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men (His Excellency's health not permitting him to attend) to Faneuil Hall, where an elegant Entertainment was provided. At four o'clock, the Company marched into the Common, under the command of Col. Winslow [1786], where they went through the usual evolutions & firings with great exactness. The following Gentlemen were elected officers for the year ensuing, viz: Major Andrew Cunningham [1786], Captain; Mr Samuel Todd [1786], Lieutenant; Mr. John Bray [1788], Ensign; Col. Josiah Waters [1769], John G. Doubleday [1790], Jonas S. Bass [1789], James Phillips [1790], Sergeants; Col. John Winslow [1786], Treasurer; Mr. Thomas Clark [1786], Clerk. Voted, that Major Andrew Cunningham [1786], Capt. Robert Jenkins [1756], & Mr. Thomas Clark [1786], with the Treasurer, be the Committee of Finance for the year ensuing. Voted, That the Commissioned Officers wait on the Rev. Doctor Thacher and return him the thanks of the Company for the Sermon this day delivered, and request a copy for the press. Attest J. G. DoubleDAY, Clerk.

“Monday, September — 1793. The Company paraded agreeable to Charter, marched into the Common, commanded by Major Cunningham [1786].

“Monday October 7th 1793. The Company performed the duties of the day as usual, commanded by Major Cunningham [1786].

“Friday evening, 11th October. The Company met at the Court House & adjourned to Saturday evening, 12th Oct. 1793, when the Company Voted to attend the funeral of the late Commander-in-chief, His Excellency, John Hancock, Esq., on Monday next, in Compleat Uniform, with their side Arms and a weed of black Crape around the arm.”

On Monday, April 1, 1793, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company paraded for the first time that year, and by their perfect discipline and soldierlike appearance, gave much pleasure to their fellow-citizens. At the collation, always provided for the Company, after the duties of the day are performed, the chiefs of the Wabash and Illinois tribes of Indians, – Duguoin, or the Little Bearskin; Como, or Drowning Man; Oeosto, or Whirlwind; Amequah, or Little Beaver; Sevekainah, or Three Legs; Chemankir, or Soldier, — then in town, accepted the invitation of the commander to drink a glass of wine with them, and appeared very happy on the occasion. The anniversary election was held June 3, 1793, with the usual ceremonies. The sermon was delivered in the Old Brick Meeting-House. The exercises passed off with great satisfaction. The governor, however, was still indisposed, and the newly-elected officers were invested by him at his house, “with much politeness and attention.” On Monday, Sept. 2, 1793, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company made its first autumnal appearance agreeably to charter, and the citizen soldiers thereof, as usual, did themselves, and the military character of Americans, honor. On Monday, October 7, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company paraded, and, as usual, “performed their military evolutions with soldierly grandeur.”

Rev. Peter Thacher, D. D., of Boston, delivered the Artillery election sermon of 1793. His great-grandfather, Rev. Peter Thacher, of Milton, delivered the Artillery election sermon in 1695. His father was Oxenbridge Thacher, who appeared as colleague with James Otis in the great case of “Writs of Assistance.” Rev. Peter Thacher, the younger, was born in Milton, March 21, 1752. He graduated at Harvard College in 1769, and Sept. 9, 1770, was ordained minister at Malden. Whitfield called Mr. Thacher the “Young Elijah.” He remained in Malden for fifteen years, until Dec. 14, 1785, when he accepted the pastorate of the Brattle Street Church, in Boston. His brother, Thomas, was also a clergyman, and preached in West Dedham. He was an eccentric, but able, man. He use to say, “I can preach the best sermons, but brother Peter will beat me praying.” Rev. Peter Thacher died at Savannah, Ga., Dec. 16, 1802, aged fifty years.

