (1789), manufacturer, of West Cambridge, son of Thomas and Anna (Cutter) Whittenore, was born in Menotomy, and baptized Feb. 1, 1761. He married, Nov. 2, 1783, Elizabeth, daughter of Nehemiah Cutter," and had ten children. John Hancock Whittemore, their youngest son, served in the Mexican War, and died in Oregon in 1850–1. Thomas Whittemore was a farmer, and his son William (1789) received such an education only as the district school provided. He was of an active business turn, and had a taste for manufacturing. He continued to reside in Menotomy, and introduced the manufacture of cards, which became a profitable business, and also dealt in merchandise. He acquired a patent for sticking the teeth for factory cards, and thereby accumulated a large property. He was a selectman of Cambridge from 1803 to 1805, representative from 1804 to 1806, senator in 1820 and 1821, and a delegate to the State convention of 1820. He died Nov. 2, 1842, aged eighty-one years. He never held office in the Artillery Company.
William Williams (1789) was a hatter in Boston. He married, (1) in August, 1789, Betsy Blake, and, (2) May 1o, 1801, Margaret Atwood. In 1789 his place of business was on Ann Street. About 1810 he removed to the State of Maine. He is said to have been a man of fine personal appearance and elegant manners. He was a member of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, and Mr. Buckingham, in the “Annals of the Association,” says of him : “He was an excellent singer, and was chorister at the Second Church. His fine voice and musical talent introduced him to much company and many social and festive gatherings, and made him an agreeable companion and favorite, but contributed nothing to his pecuniary prosperity.” He was captain of a company in the Boston regiment from 1796 to 1798, and a captain in the Legionary Brigade in 1799; also second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1794.
Mr. Williams (1789) received the Masonic degrees in The Massachusetts Lodge in 1771, and became a member Jan. 6, 1772. He became a member of St. Andrew's Chapter in 1792.
The record of the Artillery Company for 1789 is as follows: —
“At a meeting of the Antient Artillery Company at Faneuil Hall, Friday Evening, 6th March, 1789, Voted, Unanimously for Mr. Samuel Greenough  to serve as Clerk pro-tem until June next. Voted, to meet on Wednesday Evening next at the Hall for Exercise: the roll to be called half past seven o'clock. Voted, a fine of one shilling to be paid by any member absent the whole Evening, and six pence if absent at roll-call. Voted, that any member that shall attend without his Gun & Bayonet shall be subject to pay the same fine as if absent the whole Evening.
William Williams (1789). AUTHORITIES : * See Cutter Genealogy, pp. 164, 165, 250. Boston Records; By-Laws of The Massachusetts Lodge.
“Wednesday evening, 11th March. Met for Exercise agreeable to the above vote. “Monday evening 16th March. Met for Exercise, at the Hall. “Monday evening 23d March. Met at the Hall for Exercise. “Monday evening, 3oth March. Met at the Hall. Voted, the Company to meet at the Town House floor on Monday next at three o'clock P. M. being the first Monday in April, with their Cartridge Boxes filled with Blank Cartridges. Voted, That the Clerk shall make provisions at the Hall as usual for the refreshment of the Company after the parade. “Monday, 6th April. The Company paraded at the Town House floor agreeable to the above vote — marched into the Common — performed firings &c, commanded by His Honor the Lieut. Governor, Gen. Lincoln . Voted, that the three Commissioned officers & the Treasurer be a Committee to wait on the Rev. Mr. Barnard of Salem, & request him to preach a sermon to the Company on their Election in June next. - Attest SAMUEL GREENOUGH, Clerk.
“Monday evening, 20th April, Company met at Faneuil Hall for Exercise.
“Monday evening, 27th April. Company met at the Hall for Exercise. Voted, that the Company parade at Faneuil Hall on Monday next at three o'clock P. M. in uniform, with Arms, accoutrements &c. Voted, That the Clerk notify the absent members of the time & place of parade on Monday next, and provide for the refreshment of the Company as usual.
“Monday, 4th May. The Company paraded at the Hall, - marched into the Common, — performed various evolutions and firings commanded by Col. John Winslow , - returned to the Hall. The Committee report the Rev. Mr. Barnard accepted of the invitation of the Company to preach a Sermon to them at their Election in June next. Voted, To meet at the Hall on Monday evening of the 18th inst, at half after Seven o'clock, on business, without Arms. Attest: SAMUEL GREENOUGH, Clerk.
“Monday evening, 18th May. Agreeable to the above vote the Company met at Faneuil Hall this Evening. Voted, That a Dinner be provided at Faneuil Hall for the Company and such Gentlemen as they shall invite to dine with them the first Monday in June next. Voted, That the three Commissioned Officers, Col. Amasa Davis , Col Josiah Waters  and Mr. William Shattuck  be a Committee to provide and give a bill of fare for the Intertainment of that day. Voted, That the Treasurer pay twenty-four pounds lawful money from the funds towards defraying ye Expense of the Entertainment on Election in June next ; and the said Committee as before appointed engage ye Band for said day.
“May 23d. Voted, That the Company parade at the Old South Meeting, & the Roll be called at ten o'clock. Voted, That fifteen pounds, in addition to the twenty-four pounds, for ye expences of the Dinner on Election day, to be borrowed on Interest & repaid out of ye first money collected from ye funds of the Company.
“June 5th, Monday. The Company paraded at the Old South Meeting House & at eleven o'clock escorted His Excellency, ye Governor, Lieut Governor, & Council to the old Brick Meeting House, where a sermon was delivered by the Rev. Mr. Barnard of Salem. After service, ye Company escorted the Governor &c. &c. to Faneuil Hall, where an elegant entertainment was prepared by the Company. At 4 o'clock, ye Company proceeded into ye Common & made choice of Brig. General William Hull , Captain, Major Andrew Cunningham , Lieutenant, and Captain Turner Phillips , Ensign, for ye year ensuing. The Company was then led to the Hall by their new Officers, where they finished the day very agreeably.
“June 15th. The Company met at Faneuil Hall. Voted, to print the Rev. Mr. Barnard's Sermon by Subscription, and the Officers were the Committee to superintend the same.
“September 7th The Company met agreeable to their Charter & were led into the Common by Maj. Gen. Hull , where they went through the firings & evolutions with great exactness, & returned to the Hall and partook of refreshments as usual.
“October 5th. The Company met agreeable to their Charter and were led into the Common by Lieut Andrew Cunningham , where they went through the firings, &c. & then returned to the Hall and partook of refreshment. Voted, That the Company meet the third Monday Evening in March next at 7 o'clock, unless sooner called together by ye Officers.”
The Artillery election was held on Monday, June 1, 1789, agreeably to their charter. The Company assembled at the Old South Meeting-house at high noon, marched to the council chamber, received the lieutenant-governor, the council, officers of the several independent military organizations in town, and thence proceeded to the Old Brick Meeting-house, where services were held and a sermon preached by Rev. Mr. Barnard, of Salem. After service, a procession was formed and the Company escorted Lieut.-Gov. Adams, Hon. Mr. Bowdoin, the council, Senators, judges, members of the House, selectmen of Boston, clergy, consul of France, officers of the Cadets, Castle William, light infantry, artillery, fusileers, all in uniform ; Capt. Linzee, and five other officers of the British frigate “Penelope,” etc., numbering two hundred persons, to Faneuil Hall, where a sumptuous dinner was served.
After dinner, the usual toasts were offered, and addresses made. After the first toast, — “The illustrious, the President of the United States,” — Mr. Rea (1789), Col. Waters (1769), Capt. Wells (1786), and others, sung the following ode : —