The officers of the Artillery Company elected in 1794 were: John 1794. Brooks (1786), captain; Samuel Prince (1788), lieutenant; John Brazer (1786), ensign. Joseph Cowdin (1790) was first sergeant; William Williams (1789), second sergeant; Asa Fuller (1790), third sergeant; Robert Ball (1791), fourth sergeant, and Thomas Clark (1786), clerk. The members of the Artillery Company recruited in 1794 were: Joseph Baxter, Jr., George Blanchard, Daniel Cowdin, Robert Gardner, John Hayward, Samuel Hill, Oliver Holden, Jonathan Kilton, John S. Lillie, Thomas Neil, Nahum Piper, Zechariah Seaver, Samuel Watts, John Wheelwright, John Winneck.

Joseph Baxter, Jr. (1794), of Boston, kept a shoe store at No. 5 Marlborough Street, and resided on Winter Street. He died at Fayette, Me., in September, 1828, aged fifty-nine years.

George Blanchard (1794) was a truckman in Boston, and lived in Cow Lane, now High Street. “About 1810, he entered into copartnership with Capt. Austin [1792] as a broker. His acquaintances placed large sums in their hands on their single security as bankers, and they gained general confidence. Suddenly they failed, and his real estate, valued at fifty thousand dollars, which had been free of incumbrance, was attached. very little personal property was ever found, and no explanation given. Mr. Blanchard [1794) was suspected, and committed to prison, but, after severe examination, was permitted to take the poor debtor's oath. The Artillery Company lost nothing by him as treasurer, by the vigilance of his successor, but the Washington Benevolent Society lost the whole of their large funds.” “He was rough in speech and haughty in manners, but accumulated a valuable property, principally in real estate, and lived in a degree of splendor.” He was brigade-major of the Legionary Brigade, Gen. Winslow (1786) commander, from 1799 to 1804 inclusive, clerk of the Artillery Company in 1796, first sergeant in 1798, ensign in 1811, lieutenant in 1801, captain in 1805, and treasurer from 1811 to 1814. He represented Boston in the State Legislature. He lived in retirement during his latter years, and died very suddenly, Dec. 17, 1820, aged forty-nine years. He was privately buried in tomb No. 127 on the Common.

Daniel Cowdin (1794) kept a West India goods store in Boston, and resided on Orange Street.

George Blanchard (1794). • Authorities: Mass. Military Lists; Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842.

Robert Gardner (1794), merchant, of Boston, son of Robert Gardner and Hannah, his wife, was born in Boston, Nov. 15, 1763. He married Sarah, daughter of Gilbert Dench, of Hopkinton, Mass. He lived in the Vernon House, on Charter Street. He was captain of the Ward 8 military company from 1792 to 1796, the founder and first captain of the Columbian Artillery in 1799, and lieutenant-colonel in the Legionary Brigade, First Division, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, at its formation in 1802. Having had a family difficulty with Gen. Winslow (1786), who married his cousin, he changed his politics from violent Federalist, and joined with Capt. Joseph Loring, Jr. (1793), in his military quarrels. He was cashiered by court-martial, and deprived of the privilege of holding office in the militia. He was then appointed an officer in the United States Army, and became commissary of prisoners of war; but having failed as a merchant and auctioneer, being displaced from the commissary department and the office of the board of health, he removed with his family to Washington, D.C., where he died suddenly in the street, March 10, 1818. He was captain of the Artillery Company in 1799. He became a member of The Massachusetts Lodge, A. F. and A. M., Feb. 12, 1795, and demitted, Dec. 29, 1806.

Lieut. Whitman's (1810) mother was a sister of Col. Gardner (1794). The immediate predecessor of Major Anderson, United States Army, in command at Fort Sumter, Charleston (S. C.) Harbor, was John Lane Gardner, colonel of the First United States Artillery, son of Col. Robert Gardner (1794).

John Hayward (1794) was a cabinet-maker in Boston. His shop was on Ann Street, and his residence on Charter Street.

Samuel Hill (1794) was an engraver, of Boston, who resided in Rawson's Lane, now Bromfield Street. He was a son of Alexander Hill (1746) and Thankful, his wife, and was born in Boston, July 27, 1750. He died in 1796, in the forty-seventh year of his age, at which time he was second sergeant of the Artillery Company.

Oliver Holden (1794), of Charlestown, son of Nehemiah and Elizabeth (Stevens) Holden, of Shirley and Charlestown, was born in the first-named town, Sept. 18, 1765. He married, May 12, 1791, Nancy Rand, daughter of Nathaniel Rand, the ferryman. He spent his early years in his native town, but took up a residence in Charlestown in 1788. Mr. Wyman calls Mr. Holden (1794) a “Baptist minister.” He was by trade a carpenter, and it was while thus engaged that he published, in 1793, his first book of sacred music, “The American Harmony.” Nearly all the music in this publication was original. He gave up his trade, and applied himself to the composition of sacred music. He had a music-store in Charlestown, and was active in church work. For some years he maintained, at his own expense, a Baptist chapel, in Charlestown, occupying the pulpit himself, and May 12, 1801, he gave the land near the head of Salem Street for the erection of a Baptist church. His wooden mansion, forty-two feet by forty, still stands at the head of that street. He continued his work in the writing of music and

Robert Gardner (1794). AUTHORITIES: Bos- Oliver Holden (1794). Authorities: Chandton Records; Mass. Lodge By-Laws, etc.; Whit- ler's Hist. of Shirley; A Century of Town Life man's Hist A. and H. A. Company, Ed. 1842. in Charlestown; Appleton's American Encyc. of

Samuel Hill (1794). AUTiiorities: Boston Biography. Records; Whitman's Hist. A. and H. A. Company,

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publication of music-books for some years, when he became an extensive operator in real estate. His transactions in real estate are enumerated by Mr. Wyman in his “Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown.” He was a representative in the General Court. He became a member of King Solomon's Lodge, A. F. and A. M., of Charlestown, in July, 1795, and was elected to honorary membership in July, 1808. In the militia he attained the rank of ensign. Mr. Holden (1794) wrote one musical composition which alone renders his name immortal, and his fame co-extensive with the use of the English tongue, viz., “Coronation.” He died in Charlestown, Sept. 4, 1844.

Jonathan Kilton (1794), baker, of Boston, was born in Holliston, or Sherborn, Mass., in February, 1755. He served his country three years as a soldier during the Revolutionary War, after he had served John Lucas (1786) several years as an apprentice. He carried on the business of a baker on Orange, now Washington, Street, from the close of the war until his death, which occurred Dec. 19, 1816. He was esteemed as an upright, honorable man. He never held any office in the Artillery Company.

John S. Lillie (1794), shopkeeper, No. 21 Marlborough Street, his residence being on Milk Street in 1796. In December, 1810, his house — the old Franklin house on Milk Street — was consumed in a serious conflagration, which threatened the destruction of the Old South Church. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1798, clerk in 1800, and a lieutenant in the Second Regiment of the Legionary Brigade from

1809 to 1811, John Sweetser Lillie (1794) was a constant attendant, though not a member, with

his family, at the Old South Church until his death in 1842.

Thomas Neil (1794) was a merchant in Boston, and resided on Hanover Street in 1796.

Nahum Piper (1794) was originally from Sterling, Mass. He was engaged in the crockery-ware and goldsmith business at No. 6 Marlborough Street, Boston, and resided on Pond, now Bedford, Street. He was fourth sergeant of the Artillery Company in 18oo, and ensign in 1805.

Zechariah Seaver (1794), of Boston, son of Ebenezer and Sarah (Johonnot) Seaver, was born Feb. 4, 1767, and died Jan. 5, 1809.

Samuel Watts (1794), sail-maker, of Boston, resided in Proctor's Lane. He was second sergeant of the Artillery Company in 1798.

John Wheelwright (1794) was a merchant, of Boston, on Woodward's Wharf. He was for some years an efficient officer in the custom-house. When Gen. Jackson became President, Mr. Wheelwright (1794) was removed, and the citizens immediately elected him as a representative to the General Court. He was admitted a member of The Massachusetts Lodge, Feb. 12, 1795. He was ensign of a Boston rifle corps in 1814, and became lieutenant.

Jonathan Kilton (1794). AUTHORITY: An- Zechariah Seaver (1794). AUTHority: New nals Mass. Char. Mech. Association. Eng. Hist. and Gen. Reg., 1872.

John S. Lillie (1794). A UThorities: Hill's Hist. Old South Church; Shurtleff's Des. of Boston.

John Winneck (1794) was a saddler, in Boston, and he lived at No. 5o Cornhill, now Washington Street.

The record of the Artillery Company for 1794 is as follows: — “Monday, April 5th 1794. The Company agreeable to Charter made their public Appearance commanded by Major Cunningham [1786]. The Rev. Samuel West was chosen to preach the Election Sermon in June next; and the Commissioned Officers were appointed a Committee to wait on him and inform him of the choice. “Friday May 1794. Monday being a stormy day, the Company paraded this day, & performed the duties required by their Charter. The Committee appointed to wait on Rev. Mr. West reported that he accepted the invitation of the Company, & would preach their Anniversary Sermon at the next Election of Officers. “Monday, June 2d 1794. This being the Anniversary of the Election of Officers, the Company paraded, and at twelve o'clock marched to the Council Chamber, where they received the Commander-in-chief, the Lieut. Gov., Council & Gentlemen invited to dine with the Company, & escorted them to the Old Brick Meeting House, where a judicious & well adapted Discourse was delivered by the Rev. Mr. West of this town. Divine Service being over, the Company. escorted the Supreme Executive &c &c, to Faneuil Hall, where they sat down to an elegant Entertainment, after which a number of patriotic toasts were drank. At four o'clock, the Company marched to the Square alloted them in the Common where they made choice of the Honorable Major General John Brooks [1786], Captain; Mr. Samuel Prince [1788], Lieutenant; Mr. John Brazer [1786], Ensign; Capt Joseph Cowdin [1790], Mr. Asa Fuller [1790], Mr William Williams [1789] and Mr. Robert Ball [1791], Sergeants; Col. John Winslow [1786] Treasurer; Mr. Thomas Clark [1786], Clerk for the ensuing year. The Commanderin-chief having taken his seat in the Square, Major Cunningham [1786] went through the usual evolutions, firings, &c.; after which the Governor received the Badges from the old Officers and invested those newly elected with them. The Company then returned to the Hall, where a collation concluded the entertainment of the day. Maj. Andrew Cunningham [1786], Capt Robert Jenkins [1756] and Mr. Thomas Clark [1786] were chosen a Committee, by ballot, who, with the Treasurer, are to have the direction of the Finances of the Company for one year. Voted, That the late Commissioned Officers, with the Treasurer, be a Committee to wait on the Rev. Mr. West, return him the thanks of the Company for his Sermon this day delivered and request a copy for the press. “Attest THOMAS CLARK, Clerk.

“Monday, September 24 1794. The Captain and Lieutenant being absent, the the Company was commanded by Ensign Brazer [1786], Mr Williams [1789] the Second Sergeant acting as Lieutenant and Mr Fuller [1790], the Third Sergeant officiated as Ensign, – the first Sergeant — Capt Joseph Cowdin [1790] – having deceased since the last Election of Officers. The Company performed the military duty enjoined by their Charter. Attest THOMAS CLARK, Clerk.

“Monday 7th October 1794. The Company performed the duties enjoined by their Charter under the command of the Hon. Maj. General Brooks [1786].”

On Monday, April 5, 1794, the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company paraded with full ranks, commanded by Major Andrew Cunningham (1786), and acquitted themselves like true soldiers.

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